November 2018


Armenia: Parliament fails for a second time to endorse Nikol Pashinyan as prime minister (0-0 with 13 abstentions). President Armen Sarkisyan consequently dissolves parliament, new elections to be held on December 9.
Bermuda: In a cabinet reshuffle, Curtis Dickinson is appointed and sworn in as finance minister and Walter Roban as home affairs minister.


Canada: In New Brunswick, the government of Premier Brian Gallant is defeated (25-23) in a confidence vote in the Legislative Assembly. Gallant announces his resignation and the leader of the opposition, Blaine Higgs, is asked to form a government. Higgs is sworn in as premier on November 9.
Eswatini: The cabinet of Prime Minister Ambrose Mandvulo Dlamini is announced with Thuli Dladla as foreign minister, Princess Lindiwe as home affairs minister, and Neal Rijkenberg as finance minister.


Bhutan: Prime minister-designate Lotay Tshering announces his cabinet with Tandi Dorji as foreign minister, Dasho Sherub Gyeltshen as home affairs minister, and Namgay Tshering as finance minister. The government is sworn in on November 7.
Italy: Maurizio Fugatti takes office as president of Trento.


Canada: Former premier of Quebec (2001-03) Bernard Landry dies.
Germany: The Landtag of Bayern reelects Markus Söder as minister-president (110-89).
Guam: In gubernatorial elections, Lou Leon Guerrero (Democrat) wins 50.7% of the vote against 26.4% for Ray Tenorio (Republican) and 22.9% write-in votes (mainly for Frank Aguon, Jr.). In the legislature, Democrats win 10 of 15 seats and Republicans 5.
United States: In elections to the House of Representatives, Democrats win about 233 of 435 seats and Republicans about 202. As a result of elections to 35 of 100 seats in the Senate, Republicans will have 52 seats and Democrats 47 (including two independents caucusing with them); one seat goes to a November 27 runoff. Results of gubernatorial elections: Results of mayoral elections: Virgin Islands (U.S.): In gubernatorial elections, Albert Bryan (Democrat) wins 37.9% of the vote, incumbent Kenneth Mapp (independent) 33.7%, and Adlah Donastorg, Jr. (independent), 16.4%; a runoff will be held November 20. In the legislature, Democrats win 13 of 15 seats and independents 2.


Latvia: President Raimonds Vejonis asks Janis Bordans to form a government. On November 14 Bordans announces his failure.
Madagascar: In the first round of presidential elections, Andry Rajoelina wins 39.2% of the vote, Marc Ravalomanana 35.3%, and Hery Rajaonarimampianina 8.8%. Turnout is 54.3%. The runoff will be held December 19.
Malawi: In a cabinet reshuffle, Nicholas Dausi becomes minister of homeland security.
Russia: President Vladimir Putin appoints Aleksandr Gutsan as his plenipotentiary in Severo-Zapadny federal district.
United States: Attorney General Jeff Sessions resigns at the request of President Donald Trump, who names Matthew G. Whitaker as acting attorney general.
Yemen: President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi appoints Lt.Gen. Mohamed al-Maqdishi as defense minister.


Comoros: President Azali Assoumani appoints Abdallah Mohamed as administrator of Anjouan, Governor Abdou Salami Abdou being in detention since October 25.
Sri Lanka: Susil Premajayantha is sworn in as home affairs minister.


Chad: In a cabinet reshuffle, Daoud Yaya Brahim is appointed defense minister and Mahamat Abba Ali Salah minister of territorial administration and public security.
Guinea-Bissau: Interior Minister Mutaro Djaló is dismissed.
South Korea: Hong Nam Ki is named finance minister.
Sri Lanka: President Maithripala Sirisena dissolves parliament and calls new elections for Jan. 5, 2019. On November 13 the Supreme Court issues a stay order on the dissolution, pending a final ruling on December 7. On November 14 the parliament passes (by voice vote) a no-confidence motion against the purported prime minister Mahinda Rajapakse. Sirisena rejects the vote, saying proper procedures were not followed. On November 16 parliament adopts a new no-confidence motion.


Russia: In the runoff in Khakassia, sole candidate Valentin Konovalov is elected head of the republic with 58.3% of the vote (41.7% against). He is inaugurated on November 15.


Belgium: Sander Loones is sworn in as defense minister.
Marshall Islands: President Hilda Heine survives a no-confidence vote (16-16).


Northern Mariana Islands: In gubernatorial elections, incumbent Ralph Torres (Republican) wins 62.2% of the vote and Juan Babauta (Independent) 37.8%.
South Africa: Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba resigns. Transport Minister Blade Nzimande is appointed as acting home affairs minister.


Fiji: In parliamentary elections, FijiFirst wins 50.0% of the vote (27 of 51 seats), the Social Democratic Liberal Party 39.9% (21), and the National Federation Party 7.4% (3). Turnout is 71.9%. On November 20 Voreqe Bainimarama is again sworn in as prime minister.
Israel: Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman resigns (effective November 16). Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu takes up the portfolio.
Sweden: Parliament rejects the speaker's nominee Ulf Kristersson as prime minister (195-154). On November 15 the speaker asks Annie Lööf to explore the possibilities of forming a new government.


Czech Republic: Zdenek Hrib is elected mayor of Praha.


Maldives: Ibrahim Mohamed Solih is sworn in as president. He appoints a cabinet including Abdulla Shahid as foreign minister, Mariya Ahmed Didi as defense minister, Sheikh Imran Abdulla as home affairs minister, and Ibrahim Ameer as finance minister.


Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Ehime, incumbent Tokihiro Nakamura is reelected with 88.7% of the vote. Turnout is about 39%.


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zeljka Cvijanovic is sworn in as president of Republika Srpska. On November 20 she nominates Radovan Viskovic as prime minister.
Romania: Defense Minister Mihai Fifor resigns. In a cabinet reshuffle on November 20, Gabriel-Beniamin Les is sworn in as defense minister.
Venezuela: Former foreign minister (2004-06) Alí Rodríguez Araque (also secretary-general of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries 2001-02 and of the Union of South American Nations 2012-14) dies.


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Milorad Dodik becomes chairman of the Presidency.