April 2022


Brazil: Paulo Sérgio Nogueira de Oliveira takes office as defense minister.


Pakistan: The governor of Punjab, Mohammad Sarwar, accepts the resignation of Chief Minister Usman Buzdar. On April 3 the federal government removes Sarwar from office; Dost Muhammad Mazari (the deputy speaker of the provincial assembly) becomes acting governor before Omer Sarfraz Cheema is sworn in as governor later the same day. On April 16 Hamza Shahbaz is elected chief minister, winning 197 votes in the 371-member assembly, but Cheema refuses to swear in Shahbaz. On April 17 Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif removes Cheema from office but, on April 18, President Arif Alvi directs him to stay in office. Hamza Shahbaz is finally sworn in on April 30.
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon: Bernard Briand is reelected (15 of 19 votes) as president of the Territorial Council.

San Marino: Oscar Mina (Christian Democrat) and Paolo Rondelli (RETE) take office as captains-regent.



Brazil: The vice-governor of Maranhão, Carlos Orleans Brandão Júnior, takes office as governor. The governor of Alagoas, José Renan Vasconcelos Calheiros Filho, resigns and Klever Rêgo Loureiro becomes acting governor. The governor of Ceará, Camilo Sobreira de Santana, resigns and Vice-Governor Maria Izolda Cela de Arruda Coelho becomes governor.
Saint Kitts and Nevis: Former premier of Nevis (1992-2006, 2013-17) Vance Amory dies.


Costa Rica: In the presidential runoff, Rodrigo Chaves wins about 53% of the vote and José María Figueres Olsen about 47%. On April 22 Chaves (to be sworn in May 8) names Arnoldo André Tinoco as foreign minister and Jorge Luis Torres Carrillo as security minister; on April 29 he names Nogui Acosta Jaén as finance minister.
Hungary: In parliamentary elections, the coalition of Fidesz-Hungarian Civic Alliance and Christian Democratic People's Party wins 54.1% of the vote (135 of 199 seats), the United for Hungary coalition 34.5% (57), Our Homeland Movement 5.9% (6), and the Hungarian Two-Tailed Dog Party 3.3% (0). Turnout is 70.2%. On April 29 President János Áder asks Viktor Orbán to form a new government.
South Korea: President-elect Yoon Suk Yeol nominates Han Duck Soo as prime minister. On April 10 Yoon nominates Lee Jong Sup as defense minister and Choo Kyung Ho as finance minister and on April 13 Park Jin as foreign minister and Lee Sang Min as interior minister.

Bhutto Z.
Pakistan: President Arif Alvi dissolves parliament on the advice of Prime Minister Imran Khan, who thus loses his position but continues to hold office until the appointment of a caretaker prime minister. However, on April 7 the Supreme Court rules the dissolution unconstitutional. On April 10 Khan loses a no-confidence vote which is supported by 174 members in the 342-member assembly. On April 11 Shahbaz Sharif is elected (174 votes) and sworn in as prime minister. The governors of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Shah Farman), Sindh (Imran Ismail), and Gilgit-Baltistan (Raja Jalal Hussain Maqpoon) resign. The chief minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Mahmood Khan, wins a confidence vote in the provincial assembly (88-2). The governor of Balochistan, Syed Zahoor Agha, resigns on April 13. On April 16 Alvi accepts Farman's resignation and the speaker of the provincial assembly, Mushtaq Ahmad Ghani, becomes acting governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. On April 18 Alvi accepts Ismail's resignation and the speaker of the provincial assembly, Agha Siraj Durrani, becomes acting governor of Sindh. On April 19 Alvi accepts Agha's resignation and the speaker of the provincial assembly, Mir Jan Mohammad Khan Jamali, becomes acting governor of Balochistan. On April 19 Sharif's cabinet is sworn in; Khawaja Asif becomes defense minister, Rana Sanaullah interior minister, Miftah Ismail finance minister, and Hina Rabbani Khar minister of state for foreign affairs. On April 27 Bilawal Bhutto Zardari is sworn in as foreign minister.

Saint-Barthélemy: Xavier Lédée is elected (with 13 votes against 6 blank votes) as president of the Territorial Council.

Saint-Martin: Louis Mussington is elected (23 of 23 votes) as president of the Territorial Council.
Serbia: In presidential elections, incumbent Aleksandar Vucic (Serbian Progressive Party) wins 60.0% of the vote, Zdravko Ponos (United for the Victory of Serbia) 18.8%, and Milos Jovanovic (National Democratic Alternative) 6.1%. In parliamentary elections, Together We Can Do Everything (coalition including the Serbian Progressive Party) wins 44.3% of the vote (120 of 250 seats), United for the Victory of Serbia 14.1% (38), Ivica Dacic - Prime Minister of Serbia (coalition led by the Socialist Party) 11.8% (32), the National Democratic Alternative 5.5% (15), and We Must 4.8% (13). Turnout is 58.6%.
Sri Lanka: All cabinet ministers except Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapakse and President and Defense Minister Gotabaya Rajapakse resign. On April 4 Ali Sabry is sworn in as finance minister and Gamini Lakshman Peiris again as foreign minister. Sabry resigns already on April 5, but on April 8 it is announced that the president has not accepted his resignation. On April 18 the full new cabinet is appointed, including Dinesh Gunawardene as home affairs minister.


Australia: The premier of Tasmania, Peter Gutwein, announces his resignation. On April 8 Jeremy Rockliff is sworn in as premier.
Congo (Kinshasa): Parliament approves the 21st extension (beginning April 5) of the state of siege in Ituri and Nord-Kivu, and the 22nd on April 18.

Georgia: Foreign Minister Davit Zalkaliani resigns and Ilia Darchiashvili is appointed in his place.
Mali: Former interim prime minister (2012-13) Diango Cissoko dies.
Montenegro: Former president of the Presidency (1985-86) Branislav Soskic dies.
Saint Helena: Nigel Phillips is appointed governor, to take office in August.


Greenland: A new government is formed with Vivian Motzfeldt as foreign minister; Múte B. Egede remains prime minister and Naaja H. Nathanielsen finance minister.
Kuwait: The government of Prime Minister Sheikh Sabah Al Khaled Al Hamad Al Sabah resigns.
United States: In the mayoral runoff in Milwaukee, Cavalier Johnson wins 71.5% of the vote and Bob Donovan 28.2%. Johnson is sworn in on April 13.


Montserrat: Sarah Tucker is sworn in as governor.
Turkmenistan: Mukhammet Khydyrov is appointed interior minister and Begench Gundogdiyev reappointed defense minister.


Serbia: Former president of the Executive Council (1974-78), chairman of the Central Committee of the League of Communists (1982-84), and president of the Presidency (1984-86) Dusan Ckrebic dies.

Yemen: President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi dismisses Vice President Ali Mohsin al-Ahmar and then cedes his own position to a Presidential Leadership Council headed by Rashad al-Alimi (sworn in April 19).


Indonesia: Former governor of Bangka-Belitung (2002-07) Hudarni Rani dies.
São Tomé and Príncipe: Former foreign minister (2008-10) Carlos Alberto Pires Tiny dies.


France: Former president of the Regional Council of Nord-Pas-de-Calais (1998-2001) Michel Delebarre dies.
The Gambia: In parliamentary elections, the National People's Party wins 18 of 53 elected seats, the United Democratic Party 15, the National Reconciliation Party 4, and independents 12. (With 5 members appointed by the president, the total is 58.) Turnout is 51.2%.
Norway: Defense Minister Odd Roger Enoksen resigns. On April 12 Bjørn Arild Gram is appointed defense minister.


China: Former governor of Shanxi (1983-93) Wang Senhao dies.
France: In the first round of presidential elections, incumbent Emmanuel Macron (La République en marche) wins 27.8% of the vote, Marine Le Pen (National Rally) 23.2%, Jean-Luc Mélenchon (La France insoumise) 22.0%, Éric Zemmour (Reconquest) 7.1%, Valérie Pécresse (Republicans) 4.8%, and Yannick Jadot (Europe Ecology-The Greens) 4.6%; turnout is 73.7%. In the runoff on April 24, Macron wins 58.5% of the vote and Le Pen 41.5%; turnout is 72.0%.
Georgia: In the first round of presidential elections in South Ossetia, Alan Gagloyev (Nykhas) wins 38.5% of the vote, incumbent Anatoly Bibilov (United Ossetia) 34.9%, and Aleksandr Pliyev (People's Party) 12.4%. Turnout is 82.1%. The runoff is later scheduled for May 8.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Kyoto, incumbent Takatoshi Nishiwaki wins 66.8% of the vote and Ken Kajikawa 33.2%. Turnout is 37.6%.
Jordan: Former foreign minister (1962-63, 1965-66) Hazem Nusseibeh dies.
Mexico: In a recall referendum, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador's continuation in office is supported by 93.4% of the vote, 6.6% supporting his recall. Turnout is 17.8% (below the 40% that would have made the result binding).


Côte d'Ivoire: The government of Prime Minister Patrick Achi resigns. On April 19 Achi is reappointed as prime minister. On April 20 a largely unchanged government is named.


Finland: Former foreign minister (2007-08) Ilkka Kanerva dies.

Pakistan: The prime minister of Azad Kashmir, Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan Niazi, resigns. On April 18 Sardar Tanveer Ilyas is elected (winning 33 votes in the 53-member state assembly, opposition boycotting) and sworn in as prime minister.


Ireland: Former foreign minister (1977-79) Michael O'Kennedy dies.


Timor-Leste: In the presidential runoff, José Ramos-Horta wins 62.1% of the vote and Francisco Guterres 37.9%. Turnout is 71.6%. Ramos-Horta will be sworn in on May 20.


Congo (Kinshasa): Interior Minister Daniel Aselo Okito appoints Oscar Oshobale Oyozu as acting governor of Nord-Ubangi.
Cyprus: The North Cyprus government of Prime Minister Faiz Sucuoglu resigns. President Ersin Tatar accepts the resignation. On April 22 Tatar asks Sucuoglu to form a new government. On April 25 Tahsin Ertugruloglu is named foreign minister and Olgun Amcaoglu finance minister, with Ünal Üstel to remain interior minister. Already on April 30 Sucuoglu resigns again.
Switzerland: Former president of the Council of State of Genève (2000-01) Carlo Lamprecht dies.


India: Former chief minister of Meghalaya (2006-07) J. Dringwell Rymbai dies.
Kenya: Former president (2002-13) Mwai Kibaki dies.
Yemen: The parliament in Aden grants confidence to the government of Prime Minister Maeen Abdul Malik.


Kyrgyzstan: Jeenbek Kulubayev is appointed acting foreign minister. On April 27 parliament approves him as foreign minister and he is appointed by the president on April 29.
Northern Mariana Islands: The Senate rejects the request of Governor Ralph Torres to dismiss the six articles of impeachment against him (4-3 to dismiss, but 5 votes were required for the approval of the request). The impeachment trial will begin on May 13.


India: Former governor of Nagaland (2007-09), Arunachal Pradesh (2007-08), Assam (2009), Jharkhand (2009-10), Maharashtra (2010-14), and Goa (2011-12) K. Sankaranarayanan dies.
Slovenia: In parliamentary elections, the Freedom Movement wins 34.6% of the vote (41 of 90 seats), the Slovenian Democratic Party 23.5% (27), New Slovenia 6.8% (8), the Social Democrats 6.7% (7), the Left 4.4% (5), and the List of Marjan Sarec 3.7% (0). Turnout is 69.8%.


Germany: The Landtag of Saarland elects Anke Rehlinger as minister-president (32-19).


Ecuador: Defense Minister Luis Hernández resigns. Luis Lara Jaramillo is named to replace him.
Poland: Magdalena Rzeczkowska is appointed finance minister.


China: The mayor of Tianjin, Liao Guoxun, dies.

Montenegro: Prime minister-designate Dritan Abazovic nominates Ranko Krivokapic as foreign minister, Rasko Konjevic as defense minister, Filip Adzic as interior minister, and Aleksandar Damjanovic as finance minister. On April 28 the government is approved by a vote of 45-3 in the 81-seat parliament.
Uzbekistan: Vladimir Norov is appointed acting foreign minister.


British Virgin Islands: Premier Andrew Fahie is arrested in the United States, leaving Deputy Premier Natalio Wheatley as acting premier.
Paraguay: Foreign Minister Euclides Acevedo announces his resignation, effective April 29.
Slovakia: Another no-confidence motion against Interior Minister Roman Mikulec is defeated (58-53).
Syria: President Bashar al-Assad appoints Ali Mahmoud Abbas as defense minister.


Malaysia: Tan Sri Tengku Ahmad Rithauddeen, former foreign minister (1975-81, 1984-86), dies.
Spain: Alberto Núñez Feijóo resigns as president of the Xunta of Galicia. Alfonso Rueda Valenzuela is designated to replace him.