January 2000



Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ejup Ganic becomes president of the Muslim-Croat federation.
Monaco: Patrick Leclercq becomes minister of state. He is sworn in on January 5.

Switzerland: Adolf Ogi takes office as president for the year 2000.


Croatia: In parliamentary elections, a coalition of Social Democrats and Social Liberals wins 71 out of 151 seats.


Marshall Islands: Kessai H. Note is elected president by the Nitijela (parliament). He is sworn into office January 10. Alvin Jacklick becomes foreign minister, Nidel Lorak interior minister, and Michael Konelios finance minister.
Niger: Hama Amadou is sworn in as prime minister. On January 5 the new cabinet is sworn in. It includes Nassirou Sabo as foreign minister, Mahamane Manzo as interior minister, Sabiou Dadi Gao as defense minister, and Ali Badjo Gamatié as finance minister.

Tonga: Prince 'Ulukalala Lavaka Ata is appointed prime minister.
United States: Former treasury secretary (1965-68) Henry H. Fowler dies.


Côte d'Ivoire: Military ruler Robert Guéi appoints Christophe M'Boua as foreign minister, Col. Issa Diakité as interior minister, Ngolo Coulibaly as finance minister, and keeps the defense ministry for himself.
Greece: Former prime minister (1973) Spyros Markezinis dies.

United States: The Mississippi House of Representatives selects Ronnie Musgrove as governor (86-36). He takes office January 11.


Philippines: Finance Secretary Edgardo Espiritu resigns. In a reshuffle on January 8, Jose Pardo becomes finance secretary.


United States: Former Nebraska governor (1953-55) Robert Crosby dies.
Zambia: Former foreign minister (1994-95) Remmy Mushota dies.


Uzbekistan: In presidential elections, incumbent Islam Karimov wins 91.9% of the vote. Turnout is 95%.


Sweden: Former governor of Kronoberg (1977-82) Astrid Kristensson dies.


Solomon Islands: Former prime minister (1981-84, 1989-93, 1994-97) Solomon Mamaloni dies.


Burundi: Col. Alfred Mkurunziza is replaced as defense minister by Cyrille Ndayirukiye.
Ecuador: Defense Minister José Gallardo is replaced by Gen. Carlos Mendoza.


Colombia: Former foreign minister (1982-84) Rodrigo Lloreda Caicedo dies.


Lee Joung Binn
South Korea: Park Tae Joon is approved as prime minister (174-100) following the resignation of Kim Jong Pil. Lee Joung Binn becomes foreign minister and Lee Hun Jai finance minister.
South Africa: Former foreign minister (1994-99) Alfred Nzo dies.


Guatemala: Alfonso Portillo Cabrera takes office as president. Gabriel Orellana Rojas becomes foreign minister and Juan de Dios Estrada Velásquez defense minister.


Chile: In the presidential election runoff, Ricardo Lagos wins 51.3% of the vote and Joaquín Lavín 48.7%.
Finland: In the first round of presidential elections, Foreign Minister Tarja Halonen (Social Democrat) wins 40% of the vote, ahead of Esko Aho (Centre) with 34.4%, Riitta Uosukainen (Conservative) with 12.8%, Elisabeth Rehn (Swedish People's Party) with 7.9%, and Heidi Hautala (Green League) with 3.3%.


Canada: Stephen Kakfwi becomes premier of the Northwest Territories.
Guinea-Bissau: The presidential election runoff held January 16-17 is won by Kumba Ialá with 72% of the vote against 28% for Malam Bacai Sanhá. Turnout is 71.9%. On January 24 President-elect Ialá designates Caetano N'Tchama as prime minister.
Mozambique: A new cabinet is announced including Tobias Dai as defense minister and Luísa Diogo as finance minister.


Brazil: Defense Minister Élcio Álvares is fired. Geraldo Quintão is sworn in as defense minister on January 24.


Italy: Former prime minister (1983-87) Bettino Craxi dies.


United States: Former Idaho governor (1967-71) Don W. Samuelson dies.



Solórzano, Mendoza, Vargas


Ecuador: While President Jamil Mahuad refuses to resign, a coalition of Indian organizations and army officers stages a coup, declares all government powers dissolved, and sets up a Government Junta of National Salvation chaired by Col. Lucio Gutiérrez, who takes the style of president of the republic. Late at night, after Mahuad has fled the presidential palace, a Council of State is formed, consisting of Gen. Carlos Mendoza, Antonio Vargas, and Carlos Solórzano. Early on January 22, the council is dissolved, and Vice President Gustavo Noboa assumes the presidency. In subsequent days Noboa names Hugo Unda to succeed Mendoza as defense minister, Heinz Moeller to become foreign minister, Jorge Guzmán Ortega as finance minister, and Francisco Huerta as interior minister. Congress elects Pedro Pinto Rubianes as new vice president.
Lebanon: Former prime minister (1952, 1953, 1960-61, 1970-73) Saeb Salam dies.
Slovenia: Foreign Minister Boris Frlec resigns. Dimitrij Rupel is named as his successor.


Croatia: In the first round of presidential elections, Stipe Mesic wins 41.1% of the vote, Drazen Budisa 27.7%, and Mate Granic 22.5%. Turnout is 63%.
The Sudan: Finance Minister Abdel Wahab Osman is sacked and replaced by Muhammad al-Kheir al-Zubeir.
Venezuela: President Hugo Chávez installs Isaías Rodríguez as executive vice-president, a post established by the new constitution.


Guinea: Sheik Amadou Camara replaces Ibrahima Kassory Fofana as finance minister.


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Mirko Sarovic assumes the presidency of the Republika Srpska, a move not recognized by the international High Representative.




Anguilla: Governor Robert Harris departs. Deputy Governor Roger Cousins becomes acting governor.
Croatia: Ivica Racan takes office as prime minister. Tonino Picula becomes foreign minister, Jozo Rados defense minister, Mato Crkvenac finance minister, and Sime Lucin interior minister.

Ireland: Brian Cowen becomes foreign minister.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Mervyn Jones is sworn in as governor.


Vietnam: Nguyen Dy Nien is appointed foreign minister.


Dominica: In parliamentary elections, the Dominica Labour Party led by Rosie Douglas wins 10 of 21 seats, the United Workers' Party of Prime Minister Edison James 9, and the Dominica Freedom Party 2. Turnout is 59.3%.