Rulers

May 2019

1

Switzerland: Roberto Schmidt becomes president of the Council of State of Valais.
United Kingdom: Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson is dismissed. Penny Mordaunt is named to succeed him (taking office May 3).

2


Beazley
Australia: Margaret Beazley is sworn in as governor of New South Wales.
Comoros: Former foreign minister (1975, 1978-82) and prime minister (1982-84) Ali Mroudjae dies.
Congo (Kinshasa): President Félix Tshisekedi appoints 18 of the 23 governors elected in April, and 4 more on May 18. They take office at various dates throughout the month.

Cummings
Guyana: Karen Cummings is sworn in as foreign minister.
Puerto Rico: Former governor (1973-77, 1985-93) Rafael Hernández Colón dies.
United States: The mayor of Baltimore, Catherine Pugh, resigns. The president of the city council, Bernard C. Young, becomes mayor.

3

Papua New Guinea: Defense Minister Solan Mirisim resigns. On May 13 a reshuffle is made, William Onglo becoming defense minister and Richard Maru finance minister.

4


Rushbrook
Saint Helena: Governor Lisa Honan departs. Louise MacMorran becomes acting governor. On May 11 the new governor, Philip Rushbrook, is sworn in.
Senegal: Parliament adopts a revision of the constitution, abolishing the post of prime minister. The law is promulgated by President Macky Sall on May 14.
United States: In mayoral elections in Dallas, Eric Johnson wins 20.3% of the vote, Scott Griggs 18.5%, Lynn McBee 14.0%, Mike Ablon 13.5%, Miguel Solis 10.7%, and Regina Montoya 10.5%. In San Antonio, incumbent Ron Nirenberg wins 48.7% of the vote and Greg Brockhouse 45.6%. Both runoffs will take place on June 8.

5

Djibouti: Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed is reappointed as prime minister and a cabinet is announced with Hassan Omar Mohamed Bourhan as defense minister and Moumin Ahmed Cheikh as interior minister; Mahamoud Ali Youssouf remains foreign minister and Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh finance minister.

Dramé
Mali: The cabinet of Prime Minister Boubou Cissé is announced with himself remaining finance minister and Salif Traoré security minister, while Tiébilé Dramé becomes foreign minister and Ibrahim Dahirou Dembélé defense minister.

Pendarovski
North Macedonia: In the presidential runoff, Stevo Pendarovski (Social Democratic Union) wins 53.6% of the vote and Gordana Siljanovska-Davkova (Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity) 46.4%. Turnout is 46.7%. Pendarovski takes office May 12.
Panama: In presidential elections, Laurentino Cortizo (Democratic Revolutionary Party) wins 33.4% of the vote, Rómulo Roux (Democratic Change) 31.0%, Ricardo Lombana (independent) 18.8%, and José Blandón (Panameńista Party) 10.8%. Turnout is 73.0%. On May 22 Cortizo (to take office July 1) designates Alejandro Ferrer as foreign minister, Rolando Mirones as security minister, and Héctor Alexander as finance minister.
Yemen: The president of the Supreme Political Council, Mahdi al-Mashat, appoints Abdulkarim Amir al-Din Hussein al-Houthi as interior minister (sworn in May 7).

6

Argentina: Former acting governor of Chubut (1978) Alberto Raúl Rueda dies.
Switzerland: Carmen Walker Späh becomes president of the government of Zürich.

7


Mwe di Malila
Congo (Kinshasa): Franck Mwe di Malila is named acting foreign minister.
Slovakia: Ladislav Kamenický is appointed finance minister.
United States: In mayoral elections in Denver, incumbent Michael Hancock wins 38.6% of the vote, Jamie Giellis 24.9%, Lisa Calderón 18.5%, and Penfield Tate 14.7%. A runoff will be held on June 4. In Lincoln, Leirion Gaylor Baird wins 54.4% of the vote and Cyndi Lamm 45.4%; Gaylor Baird is sworn in on May 20.

8


Tatar
Cyprus: The finance minister of North Cyprus, Serdar Denktas, resigns. Later in the day Prime Minister Tufan Erhürman announces that he will submit the resignation of his government on May 9; it is accepted on that date by President Mustafa Akinci. On May 14 Akinci asks Ersin Tatar to form a government. On May 22 Tatar takes office with a cabinet including Olgun Amcaoglu as finance minister; Kudret Özersay remains foreign minister and Aysegül Baybars Kadri interior minister.
Haiti: The cabinet of prime minister-designate Jean Michel Lapin is named with Audin Bernadel as interior minister while Bocchit Edmond remains foreign minister and Ronald Décembre finance minister; the defense portfolio is not yet assigned. On May 22 a revised cabinet list is issued, including Ronald Gérard D'Mezard as defense minister.
Iraq: The parliament of Kurdistan votes to reactivate the office of president, suspended in 2017. On May 28 Nechirvan Barzani is elected to the post, winning 68 votes in the 111-seat parliament. He is to be sworn in on June 10.
Jordan: The government of Prime Minister Omar al-Razzaz resigns in preparation for a reshuffle, which is made on May 9; Salameh Hassan is sworn in as interior minister.
Nauru: Former president (2011-13) and foreign minister (2011-12, 2013, 2013) Sprent Dabwido dies.
South Africa: In parliamentary elections, the African National Congress (ANC) wins 57.5% of the vote (230 of 400 seats), the Democratic Alliance (DA) 20.8% (84), the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) 10.8% (44), and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) 3.4% (14). Turnout is 66.0%. Results of provincial elections: On May 22 Cyril Ramaphosa is reelected as president and the following new premiers are elected in the legislatures: Oscar Mabuyane (Eastern Cape), Sihle Zikalala (KwaZulu-Natal), Zamani Saul (Northern Cape), Alan Winde (Western Cape); in the other provinces the incumbents are reelected. On May 29 Ramaphosa announces his cabinet with Naledi Pandor as international relations minister and Aaron Motsoaledi as home affairs minister, other key posts being unchanged.

9


King
Canada: Dennis King is sworn in as premier of Prince Edward Island.
Nigeria: The Court of Appeal confirms the election of Gboyega Oyetola as governor of Osun and nullifies the March 22 decision of the Election Petition Tribunal declaring the election of Ademola Adeleke.

Tunis
Sierra Leone: In a cabinet reshuffle, Nabeela Tunis is appointed foreign minister.
United States: President Donald Trump nominates Patrick Shanahan, the acting secretary, as secretary of defense.

10

Greece: Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras wins a confidence vote in parliament (153-136).

11

Italy: Former foreign minister (1989-92) Gianni De Michelis dies.

Panuelo
Federated States of Micronesia: David W. Panuelo is elected president.

12

Argentina: In gubernatorial elections in Córdoba, incumbent Juan Schiaretti (Hacemos por Córdoba) wins 54.0% of the vote, Mario Negri (Córdoba Cambia) 17.8%, and Ramón Mestre (Radical Civic Union) 10.9%. Turnout is 72.8%.
Lithuania: In the first round of presidential elections, Ingrida Simonyte wins 31.4% of the vote, Gitanas Nauseda 31.2%, and Saulius Skvernelis 19.9%; turnout is 56.8%. Skvernelis says he will resign as prime minister on July 12. A runoff is held on May 26, Nauseda winning 66.7% of the vote and Simonyte 33.3%; turnout is 53.4%.
New Caledonia: In parliamentary elections, Future with Confidence wins 18 of 54 seats, the National Union for Independence 9, the Caledonian Union-FLNKS 9, Caledonia Together 7, and the Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front (FLNKS) 6.

15


Espot
Andorra: Xavier Espot Zamora is elected head of government, with 17 votes against 7 for Pere López Agrŕs. Espot is sworn in on May 16. His government is named on May 20 (sworn in May 22), with Josep Maria Rossell Pons as interior minister and Eric Jover Comas as finance minister; Maria Ubach remains foreign minister.
Malawi: President Peter Mutharika dissolves the cabinet and assumes all ministerial powers ahead of the May 21 presidential and parliamentary elections. In these, Mutharika wins 38.6% of the vote, Lazarus Chakwera 35.4%, and Saulos Chilima 20.2%. Turnout is 74.4%. In the parliamentary vote, the Democratic Progressive Party wins 62 of 193 seats, the Malawi Congress Party 55, the United Democratic Front 10, and independents 55.

16

Australia: Former prime minister (1983-91) Bob Hawke dies.
Canada: In parliamentary elections in Newfoundland and Labrador, the Liberal Party wins 43.9% of the vote (20 of 40 seats), the Progressive Conservative Party 42.6% (15), the New Democratic Party 6.3% (3), and independents 4.7% (2). Turnout is 60.6%.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Nigel Dakin is appointed governor, to take office in July.

17

Sweden: Former governor of Örebro (1995-2004) Gerd Engman dies.

18

Australia: In parliamentary elections, the Liberal/National coalition wins 41.4% of the vote (77 of 151 seats), the Australian Labor Party 33.3% (68), and the Greens 10.4% (1). Turnout is 91.8%. On May 26 Prime Minister Scott Morrison names his new government (sworn in May 29), with no change in key positions except for Linda Reynolds becoming defence minister.
Austria: Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache resigns. On May 20 Interior Minister Herbert Kickl is dismissed; all other ministers of the Freedom Party then resign. On May 22 Eckart Ratz is sworn in as interior minister and Johann Luif as defense minister; Finance Minister Hartwig Löger becomes vice chancellor. On May 27 Chancellor Sebastian Kurz is defeated in a no-confidence vote (no count). On May 28 the government is dismissed, its members other than Kurz being asked to stay in their posts, with Löger as acting chancellor, until an interim government is formed. On May 30 President Alexander Van der Bellen asks Brigitte Bierlein to form this government, which is to hold office until elections in September. Bierlein names Clemens Jabloner as vice chancellor and Alexander Schallenberg as foreign minister.
Norway: Former governor of Aust-Agder (1983-94) Signe Marie Stray Ryssdal dies.

19

Argentina: In gubernatorial elections in La Pampa, Sergio Ziliotto (Justicialist Party) wins 52.7% of the vote and Daniel Kroneberger (Cambiemos) 31.8%.

Jaishankar
India: In parliamentary elections held April 11, 18, 23, 29, and May 6, 12, and 19, the Bharatiya Janata Party wins 303 of 543 seats, the Indian National Congress 52, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 23, the All India Trinamool Congress 22, the Yuvajana Sramika Rythu Congress Party 22, Shiv Sena 18, and Janata Dal (United) 16. Prime Minister Narendra Modi resigns on May 24 and is reappointed on May 25 (sworn in on May 30). On May 31, his cabinet is appointed with Subrahmanyam Jaishankar as foreign minister, Rajnath Singh as defense minister, Amit Shah as home affairs minister, and Nirmala Sitharaman as finance minister.

20

Congo (Kinshasa): Prime Minister Bruno Tshibala resigns. Sylvestre Ilunga Ilukamba is named to succeed him.

Zelensky
Ukraine: Volodymyr Zelensky is sworn in as president. Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin and Defense Minister Stepan Poltorak resign. Prime Minister Volodymyr Hroisman announces his resignation for May 22; parliament registers his resignation on May 23 but rejects it on May 30 (97 votes to accept it; 226 required). Also on May 30 Zelensky asks parliament to dismiss Klimkin and Poltorak.
United States: Lori Lightfoot is sworn in as mayor of Chicago.

21

Pakistan: Former chief minister of Sindh (2002-04) Ali Mohammad Mahar dies.
San Marino: Former captain-regent (2010) Glauco Sansovini dies.

22

Malaysia: Former sultan of Pahang (1974-2019) and yang di-pertuan agong (1979-84) Tuanku Ahmad Shah al-Mustain Billah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar Riayatuddin al-Muadzam Shah dies.
Somalia: Former foreign minister (2007) Hussein Elabe Fahiye is killed in a car-bomb attack.

23

Canada: Former premier of Newfoundland (2000-01) Beaton Tulk dies.
Comoros: Anissi Chamsidine takes office as governor of Ndzuwani and Mhoudine Sitti Farouata as governor of Ngazidja.

Reddy
India: The chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, Nara Chandrababu Naidu, resigns. On May 25 the governor invites Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy to form a government; he is sworn in as chief minister on May 30.

24


Golay
India: The chief minister of Sikkim, Pawan Chamling, resigns. On May 26 the governor invites P.S. Golay to form a government; he is sworn in as chief minister on May 27.
Nigeria: The Supreme Court nullifies the March 9 election of Muktar Idris as governor of Zamfara and proclaims Bello Matawalle (People's Democratic Party) as governor-elect. The court confirms the July 14, 2018, election of Kayode Fayemi as governor of Ekiti.
United Kingdom: Prime Minister Theresa May announces her resignation, to be effective after the election of a new Conservative Party leader in June or July.

26

Belgium: In parliamentary elections, the New Flemish Alliance (N-VA) wins 16.0% of the vote (25 of 150 seats), Flemish Interest (VB) 11.9% (18), the Socialist Party (PS) 9.5% (20), Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) 8.9% (12), the Workers' Party of Belgium (PVDA/PTB) 8.6% (12), Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open VLD) 8.5% (12), the Reformist Movement (MR) 7.6% (14), Socialist Party Different (sp.a) 6.7% (9), Ecolo 6.1% (13), Groen 6.1% (8), and the Humanist Democratic Centre (CDH) 3.7% (5). Turnout is 90.0%. Results of regional elections: European Union: In elections to the European Parliament held May 23-26, the European People's Party wins about 180 of 751 seats, the Socialists and Democrats about 150, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe about 105, the Greens/European Free Alliance about 70, the European Conservatives and Reformists about 60, Europe of Nations and Freedom about 60, Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy about 55, and European United Left-Nordic Green Left about 40. (Some countries also allocate additional seats to be redistributed to those countries upon the prospective British withdrawal; figures here only refer to the immediately effective seats.) Turnout is about 51%. National results: Germany: In state elections in Bremen, the Christian Democratic Union wins 26.7% of the vote (24 of 84 seats), the Social Democratic Party 24.9% (23), the Greens 17.4% (16), the Left 11.3% (10), the Alternative for Germany 6.1% (5), and the Free Democratic Party 5.9% (5). Turnout is 64.0%.
Italy: In presidential elections in Piemonte, Alberto Cirio (centre-right) is elected with 49.9% of the vote, defeating incumbent Sergio Chiamparino (centre-left) with 35.8% and Giorgio Bertola (Five Star Movement) with 13.6%. Turnout is 63.3%.

Marape

Mirisim
Papua New Guinea: Prime Minister Peter O'Neill announces his resignation. He formally submits it to the governor-general on May 29. On May 30 James Marape is elected prime minister, defeating Sir Mekere Morauta by 101 votes to 8; he is sworn in the same day. On May 31 Marape appoints a caretaker cabinet including Solan Mirisim as foreign and defense minister and Richard Maru remaining finance minister.
Spain: Results of regional elections (PSOE=Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, PP=Popular Party, Cs=Ciudadanos): Thailand: Former prime minister (1980-88) and regent (2016) Prem Tinsulanonda dies.

27

Madagascar: In parliamentary elections, "All of Us, Together with Andry Rajoelina" wins 84 seats, Independents 46, and I Love Madagascar 16. Turnout is about 40%.

28

Jamaica: Former prime minister (1980-89) Edward Seaga dies.
Sweden: Former governor of Västmanland (2009-14) Ingemar Skogö dies.
Uganda: Former prime minister (1999-2011) Apolo Nsibambi dies.

29


Requet
French Polynesia: Éric Requet becomes acting high commissioner following the departure of René Bidal.
Israel: Yisrael Katz (acting in the post since February) is appointed foreign minister. Early on May 30 the Knesset votes to dissolve itself, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu having failed to form a new government; new elections are to be held on September 17.
Latvia: Egils Levits is elected as president by the Saeima, receiving 61 votes against 24 for Didzis Smits and 8 for Juris Jansons. He will take office July 8.
Nigeria: The following new governors are sworn in: Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri (Adamawa), Bala Mohammed (Bauchi), Babagana Zulum (Borno), Inuwa Yahaya (Gombe), Emeka Ihedioha (Imo), Abdulrahman Abdulrazaq (Kwara), Babajide Sanwo-Olu (Lagos), Abdullahi Sule (Nasarawa), Dapo Abiodun (Ogun), Seyi Makinde (Oyo), Mai Mala Buni (Yobe), Bello Matawalle (Zamfara).
Réunion: Jacques Billant is appointed prefect, effective June 17.

30

Congo (Kinshasa): In gubernatorial elections in Mai-Ndombe, Paul Mputu Boleilanga (independent) wins 16 of 21 votes, against 5 for Aimé Pascal Mongo Lokonda (independent). In Nord-Kivu, Carly Nzanzu Kasivita (independent) wins 28 of 48 votes, while Butondo Muhindo Nzangi (Social Movement) wins 11 and Éric Paluku Kamavu (independent) 9.