Rulers

November 2016

1

Ethiopia: In a cabinet reshuffle, Workneh Gebeyehu is appointed foreign minister and Abraham Tekeste finance minister.
Guernsey: Stuart Trought, being unopposed, is declared reelected as president of the States of Alderney.
Palau: In presidential elections, incumbent Tommy Remengesau wins 51.3% of the vote and Surangel Whipps, Jr., 48.7%.

2

Czech Republic: Jirí Cunek is elected governor of Zlínský kraj. On November 8 Oto Kosta is elected governor of Olomoucký kraj, on November 10 Ivo Vondrák as governor of Moravskoslezský kraj, on November 14 Jirí Stepán as governor of Královéhradecký kraj, on November 16 Bohumil Simek as governor of Jihomoravský kraj, on November 18 Jaroslava Jermanová as governor of Stredoceský kraj, on November 21 Josef Bernard as governor of Plzenský kraj, and on November 22 Jana Vildumetzová as governor of Karlovarský kraj.
Iceland: President Gudni Jóhannesson asks Bjarni Benediktsson (Independence Party) to form a government. On November 15 Benediktsson announces the failure of his attempts, and on November 16 Jóhannesson gives the mandate to Katrín Jakobsdóttir (Left-Green Movement), who likewise returns it on November 25.
South Korea: In a cabinet reshuffle, President Park Geun Hye nominates Kim Byong Joon as prime minister, Yim Jong Yong as finance minister, and Park Seung Joo as public safety minister. On November 8, however, she withdraws Kim's nomination.

3

Saint Helena: Former governor (1999-2004) David Hollamby dies.
Lebanon: President Michel Aoun asks Saad Hariri to form a government.
Spain: The new government is named (sworn in November 4) with Alfonso Dastis as foreign minister, María Dolores de Cospedal as defense minister, and Juan Ignacio Zoido as interior minister; Cristóbal Montoro remains finance minister.

4

Greece: In a cabinet reshuffle, Panos Skourletis is named interior minister (sworn in November 5).

6

Bulgaria: In presidential elections, Rumen Radev (independent) wins 25.4% of the vote, Tsetska Tsacheva (Citizens for the European Development of Bulgaria) 22%, Krasimir Karakachanov (United Patriots) 15%, Veselin Mareshki (independent) 11.2%, Plamen Oresharski (independent) 6.6%, and Traycho Traykov (Reformist Bloc) 5.9%. A runoff is held November 13, Radev winning 59.4% of the vote and Tsacheva 36.2% (4.5% for neither). On November 14 Prime Minister Boiko Borisov resigns (approved by parliament November 16).
Nicaragua: In presidential elections, incumbent Daniel Ortega of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) wins 72.5% of the vote and Maximino Rodríguez of the Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC) 15%. In parliamentary elections, the FSLN wins 66.8% of the vote, the PLC 14.7%, the Independent Liberal Party 6.6%, and the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 5.6%.

7

Canada: In parliamentary elections in Yukon, the Liberal Party wins 39.4% of the vote (11 of 19 seats), the Yukon Party 33.4% (6), and the New Democratic Party 26.2% (2).
China: Xiao Jie is named finance minister.
Tunisia: Former foreign minister (1970-74) Mohamed Masmoudi dies.
United States: Former attorney general (1993-2001) Janet Reno dies.

8

American Samoa: In gubernatorial elections, incumbent Lolo Matalasi Moliga wins 60.2% of the vote and Faoa Aitofele Sunia 35.8%.
Italy: Former president of Trentino-Alto Adige (1967-73) Giorgio Grigolli dies.
Kyrgyzstan: Prime Minister Sooronbay Jeenbekov nominates a new government including Ulan Israilov as interior minister. Parliament confirms the cabinet (112-4) on November 9 and it is appointed by the president on November 11.
Lesotho: In a cabinet reshuffle, 'Mamphono Khaketla is appointed foreign minister and Tlohang Sekhamane finance minister.
Northern Mariana Islands: In elections to the House of Representatives, Republicans win 14 of 20 seats and independents 6. Republicans also win all 3 Senate seats up for election.
Puerto Rico: In gubernatorial elections, Ricardo Rosselló (New Progressive Party) is elected with 41.8% of the vote, while David Bernier (Popular Democratic Party) wins 38.9%, Alexandra Lúgaro (independent) 11.1%, and Manuel Cidre (independent) 5.7%. Turnout is 55.1%.
electoral mapUnited States: In presidential elections, Donald Trump (Republican) wins 46.1% of the vote and 30 states with 306 electoral votes (including 1 from Maine). Hillary Clinton (Democrat) wins 48.2% of the vote but only 20 states and the District of Columbia, for 232 electoral votes. Gary Johnson (Libertarian) wins 3.3% and Jill Stein (Green) 1%. Turnout is about 59%. Elections for the House of Representatives and 34 of 100 seats in the Senate result in the Republicans keeping control. In the Senate, Republicans will have at least 51 seats and Democrats at least 48 (including 2 independents caucusing with them); one seat will go to a runoff in December. In the House, Republicans will have at least 239 of the 435 seats and Democrats at least 194; two seats will go to runoffs. Results of gubernatorial elections: Results of mayoral elections:

9

Estonia: Prime Minister Taavi Rőivas resigns after losing a no-confidence vote in parliament (63-28). On November 20 President Kersti Kaljulaid asks Jüri Ratas to form a government. On November 21 Sven Mikser is named as foreign minister, Margus Tsahkna as defense minister, Andres Anvelt as interior minister, and Sven Sester to remain finance minister; parliament confirms the new government the same day (53-33) and it is appointed by the president on November 22 and sworn in on November 23.
Guinea-Bissau: President José Mário Vaz dismisses the government of Prime Minister Baciro Djá. On November 18 Vaz names Umaro Sissoco Embaló as prime minister, who is sworn in the same day.
Montenegro: President Filip Vujanovic names Dusko Markovic as prime minister-designate. On November 28 his government is approved in parliament (41-0, opposition boycotting), with Srdjan Darmanovic as foreign minister, Predrag Boskovic as defense minister, Mevludin Nuhodzic as interior minister, and Darko Radunovic as finance minister.
Pitcairn Island: Shawn Christian is reelected as mayor.

10

South Africa: President Jacob Zuma survives a parliamentary no-confidence motion, which is defeated 214-126.

11

Pakistan: Saeed-uz-Zaman Siddiqui is sworn in as governor of Sindh.

12

Afghanistan: Parliament votes (140-58) to dismiss Foreign Minister Salahuddin Rabbani.
Nigeria: Godwin Obaseki is sworn in as governor of Edo.

13

Libya: Osama Hamad Saleh is appointed finance minister in the government of Fayez al-Sarraj.
Moldova: In the presidential runoff, Igor Dodon wins 52.2% of the vote and Maia Sandu 47.8%. Turnout is 53.5%.

14

Congo (Kinshasa): Prime Minister Augustin Matata Ponyo Mapon resigns. On November 17 Samy Badibanga is nominated as prime minister.

15

Ecuador: Former president (1992-96) Sixto Durán Ballén dies.
Lithuania: President Dalia Grybauskaite nominates Saulius Skvernelis (Lithuanian Peasant and Greens Union) as new prime minister. He is approved by parliament (90-4 with 33 abstentions) on November 22. On November 24 he unveils his proposed cabinet including Raimundas Karoblis as defense minister, Eimutis Misiunas as interior minister, and Vilius Sapoka as finance minister; Linas Linkevicius is to stay on as foreign minister.

16

United States: Former defense secretary (1969-73) Melvin Laird dies.

17

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Mladen Ivanic becomes chairman of the Presidency.
India: Former governor of Assam (1997-2003), Arunachal Pradesh (1999), and Jammu and Kashmir (2003-08) S.K. Sinha dies.

18

Russia: Ruslan Gagiyev is approved as prime minister of Ingushetia.
United States: President-elect Donald Trump nominates Jeff Sessions as attorney general and Mike Pompeo as CIA director. On November 23 he nominates Betsy DeVos as secretary of education and Nikki Haley as UN ambassador, on November 29 Tom Price as secretary of health and human services and Elaine Chao as secretary of transportation, and on November 30 Steve Mnuchin as secretary of the treasury and Wilbur Ross as secretary of commerce.

20

Greece: Former president (1995-2005) Kostis Stephanopoulos dies.
Haiti: In presidential elections, Jovenel Moďse (Haitian Party Tčt Kale) wins 55.6% of the vote, Jude Célestin (Alternative League for Haitian Progress and Emancipation) 19.6%, Moďse Jean-Charles (Platform of the Children of Dessalines) 11%, and Maryse Narcisse (Lavalas Family) 9%. Turnout is about 21%.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Tochigi, incumbent Tomikazu Fukuda wins 78.6% of the vote and Toshiharu Kobayashi 21.4%. Turnout is 33.3%.
San Marino: In parliamentary elections, the San Marino First coalition (including the Christian Democratic Party, Socialist Party, and Party of Socialists and Democrats) wins 41.7% of the vote (25 of 60 seats), the adesso.sm coalition (including the Democratic Socialist Left, Future Republic, and Civic10) 31.4% (20), and the Democracy in Motion coalition (including the RETE Movement and Democratic Movement San Marino Together) 23.2% (15). Turnout is 59.7%. A runoff will be held December 4; the winning coalition will then be raised to 35 seats, the additional seats being proportionally removed from the other coalitions.

21

Curaçao: Hensley Koeiman is nominated as prime minister and Kenneth Gijsbertha as finance minister.

22

Georgia: In a cabinet reshuffle, Dimitri Kumsishvili is named finance minister. On November 26 parliament endorses the new cabinet (110-19).
India: Former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh (1977-79) and governor of Madhya Pradesh (2011-16) and Chhattisgarh (2014) Ram Naresh Yadav dies.
Pakistan: Former interim prime minister (1993) Moeen Qureshi dies.

25

Côte d'Ivoire: Foreign Minister Albert Toikeusse Mabri is dismissed and Marcel Amon Tanoh appointed as acting foreign minister.
Cuba: Former premier (1959-76), first secretary of the Communist Party (1965-2011), and president of the Council of State and the Council of Ministers (1976-2008) Fidel Castro dies.

26

Kuwait: In parliamentary elections, opposition candidates win 24 of 50 seats. Turnout is about 70%. On November 28 the cabinet resigns as required by the constitution; on November 30 the emir asks Prime Minister Sheikh Jabir Mubarak Al Hamad Al Sabah to form a new government.
Nigeria: In gubernatorial elections in Ondo, Rotimi Akeredolu (All Progressives Congress) is elected with 44.4% of the vote, while Eyitayo Jegede (People's Democratic Party) wins 27.3% and Olusola Oke (Alliance for Democracy) 23%.

27

Greece: Former interim prime minister (1989) Ioannis Grivas dies.

28

China: Lou Yangsheng is elected governor of Shanxi.
Denmark: Prime Minister Lars Lřkke Rasmussen forms a new government with Anders Samuelsen as foreign minister, Claus Hjort Frederiksen as defense minister, Simon Emil Ammitzbřll as interior minister, and Kristian Jensen as finance minister.
Georgia: Davit Gabaidze is elected chairman of the Supreme Council of Ajaria.
Peru: Defense Minister Mariano González resigns.

Bin Habtour
Yemen: The appointment of the government of Abdul Aziz Bin Habtour is announced, including Hisham Sharaf Abdullah as foreign minister, Gen. Muhammad Nasir al-Atifi as defense minister, Maj.Gen. Muhammad Abdullah al-Qawsi as interior minister, and Saleh Ahmad Shaaban as finance minister.

29

Costa Rica: Former president (1982-86) Luis Alberto Monge Álvarez dies.