December 2018


Bahrain: The second round of parliamentary elections is held. On December 2 the government resigns as required by the constitution. On December 4 the king reappoints Sheikh Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa as prime minister who then forms a cabinet with a new finance minister, Sheikh Salman ibn Khalifa Al Khalifa, but no other changes to key portfolios.
Mexico: Andrés Manuel López Obrador takes office as president with a cabinet including Marcelo Luis Ebrard Casaubón as foreign minister, Gen. Luis Cresencio Sandoval González as defense minister, Olga Sánchez Cordero as interior minister, and Carlos Manuel Urzúa Macías as finance minister.


Maldives: Home Affairs Minister Imran Abdulla resigns but is reappointed the same day.
São Tomé and Príncipe: The cabinet of Prime Minister Jorge Bom Jesus is announced, with Elsa Teixeira Pinto as foreign minister, Óscar Sousa as defense and interior minister, and Osvaldo Vaz as finance minister. The government takes office December 3.
Spain: In parliamentary elections in Andalucía, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party wins 28.4% of the vote (33 of 109 seats), the Popular Party 21.1% (26), Ciudadanos 18.6% (21), Forward Andalucía 16.4% (17), and Vox 11.1% (12). Turnout is 58.7%.


Canada: Ed Holder is sworn in as mayor of London.
Iraq: Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi nominates Falih al-Fayadh as interior minister and Faisal al-Jarba as defense minister.
Sri Lanka: The Court of Appeal issues a stay order barring Mahinda Rajapakse from acting as prime minister.
United States: Mike Dunleavy is sworn in as governor of Alaska.


Ecuador: Vice President María Alejandra Vicuña resigns.
Vanuatu: Prime Minister Charlot Salwai survives a no-confidence motion in parliament (rejected 31-19).


Argentina: Former governor of Chubut (1981-83) Niceto Echauri Ayerra dies.
Laos: In a cabinet reshuffle, Maj.Gen. Vilay Lakhamfong is appointed minister of public security.
Luxembourg: Prime Minister Xavier Bettel's new government takes office with François Bausch as defense minister and Taina Bofferding as interior minister; Jean Asselborn remains foreign minister and Pierre Gramegna finance minister.
Mexico: Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo takes office as chief of government of Ciudad de México.
Switzerland: Ueli Maurer is elected president for 2019 (201 of 209 votes) and Simonetta Sommaruga as vice president (196 of 216 votes). Viola Amherd and Karin Keller-Sutter are elected to the government to replace Doris Leuthard and Johann Schneider-Ammann.


Brazil: Former governor of Roraima (2007-14) José de Anchieta Júnior dies.
Kyrgyzstan: Finance Minister Adylbek Kasymaliyev resigns.


Colombia: Former president (1982-86) Belisario Betancur Cuartas dies.
Russia: President Vladimir Putin appoints Valery Limarenko as acting governor of Sakhalin oblast.
Slovakia: Foreign Minister Miroslav Lajcák withdraws his resignation.
United States: President Donald Trump nominates William P. Barr as attorney general and Heather Nauert as UN ambassador.


Mexico: Rutilio Escandón Cadenas takes office as governor of Chiapas.


Belgium: In a cabinet reshuffle following the resignation of the ministers of the New Flemish Alliance, Didier Reynders becomes defense minister, Pieter De Crem interior minister, and Alexander De Croo finance minister.
United States: Former agriculture secretary (1977-81) Bob Bergland dies.