Rulers: Ethiopia

Border states


Note: These are states that were independent or under Ethiopian suzerainty before being incorporated into the Ethiopian Empire. They are grouped as follows: (A) Walayta (Walayta, Bosha, Sheka); (B) Leqa (Leqa Naqamte, Leqa Qellam); (C) Giba States (Limu-'Enarya, Goma, Guma, Gera, Jima); (D) Janjero (Gimirra, Amarro, Janjero); (E) Kafa (Kafa, Konta, Dauro); (F) Yefat/Harar (Harar); (G) Walo; (H) the Afar sultanate of Awsa. Members of the elite in Ethiopia and some of the border states had, in addition to their common (and if Christian their baptismal) name a so-called "horse name" (yefaras sem). These are not listed in general, but in some cases these "horse names" are the principal (or only) names by which the rulers are known. This fact is indicated in the specific cases.

Walayta

Walayta

     c.1250                Walayta state founded
     c.1600                Tegra`i dynasty founded
   Nov 1894                incorporated into Ethiopia
       1900                Tegra`i dynasty extinguished

Rulers (title Kawa)
- Tegra`i dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Kote
        ... -         ...  Libana
        ... -         ...  Tube
        ... -         ...  Ogato
        ... -         ...  Damota
        ... -        1890  Gobe
       1890 -        1900  Tona Gaga
                           (from Oct 1895, Tekle Haymanot)

Bosha

       1567                Bosha state founded
       1883                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Tato)
- Tegra`i Bushasho dynasty -
       1690 -        1720  Leliso
       1720 -        1740  Wako
       1740 -        1760  Malko
       1760 -        1780  Gabito
       1780 -        1790  Chaso (usurper)
       1790 -        1845  Dukamo
       1845 -        1865  'Ogata
       1865 -        1883  Dagoye

Sheka

       1560                Sheka state founded
       1898                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Tato)
       1670 -        1740  Bedi Goechi
       1740 -        1780  Giba Goechi
       1780 -        1782  Tuge Nechochi
       1782 -        1785  Tume Afochi
       1785 -        1800  Shagi Nechochi
       1800 -        1805  Bedi Nechochi
       1805 -        1810  Techi Nechochi
       1810 -        1820  ...
       1820 -        1850  Galli Goechi
       1850 -        1887  Deji Goechi
       1887 -        1898  Techi Goechi

Leqa

Leqa Naqamte

    bf.1871                Leqa Naqamte state founded
       1882                incorporated into Shewa

Rulers (title Moti)
        ... -        1871  Bakare
       1871 -        18..  Moroda
       18.. -        1882  Kumsa Moroda
                           (later called Gebre 'Egzi'abher)

Leqa Qellam

    bf.1870                Leqa Qellam state founded
       188.                incorporated into Shewa

Ruler (title Moti)
        ... -        188.  Jote Talu

Giba States

Limu-'Enarya

       1450                'Enarya state founded
       1800                Limu-'Enarya state re-founded
       1891                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Moti) (horse names in parentheses)
        ... -         ...  Gaha Nechocho
        ... -         ...  Gawa Sherocho
        ... -         ...  Shisafocho
      *1750*               Sacho Nechocho
        ... -         ...  Tekle Sachi
        ... -         ...  Garginocho
        ... -         ...  Shagi Nechocho
        ... -         ...  Chechi Nechocho
       1800 -        1825  Bofo ('Aba Gomol)
       1825 - 24 Sep 1861  Ibsa ('Aba Bagibo)
       1861 -        1883  ('Aba Bulgu)
       1883 -        1891  ('Aba Gomol)

Goma

     c.1800                Goma state founded
       1886                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Moti) (horse names)
- 'Awulyani dynasty -
        ... -        1820  'Aba Boke
       1820 -        1840  'Aba Mano
       18.. -        1886  'Aba Boke

Guma

     c.1800                Guma state founded
       1902                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Moti) (horse names in parentheses)
        ... -        1810  Jilcha
       1810 -        1830  Oncho Jilcha
       1830 -        1840  ...
       1840 -        1854  Jawe Oncho
       1854 -    Jun 1879  ('Aba Dula)
   Jun 1879 -        18..  ('Aba Jobir)
       1899 -        1902  Firisa ('Aba Fogi)

Gera

     c.1800                Gera state founded
    af.1879                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Moti) (horse names in parentheses)
        ... -         ...  Gunji
        ... -        182.  Tulu Gunji
       182. -        1838  ('Aba Baso)
       1838 -        1848  ('Aba Rago)
       1848 -        186.  ('Aba Magal)
      *1879*               ... (f)

Jima

     c.1790                Kaka Jima state founded
       1830                state renamed Jima 'Aba Jifar after horse name of ruler
       1932                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Moti, later referred to as Sultan) (horse names in parentheses)
        ... -         ...  ('Aba Faro)
        ... -         ...  ('Aba Magal)
        ... -        1830  ('Aba Rago)
       1830 -        1855  Sana ('Aba Jifar I)
       1855 -        1859  ('Aba Rebu)
       1859 -        1862  ('Aba Bok'a)
       1862 -        1878  ('Aba Gomol)
       1878 -        1932  Tulu ('Aba Jifar II)
                           (upon conversion Muhammad ibn DaŽud)
       1932                ('Aba Jobir 'Aba Dula)

Janjero

Gimirra

        ...                Chako state, known by Ethiopians as Gimirra, founded
       1955                dynasty extinguished

Rulers (title Koynab)
- Koyniyab dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Wurkenbe
        ... -         ...  Buzab
        ... -         ...  Zita
        ... -         ...  Tureta
        ... -         ...  Koyns
        ... -         ...  Duka
        ... -        1955  Bangarsa

Amarro

        ...                Amarro state refounded by new dynasty
       189.                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Woyra
        ... -         ...  Zikole
        ... -         ...  Woze
        ... -         ...  Wetsa
        ... -         ...  Gona
        ... -         ...  Abaya
        ... -         ...  Ala
        ... -         ...  Ano
        ... -         ...  Aynasu
        ... -        189.  Amole

Janjero

    af.1530                Yengar or Yam state, known by Ethiopians as Janjero,
                           refounded by Mowa dynasty
       1894                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Tato or Amno)
- Mowa dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Takibo
        ... -         ...  Dirgimo
        ... -         ...  Dalaso
        ... -         ...  Adilo
        ... -         ...  Awano
        ... -         ...  Koke
        ... -         ...  Zarmado
        ... -         ...  Dogamno
        ... -        1894  Gosasso "'Aba Bogibo"

Kafa

Kafa

       1390                Kafa kingdom (Kafi Tatitino) founded
       1700                Kafa empire (Kafi Ageto) proclaimed
10 Sep 1897                incorporated into Ethiopia

Emperors (title Kafi Atio; the last three rulers were styled
Atiojo, a semi-divine title)
       1675 -        1710  Galli Ginocho
       1710 -        1742  Gaki Gaocho
       1742 -        1775  Galli Gaocho
       1775 -        1795  Shagi Sherocho
       1795 -        1798  Beshi Ginocho
       1798 -        1821  Hoti Gaocho
       1821 -        1845  Gaha Nechocho
       1845 -        1854  Gawi Nechocho
       1854 -    Nov 1870  Kaye Sherocho
   Nov 1870 -    Apr 1890  Galli Sherocho
 6 Apr 1890 - 10 Sep 1897  Gaki Sherocho

Konta

       1615                Konta state founded
       1889                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Tato)
       1615 -        1650  Kobe
       1650 -        1685  Shella
       1685 -        1720  Geserra
       1720 -        1755  Fugga
       1755 -        1790  Kaika
       1790 -        1825  Shiko
       1825 -        1860  Atsio
       1860 -        1889  Sakalla

Dauro

    bf.1645                Dauro state founded
       1835                new dynasty
       1889                incorporated into Ethiopia

Rulers (title Tato)
       1645 -        1680  Shalla
       1680 -        1715  Mahedda
       1715 -        1750  Adeto
       1750 -        1785  Rashu
       1785 -        1835  Hallala
       1835 -        1875  Rashu Tagoje
       1875 -        1878  Sana
       1878 -        1881  Dado
       1881 -        1889  Gansa

Yefat/Harar

Harar

       1531                Harar is a successor state to Yefat
       1646                Harar Emirate established
11 Oct 1875 -        1884  occupied by Egypt
26 Jan 1887                incorporated into Shewa

Emirs
       1671 -        1700  `Abd Allah I ibn `Ali
       1700 -        1721  Talha ibn `Abd Allah
       1721 -        1732  Abu Bakr I ibn `Abd Allah
       1732 -        1733  Khalaf ibn Abi Bakr
       1733 -        1747  Hamid ibn Abi Bakr
       1747 -        1755  Yusuf ibn Abi Bakr
       1755 -        1782  Ahmad I ibn Abi Bakr
       1782 -        1783  Muhammad ibn Yusuf
       1783 -        1794  `Abd al-Shakur ibn Yusuf
       1794 -        1821  Ahmad II ibn Muhammad
       1821 -        1825  `Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad
       1825 -        1834  `Abd al-Karim ibn Abi Bakr
       1834 -        1852  Abu Bakr II ibn `Abd al-Munan
       1852 -        1866  Ahmad III ibn Abi Bakr
       1866 - 11 Oct 1875  Muhammad ibn `Ali `Abd ash-Shakur
       1884 - 26 Jan 1887  `Abd Allah II ibn `Ali `Abd ash-Shakur

Walo

     c.1760                Walo state refounded by Mamadoch dynasty
       1896                incorporated into Ethiopia

Chiefs
- Mamadoch dynasty (also called Wera Himanu) -
        ... -        1784  Muhammad `Ali
        ... -        1825  'Aba Jeru Liban (horse name)
      *1855 -        1865  `Ali
       1865 -        1868  'Amade `Ali
       1868 -        1876  Warqito Mastawat (f) (regent)
       1876 -        1878  Muhammad `Ali
Ras
       1878 -        1896  Mika'el (= Muhammad `Ali)

Afar Sultanate of Awsa

       1734                Awsa sultanate founded
       192.                incorporated into Ethiopia
 2 Jun 1975                dynasty extinguished

Sultans
- Mudaito dynasty -
       1734 -        1749  Kedafu
       1749 -        1779  Kedafu Muhammad ibn Kedafu
       1779 -        1801  Ijdahis ibn Kedafu Muhammad
       1801 -        1802  Ijdahis Muhammad ibn Ijdahis
       1802 -        1862  Anfari ibn Ijdahis
       1862 -        1902  Muhammad Anfari
       1902 -        19..  Aydays Muhammad
       19.. -        19..  `Ali Mirah
       19.. -        19..  Anfari
       19.. -        1944  Muhammad Yayu
       1944 -        19..  Muhammad
       19.. -  2 Jun 1975  `Ali Mirah Anfari