Canada: The new territory of Nunavut is created from the eastern part of the Northwest Territories. Helen Maksagak becomes commissioner and Paul Okalik, premier.
San Marino: Antonello Bacciocchi (Socialist) and Rosa Zafferani (Christian Democrat) take office as captains-regent.
Kyrgyzstan: Prime Minister Jumabek Ibraimov dies. Boris Silayev becomes acting prime minister. On April 12 Amangeldy Muraliyev is named as new prime minister (acting until confirmed by parliament on April 21).
Malta: Guido de Marco takes office as president.
Mexico: Former Chihuahua governor (1974-80) Manuel Bernardo Aguirre dies.
Uganda: Apolo Nsibambi replaces Kintu Musoke as prime minister.
Bulgaria: Prime Minister Ivan Kostov's government survives a no-confidence vote (139-87).
Germany: Roland Koch becomes minister-president of Hessen, succeeding Hans Eichel. On April 12 Eichel becomes federal finance minister.
Austria: Jörg Haider becomes premier of Kärnten.
Jordan: Prime Minister Abdul Rauf al-Rawabdeh wins a parliamentary confidence vote (66-12).
Morocco: King Hassan appoints Mohamed Benaissa as foreign minister.
Djibouti: Presidential elections (turnout 60.4%) are won by Ismail Omar Guelleh with 74.1% of the vote, defeating Moussa Ahmed Idriss (25.9%). He will take office in May.
Niger: President Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara is assassinated. On April 11 Daouda Malam Wanké is named as chairman of a National Reconciliation Council. On April 16 a new cabinet is announced. Prime Minister Ibrahim Hassane Mayaki and Finance Minister Ide Niandou are retained, while Aïchatou Mindaoudou becomes foreign minister, Col. Moussa Moumouni Djermakoye defense minister, and Lt.Col. Moumouni Bouraima interior minister.
Cameroon: Former British Cameroons premier (1959-61) John Ngu Foncha dies.
Tonga: Former prime minister (1965-91) Prince Fatafehi Tu'ipelehake dies.
Costa Rica: Former foreign minister (1984-86) Carlos José Gutiérrez Gutiérrez dies.
Sweden: Finance Minister Erik Åsbrink resigns and is replaced by Bosse Ringholm.
Germany: Willi Stoph, former chairman of the Council of Ministers (1964-73, 1976-89) and chairman of the Council of State (1973-76) of East Germany, dies.
Tuvalu: Prime Minister Bikenibeu Paeniu loses a no-confidence vote. On April 27 Ionatana Ionatana is elected new prime minister. His new cabinet includes Lagitupu Tuilimu as finance minister and Faimalaga Luka as minister of home affairs.
Peru: President Alberto Fujimori dismisses several ministers, including Defense Minister Gen. Julio Salazar. The next day Gen. Carlos Bergamino is named defense minister.
Algeria: Presidential elections are held, and Abdelaziz Bouteflika wins 73.8% of the vote at a turnout of 60.3%. All other candidates had withdrawn the previous day. Bouteflika takes office April 27.
Finland: A new government takes office, including Jan-Erik Enestam as defense minister and Kari Häkämies as interior minister.
India: Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee loses a confidence motion by one vote.
China: Former Fujian governor (1954-59) Ye Fei dies.
Turkey: In parliamentary elections, Prime Minister Bülent Ecevit's Democratic Left Party wins 22.2% of the vote (136 of 550 seats), the Nationalist Action Party 18% (129), the Virtue Party 15.4% (111), the Motherland Party 13.2% (86), the True Path Party 12% (85), and the Republican People's Party 8.7% (0). Turnout is 87.1%.
India: Former prime minister of Jammu and Kashmir (1963-64) Khwaja Shams-ud-Din dies.
Indonesia: Former foreign minister (1955-56) Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung dies.
Tunisia: President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali appoints Taoufik Baccar to succeed Mohamed Jeri as finance minister.
Bolivia: Former president (1981-82) Celso Torrelio Villa dies.
Ghana: Barima Kwaku Dua becomes Asantehene (ruler of the Asanteman Confederation) under the name Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II.
Malaysia: The sultan of Selangor, Tuanku Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah ibni al-Marhum Hisamuddin Alam Shah, takes office as yang di-pertuan agong (head of state).
Nepal: Former prime minister (1994-95) Man Mohan Adhikari dies.
Nauru: René Harris is elected president, defeating Bernard Dowiyogo by a vote of 10 to 7.
Congo (Brazzaville): Former foreign minister (1991-92) Jean-Blaise Kololo dies.
Congo (Kinshasa): Former prime minister (1993-94) Faustin Birindwa dies.
Comoros: President Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde and Prime Minister Abbas Djoussouf are ousted by Col. Azali Assoumani.