Rulers: India

States before 1947 A-J


Note: Except for some states that were extinguished in the 19th century (Arkat, Assam, Awadh, Kodagu, Mahratta states, Pańjab, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely") states that acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. If no date of accession is noted, 15 Aug 1947 is understood. The list is selective: there were more than 500 states; about 200 are listed here. However, only "states" are included; "estates" (jagir) are excluded, no matter how prominent and/or titled their jagirdars were. Obsolete but once official English-language names of the polities are given in parentheses, e.g., Awadh (Oudh). The phrase "British India" is used for U.K. colonial possessions even before 1858, for brevity.
Ahmadnagar: see under Idar.

Ajaygarh (Ajaigarh)

       1731                Ajaygarh state founded
       1855 -        1859  occupied by British India

Rajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1731 -        17..  Jagat Raja
       17.. -        17..  Pahar Singh
       1765 -        1792  Guman Singh
       1792 -        1793  Bakht Singh (1st time)             (b. 17... - d. 1837)
       1793 -        1802  `Ali Bahadur
       1802 -        1804  Shamsher Bahadur
       1804 -        1807  Lakshman Dawa
       1807 - 21 Jun 1837  Bakht Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1837 -        1849  Madho Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1849)
       1849 - 22 Jun 1853  Mahipat Singh                      (b. ... - d. 1853)
       1853 - 12 Sep 1855  Bijai Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1855)
 4 Sep 1859 -        1877  Ranjor Singh                       (b. 1844 - d. 1919)
Rulers (title Sawai Maharaja)
- Bundela dynasty -
       1877 -        1919  Ranjor Singh                       (s.a.)
27 Jun 1919 -        1942  Bhopal Singh                       (b. 1866 - d. 1942)
11 Jul 1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Punya Pratap Singh                 (b. 1884 - d. 1958)

Ali Rajpur

       1437                Ali Rajpur state founded

Rulers (title Rana)
- Rathor dynasty -
        ... -        1818  Keshri Singh
       1818 - 17 Mar 1862  Jashwant Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1862)
       1862 -    Mar 1871  Gang Deo
       1871 -        1881  Rup Deo                            (b. ... - d. 1882)
       1881 - 16 Aug 1890  Bijai Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1890)
   Mar 1892 -        1911  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1881 - d. 19...)
Raja
- Rathor dynasty -
       1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Singh                       (s.a.)

Alwar

   Nov 1775                Alwar state founded

Rulers (title Rao Raja)
- Kacchwaha dynasty -
   Nov 1775 -    Nov 1791  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1740 - d. 1791)
                           (personally styled Maharao Rana Shri Sawai)
   Nov 1791 - 27 Jan 1815  Bakhtawar Singh                    (b. 1779 - d. 1815)
27 Jan 1815 -    Aug 1857  Banni Singh                        (b. 1806 - d. 1857)
       1815 -        1826  Balvant Singh                      (b. ... - d. 1845)
                           (jointly with preceding)
   Aug 1857 - 11 Oct 1874  Sheodan Singh                      (b. 1845 - d. 1874)
11 Oct 1874 -    Apr 1889  Mangal Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1892)
Maharajas
- Kacchwaha dynasty -
   Apr 1889 - 22 May 1892  Mangal Singh                       (s.a.)
22 May 1892 - 19 May 1937  Jai Singh                          (b. 1882 - d. 1937)
19 May 1937 - 15 Aug 1947  Tej Singh                          (b. 1911 - d. 2009)

Arkat (Arcot)

       1692                the state of Arkat (Arcot), also called, after the region
                           it dominated, Karnataka (Carnatic), is founded
26 Jul 1801                Arkat is de facto absorbed by the U.K. colonial government
 7 Oct 1855                state extinguished

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1692 -        1703  Zulfikar Ali Khan
       1703 -        1710  Daud Khan
       1710 -        1732  Mohammad Saadatullah Khan I
       1732 -        1740  Dost Ali Khan                      (b. ... - d. 1740)
       1740 -        1742  Safdar Ali Khan                    (b. ... - d. 1742)
       1742 -        1744  Mohammad Saadatullah Khan II       (b. ... - d. 1746)
       1744 - 31 Jul 1749  Anwaruddin Mohammad Khan           (b. c.1672 - d. 1749)
 5 Apr 1750 - 13 Oct 1795  Mohammad Ali Khan                  (b. 1723 - d. 1795)
13 Oct 1795 - 15 Jul 1801  Omdat al-Omara                     (b. 1748 - d. 1801)
15 Jul 1801 -  2 Aug 1819  Azim al-Dowla                      (b. 1775 - d. 1819)
 2 Aug 1819 - 12 Nov 1825  Azam Jah                           (b. 1797 - d. 1825)
12 Nov 1825 -  7 Oct 1855  Gholam Mohammad Ghows Khan         (b. 1824 - d. 1855)

Assam

       1228                the Ahom people (Ahom is a dialectal version of Assam)
                           found a state, frequently under Burmese suzerainty
24 Feb 1826                Burma formally cedes Assam to the U.K.
                           (incorporated in Bengal)
       1833 -        1838  a briefly revived Ahom state in Upper Assam

Rajas
- Induvamsha (Ahom) dynasty -
       1796 -        1808  Suhitpangpha Gaurinathasimha
                           Juvaraja (2nd time)
       1808 -        1809  Suklingpha Kamaleshvarasimha
       1810 -        1818  Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha
                           Narendra (1st time)
       1818 -        1819  Purendrasimha Narendra (1st time)
       1819 -        1821  Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha
                           Narendra (2nd time)
       1821 -        1822  Yogeshvarasimha (1st time)
       1822                Sudinpha Chandrakantasimha
                           Narendra (3rd time)
       1822 - 24 Feb 1826  Yogeshvarasimha (2nd time)
       1833 -    Oct 1838  Purendrasimha Narendra (2nd time)

Athgarh

       13..                Athgarh state founded

Rajas
      *1803*               Karan Gopinath Bawarta Patnaik
 8 Feb 1869 -        189.  Karan Jagunath Bawarta Patnaik
       189. - 25 Jan 1896  Karan Raghunath Bawarta Patnaik
       1896 - 22 Jun 1918  Karan Vishvanath Bawarta Patnaik
       1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Karan Radhanath Bawarta Patnaik    (b. 1909)

Athmallik

       1874                Athmallik estate (jagir) is recognized as a state

Rajas
       1874 -        1877  Jogendra Samant
 4 Feb 1877 -        190.  Mahendra Deo Samant
       190. -  3 Nov 1918  Bibhendra Deo Samant
 3 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Samant          (b. 1904)

Aundh

       1690                Aundh state founded

Rulers (title Pant Pratinidhi)
       1697 - 27 May 1718  Parusharam Trimbak                 (b. 1660 - d. 1718)
       1718 - 25 Nov 1746  Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (b. ... - d. 1746)
       1746 -        1754  Jagjivanrao Parashuram
       1754 -  5 Apr 1776  Shrinivasrao Gangadhar             (b. ... - d. 1776)
       1776 - 30 Aug 1777  Bhavanrao                          (b. ... - d. 1777)
       1777 - 11 Jun 1848  Parashuramrao Shrinivas            (b. 1777 - d. 1848)
11 Jun 1848 -        1901  Shrinivasrao Parashuram            (b. 1845 - d. 1901)
       1902 -        1905  Parashuramrao Shrinivas
                           "Dada Sahib"                       (b. 1858 - d. 1905)
       1905 -  4 Nov 1909  Gopalkrishnarao Parashuram
                           "Nana Sahib"
 4 Nov 1909 -        1947  Bhavanrao Shrinivas "Bala Sahib"   (b. 1868 - d. 1950)
       1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhagwantrao Bhavanrao "Bapu Sahib"

Awadh (Oudh)

       1732                a senior official of the Mughal Empire establishes a
                           hereditary polity (under Mughal sovereignty) in Awadh (Oudh)
 8 Oct 1819                the ruler takes the style of padshah (king),
                           signalling formal independence
 7 Feb 1856                king deposed and Awadh incorporated into British India
       1857 -        1858  brief rebellion by son of deposed king

Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
       1732 - 19 Mar 1739  Borhan al-Molk Mir Mohammad Amin
                           Musawi Sa`adat `Ali Khan I         (b. c.1680 - d. 1739)
19 Mar 1739 - 28 Apr 1748  AbuŽl Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan
                           (1st time)                         (b. c.1708 - d. 1754)
Ruler (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
28 Apr 1748 - 13 May 1753  AbuŽl Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan   (s.a.)
                           (acting to 29 Jun 1748)
Rulers (title Subadar Nawab)
 5 Nov 1753 -  5 Oct 1754  AbuŽl Mansur Mohammad Moqim Khan
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 5 Oct 1754 - 15 Feb 1762  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla
                           Haydar                             (b. 1732 - d. 1775)
Rulers (title Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik)
15 Feb 1762 - 26 Jan 1775  Jalal ad-Din Shoja` ad-Dowla
                           Haydar                             (s.a.)
26 Jan 1775 - 21 Sep 1797  Asaf ad-Dowla Amani                (b. 1748 - d. 1797)
21 Sep 1797 - 21 Jan 1798  Mirza Wazir `Ali Khan              (b. 1780 - d. 1817)
21 Jan 1798 - 11 Jul 1814  Yamin ad-Dowla Nazem al-Molk
                           Sa`adat `Ali Khan II Bahadur       (b. bf.1752 - d. 1814)
11 Jul 1814 - 19 Oct 1818  Ghazi ad-Din Rafa`at ad-Dowla
                           AbuŽl-Mozaffar Haydar Khan         (b. 1769 - d. 1827)
Kings (title Padshah-e Awadh, Shah-e Zaman)
19 Oct 1818 - 19 Oct 1827  Ghazi ad-Din Mo`izz ad-Din
                           AbuŽl-Mozaffar Haydar Shah         (s.a.)
19 Oct 1827 -  7 Jul 1837  Naser ad-Din Haydar Solayman
                           Jah Shah                           (b. 1803 - d. 1837)
 7 Jul 1837 - 17 May 1842  Mo`in ad-Din AbuŽl-Fath Mohammad
                           `Ali Shah                          (b. 1777 - d. 1842)
17 May 1842 - 13 Feb 1847  Naser ad-Dowla Amjad `Ali Thorayya
                           Jah Shah                           (b. 1801 - d. 1847)
13 Feb 1847 -  7 Feb 1856  Naser ad-Din `Abd al-Mansur
                           Mohammad Wajed `Ali Shah           (b. 1822 - d. 1887)
 5 Jul 1857 -  3 Mar 1858    Berjis Qadr (in rebellion)       (b. 1845? - d. 1893)

Baad: see under Idar.

Baghal

    bf.1640                Baghal state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Rana)
- Baghalia dynasty -
       1778 -        1803  Jagat Singh (1st time)
       1815 -        1828  Jagat Singh (2nd time)
       1828 -        1840  Shiv Saran
       1840 - 12 Mar 1875  Kishan Singh
                           (personal style Raja 1860)
Rajas
- Baghalia dynasty -
12 Mar 1875 -        1877  Kishan Singh
       1877                Moti Singh
       1877 -        1904  Dhyan Singh
       1904 -        1922  Tikka Bikram Singh                 (b. c.1892 - d. ...)
14 Oct 1922 -        1945  Surendra Singh                     (b. 1909)
       1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Rajendra Singh                     (b. 1928)

Baghat

middle ages                Baghat state founded
       1839 -        1842  part of British India
       1849 -        1860  part of British India

Rulers (title Rana)
- Panwar dynasty -
       1803 -        1839  Mohindar Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1839)
       1842 -        1849  Bije Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1849)
       1861                Umaid Singh                        (b. 1825 - d. 1861)
15 Jan 1862 - 30 Dec 1911  Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1859 - d. 1911)
       1912 -  4 Jun 1928  Durga Singh                        (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
Raja
 4 Jun 1928 - 15 Aug 1947  Durga Singh                        (s.a.)

Balasinor

       17..                Balasinor state founded

Rulers (title Nawab Babi)
28 Sep 1758 -        17..  Muhammad Khanji Bahadur Khanji
       17.. -         ...  Jamiyat Khanji Muhammad Khanji
        ... -    May 1820  Salabat Khanji Jamiyat Khanji      (b. ... - d. 1820)
   May 1820 -        1822  Abid Khanji
       1822 -  2 Dec 1831  Jalal Khanji = Edal Khanji         (b. ... - d. 1831)
 2 Dec 1831 - 30 Nov 1882  Zorawar Khanji                     (b. 1828 - d. 1882)
30 Nov 1882 - 24 Mar 1899  Munawar Khanji Zorawar Khanji      (b. 1846 - d. 1899)
24 Mar 1899 -  2 Feb 1945  Jamiyat Khanji Munawar Khanji      (b. 1894 - d. 1945)
 2 Feb 1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Muhammad Salabat Khan              (b. 1944)

Balsan

       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Ruler (title Thakur)
       1815 -        1858  Jog Raj
Rulers (title Rana)
       1858 -        1867  Jog Raj
       1867 -        1894  Bhup Singh
       1894 -        1920  Bir Singh
       1920 -    May 1936  Atar Singh
   May 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Ran Bahadur Singh                  (b. 1905)

Bamra

Rajas
      *1865 -    May 1869  Tribhuban Singh
12 May 1869 - 19 Nov 1903  Basu Deb Sudhal Deb                (b. 1850 - d. 1903)
       1903 - 11 Mar 1916  Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb
       1916 -  1 Jan 1920  Dibyashankar Sudhal Deb            (b. ... - d. 1920)
       1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhanugang Tribhuban Deb            (b. 1914)

Banaras (Benares)

       1740                estate transformed into Banaras state
       1775 -    Dec 1910  part of British India

Rajas
       1740 - 19 Aug 1770  Balwant Singh                      (b. 1717 - d. 1770)
       1770 -        1781  Chait Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1810)
   Sep 1781 -    Sep 1794  Mahip Narayan Singh                (b. ... - d. 1794)
       1794 -    Mar 1835  Udit Narayan Singh                 (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 - 13 Jun 1889  Ishvari Prasad Narayan Singh       (b. 1822 - d. 1889)
       1889 -        1918  Prabhu Narayan Singh               (b. 1855 - d. 1931)
Rulers (title Maharaja Bahadur)
       1918 -  4 Aug 1931  Prabhu Narayan Singh               (s.a.)
 4 Aug 1931 -  5 Apr 1939  Aditya Narayan Singh               (b. 1874 - d. 1939)
 5 Apr 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Vibhuti Narayan Singh              (b. 1927 - d. 2000)

Bandhora: see under Jaso.

Banganapalle

       1790                Banganapalle state liberated from Mahisur (Mysore)
       1831 -        1848  nominally annexed by Haydarabad (Hyderabad), but under
                           British administration

Rulers
       1790 -         ...  Mozaffar al-Molk Asad `Ali Khan
                           (jointly with following)
       1790 -        1831  Gholam `Ali Khan
       1848                Hosayn `Ali Khan
       1848 -        1868  Gholam Mohammad `Ali Khan
       1868 -        1876  Fath `Ali Khan                     (b. ... - d. 1905)
Rulers (title Nawab)
       1876 -    Apr 1905  Fath `Ali Khan                     (s.a.)
       1905 - 22 Jan 1922  Gholam `Ali Khan
 6 Jul 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Fadli `Ali Khan                    (b. 1901 - d. ...)

Bansda

Rulers (title Maharaja Sahib)
       1829 - 16 Jun 1861  Hamirsinhji
       1861 -        1876  Ghulabsinhji
 6 Mar 1876 - 20 Sep 1911  Pratapsinhji Ghulabsinhji          (b. 18... - d. 1911)
20 Sep 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Indrasinhji Pratapsinhji           (b. 1888 - d. 1951)

Banswara

       1527                Banswara state founded

Rulers (title Maharawal)
- Shishodhya dynasty -
        ... -        1713  Bhim Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1713)
       1713 -        1737  Bishan Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1737)
       1737 -        1747  Udai Singh II                      (b. ... - d. 1747)
       1747 -        1786  Prithvi Singh                      (b. ... - d. 1786)
       1786 -        1816  Bijai Singh                        (b. 17... - d. 1816)
       1816 -        1819  Umaid Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1819)
       1819 -  6 Nov 1838  Bhawani Singh                      (b. c.1803 - d. 1838)
       1838 -  2 Feb 1844  Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1788 - d. 1844)
       1844 - 29 Apr 1905  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1835 - d. 1905)
       1905 - 27 Dec 1913  Shambhu Singh                      (b. 1868 - d. 1913)
 3 Jan 1914 - 28 Jul 1944  Pirthi Singh                       (b. 1888 - d. 1944)
29 Nov 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandra Vir Singh                  (b. 1909 - d. 1985)

Bantva-Manavadar: see Manavadar.

Baoni

       1784                Baoni state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
- Asaf Jahi dynasty -
       1784 -  1 Sep 1800  `Emad al-Molk Ghazi ad-Din Khan    (b. 1736 - d. 1800)
 1 Sep 1800 - 11 May 1815  Naser ad-Dowla                     (b. c.1756 - d. 1815)
11 May 1815 - 18 Oct 1838  Amir al-Molk                       (b. ... - d. 1838)
18 Oct 1838 - 18 Aug 1859  Mohammad Hosayn                    (b. ... - d. 1859)
18 Aug 1859 -  5 Oct 1883  Emam ad-Dowla Hosayn               (b. ... - d. 1895)
 5 Oct 1883 -  2 Aug 1894  Mohammad Hasan Khan                (b. 1863 - d. 1894)
 2 Aug 1894 - 27 Oct 1911  Riaz al-Hasan Khan                 (b. 1876 - d. 1911)
27 Oct 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Moshtaq al-Hasan Khan     (b. 1896 - d. 1977)

Baramba

       1305                Baramba state founded

Rulers (title Rawat)
      *1803*               Pindika Birbar Mangaraj Mahapatra
       18.. -        1874  Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj
                           Mahapatra
Rajas
       1874 -        1881  Daswanathi Birbar Mangaraj
                           Mahapatra
15 Jul 1881 - 20 Aug 1922  Bishambhar Birbar Mangaraj
                           Mahapatra
20 Aug 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayana Chandra Birbar Mangaraj
                           Mahapatra                          (b. 1914)

Baraundha Pathar Kachhar

    bf.1549                Baraundha Pathar Kachhar state founded

Rulers (title Thakur)
      *1792 -        1827  Mohan Singh
       1827 -        1867  Sarabjit Singh
       1867 -        1874  Chhatarpal Singh
       1874 -        1885  Raghubar Dayal Singh
                           (personal style Raja Bahadur 1877)
10 Aug 1886 -  8 Jul 1908  Prasad Singh
Rajas
       1908 -        1933  Gaya Prasad Singh                  (b. 1865 - d. 19...)
       1933 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Pratap Singh

Bariya (Baria)

Rajas
- Kichhi-Chauhan dynasty -
      *1803*               Jashwantsinhji
       18.. -    Aug 1819  Ganga Das                          (b. ... - d. 1819)
       1819                Bhimsinhji Ganga Das
       1819 -        1864  Prithirajji Ganga Das
Rulers (title Maharawal)
       1864 - 29 Feb 1908  Mansinhji Prithirajji              (b. ... - d. 1908)
29 Feb 1908 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranjitsinhji Mansinhji             (b. 1886 - d. 1949)

Baroda

   Apr 1731                Baroda state founded by Mahratta general

Rulers (title Maharaja Gaekwar)
- Gaekwar dynasty -
   Apr 1731 - 14 May 1732  Pilaji Rao Gaekwar                 (b. ... - d. 1732)
14 May 1732 - 18 Aug 1768  Damaji Rao II Gaekwar              (b. ... - d. 1768)
18 Aug 1768 -        1771  Govind Rao Gaekwar (1st time)      (b. ... - d. 1778)
       1771 -        1774  Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (1st time)    (b. ... - d. 1792)
       1771 -        1774    Fateh Singh Rao Gaekwar
                             (1st time) (regent)              (b. ... - d. 1789)
       1774 -        1778  Govind Rao Gaekwar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1778 -        1792  Sayaji Rao I Gaekwar (2nd time)    (s.a.)
       1778 -        1779    Fateh Singh Rao Gaekwar
                             (2nd time) (regent)              (s.a.)
       1779 -        1792    Manaji Rao Gaekwar (regent)      (b. ... - d. 1793)
       1792 - 27 Jul 1793  Manaji Rao Gaekwar                 (s.a.)
27 Jul 1793 - 19 Sep 1800  Govind Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 17... - d. 1800)
19 Sep 1800 -  2 Oct 1819  Anand Rao Gaekwar                  (b. 17... - d. 1819)
19 Sep 1800 - 23 Jun 1818    Fateh Singh Rao Gaekwar (regent) (b. 1769 - d. 1818)
23 Jun 1818 -  2 Oct 1819    Sayaji Rao Gaekwar (regent)      (b. 1800 - d. 1847)
 2 Oct 1819 - 28 Dec 1847  Sayaji Rao II Gaekwar              (s.a.)
28 Dec 1847 - 19 Nov 1856  Ganpat Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1816 - d. 1856)
19 Nov 1856 - 28 Nov 1870  Khande Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1828 - d. 1870)
28 Nov 1870 - 19 Apr 1875  Malhar Rao Gaekwar                 (b. 1831 - d. 1882)
                           (regent to 5 Jul 1871)
19 Apr 1875 - 25 May 1875  Madhav Rao Tanjochkar
                           (chairman regency council)
25 May 1875 -  6 Feb 1939  Sayaji Rao III Gaekwar             (b. 1863 - d. 1939)
25 May 1875 - 28 Dec 1881    Jamna Bai Sahib Gaekwar (f)      (b. 1853 - d. 1898)
                             (regent)
 6 Feb 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwar           (b. 1908 - d. 1968)

Barwani

    bf.1500                Barwani state founded
       1861 -        1873  British India administration

Rulers (title Rana)
- Shishodhya dynasty -
       1675 -        1700  Jodh Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1700)
       1700 -        1708  Parbat Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1708)
       1708 -        1730  Mohan Singh I                      (b. ... - d. 1731)
       1730 -        1760  Anup Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1760)
       1760 -        1794  Umed Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1794)
       1794 -        1839  Mohan Singh II                     (b. ... - d. 1839)
       1839 -        1861  Jashwant Singh (1st time)          (b. ... - d. 1880)
       1861 -        1873  vacant
       1873 -        1880  Jashwant Singh (2nd time)          (s.a.)
15 Aug 1880 -        1894  Indrajit Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1894)
14 Dec 1894 - 21 Apr 1930  Ranjit Singh                       (b. 1888 - d. 1930)
21 Apr 1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Devi Sahib Singhji                 (b. 1922 - d. 2007)

Bashahr

       16..                Bashahr state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Ruler (title Rana)
        ... -        1803  Ugar Singh
Rajas
   Jan 1816 -        1850  Mahendra Singh                     (b. 1803 - d. 1850)
       1850 -        1887  Shamsher Singh (1st time)          (b. 1839 - d. 1914)
       1887 -        1898  Raghunath Singh                    (b. ... - d. 1898)
       1898 -  5 Aug 1914  Shamsher Singh (2nd time)          (s.a.)
       1914 - 15 Aug 1947  Padam Singh                        (b. 1873 - d. 19...)

Basoda

       1753                Basoda state founded as a vassal state of Gwalior

Rulers (title Nawab)
- Kurwai dynasty -
       1753 -        1786  Ahsan Allah Khan
       1786 -        1800  BaqaŽ Allah Khan
       18.. -        1864  Asad `Ali Khan
 6 Feb 1864 -        1896  `Omar `Ali Khan
       1897 -  2 Jul 1929  Haydar `Ali Khan
       1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Ayyub `Ali Khan

Bastar

       14..                Bastar state founded

Rajas/Ranis
- Bhanja dynasty -
      *1819*               Mahipal Deo
      *1829 -        1853  Bhopal Deo
       1853 -    Jul 1891  Bhairam Deo                        (b. 1839 - d. 1891)
       1891 -        1921  Rudra Pratap Deo                   (b. 1885 - d. 1921)
23 Nov 1922 -        1936  Profulla Kumari Devi (f)           (b. 1910 - d. 1936)
Maharaja
       1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Pravir Chandra Deo                 (b. 1929 - d. 1966)

Baudh

       1874                Baudh estate becomes a state

Rajas
       1874 -        1879  Pitambar Deo
       1879 - 10 Mar 1913  Jogendra Deo
10 Mar 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Narayan Prasad Deo                 (b. 1904 - d. bf.1971)

Bayar: see under Idar.
Benares: see Banaras.

Bhadarwa

       1483                Bhadarwa state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
       1917 -        1935  Ranjitsinhji Amarsinhji
26 Apr 1935 - 15 Aug 1947  Natwarsinhji Ranjitsinhji          (b. 1903 - d. bf.1970)

Bhajji

    bf.1800                Bhajji state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Rana)
- Pal dynasty -
        ... -        1803  Rudrapal (1st time)                (b. ... - d. 1842)
       1815 -        1842  Rudrapal (2nd time)                (s.a.)
       1842 -        1875  Bahadur Singh                      (b. c.1824 - d. 1875)
       1875 -        1913  Durga Singh                        (b. 1842 - d. 1913)
 9 May 1913 -        1940  Birpal Indra Singh                 (b. 1906 - d. 1961)
 8 Sep 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Chandra Pal Singh              (b. 1928 - d. 2012)

Bharatpur

       1752                Bharatpur founded and becomes name of state

Maharajas
- Sinsiniwal Jat dynasty -
       1752 - 21 May 1755  Badan Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1755)
21 May 1755 - 25 Dec 1763  Suraj Mal                          (b. 1707 - d. 1763)
25 Dec 1763 - 27 Aug 1768  Jawahir Singh                      (b. ... - d. 1768)
27 Aug 1768 - 11 Apr 1769  Ratan Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1769)
       1768 -        1769    Dan Shahi (regent)
11 Apr 1769 - 28 Mar 1778  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1766 - d. 1778)
11 Apr 1769 - 11 Aug 1775    Nihal Singh (regent)             (b. 17... - d. 1775)
11 Aug 1775 - 28 Mar 1778    Ranjit Singh (regent)            (b. ... - d. 1805)
28 Mar 1778 -  6 Dec 1805  Ranjit Singh                       (s.a.)
 6 Dec 1805 -  7 Oct 1823  Randhir Singh                      (b. ... - d. 1823)
 7 Oct 1823 - 26 Feb 1825  Baldeo Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1825)
26 Feb 1825 - 28 Mar 1825  Balwant Singh (1st time)           (b. 1820 - d. 1853)
28 Mar 1825 - 19 Jan 1826  Durjan Sal (usurper)
19 Jan 1826 - 21 Mar 1853  Balwant Singh (2nd time)           (s.a.)
19 Jan 1826 -        1835    Gangawaue Miraj Kaur (f)
                             (regent)
21 Mar 1853 - 12 Dec 1893  Jashwant Singh                     (b. 1851 - d. 1893)
12 Dec 1893 - 27 Aug 1900  Ram Singh                          (b. 1873 - d. 1929)
27 Aug 1900 - 27 Mar 1929  Kishen Singh                       (b. 1899 - d. 1929)
27 Aug 1900 - 28 Nov 1918    Bibiji Girraj Kaur (f) (regent)  (b. 18... - d. 1922)
27 Mar 1929 - 15 Aug 1947  Brijendra Singh                    (b. 1918 - d. 1995)

Bhavnagar

       1240                predecessor state founded
       1309                Umrala state
       1570                Sihor state
       1722                Bhavnagar founded and becomes name of state

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Guhilot dynasty -
       1660 -        1703  Ratanji II                         (b. ... - d. 1703)
       1703 -        1764  Bhavsinhji I Ratanji               (b. 1683 - d. 1764)
       1764 -        1772  Akherajji II Bhavsinhji            (b. 1714 - d. 1772)
       1772 -        1816  Wakhatsinhji Akherajji             (b. 1748 - d. 1816)
       1816 -        1852  Wajesinhji Wakhatsinhji            (b. 1780 - d. 1852)
       1852 -        1854  Akherajji III Bhavsinhji           (b. 1817 - d. 1854)
       1854 - 11 Apr 1870  Jashwantsinhji Bhavsinhji          (b. 1827 - d. 1870)
11 Apr 1870 - 29 Jan 1896  Takhatsinhji Jashwantsinhji        (b. 1858 - d. 1896)
29 Jan 1896 -  1 Jan 1918  Bhavsinhji II Takhatsinhji         (b. 1875 - d. 1919)
                           (personal style Maharaja Rao 1 Jan 1909)
Rulers (title Maharaja Rao)
- Guhilot dynasty -
 1 Jan 1918 - 17 Jul 1919  Bhavsinhji II Takhatsinhji         (s.a.)
17 Jul 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavsinhji      (b. 1912 - d. 1965)

Bhopal

       1723                Bhopal state founded
26 Aug 1947                accession to India

Rulers (title Nawab/Nawab Begam)
       1723 -    Mar 1728  Dost Mohammad Khan                 (b. c.1672 - d. 1728)
   Mar 1728 -        1742  Soltan Mohammad Khan               (b. 1720 - d. ...)
30 Aug 1728 -        1742    Yar Mohammad Khan (regent)       (b. 1709 - d. 1742)
       1742 - 12 Dec 1777  Fayz Mohammad Khan                 (b. 1731 - d. 1777)
12 Dec 1777 - 17 Nov 1807  Hayat Mohammad Khan                (b. 1735 - d. 1807)
17 Nov 1807 - 28 Aug 1826  Ghows Mohammad Khan                (b. 1767 - d. 1826)
23 Nov 1807 - 16 Mar 1816    Wazir al-Molk Wazir Mohammad
                             Khan (regent)                    (b. 1765 - d. 1816)
17 Mar 1816 - 11 Nov 1819    Naser al-Dowla Naser Mohammad
                             Khan (regent)                    (b. c.1798 - d. 1819)
13 Nov 1819 - 30 Nov 1837    Qodsiyya Begam (f) (regent)      (b. 1801 - d. 1881)
28 Aug 1826 - 30 Nov 1837  Mo'izz Mohammad Khan               (b. ... - d. 1869)
30 Nov 1837 -  9 Dec 1844  Jahangir Mohammad Khan             (b. 1816 - d. 1844)
 9 Dec 1844 - 30 Apr 1860  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1838 - d. 1901)
21 Jan 1845 -  3 Jan 1847    Fawdjar Mohammad Khan (regent)
 3 Jan 1847 - 30 Apr 1860    Sikander Begam (f) (regent)      (b. 1817 - d. 1868)
30 Apr 1860 - 30 Oct 1868  Sikander Begam (f)                 (s.a.)
 2 Nov 1868 - 16 Jun 1901  Soltan Shah Jahan Begam (f)
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
16 Jun 1901 - 29 Apr 1926  Soltan Kaykhosrow Jahan Begam (f)  (b. 1858 - d. 1930)
29 Apr 1926 - 26 Aug 1947  Mohammad Hamidollah Khan Iskandar
                           Sowlat Iftikhar al-Molk Bahadur    (b. 1894 - d. 1960)

Bhor

       1697                Bhor state founded

Rulers (title Pant Sachiv)
        ... -        1827  Chimnaji Rao
       1827 -        1837  Raghunath Rao Chimnaji Rao
       1837 -        1871  Chimnaji Rao Raghunath Rao         (b. ... - d. 1871)
       1871 - 17 Jul 1922  Shankr Rao Chimnaji Rao            (b. ... - d. 1922)
       1922 -    Jun 1936  Raghunath Rao Shankar Rao
                           "Baba Sahib"                       (b. 1878 - d. 19...)
Rajas
   Jun 1936 -        1947  Raghunath Rao Shankar Rao
                           "Baba Sahib"                       (s.a.)
       1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Sadashiv Rao "Bhav Sahib"          (b. 1904)

Bija

    bf.1803                Bija state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Thakur)
       1815 -        1817  Man Chand
       1817 -        1841  Pratap Chand
       1841 -        1905  Udai Chand
       1905 - 15 Aug 1947  Puran Chand

Bijawar

       1769                Bijawar state founded

Rajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1769 -        1793  Bir Singh Deo                      (b. ... - d. 1793)
       1793 -        1802  Himmat Bahadur
       1802 -    Dec 1810  Keshri Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1810)
       1811 -        1833  Ratan Singh
       1833 -        1847  Lakshman Singh
23 Nov 1847 -        1866  Bham Pratap Singh
Maharajas (title from 1877 Sawai Maharaja)
- Bundela dynasty -
       1866 - 15 Sep 1899  Bham Pratap Singh
   Jun 1900 - 30 Oct 1940  Savant Singh                       (b. 1877 - d. 1940)
30 Oct 1940 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1934 - d. 1983)

Bikanir (Bikaner)

       1465                Bikanir state founded

Maharajas
- Rathor dynasty -
       1698 -        1700  Sarup Singh                        (b. 1689 - d. 1700)
       1700 -        1736  Sujan Singh                        (b. 1690 - d. 1736)
       1736 -        1745  Zorawar Singh                      (b. 1713 - d. 1745)
       1745 -        1787  Gaj Singh                          (b. 1723 - d. 1787)
       1787                Raj Singh II                       (b. 1744 - d. 1787)
       1787                Pratap Singh                       (b. 1781 - d. 1787)
       1788 -        1828  Surat Singh (regent)               (b. 1766 - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1851  Ratan Singh                        (b. 1791 - d. 1851)
       1851 - 16 May 1872  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1818 - d. 1872)
       1872 - 19 Aug 1887  Dungar Singh                       (b. 1854 - d. 1887)
       1887 -  2 Feb 1943  Ganga Singh                        (b. 1880 - d. 1943)
 2 Feb 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Sadul Singh                        (b. 1902 - d. 1950)

Bilaspur

      c.900                Kahlur state (later called Bilaspur) founded

Rajas
- Kahluria dynasty -
       1778 -        1824  Mohan Chand                        (b. 1772 - d. 1824)
       1824 -    Mar 1839  Kharak Chand                       (b. ... - d. 1839)
   Mar 1839 -        1850  Jagat Chand                        (b. ... - d. 1857)
       1850 -    Jan 1883  Hira Chand                         (b. ... - d. 1883)
   Jan 1883 -    Jan 1889  Amar Chand                         (b. 1859 - d. 1889)
   Jun 1889 -        1927  Bijai Chand                        (b. 1873 - d. 1931)
18 Nov 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Tikka Anand Chand                  (b. 1913 - d. 1983)

Bundi

       1342                Bundi state founded

Rulers (title Maharao Raja)
- Hara Chauhan dynasty -
       1696 -        1735  Budh Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1739)
       1735 -        1749  Dalel Singh
       1749 -        1770  Umaid Singh (1st time)             (b. 1729 - d. 1804)
       1770 -        1773  Ajit Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1773)
       1773 -        1804  Umaid Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
       1804 - 14 May 1821  Bishan Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1821)
       1821 - 28 Mar 1889  Ram Singh                          (b. 1811 - d. 1889)
       1889 - 28 Jul 1927  Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1869 - d. 1927)
 8 Aug 1927 -  3 Apr 1945  Ishvari Singh                      (b. 1893 - d. 1945)
       1945 - 15 Aug 1947  Bahadur Singh                      (b. 1920 - d. 1977)

Cambay: see Kambay.
Carnatic: see Arkat.

Chamba

      c.500                Chamba state founded

Rajas
- Mushana dynasty -
       1690 -        1720  Udai Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1720)
       1720 -        1735  Ugar Singh
       1735 -        1748  Dalel Singh
       1748 -        1764  Umed Singh
       1764 -        1794  Raj Singh                          (b. 1755 - d. 1794)
       1794 -        1808  Jit Singh                          (b. 1775 - d. 1808)
       1808 -        1844  Charhat Singh                      (b. 1803 - d. 1844)
       1844 -        1870  Shri Singh                         (b. 1839 - d. 1870)
       1870 -    Apr 1873  Gopal Singh                        (b. 18... - d. 1893)
17 Apr 1873 - 22 Jan 1904  Sham Singh                         (b. 1866 - d. 1905)
22 Jan 1904 - 22 Sep 1919  Bhuri Singh                        (b. 1869 - d. 1919)
22 Sep 1919 -  7 Dec 1935  Ram Singh                          (b. 1890 - d. 1935)
 7 Dec 1935 - 15 Aug 1947  Tikka Lakshman Singh               (b. 1924 - d. 1971)

Charkhari

       1765                Charkari state founded

Rajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1765 -        1782  Khuman Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1782)
       1782 -    Nov 1829  Bikramajit Singh                   (b. ... - d. 1829)
       1829 -        1860  Ratan Singh
       1860 -        1880  Jai Singh Deo                      (b. ... - d. 1880)
Maharajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       1880 -  6 Jul 1908  Malkhan Singh                      (b. 1872 - d. 1908)
 6 Jul 1908 -        1914  Jujhar Singh
       1914 -  5 Oct 1920  Ganga Singh
       1920 -  8 Nov 1941  Arimardan Singh                    (b. 1903 - d. 1941)
 8 Nov 1941 - 15 Aug 1947  Jagendra Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1977)

Chhatarpur

       1785                Chhatarpur state founded

Rajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1785 -        1816  Kunwar Sone Shah                   (b. ... - d. 1816)
       1816 -        1854  Partab Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1854)
       1854 -    Nov 1867  Jaghat Singh                       (b. 1846 - d. 1867)
       1867 -        1895  Vishvanath Singh                   (b. 1866 - d. 1932)
Maharajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1895 -  4 Apr 1932  Vishvanath Singh                   (s.a.)
 5 Apr 1932 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhawani Singh                      (b. 1921 - d. 2006)

Chhaya: see Porbandar.

Chhota Udaipur

    bf.1750                Chhota Udaipur state founded

Rulers (title Maharawal)
- Chauhan dynasty -
       1762 -        1771  Arsisinhji
       1771 -        1777  Hamirsinhji II
       1777 -        1822  Bhimsinhji
       1822 -        1851  Gumansinhji
       1851 -        1881  Jitsinhji
       1881 -        1895  Motisinhji
       1895 - 29 Aug 1923  Fatehsinhji                        (b. 1884 - d. 1923)
29 Aug 1923 - 15 Oct 1946  Natwarsinhji Fatehsinhji           (b. 1906 - d. 1946)
15 Oct 1946 - 15 Aug 1947  Virendrasinhji                     (b. 1907)

Chhuikadan

    bf.1750                Chhuikadan state founded

Rulers (title Mahant)
       1750 -        1780  Rup Das
       1780 -         ...  Tulsi Das
        ... -        1845  Balmakund Das
       1845 -    Dec 1887  Lakshman Das
   Dec 1887 -        1896  Shyam Kishor Das                   (b. ... - d. 1896)
   Apr 1897 -        1898  Radha Ballabh Kishor Das           (b. ... - d. 1898)
       1898 - 30 Sep 1903  Digvijay Yugal Kishor Das          (b. c.1883 - d. 1903)
30 Sep 1903 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhudav Kishor Das                  (b. 1891 - d. 19...)

Cochin: see Kochin.
Cooch Behar: see Koch Bihar.
Coorg: see Kodagu.
Cutch: see Kachh.

Danta

Rulers (title Maharana)
- Parmar dynasty -
 1 Dec 1876 -        1908  Jashwantsinhji Harisinhji
16 Jun 1908 -        1925  Hamirsinhji
10 Mar 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhavanisinhji Hamirsinhji          (b. 1899 - d. ...)

Darkoti

       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Rana)
       1815 -        1854  Sutes Ram
       1854 -        1856  Paras Ram
       1856 -        1883  Ram Singh
       1883 -        1918  Ramsaran Singh
       1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Raghunath Singh

Daspalla

    bf.1750                Daspalla state founded

Ruler
      *1803*               Guri Charan Deo Bhanj
Rajas
       18.. -    Jan 1873  Narsimha Bhanj
28 Jan 1873 -        190.  Chaitan Deo Bhanj
      *1908 - 11 Dec 1913  Narayan Deo Bhanj
   Dec 1913 - 15 Aug 1947  Kishor Chandra Deo Bhanj           (b. 1908)

Datia

       1626                Datia state founded

Rulers (title Rao)
- Bundela dynasty -
       1706 -        1733  Ramchandra Singh                   (b. ... - d. 1733)
       1733 -         ...  Indrajit Singh
       1802 -        182.  Parichhat
Rajas
- Bundela dynasty -
       182. -        1839  Parichhat
       1839 - 20 Nov 1857  Bijai Singh
       1857 -        1865  Bhavani Singh                      (b. 1846 - d. 1907)
Maharajas (title from 1877 Maharaja Lokindra)
- Bundela dynasty -
       1865 -    Jul 1907  Bhavani Singh                      (s.a.)
 5 Aug 1907 - 15 Aug 1947  Govind Singh                       (b. 1886 - d. 1951)

Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch)

       1728                Dewas (Dewas Senior Branch) state founded

Rajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1728 - 16 Nov 1754  Tukaji Rao I Puar                  (b. c.1696 - d. 1754)
16 Nov 1754 - 24 Mar 1789  Krishnaji Rao I Puar               (b. 1740 - d. 1789)
24 Mar 1789 - 28 Sep 1827  Tukaji Rao II Puar                 (b. 1783 - d. 1827)
28 Sep 1827 - 26 Jul 1860  Rukmangad Tukaji Rao Puar
                           "Khasi Sahib"                      (b. 1821 - d. 1860)
26 Jul 1860 - 12 Oct 1899  Krishnaji Rao II Puar
                           "Baba Sahib"                       (b. 1849 - d. 1899)
 4 Apr 1900 -  1 Jan 1918  Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao
                           Bapu Sahib"                        (b. 1888 - d. 1937)
Maharajas
 1 Jan 1918 - 21 Dec 1937  Tukaji Rao III Puar "Kesho Rao
                           Bapu Sahib"                        (s.a.)
21 Dec 1937 - 23 Mar 1947  Vikramasimha Rao Puar              (b. 1910 - d. 1983)
23 Mar 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Krishnaji Rao III Puar             (b. 1932 - d. 1999)

Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch)

       1728                Dewas (Dewas Junior Branch) state founded

Rajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1728 - 15 Aug 1774  Jivaji Rao Puar                    (b. ... - d. 1774)
15 Aug 1774 -  2 Dec 1790  Sadashiv Rao I Puar                (b. ... - d. 1790)
 2 Dec 1790 -        1817  Rukmangad Rao Puar                 (b. 17... - d. 1817)
       1817 -        1840  Anand Rao Puar                     (b. ... - d. 1840)
       1840 - 12 May 1864  Haibat Rao Puar                    (b. ... - d. 1864)
       1864 - 19 Jan 1892  Narayan Rao Puar "Dada Sahib"      (b. 1860 - d. 1892)
19 Jan 1892 -  1 Jan 1918  Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"      (b. 1877 - d. 1934)
Maharajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
 1 Jan 1918 -  4 Feb 1934  Malhar Rao Puar "Bhava Sahib"      (s.a.)
 4 Feb 1934 -  2 Dec 1943  Sadashiv Rao II Puar "Khasi Sahib" (b. 1887 - d. 1943)
 2 Dec 1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Yeshwant Rao Puar "Bhav Sahib"     (b. 1905)

Dhami

        ... -        1803  tributary to Bilaspur
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal

Rulers (title Rana)
- Surajbansi dynasty -
       1815 -        1868  Govardhan Singh
       1868 -        1894  Fateh Singh
       1894 -        1920  Hira Singh
       1920 - 15 Aug 1947  Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1908)

Dhar

       1728                Dhar state founded
19 Jan 1858 -  1 May 1860  state abolished

Rajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
       1728 -        1732  Udaji Rao I Puar
       1732 -        1736  Anand Rao I Puar                   (b. ... - d. 1749)
       1736 -  6 Jan 1761  Jashwant Rao I Puar                (b. 1724 - d. 1761)
 6 Jan 1761 -        1782  Khande Rao Puar                    (b. c.1758 - d. 1782)
       1782 - 10 Jun 1807  Anand Rao II Puar                  (b. 1782 - d. 1807)
   Dec 1807 -        1810  Ramchandra Rao I Puar              (b. 1807 - d. 1810)
   Dec 1807 -        1810    Maina Bai (f) (regent)
       1810 -    Oct 1833  Ramchandra Rao II Puar             (b. 1805 - d. 1833)
21 Apr 1834 - 23 May 1857  Jashwant Rao II Puar               (b. 1823 - d. 1857)
23 May 1857 - 19 Jan 1858  Anand Rao III Puar (1st time)      (b. 1844 - d. 1898)
 1 May 1860 - 29 Jul 1898  Anand Rao III Puar (2nd time)      (s.a.)
29 Jul 1898 -  1 Jan 1918  Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib"     (b. 1886 - d. 1926)
Maharajas
- Ponwar dynasty -
 1 Jan 1918 - 30 Jul 1926  Udaji Rao II Puar "Baba Sahib"     (s.a.)
 1 Aug 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Anand Rao IV Puar                  (b. 1920 - d. 1989)

Dharampur

Rulers (title Rana Maharana Sahib)
- Sisodhyia dynasty -
        ... -    Jan 1860  Ramdevji
20 Jan 1860 - 17 Sep 1891  Narayandevji Ramdevji              (b. ... - d. 1891)
       1891 - 26 Mar 1921  Mohandevji Narayandevji            (b. 1863 - d. 1921)
26 Mar 1921 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijaidevji Mohandevji              (b. 1884 - d. 1952)

Dhenkanal

    bf.1756                Dhenkanal state founded

Rajas
       1756 -        1798  Trilochan Mahendra Bahadur
      *1803*               Ramchandra Mahendra
       18.. -        1869  Bhagirath Mahendra
Maharajas
       1869 -        1877  Bhagirath Mahendra
       1877 -        1885  Dinabhandu Mahendra
29 Aug 1885 - 16 Oct 1918  Shura Pratap Mahendra              (b. 18... - d. 1918)
16 Oct 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Shankar Pratap Singh Deo Mahendra  (b. 1904 - d. 1965)

Dholpur

      c.700                Dholpur (Dhavalapura) state founded
       1505                Gohad state founded
       1761 -        1775  Dholpur annexed to Bharatpur
       1782 -        1805  Dholpur annexed by Gwalior
       1783 -        1804  Gohad annexed by Gwalior
       1805                ruler of Gohad merges Gohad into Dholpur

Ruler of Gohad (title Rana)
- Bamraolia dynasty -
       1804 -        1805  Kirat Singh
Rulers of Dholpur (title Maharaja Rana)
- Bamraolia dynasty -
       1805 -        1836  Kirat Singh
       1836 -    Feb 1873  Bhagwant Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1873)
 9 Feb 1873 -    Jul 1901  Nihal Singh                        (b. 1863 - d. 1901)
20 Jul 1901 - 29 Mar 1911  Ram Singh                          (b. 1883 - d. 1911)
 2 Apr 1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Udai Bhan Singh                    (b. 1893 - d. 1954)

Dhrangadhra

       1090                Jhalawad state founded
     c.1735                new capital Dhrangadhra founded; state renamed (earlier
                           names: Kuwa, Halwad; the state is sometimes styled
                           Halwad-Dhrangadhra)

Rulers (title Raj Sahib)
- Jhala dynasty -
       1782 -        1801  Jashwantsinhji Gajsinhji
       1801 -        1804  Raisinhji Jashwantsinhji
       1804 -        1843  Amarsinhji Raisinhji
       1843 - 28 Oct 1869  Ranmalsinhji Amarsinhji
       1869 -        1900  Mansinhji Ranmalsinhji
 2 Dec 1900 -  8 Feb 1911  Ajitsinhji Jashwantsinhji          (b. ... - d. 1911)
       1911 -        1914? Ganshyamsinhji Ajitsinhji          (b. 1889 - d. 1942)
Rulers (title Maharaja Shri Raj Sahib)
       1914 -  4 Feb 1942  Gabshyamsinhji Ajitsinhji          (s.a.)
       1942 - 15 Aug 1947  Mayurdhwajsinhji Ganshyamsinhji    (b. 1923 - d. 2010)

Dhrol

       1595                Dhrol state founded

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Jadeja dynasty -
       1845 -        1886  Jaisinhji
26 Oct 1886 - 31 Jul 1914  Harisinhji Jaisinhji
 2 Sep 1914 -    Aug 1937  Daulatsinhji Harisinhji            (b. ... - d. 1947)
       1937 -        1939  Jorawarsinhji
10 Oct 1939 - 15 Aug 1947  Chandrasinhji                      (b. 1912)

Dujana

       1806                Dujana state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1806 -        1825  `Abd as-Samad Khan
       1825 -        1850  Dondi Khera Khan
       1850 -        1867  Hasan `Ali Khan
       1867 - 15 Oct 1879  Mohammad Sa`adat `Ali Khan
       1879 -        1908  Momtaz `Ali Khan
       1908 -        1925  Mohammad Khurshid `Ali Khan
21 Jul 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad Iqtidar `Ali Khan         (b. 1912)

Dungarpur

       1197                Dungarpur state founded

Rulers (title Maharawal)
- Shishodhya dynasty, Ahra Guhilot clan -
       1691 -        1702  Khuman Singh
       1702 -        1730  Ram Singh
       1730 -        1785  Shiv Singh
       1785 -        1790  Vairi Sal
       1790 -        1808  Fateh Singh
       1808 - 19 Dec 1845  Jashwant Singh                     (b. ... - d. 1845)
       1846 -        1898  Udai Singh                         (b. 1838 - d. 1898)
13 Feb 1898 - 15 Nov 1918  Bijai Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 1918)
15 Nov 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Lakshman Singh                     (b. 1908 - d. 1989)

Faridkot

       1643                Kot Kapura state founded
       1763                joint rulers split Kot Kapura into Kot Kapura and Faridkot
       1807                Kot Kapura incorporated into Pańjab

Rulers of Kot Kapura
- Jaisal dynasty -
       1767 -        1806  Tej Singh
       1806 -        1807  Jagat Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1825)
Rulers of Faridkot
- Jaisal dynasty -
       1643 -        1708  Kapura Singh                       (b. 1628 - d. 1708)
       1708 -        1710  Sajja Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1710)
       1710 -        1731  Sukha Singh                        (b. 1681 - d. 1731)
       1731 -        1763  ...
       1763 -        1782  Hamir Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1782)
       1782 -        1798  Mohr Singh                         (b. ... - d. 1798)
       1798 -        1804  Kharat Singh                       (b. ... - d. 1804)
       1804                Dal Singh                          (b. ... - d. 1804)
       1804 -  5 Nov 1826  Ghulab Singh                       (b. c.1797 - d. 1826)
       1826 -    Aug 1827  Attar Singh                        (b. 1823 - d. 1827)
       1827 -        1846  Pahar Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1849)
Rajas
       1846 -    Apr 1849  Pahar Singh                        (s.a.)
       1849 -    Apr 1874  Wazir Singh                        (b. 1811 - d. 1874)
       1874 -  8 Aug 1898  Vikram Singh                       (b. 1842 - d. 1898)
       1898 -        1906  Balbir Singh                       (b. 1870 - d. 1906)
11 Feb 1906 -        1918  Balbir Indar Singh                 (b. 1896 - d. 1918)
Maharaja
       1918 - 23 Dec 1918  Balbir Indar Singh                 (s.a.)
Raja
23 Dec 1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Har Indar Singh                    (b. 1915 - d. 1989)

Gangpur

Rulers
      *1827*               Parsharam Shekhar Deo
28 Oct 1858  -       1874  Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (b. 1849 - d. 1917)
Rajas
       1874 -        1917  Raghunath Shekhar Deo              (s.a.)
10 Jun 1917 -  5 May 1930  Bhawani Shankar Shekhar Deo        (b. 1898 - d. 19...)
       1930 - 15 Aug 1947  Bir Mitra Pratap Shekhar Deo

Gohad: see under Dholpur.

Gondal

       1634                Gondal state founded

Rulers (title Thakur)
- Jadeja dynasty -
       1679 -        1714  Sagramji I                         (b. 1634 - d. 1714)
       1714 -        1753  Haloji                             (b. ... - d. 1753)
       1753 -        1790  Kumbhoji II                        (b. 1712 - d. 1790)
       1790 -        1792  Malubhai                           (b. 1755 - d. 1792)
       1792 -        1800  Dajibhai Muluji                    (b. 1776 - d. 1800)
       1800 -        1812  Devabhai = Devaji                  (b. 1757 - d. 1812)
       1812 -        1814  Nathubhai = Nathuji Devaji         (b. ... - d. 1814)
       1814 -        1821  Kanuji Devaji                      (b. ... - d. 1821)
       1821 -        1841  Chandrasinhji Devaji               (b. ... - d. 1841)
       1841 -        1851  Bhakabhai Devaji                   (b. ... - d. 1851)
       1851 -        18..  Sagramji II Devaji                 (b. 1822 - d. 1869)
Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
       18.. - 14 Dec 1869  Sagramji II Devaji                 (s.a.)
14 Dec 1869 - 10 Mar 1944  Bhagwatsinhji Sagramji             (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
                           (personal style Maharaja)
10 Mar 1944 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhojrajji                          (b. 1883 - d. 1952)
                           (personal style Maharaja)

Gwalior

      c.900                Gwalior state founded
       1232 -        1398  annexed by Dihli (Delhi) sultanate
       1518 -        1731  annexed by Mughal empire
       1731                Sindhya (Scindia) state refounded by Mahratta general
       1766                Gwalior capital of the state, gives it its name

Rulers (title Maharaja Scindia)
- Scindia dynasty -
       1731 - 19 Jul 1745  Ranojirao Scindia                  (b. ... - d. 1745)
       1745 - 25 Jul 1755  Jayapparao Scindia                 (b. ... - d. 1755)
25 Jul 1755 - 15 Jan 1761  Jankojirao I Scindia               (b. 1745 - d. 1761)
       1755 - 10 Jan 1760    Dattaji (regent)                 (b. ... - d. 1760)
15 Jan 1761 - 25 Nov 1763  vacant
25 Nov 1763 - 10 Jul 1764  Kadarjirao Scindia
10 Jul 1764 - 18 Jan 1768  Manajirao Scindia
18 Jan 1768 - 12 Feb 1794  Madhavrao I Scindia                (b. c.1727 - d. 1794)
12 Feb 1794 - 21 Mar 1827  Daulatrao Scindia                  (b. 1779 - d. 1827)
18 Jun 1827 -  7 Feb 1843  Jankojirao II Scindia              (b. 1805 - d. 1843)
 7 Feb 1843 - 20 Jun 1886  Jayajirao Scindia                  (b. 1835 - d. 1886)
       1843 -    Jan 1844    Dada Khasjiwallah (in rebellion)
20 Jun 1886 -  5 Jun 1925  Madhavrao II Scindia               (b. 1876 - d. 1925)
 5 Jun 1925 - 15 Aug 1947  George Jivaji Rao Scindia          (b. 1916 - d. 1961)

Halwad-Dhrangadhra: see Dhrangadhra.

Haydarabad (Hyderabad)

       1724                Mughal governor with style Nizam al-Molk establishes
                           quasi-independent state at Haydarabad
15 Aug 1947                Nizam refuses to accede to India
17 Sep 1948                India occupies Haydarabad militarily
24 Nov 1949                accession to India agreed to as of Indian Republic Day

Rulers (title Nizam al-Molk [from 24 Oct 1936, Nizam of Hyderabad and Berar])
- Asaf Jahi dynasty -
       1724 - 22 May 1748  Qamar ad-Din Chin Qilij Khan
                           (from 1738:) Asaf Jah I            (b. 1671 - d. 1748)
22 May 1748 -  5 Dec 1750  Nasir Jang Mir Ahmad               (b. 1712 - d. 1750)
 5 Dec 1750 - 13 Feb 1751  Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang Hidayat (b. ... - d. 1751)
   Feb 1751 - 16 Oct 1752    Ghazi ad-Din (in rebellion)      (b. ... - d. 1752)
13 Feb 1751 - 18 Jul 1761  Asaf ad-Dowla Mir Ali Salabat Jang (b. 1718 - d. 1763)
18 Jul 1761 -  6 Aug 1803  Ali Khan Asaf Jah II               (b. 1734 - d. 1803)
 7 Aug 1803 - 21 May 1829  Mir Akbar Ali Khan Asaf Jah III    (b. 1768 - d. 1829)
21 May 1829 - 17 May 1857  Naser ad-Dowla Farkhunda Ali
                           Asaf Jah IV                        (b. 1794 - d. 1857)
18 May 1857 - 26 Feb 1869  Afzal ad-Dowla Mahbub Ali I Khan
                           Asaf Jah V                         (b. 1827 - d. 1869)
26 Feb 1869 - 29 Aug 1911  Fath Jang Mahbub Ali II Khan
                           Asaf Jah VI                        (b. 1866 - d. 1911)
29 Aug 1911 - 26 Jan 1950  Fath Jang Mir Osman Ali Khan
                           Asaf Jah VII                       (b. 1886 - d. 1967)

Hill Tipperah: see Tripura.

Hindol

       1554                Hindol state founded

Rajas
        ... -        1803  Kishan Chandra Mardraj Jagadeb
       18.. -        1877  Phokar Singh Mardraj Jagadeb
18 Jul 1877 - 10 Feb 1906  Janardan Mardraj Jagadeb
10 Feb 1906 - 15 Aug 1947  Naba Kishor Chandra Mardraj
                           Jagadeb                            (b. 1891 - d. 19...)

Hyderabad: see Haydarabad.

Idar

     c.1200                Idar state founded
       1791                Idar split into five: Idar, Ahmadnagar, Morasa,
                           Baad (also called Bayar), and Soor
       1821                Morasa absorbed by Ahmadnagar
       1826                Baad absorbed by Idar and Ahmadnagar
       1843                Idar reunited

Rajas (from 1843 with personal style Maharaja)
- Rathor dynasty -
       1731 -        1753  Anand Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1753)
       1753 -        1791  Shiva Singh                        (b. 1736? - d. 1791)
       1791                Bhawan Singh                       (b. 1755 - d. 1791)
       1791 - 12 Aug 1833  Gambhir Singh                      (b. 1781 - d. 1833)
12 Aug 1833 - 26 Dec 1868  Jawan Singh                        (b. 1830 - d. 1868)
26 Dec 1868 - 20 Feb 1901  Keshri Singh                       (b. 1861 - d. 1901)
 4 Oct 1901 - 30 Nov 1901  Krishna Singh                      (b. 1901 - d. 1901)
   Jan 1902 -        1902  Pratap Singh                       (b. 1845 - d. 1922)
Maharajas
- Rathor dynasty -
       1902 -    May 1911  Pratap Singh                       (s.a.)
   May 1911 - 14 Apr 1931  Daulat Singh                       (b. 1875 - d. 1931)
14 Apr 1931 - 15 Aug 1947  Himat Singh Daulat Singh           (b. 1899 - d. 1960)

Ahmadnagar

Rajas
       1791 -        1798  Sangram Singh
       1798 -        1835  Karan Singh
       1835 -        1839  Prithvi Singh
       1839 -        1841  ...
       1841 -        1843  Takht Singh

Morasa

Rajas
       1791 -        1806  Zalim Singh
       1806 -        1821  Pratap Singh

Baad

Raja
       1791 -        1826  Amir Singh

Soor

Raja
       1791 -         ...  Indra Singh

Indaur (Indore)

       1731                Indaur state founded by Mahratta general

Rulers (title Maharaja Holkar)
- Holkar dynasty -
       1731 - 20 May 1766  Malhar Rao I Holkar                (b. 1693 - d. 1766)
20 May 1766 -  5 Apr 1767  Male Rao Holkar                    (b. 1745 - d. 1767)
   Apr 1767 - 13 Aug 1795  Ahalya Bai (f)                     (b. 1725 - d. 1795)
13 Aug 1795 - 29 Jan 1797  Tukoji Rao I Holkar                (b. 1723 - d. 1797)
29 Jan 1797 -    Jan 1799  Kashi Rao Holkar                   (b. 17... - d. 1808)
   Jan 1799 -        1806  Khande Rao I Holkar                (b. 1798 - d. 1806)
       1806 - 27 Oct 1811  Yashwant Rao I Holkar              (b. 1776 - d. 1811)
                           (1799-1806 regent)
   Nov 1811 - 27 Oct 1833  Malhar Rao III Holkar              (b. 1806 - d. 1833)
   Oct 1833 -  2 Feb 1834  Martand Rao Holkar                 (b. 1830 - d. 1849)
 2 Feb 1834 - 24 Oct 1843  Hari Rao Holkar                    (b. c.1795 - d. 1843)
                           (pretender from 2 Feb 1834)
24 Oct 1843 - 17 Feb 1844  Khande Rao II Holkar               (b. 1828 - d. 1844)
27 Jun 1844 - 17 Jun 1886  Tukoji Rao II Holkar               (b. 1835 - d. 1886)
17 Jun 1886 - 31 Jan 1903  Shivaji Rao Holkar                 (b. 1859 - d. 1908)
31 Jan 1903 - 26 Feb 1926  Tukoji Rao III Holkar              (b. 1890 - d. 1978)
26 Feb 1926 - 15 Aug 1947  Yashwant Rao II Holkar             (b. 1908 - d. 1961)

Jafarabad (Jafrabad) and Janjira

     c.1650                Jafarabad state founded
       1702                Janjira state founded
       1762                Jafarabad and Janjira states enter into personal union

Thanadars of Jafarabad
     c.1650 -        16..  Fath Khan
       16.. -        1678  Sambhol Yaqut Khan
       1678 -        1734  Qasim Yaqut Khan
       1734 -        1762  Surur Khan
Wazirs of Janjira
       1702 -        1733  Rasul Khan                         (b. ... - d. 1733)
       1733                `Abd Allah Khan
       1733 -        1739  `Abd al-Rahman Khan
       1739 -        1745  Hasan Khan
       1745 -        1746  Allana (usurper)
       1746 -        1762  Ibrahim I Khan
Thanadars of Jafarabad and Wazirs of Janjira
- Sidi dynasty -
       1762 -        177.  Yaqut Khan (usurper)
       177. -        1784  `Abd al-Rahim Khan
       1784 -        1791  `Abd al-Karim Yaqut Khan
       1791 -        1802  Jowhar Khan (possibly regent)
       1802 -        1826  Ibrahim II Khan
       1826 -        18..  Mohammad I Khan
Rulers (title Nawab)
- Sidi dynasty -
       18.. -        1848  Mohammad I Khan
       1848 -        1879  Ibrahim III Khan                   (b. ... - d. 1879)
11 Jun 1879 -  2 May 1922  Ahmad Khan                         (b. 1862 - d. 1922)
 2 May 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Mohammad II Khan                   (b. 1914)

Jaipur

       1093                Dhundhar state founded
   Nov 1727                new capital, Jaipur (Jayapura), founded; state takes
                           name from capital

Maharajas
- Kachhvaha dynasty -
       1699 - 21 Sep 1743  Sawai Jai Singh I                  (b. 1688 - d. 1743)
       1743 - 12 Dec 1750  Sawai Ishwari Singh                (b. 1721 - d. 1750)
       1750 -  5 Mar 1768  Sawai Madho Singh I                (b. 1728 - d. 1768)
       1768 - 13 Apr 1778  Sawai Prithvi Singh II             (b. c.1762 - d. 1778)
       1778 -        1803  Sawai Pratap Singh                 (b. 1764 - d. 1803)
       1803 - 21 Nov 1818  Sawai Jagat Singh II               (b. ... - d. 1818)
22 Dec 1818 - 25 Apr 1819  Mohan Singh (regent)               (b. c.1809 - d. ...)
25 Apr 1819 -  6 Feb 1835  Sawai Jai Singh III                (b. 1819 - d. 1835)
   Feb 1835 - 18 Sep 1880  Sawai Ram Singh II                 (b. 1835 - d. 1880)
18 Sep 1880 -  7 Sep 1922  Sawai Madho Singh II               (b. 1861 - d. 1922)
 7 Sep 1922 - 15 Aug 1947  Sawai Man Singh II                 (b. 1911 - d. 1970)

Jaisalmir

     bf.800                Deogarh state founded
       1156                new capital Jaisalmir founded; state takes name from capital

Rulers (title Maharawal)
- Yadava Bhati dynasty -
       1722 -        1762  Akhi Singh
       1762 -        1820  Mulraj II                          (b. ... - d. 1820)
       1820 -        1846  Guj Singh                          (b. ... - d. 1846)
       1846 -    Jun 1864  Ranjit Singh
       1864 -        1891  Bairi Sal                          (b. ... - d. 1891)
12 Apr 1891 - 11 Apr 1914  Shyam Singh                        (b. 1887 - d. 19...)
 9 Jul 1914 - 15 Aug 1947  Jawahir Singh                      (b. 1882 - d. 1949)

Jambughoda

Rulers (title Thakur Sahib)
- Parmar dynasty -
        ... - 27 Sep 1917  Gambhirsinhji                      (b. ... - d. 1917)
27 Sep 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranjitsinhji Gambhirsinhji         (b. 1892 - d. 19...)

Jamkhandi

       1811                Jamkhandi state founded

Rajas
- Patwardhan dynasty -
       1811 -        18..  Ramchandra Rao Parashuram Rao
       18.. -        1840  Gopal Rao Ramchandra Rao
18 Nov 1840 -        1897  Ramchandra Rao Gopal Rao
                           "Appa Sahib Patwardhan"
       1897 - 25 Feb 1924  Parashuram Rao Ramchandra Rao
                           "Bhav Sahib Patwardhan"
25 Feb 1924 - 15 Aug 1947  Shankar Rao Parashuram Rao
                           "Appa Sahib Patwardhan"            (b. 1906)

Jaora

       1817                Jaora state founded

Rulers (title Nawab)
       1817 -        1825  Ghafur Khan                        (b. ... - d. 1825)
       1825 -        1865  Ghows Mohammad Khan                (b. ... - d. 1865)
       1865 -        1895  Ehtesam al-Dowla Mohammad IsraŽil
                           Khan                               (b. 1854 - d. 1895)
       1895 - 15 Aug 1947  Fakhr al-Dowla Mohammad Eftekhar
                           `Ali Khan                          (b. 1883 - d. 1947)

Jasdan

    bf.1665                Jasdan state founded

Rulers
- Kathi Kshatriya dynasty -
      *1806*               Vajsur Khachar
       1852 -        1919  Ala Chela Khachar Shri Vajdur Oda
11 Jun 1919 - 15 Aug 1947  Darbar Shri Khachar Shri Ala
                           Vajsur                             (b. 1905)

Jaso (Jassu)

       1732                Jaso state founded
       17..                state split into Bandhora and Jaso
       17..                Jaso state reunited

Rulers (title Dewan)
- Bundela dynasty -
       1732 -        17..  Bharti Chand
       17.. -         ...  Hari Singh
        ... -         ...  Chet Singh
      *1816*               Murat Singh
       18.. -        1860  Ishri Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1860)
       1860                Ram Singh                          (b. ... - d. 1860)
       1860 -        1869  Satarjit Singh
       1869 -        1876  Bhopal Singh
       1876 -        1888  Gajraj Singh
       1888 -        1889  Chhatrapati Singh
 7 Jul 1889 -        1900  Jagat Raj Singh
       1900 -        1918  Girwar Singh
       1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Ram Pratap Singh

Bandhora

Rulers (title Dewan)
       17.. -        17..  Durjan Singh
       17.. -        17..  Medni Singh

Jath

       1686                Jath state founded

Rulers (title Deshmukh)
- Daphle dynasty -
       1686 -        1706  Satvaji Rao                        (b. 16... - d. 1706)
       1706 -        1754  Yesu Bai "Au Sahib" (f)            (b. ... - d. 1754)
       1754 -        1759  Yeshwant Rao                       (b. ... - d. 1759)
       1759 -        1790  Amrit Rao I                        (b. ... - d. 1790)
       1790 -        1810  Khanji Rao                         (b. 17... - d. 1810)
       1810 -        1822  Renuka Bai (f)                     (b. ... - d. 1822)
       1822 -    Dec 1823  Sali Bai (f)                       (b. ... - d. 1823)
   Dec 1823 -    Aug 1835  Ram Rao I Narayan Rao
                           "Aba Sahib Daphle"                 (b. ... - d. 1835)
   Aug 1835 - 29 Jul 1846  Bhagirathi Bai (f)                 (b. ... - d. 1846)
29 Jul 1846 - 11 Jan 1892  Amrit Rao II "Rao Sahib Daphle"    (b. 1835 - d. 1892)
13 Jan 1892 - 14 Aug 1928  Ram Rao II Amrit Rao
                           "Aba Sahib Daphle"                 (b. 1886 - d. 1928)
14 Aug 1928 - 23 Jun 1936  Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao
                           "Baba Sahib Daphle"                (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
Raja
23 Jun 1936 - 15 Aug 1947  Vijayasingh Rao Ram Rao
                           "Baba Sahib Daphle"                (s.a.)

Jawhar

 5 Jun 1343                Jawhar state founded

Rajas
       1798 -        1821  Vikramshah III
       1821 -    Jun 1865  Patangshah III Vikramshah
29 Jun 1865 -    Jul 1865  Vikramshah IV Patangshah
   Jul 1865 -        1905  Patangshah IV Vikramshah Mukni
       1905 -        1917  Krishnashah Patangshah
       1917 - 10 Dec 1927  Vikramshah V Patangshah            (b. ... - d. 1927)
10 Dec 1927 - 15 Aug 1947  Patangshah V Vikramshah            (b. 1917 - d. 1978)

Jhabua

     c.1600                Jhabua state founded

Rajas
- Rathor dynasty -
      *1770*               Rassa Singh
        ... -        1821  Bhim Singh
       1821 -        1832  Pratap Singh
       1832 -        1840  Ratan Singh                        (b. ... - d. 1840)
   Nov 1841 -        1894  Gopal Singh
26 Apr 1895 -        1943  Udai Singh                         (b. 1875 - d. af.1945)
       1943 - 15 Aug 1947  Dhalip Singh                       (b. 1905 - d. af.1963)

Jigni

       1730                Jigni state founded

Rulers (title Rao)
- Bundela dynasty -
       1730 -         ...  Padam Rao
      *1800*               Lakshman Singh I
      *1802 -        1830  Pirthi Singh
       1830 -        1870  Bhopal Singh
       1870 -        1892  Lakshman Singh II
       1892 -        1920  Bhanu Pratap Singh
       1920 -        1934  Arimardan Singh
       1934 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhupendra Vijai Singh

Jind

       1763                Jind state founded

Rajas
- Phulkian dynasty -
       1763 -        1789  Gajpat Singh                       (b. c.1738 - d. 1789)
       1789 -        1819  Bhag Singh                         (b. 1768 - d. 1819)
       1819 -  3 Feb 1822  Fateh Singh                        (b. 1789 - d. 1822)
       1822 -  2 Nov 1834  Sangat Singh                       (b. 1811 - d. 1834)
       1834 -        1837  vacant
       1837 - 26 Jan 1864  Sarup Singh                        (b. c.1812 - d. 1864)
       1864 -        1881  Raghubir Singh                     (b. 1832 - d. 1887)
Rulers (title Raja-i Rajgan)
- Phulkian dynasty -
       1881 -  7 Mar 1887  Raghubir Singh                     (s.a.)
       1887 -        1911  Ranbir Singh                       (b. 1879 - d. 1948)
Maharaja
- Phulkian dynasty -
       1911 - 15 Aug 1947  Ranbir Singh                       (s.a.)

Jobat

       14..                Jobat state founded

Rulers (title Rana)
- Rathor dynasty -
        ... -        18..  Sabal Singh
      *1864 -        1874  Ranjit Singh
       1874 -        1897  Sarup Singh
       1897 -    Mar 1916  Indrajit Singh
18 Jun 1917 - 15 Aug 1947  Bhim Singh                         (b. 1915)

Jodhpur

     c.1250                Marwar state founded
     c.1450                new capital Jodhpur founded; state later named after capital

Maharajas
- Rathor dynasty -
19 Feb 1679 - 24 Jun 1724  Ajit Singh                         (b. 1679 - d. 1724)
24 Jun 1724 - 18 Jun 1749  Abhai Singh                        (b. 1702 - d. 1749)
18 Jun 1749 -    Jul 1751  Ram Singh (1st time)               (b. 1730 - d. 1772)
   Jul 1751 - 21 Sep 1752  Bakht Singh                        (b. 1706 - d. 1752)
21 Sep 1752 -        1753  Bijay Singh (1st time)             (b. 1724 - d. 1793)
       1753 -    Sep 1772  Ram Singh (2nd time)               (s.a.)
       1772 - 17 Jul 1793  Bijay Singh (2nd time)             (s.a.)
13 Apr 1792 - 20 Mar 1793    Bhim Singh (in rebellion)        (b. ... - d. 1803)
17 Jul 1793 - 19 Oct 1803  Bhim Singh                         (s.a.)
19 Oct 1803 -  4 Sep 1843  Man Singh                          (b. 1783 - d. 1843)
19 Apr 1817 -  6 Jan 1818    Chhatra Singh (regent)           (b. c.1800 - d. 1818)
14 Oct 1843 - 13 Feb 1873  Takht Singh                        (b. 1819 - d. 1873)
13 Feb 1873 - 11 Oct 1895  Jashwant Singh II                  (b. 1838 - d. 1895)
11 Oct 1895 - 21 Mar 1911  Sardar Singh                       (b. 1880 - d. 1911)
21 Mar 1911 -  3 Oct 1918  Sumer Singh                        (b. 1898 - d. 1918)
 3 Oct 1918 -  9 Jun 1947  Umaid Singh                        (b. 1903 - d. 1947)
 9 Jun 1947 - 15 Aug 1947  Hanwant Singh                      (b. 1923 - d. 1952)

Jubbal

    bf.1800                Jubbal state founded
       1803 -        1815  occupied by Nepal
       1832 -        1840  occupied by British India

Rulers (title Rana)
        ... -        1803  Purana Chandra (1st time)
       1815 -        1832  Purana Chandra (2nd time)
       1840                Purana Chandra (3rd time)
       1840 -        1877  Karna Chandra
       1877 -        1898  Padma Chandra                      (b. ... - d. 1898)
       1898 - 29 Apr 1910  Gyan Chandra                       (b. ... - d. 1910)
       1910 -        1918  Baghat Chandra                     (b. 1888 - d. 1951)
Raja
       1918 - 15 Aug 1947  Baghat Chandra                     (s.a.)

Junagadh

       1748                Junagadh state founded
15 Aug 1947                accedes to Pakistan
15 Sep 1947                accession to Pakistan accepted
 9 Nov 1947                occupied by India
24 Feb 1948                referendum approves accession to India
25 Feb 1948                accession to India in effect

Rulers (title Nawab)
- Babi dynasty -
       1748 - 28 Sep 1758  Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I          (b. ... - d. 1758)
28 Sep 1758 -        1760  Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1774)
       1760 -        1762  Muzaffar Khanji
       1762 -  2 Dec 1774  Mohammad Mahabat Khanji I
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 2 Dec 1774 - 26 Feb 1811  Mohammad Hamid Khanji I            (b. 1766 - d. 1811)
26 Feb 1811 - 26 May 1840  Mohammad Bahadur Khanji II         (b. 1795 - d. 1840)
26 May 1840 -        1851  Mohammad Hamid Khanji II           (b. 1828 - d. 1851)
       1851 - 29 Sep 1882  Mohammad Mahabat Khanji II         (b. 1838 - d. 1882)
29 Sep 1882 - 21 Jan 1892  Mohammad Bahadur Khanji III        (b. 1856 - d. 1892)
23 Jan 1892 - 22 Jan 1911  Mohammad Rasul Khanji              (b. 1858 - d. 1911)
22 Jan 1911 - 25 Feb 1948  Mohammad Mahabat Khanji III        (b. 1900 - d. 1959)