Rulers

November 2019

1

The Netherlands: Interior Minister Kajsa Ollongren is relieved of her functions on account of illness. Raymond Knops is appointed interior minister.
United States: President Donald Trump names Chad Wolf as acting secretary of homeland security, effective after November 11. He assumes the post on November 13.

3

India: Satya Pal Malik is sworn in as governor of Goa.

4

Belgium: The préformateurs Geert Bourgeois and Rudy Demotte end their task after failure to form a government. On November 5 King Philippe names Paul Magnette as informateur.
Jordan: The government of Prime Minister Omar al-Razzaz resigns ahead of a planned reshuffle. This takes place on November 7, with Muhammad al-Ississ becoming finance minister.
Romania: Parliament approves the new government of Ludovic Orban (240 votes, 233 needed) and it is sworn in the same day.
Rwanda: In a cabinet reshuffle, Vincent Biruta is appointed foreign minister and Patrick Nyamvumba minister of internal security.

5

India: P.S. Sreedharan Pillai is sworn in as governor of Mizoram.
United States: In gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Andy Beshear (Democrat) defeats incumbent Matt Bevin (Republican), 49.2%-48.8%. In Mississippi, Tate Reeves (Republican) defeats Jim Hood (Democrat), 52%-47%. Results of mayoral elections:

6

Argentina: Former governor of Misiones (1978-81) Rubén Norberto Paccagnini dies.
Botswana: President Mokgweetsi Masisi names his cabinet including Kagiso Mmusi as defense and security minister and Thapelo Matsheka as finance minister; Unity Dow remains foreign minister.
Colombia: Defense Minister Guillermo Botero resigns. On November 12 Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo is named defense minister, with Adriana Mejía named acting foreign minister; later that day Claudia Blum is named foreign minister. Trujillo takes office as defense minister on November 16, while Blum is sworn in on November 27.
Czech Republic: Former prime minister and acting president of Czechoslovakia (1992) Jan Stráský dies.
Kuwait: The resignation of Finance Minister Nayef al-Hajraf is accepted and Mariam al-Aqeel appointed acting finance minister.
Liechtenstein: The Landtag elects Katrin Eggenberger as foreign minister (18 of 25 votes). She is sworn in on November 11.
United Arab Emirates: The Supreme Council reelects Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zaid Al Nahayan as president.

7

Mauritius: In parliamentary elections, the Militant Socialist Movement wins 38 seats, the Labour Party 13, and the Mauritian Militant Movement 9. Turnout is 76.8%. In the new government sworn in on November 12, Pravind Jugnauth remains prime minister and home affairs minister and also becomes defense minister, Nando Bodha remains foreign minister, and Renganaden Padayachy becomes finance minister.
Papua New Guinea: In a cabinet reshuffle, Patrick Pruaitch is appointed foreign minister and Rainbo Paita finance minister.
Sierra Leone: In a cabinet reshuffle, Kellie Conteh is appointed defense minister.

8

Congo (Kinshasa): The provincial assembly of Haut-Lomami votes (22-2) to remove Governor Marcel Lenge Masangu Mpoyo.
Guinea-Bissau: Faustino Imbali resigns as prime minister.
India: The chief minister of Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis, resigns. As no new government can be formed, on November 12 president's rule is imposed in the state. However, on November 23 Fadnavis is again sworn in as chief minister. He resigns again on November 26, and Uddhav Thackeray is designated as chief minister (sworn in November 28). Thackeray wins a confidence vote on November 30, securing 169 votes in the 288-member assembly.
Israel: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appoints Naftali Bennett as defense minister in his caretaker government (approved by the cabinet on November 10 and taking office November 12).
Poland: The new cabinet is announced, with Tadeusz Koscinski as finance minister, other key posts remaining unchanged. The resignation of the old government is formally submitted at the first sitting of the new parliament on November 12 and Mateusz Morawiecki reappointed as prime minister on November 14, the new government taking office November 15 and winning a confidence vote (237-214) on November 19.
Zimbabwe: In a cabinet reshuffle, Kazembe Kazembe is appointed home affairs minister.

10

Argentina: In gubernatorial elections in Salta, Gustavo Sáenz (Sáenz Gobernador) wins 53.8% of the vote, Sergio Leavy (Frente de Todos) 26.1%, and Alfredo Olmedo (Olmedo Gobernador) 15.4%. Turnout is 70.3%.
Bolivia: President Evo Morales resigns under pressure. With Vice President Álvaro García Linera, Senate president Adriana Salvatierra, and Chamber of Deputies president Víctor Borda also resigning (besides Finance Minister Luis Arce), Chief Justice José Antonio Revilla appears to be next in line of succession (but is reportedly in hiding). However, the second vice president of the Senate, Jeanine Áñez, says she will assume the presidency. On November 11 Defense Minister Javier Zavaleta also resigns, as does Foreign Minister Diego Pary on November 12. On the latter day the Chamber session convened to discuss the resignation of Morales is suspended for lack of quorum; nevertheless, Áñez proclaims herself interim president, and is recognized as such by the Constitutional Tribunal. On November 13 Salvatierra says she is still Senate president (her resignation not having been made official), but is prevented from entering parliament. The same day Áñez installs a cabinet including Karen Longaric as foreign minister, Fernando López Julio as defense minister, Arturo Murillo as interior minister, and José Luis Parada as economy minister.
Romania: In the first round of presidential elections, incumbent Klaus Johannis (National Liberal Party) wins 37.8% of the vote, former prime minister Viorica Dancila (Social Democratic Party) 22.3%, Dan Barna (Save Romania Union) 15.0%, and Mircea Diaconu (independent) 8.8%. Turnout is about 50%. A runoff is held on November 24, Johannis winning 66.1% of the vote and Dancila 33.9%.
Spain: In parliamentary elections, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party wins 28.3% of the vote (120 of 350 seats), the Popular Party 21.0% (88), Vox 15.2% (52), Unidas Podemos 13.0% (35), Ciudadanos 6.9% (10), and the Republican Left of Catalonia 3.6% (13). Turnout is 69.9%.

11

British Virgin Islands: Former chief minister (1995-2003) and premier (2007-11) Ralph O'Neal dies.
Guinea: Damantang Albert Camara is named to replace Alpha Ibrahima Keira as security minister.
Italy: Donatella Tesei takes office as president of Umbria.
Jamaica: Sir Edward Zacca, former acting governor-general (1991), dies.
Suriname: Former foreign minister (2010-15) Winston Lackin dies.
Turkey: Former foreign minister (1994) Mümtaz Soysal dies.

12

Moldova: The government of Prime Minister Maia Sandu is defeated in a no-confidence vote passed by 63 out of 101 members of parliament. On November 13 President Igor Dodon nominates Ion Chicu as prime minister. On November 14 parliament approves Chicu (62 votes) with a government including Aureliu Ciocoi as foreign minister, Victor Gaiciuc as defense minister, Pavel Voicu as interior minister, and Sergiu Puscuta as finance minister. The government is sworn in the same day.

13

Mexico: Former governor of Jalisco (1989-92) Guillermo Cosío Vidaurri dies.

14

Kuwait: The government of Prime Minister Sheikh Jabir Mubarak Al Hamad Al Sabah resigns. On November 18 the emir removes Defense Minister Sheikh Nasser Sabah Al Ahmad Al Sabah and Interior Minister Sheikh Khaled Al Jarrah Al Sabah from their posts and assigns Foreign Minister Sheikh Sabah Al Khaled Al Hamad Al Sabah to run the affairs of the Defense Ministry and Deputy Prime Minister Anas al-Saleh those of the Interior Ministry; Sheikh Jabir declines reappointment as prime minister. On November 19 Sheikh Sabah is named prime minister.
Vatican City: Pope Franciscus names Juan Antonio Guerrero Alves prefect for the Secretariat of the Economy.

15

Tunisia: President Kaïs Saïed asks Habib Jemli to form a government.

16

Nigeria: In gubernatorial elections in Bayelsa, David Lyon (All Progressives Congress) wins 70.6% of the vote and Duoye Diri (People's Democratic Party) 28.7%. In Kogi, incumbent Yahaya Bello (All Progressives Congress) wins 66.5% of the vote and Musa Wada (People's Democratic Party) 31.1%.
Sri Lanka: In presidential elections, Gotabaya Rajapakse wins 52.2% of the vote and Sajith Premadasa 42.0%. Turnout is 83.7%. On November 17 Finance Minister Mangala Samaraweera resigns. Rajapakse is sworn in on November 18. On November 20 Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe announces his resignation and the president names his brother Mahinda Rajapakse as prime minister (sworn in November 21). On November 21 the following new provincial governors are appointed and sworn in: Lalith U Gamage (Central), A.J.M. Muzammil (North Western), Tikiri Kobbekaduwa (Sabaragamuwa), Willie Gamage (Southern), Raja Collure (Uva), Seetha Arambepola (Western). On November 22 the new cabinet is sworn in with Mahinda Rajapakse being also defense and finance minister, Dinesh Gunawardene foreign minister, and Janaka Bandara Tennakoon internal affairs minister.
United States: In gubernatorial elections in Louisiana, incumbent John Bel Edwards (Democrat) defeats Eddie Rispone (Republican), 51%-49%.

17

Belarus: In parliamentary elections, the Communist Party wins 11 of 110 seats, other parties 10, and independents 89. Turnout is 77.2%.
Iraq: Former foreign minister (1965-67) and president of the Governing Council (2004) Adnan Pachachi dies.

18

Marshall Islands: In parliamentary elections, 33 nonpartisans are elected. Supporters of President Hilda Heine appear to be in the minority.
Montserrat: In parliamentary elections (turnout 62.5%), the Movement for Change and Prosperity wins 42.7% of the vote (5 of 9 elected seats), the People's Democratic Movement 29.9% (3), and independents 17.1% (1). (With 2 ex-officio members, there are 11 seats.) On November 19 Easton Taylor-Farrell is sworn in as premier. On November 21 he names his cabinet (sworn in November 22), with himself as finance minister.

19

Bosnia and Herzegovina: The presidency nominates Zoran Tegeltija as prime minister.
Sint Maarten: An interim government is sworn in with Silveria Jacobs as prime minister and Ardwell Irion as finance minister.
Sri Lanka: Former prime minister (2010-15) D.M. Jayaratne dies.

20

Canada: The new government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is sworn in, with François-Philippe Champagne as foreign minister; Harjit Sajjan remains defense minister and Bill Morneau finance minister.
Congo (Kinshasa): The provincial assembly of Ituri votes (27-0) to remove Governor Jean Bamanisa Saidi.
Israel: Benny Gantz tells President Reuven Rivlin that he failed to form a government and returns the mandate. On November 21 Rivlin asks the Knesset to find a prime minister and avoid new elections.

22

Guinea: Former prime minister (2007) Eugène Camara dies.

24

Austria: In state elections in Steiermark, the Austrian People's Party wins 36.1% of the vote (18 of 48 seats), the Social Democratic Party 23.0% (12), the Freedom Party 17.5% (8), the Greens 12.1% (6), the Communist Party 6.0% (2), and New Austria 5.4% (2). Turnout is 63.5%.
Guinea-Bissau: In presidential elections, former prime minister Domingos Simões Pereira (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde) wins 40.1% of the vote, former prime minister Umaro Sissoco Embaló (Movement for Democratic Alternation) 27.6%, Nuno Gomes Nabiam (Assembly of the People United-Democratic Party of Guinea-Bissau) 13.2%, and incumbent José Mário Vaz (independent) 12.4%. Turnout is 74.4%. A runoff is to be held on December 29.
India: Former chief minister of Madhya Pradesh (1977-78) Kailash Joshi dies.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Kochi, Seiji Hamada wins 60.9% of the vote and Kenji Matsumoto 39.1%. Turnout is 47.7%.
Uruguay: In the presidential runoff, Luis Lacalle Pou wins 50.6% of the vote and Daniel Martínez 49.4%. Turnout is 90.1%.

26

Canada: Former premier of Nova Scotia (1970-78) Gerald A. Regan dies.
Costa Rica: Rodrigo Chaves is sworn in as finance minister.
Mauritius: Acting President Barlen Vyapoory resigns. Chief Justice Eddy Balancy becomes acting president.

27

European Union: The European Parliament confirms (461-151 with 89 abstentions) the new European Commission headed by Ursula von der Leyen, to take office December 1.
Namibia: In presidential elections, incumbent Hage Geingob (SWAPO) wins 56.3% of the vote, Panduleni Itula (independent) 29.4%, and McHenry Venaani (Popular Democratic Movement) 5.3%; turnout is 60.8%. In parliamentary elections, SWAPO wins 65.5% of the vote (63 of 96 seats) and the PDM 16.7% (16); turnout is 60.4%.
Spain: Defense Minister Margarita Robles is additionally named foreign minister (made effective November 30).

29

Iraq: Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi announces his resignation (formally submitted to parliament November 30).
Japan: Former prime minister (1982-87) Yasuhiro Nakasone dies.

30

Belgium: Philippe Goffin is sworn in as foreign and defense minister.