Mexico: In presidential elections, Vicente Fox of the National Action Party wins 42.5% of the vote and Francisco Labastida of the Institutional Revolutionary Party 36.1%. Turnout is 64%.
Mongolia: In parliamentary elections, the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party wins 72 of 76 seats. On July 26 Parliament elects Nambaryn Enkhbayar prime minister.
Solomon Islands: Danny Philip is sworn in as foreign minister and Snyder Rini as finance minister. On July 11 Robins Mesepitu is sworn in as minister of home affairs.
Papua New Guinea: Former premier of Morobe (1978-80) Pama Anio dies.
Fiji: Laisenia Qarase is sworn in as interim prime minister. Kaliopate Tavola becomes foreign minister and Ratu Jone Kubuabola finance minister.
Japan: Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori forms a new cabinet, including Kazuo Torashima as defense minister and Mamoru Nishida as home affairs minister.
The Netherlands: Former queen's commissioner of Flevoland (1986-96) Han Lammers dies.
Yugoslavia: Former president of the Collective Presidency (1980) Lazar Kolisevski dies.
Albania: In a cabinet reshuffle, Ilir Gjoni replaces Luan Hajdaraga as defense minister.
Israel: Interior Minister Natan Sharansky and other ministers resign. On July 10 Prime Minister Ehud Barak survives a no-confidence motion, which is supported by only 54 of the 120 members of the Knesset. The ministers' resignations take effect July 11, and Haim Ramon becomes acting interior minister.
Israel: President Ezer Weizman hands in his resignation, taking effect 2 days later. Knesset Speaker Avraham Burg then becomes interim president.
The Sudan: Bekri Hassan Salih is named defense minister and El-Hadi Abdullah interior minister.
Switzerland: Former Landammann of Solothurn (1956, 1961, 1966) Werner Vogt dies.
Syria: Bashar al-Assad wins the presidential referendum with 97.3% of the vote. He takes office July 17.
United States: Secretary of Veterans' Affairs Togo D. West announces his resignation. On July 25 Hershel W. Gober becomes acting secretary.
Colombia: Juan Manuel Santos is named finance minister.
Wallis and Futuna: Alain Waquet is named as administrator-superior. He is installed on July 26.
Fiji: Ratu Josefa Iloilo is appointed interim president. He takes office July 18.
Australia: Former South Australia governor (1971-76) Sir Mark Oliphant dies.
East Timor: A transitional cabinet is sworn in, including Ana Pessoa for internal administration and Michael Francino for finance.
United States: Secretary of Commerce William M. Daley resigns. Robert L. Mallett becomes acting secretary until July 21, when Norman Y. Mineta is confirmed by the Senate and takes office.
United States: Former Iowa governor (1955-57) Leo A. Hoegh and former Rhode Island governor (1945-50) John O. Pastore die.
Zimbabwe: Simba Makoni is named finance minister.
Brazil: Former Pernambuco governor (1948-51) Alexandre José Barbosa Lima Sobrinho dies.
Spain: Juan José Imbroda Ortiz becomes president of Melilla.
Switzerland: The president of the Council of State of Ticino, Giuseppe Buffi, dies.
Canada: Former premier of Ontario (1985) Frank Miller dies.
French Polynesia: Former high commissioner (1977-81) Paul Cousseran dies.
Liberia: Moses Blah is sworn in as vice president.
Macedonia: Parliament approves a cabinet reshuffle, in which Ljuben Paunovski becomes defense minister.
Turkmenistan: Batyr Berdiyev is named foreign minister.
Cape Verde: Gualberto do Rosário becomes acting prime minister, as Carlos Veiga steps aside to run for president.
Peru: Federico Salas Guevara is sworn in as prime minister. Carlos Boloña is named finance minister.
Haiti: In parliamentary elections held May 21 and July 30, the Fanmi Lavalas party wins 72 of 82 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
Venezuela: In presidential elections, incumbent Hugo Chávez wins 59.5% of the vote, Francisco Arias 37.5%, and Claudio Fermín 3%.
Israel: Moshe Katsav is elected president, defeating Shimon Peres by 63 votes to 57 in a second round of parliamentary voting.
Israel: The Knesset votes 50-50 and 53-48, respectively, on two no-confidence motions, falling short of the 61 votes necessary to remove the government.