Rulers

July 2000

2

Mexico: In presidential elections, Vicente Fox of the National Action Party wins 42.5% of the vote and Francisco Labastida of the Institutional Revolutionary Party 36.1%. Turnout is 64%.

Enkhbayar
Mongolia: In parliamentary elections, the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party wins 72 of 76 seats. On July 26 Parliament elects Nambaryn Enkhbayar prime minister.
Solomon Islands: Danny Philip is sworn in as foreign minister and Snyder Rini as finance minister. On July 11 Reubin Mesipitu is sworn in as minister of home affairs.

3

Papua New Guinea: Former premier of Morobe (1978-80) Pama Anio dies.

4


Qarase
Fiji: Laisenia Qarase is sworn in as interim prime minister. Kaliopate Tavola becomes foreign minister and Ratu Jone Kubuabola finance minister.
Japan: Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori forms a new cabinet, including Kazuo Torashima as defense minister and Mamoru Nishida as home affairs minister.

5

The Netherlands: Former queen's commissioner of Flevoland (1986-96) Han Lammers dies.

6

Yugoslavia: Former president of the Collective Presidency (1980) Lazar Kolisevski dies.

7

Albania: In a cabinet reshuffle, Ilir Gjoni replaces Luan Hajdaraga as defense minister.

9


Burg
Israel: Interior Minister Natan Sharansky and other ministers resign. On July 10 Prime Minister Ehud Barak survives a no-confidence motion, which is supported by only 54 of the 120 members of the Knesset. The ministers' resignations take effect July 11, and Haim Ramon becomes acting interior minister.

10

Israel: President Ezer Weizman hands in his resignation, taking effect 2 days later. Knesset Speaker Avraham Burg then becomes interim president.
The Sudan: Bekri Hassan Salih is named defense minister and El-Hadi Abdullah interior minister.
Switzerland: Former Landammann of Solothurn (1956, 1961, 1966) Werner Vogt dies.

Assad
Syria: Bashar al-Assad wins the presidential referendum with 97.3% of the vote. He takes office July 17.

Gober
United States: Secretary of Veterans' Affairs Togo D. West announces his resignation. On July 25 Hershel W. Gober becomes acting secretary.

11

Colombia: Juan Manuel Santos is named finance minister.

12

Wallis and Futuna: Alain Waquet is named as administrator-superior. He is installed on July 26.

13


Iloilo
Fiji: Ratu Josefa Iloilo is appointed interim president. He takes office July 18.

14

Australia: Former South Australia governor (1971-76) Sir Mark Oliphant dies.

15

East Timor: A transitional cabinet is sworn in, including Ana Pessoa for internal administration and Michael Francino for finance.

Mallett

Mineta
United States: Secretary of Commerce William M. Daley resigns. Robert L. Mallett becomes acting secretary until July 21, when Norman Y. Mineta is confirmed by the Senate and takes office.
United States: Former Iowa governor (1955-57) Leo A. Hoegh and former Rhode Island governor (1945-50) John O. Pastore die.
Zimbabwe: Simba Makoni is named finance minister.

16

Brazil: Former Pernambuco governor (1948-51) Alexandre José Barbosa Lima Sobrinho dies.

19


Imbroda
Spain: Juan José Imbroda Ortiz becomes president of Melilla.

20

Switzerland: The president of the Council of State of Ticino, Giuseppe Buffi, dies.

21

Canada: Former premier of Ontario (1985) Frank Miller dies.

22

French Polynesia: Former high commissioner (1977-81) Paul Cousseran dies.

24

Liberia: Moses Blah is sworn in as vice president.

27

Macedonia: Parliament approves a cabinet reshuffle, in which Ljuben Paunovski becomes defense minister.

28

Turkmenistan: Batyr Berdiyev is named foreign minister.

29


Rosário
Cape Verde: Gualberto do Rosário becomes acting prime minister, as Carlos Veiga steps aside to run for president.

Salas
Peru: Federico Salas Guevara is sworn in as prime minister. Carlos Boloña is named finance minister.

30

Haiti: In parliamentary elections held May 21 and July 30, the Fanmi Lavalas party wins 72 of 82 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
Venezuela: In presidential elections, incumbent Hugo Chávez wins 59.5% of the vote, Francisco Arias 37.5%, and Claudio Fermín 3%.

31

Israel: Moshe Katsav is elected president, defeating Shimon Peres by 63 votes to 57 in a second round of parliamentary voting.
Israel: The Knesset votes 50-50 and 53-48, respectively, on two no-confidence motions, falling short of the 61 votes necessary to remove the government.