Australia: David Hurley is sworn in as governor-general.
Germany: Bremen mayor Carsten Sieling says he will not stand for reelection.
Panama: Laurentino Cortizo takes office as president, with his cabinet including Alejandro Ferrer as foreign minister (see May 5).
Switzerland: Isaac Reber becomes president of the government of Basel-Land, Paul Winiker president of the government of Luzern, Alfred Bossard Landammann of Nidwalden, and Josef Hess Landammann of Obwalden.
Belgium: Liesbeth Homans is sworn in as minister-president of Flanders.
Canada: The lieutenant governor of Saskatchewan, W. Thomas Molloy, dies. Chief Justice Robert Richards has already been acting for him since May 7. On July 17 Russell Mirasty is appointed as lieutenant governor (sworn in July 18).
European Union: The European Council nominates German defense minister Ursula von der Leyen as Commission president (besides Belgian prime minister Charles Michel as president of the European Council and Spanish foreign minister Josep Borrell as high representative for foreign affairs and security policy). She is confirmed by the European Parliament (383-327) on July 16; she is to take office November 1.
Liechtenstein: Foreign Minister Aurelia Frick loses a no-confidence vote (21 votes for the motion in the 25-seat parliament). The regent, Prince Alois, then confirms her removal. Mauro Pedrazzini becomes acting foreign minister.
New Caledonia: The elected members of the government again fail to elect a vice president. On July 9, however, they elect Gilbert Tyuienon, allowing the government to take office. Its president Thierry Santa takes responsibility for external relations and security and Yoann Lecourieux for finance.
Guinea-Bissau: The new cabinet of Prime Minister Aristides Gomes is announced with Suzi Barbosa as foreign minister, Luís Melo as defense minister, Juliano Augusto Fernandes as interior minister, and Geraldo Martins remaining as finance minister.
India: Former governor of Uttaranchal (2003-07), Uttar Pradesh (2004), and Sikkim (2007-08) Sudarshan Agarwal dies.
Spain: Emiliano García-Page is reelected president of the Junta of Castilla-La Mancha (19-14).
Nigeria: The Supreme Court confirms the September 2018 election of Gboyega Oyetola as governor of Osun.
The Sudan: The Transitional Military Council and the Forces for Freedom and Change (representing civil society) conclude an agreement on the installation of a Sovereignty Council (for an interim period of 3 years and 3 months) of 11 members, presided for the first 21 months by the military and for the remaining 18 months by the civilian side, and the formation of a civilian cabinet (appointed by the Forces for Freedom and Change).
Armenia: Former acting foreign minister (1992-93) Arman Kirakosyan dies.
Greece: In parliamentary elections, New Democracy wins 39.9% of the vote (158 of 300 seats), the Coalition of the Radical Left 31.5% (86), the Movement for Change 8.1% (22), the Communist Party of Greece 5.3% (15), Greek Solution 3.7% (10), the European Realistic Disobedience Front 3.4% (9), and Golden Dawn 2.9% (0). Turnout is 57.9%. On July 8 Kyriakos Mitsotakis is sworn in as prime minister. He names his cabinet (sworn in July 9) with Nikos Dendias as foreign minister, Nikos Panagiotopoulos as defense minister, Takis Theodorikakos as interior minister, and Christos Staikouras as finance minister. The government wins a confidence vote (158-142) on July 22.
Solomon Islands: David Vunagi's appointment as governor-general takes effect; he is sworn in on July 8.
Turks and Caicos Islands: Governor John Freeman departs. Anya Williams becomes acting governor until Nigel Dakin is sworn in as governor on July 15.
Iraq: The prime minister-designate of Kurdistan, Masrour Barzani, nominates a cabinet with Rebar Ahmed Khalid as interior minister and Awat Janab Nouri Salih as finance minister. On July 10 Barzani is confirmed in the regional parliament (88 votes in favour out of 111 members) and the cabinet members are individually approved by majority votes; the government is then sworn in.
Latvia: Egils Levits takes office as president.
Peru: Jorge Moscoso is sworn in as defense minister.
Algeria: Abdelkader Bensalah's term as acting president is extended by the Constitutional Council.
Argentina: Former chief of government of Buenos Aires city (1996-99) and president (1999-2001) Fernando de la Rúa dies.
Lithuania: Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis retracts his pledge to resign.
Mexico: Finance Minister Carlos Urzúa resigns. Arturo Herrera is named to replace him.
Nigeria: Former governor of Bendel (1976-78) Hussaini Abdullahi dies.
Spain: Alfonso Fernández Mañueco is elected president of the Junta of Castilla-León (41-38). He takes office July 12.
Congo (Kinshasa): In the repeat gubernatorial election in Sud-Ubangi, Jean-Claude Mabenze Gbey Benz is elected with 17 votes against 7 for Jean-Cléophas Mbwase Koli and 3 for incumbent Joachim Taila Nage.
French Guiana: Marc Del Grande is appointed prefect.
French Polynesia: Dominique Sorain is appointed high commissioner.
Mayotte: Jean-François Colombet is appointed prefect. He takes office July 29.
New Caledonia: Laurent Prévost is appointed high commissioner.
Thailand: King Vajiralongkorn endorses a new cabinet led by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha, who also becomes defense minister. Uttama Savanayana becomes finance minister, while Don Pramudwinai stays as foreign minister and Anupong Paochinda as interior minister. The cabinet is sworn in on July 16.
Argentina: Former governor of Buenos Aires (1982-83) Jorge Rubén Aguado dies.
Russia: President Vladimir Putin releases Dmitry Ovsyannikov from his position as governor of Sevastopol and appoints Mikhail Razvozhayev as acting governor.
Sri Lanka: A no-confidence motion against the government of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe is defeated (119-92).
Ukraine: Parliament fails again to dismiss Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin (160 votes for the resolution, 226 required).
Guyana: The Caribbean Court of Justice rules that President David Granger and the government of Prime Minister Moses Nagamootoo remain in office but only in a caretaker capacity, and new elections are to be held as mandated by the constitution. The chief justice of Guyana subsequently interprets this to mean that the elections have to be held by September 18 (three months after the court's June 18 decision upholding the no-confidence vote) unless parliament votes an extension.
Lithuania: Gitanas Nauseda is sworn in as president. Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis formally returns his cabinet's mandate; on July 18 Nauseda again nominates him as prime minister and he wins a confidence vote on July 23 (83-1 with 30 abstentions).
Spain: The parliament of Asturias fails to elect a president in the first round of voting, when Adrián Barbón Rodríguez receives 22 votes against 23 abstentions. In a second round on July 15, a relative majority being sufficient, Barbón is elected with 22 votes; he takes office July 20.
Spain: Ángel Víctor Torres is elected president of the government of Canarias (37-31). He takes office July 16.
United States: Labor Secretary Alexander Acosta resigns, effective July 19. Patrick Pizzella is named acting secretary. On July 18 President Donald Trump nominates Eugene Scalia to the post.
Brazil: Former prefect of the Distrito Federal (1961) Paulo de Tarso Santos dies.
India: R. Mihir Vardhan is appointed administrator of Lakshadweep.
Indonesia: Isdianto is appointed acting governor of Kepulauan Riau.
Bangladesh: Former president (1983-90) Hossain Mohammad Ershad dies.
Zambia: Finance Minister Margaret Mwanakatwe is removed and replaced by Bwalya Ng'andu (sworn in July 15).
Dominican Republic: Former foreign minister (2000-03) Hugo Tolentino Dipp dies.
Germany: Ursula von der Leyen (see July 2) says she will resign as defense minister on July 17. She is replaced on the latter date by Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (swearing-in ceremony on July 24).
India: Acharya Dev Vrat is appointed as governor of Gujarat and Kalraj Mishra as governor of Himachal Pradesh (both are sworn in July 22). On July 16 Anusuiya Uikey is appointed as governor of Chhattisgarh (sworn in July 29) and Biswa Bhusan Harichandan as governor of Andhra Pradesh (sworn in July 24).
Romania: Interior Minister Carmen Dan resigns. On July 16 Prime Minister Viorica Dancila submits to the president the nomination of Nicolae Moga as interior minister and of Ramona Manescu as foreign minister. They are appointed on July 24. Moga resigns on July 30 and Mihai Fifor is appointed acting minister.
United States: Navy Secretary Richard V. Spencer takes over as acting defense secretary from Mark T. Esper, who legally has to step aside as the Senate takes up his nomination for the substantive post. On July 23 Esper is confirmed by the Senate (90-8) and sworn in.
International Monetary Fund: Christine Lagarde resigns as managing director, effective September 12.
Spain: The parliament of La Rioja fails to elect a president, with 16 votes for Concha Andreu but 17 against her. A second round of voting on July 18 yields the same result. A new attempt can be made within two months before the parliament will automatically dissolve.
Croatia: In a cabinet reshuffle, Gordan Grlic Radman is nominated as foreign minister. On July 19 he is approved by parliament and takes office.
Belgium: Rudi Vervoort is sworn in for a new term as minister-president of Brussels-Capital.
International Atomic Energy Agency: Director-General Yukiya Amano dies. His death is announced on July 22, and Mary Alice Hayward becomes acting director-general. On July 25 Cornel Feruta is appointed acting director-general.
Madagascar: The government of Prime Minister Christian Ntsay resigns. On July 19 Ntsay is again named prime minister by President Andry Rajoelina. His government is announced on July 24 with no change in key portfolios.
Kosovo: Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj announces his resignation (formally handed in on July 22).
Bosnia and Herzegovina: Zeljko Komsic assumes the rotating chairmanship of the Presidency.
Congo (Kinshasa): In the gubernatorial election in Sankuru, Joseph Stéphane Mukumadi (independent) wins 17 of 25 votes and Lambert Mende Omalanga (Convention of Congolese United) 8.
India: Anandiben Patel is appointed as governor of Uttar Pradesh (sworn in July 29), Jagdeep Dhankhar as governor of West Bengal (sworn in July 30), Ramesh Bais as governor of Tripura (sworn in July 29), Lalji Tandon as governor of Madhya Pradesh (sworn in July 29), Phagu Chauhan as governor of Bihar (sworn in July 29), and R.N. Ravi as governor of Nagaland.
India: Former chief minister of Delhi (1998-2013) and governor of Kerala (2014) Sheila Dikshit dies.
Argentina: Former governor of Tierra del Fuego (2005-07) Hugo Cóccaro dies.
Japan: In elections to 124 of the 245 seats in the House of Councillors, the Liberal-Democratic Party wins 57 seats, the Constitutional Democratic Party 17, Komeito 14, Nippon Ishin no Kai 10, the Communist Party 7, and the Democratic Party for the People 6.
Japan: In gubernatorial elections in Gunma, Ichita Yamamoto wins 75.6% of the vote and Kiyoto Ishida 24.4%. Turnout is 48.5%.
Ukraine: In parliamentary elections, Servant of the People wins 43.2% of the vote (254 of 424 seats), Opposition Platform-For Life 13.1% (43), Fatherland 8.2% (26), European Solidarity 8.1% (25), and Voice 5.8% (20); 46 independents are elected. Turnout is 49.8%.
China: Former premier (1987-98) Li Peng dies.
Haiti: Jean Michel Lapin resigns as prime minister-designate. President Jovenel Moïse names Fritz William Michel to replace him. A government is named on July 24 with Marjorie Alexandre Brunache as foreign minister, Ronald Gérard D'Mezard as defense minister, Audain Fils Bernadel as interior minister, and Michel Patrick Boisvert as finance minister.
Honduras: Lisandro Rosales is sworn in as foreign minister.
India: Karnataka chief minister H.D. Kumaraswamy resigns after being defeated in a confidence vote (105-99). On July 26 B.S. Yeddyurappa is sworn in as chief minister; he wins a confidence vote (voice vote) on July 29.
Nigeria: President Muhammadu Buhari announces the composition of his new cabinet but the allocation of portfolios will only be done after the endorsement of the nominees by the Senate (which happens on July 30).
Spain: Pedro Sánchez fails to be confirmed as prime minister (124 votes for, 170 against, 52 abstentions). Another vote fails on July 25 (124 for, 155 against, 67 abstentions).
Italy: The government of Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte wins a parliamentary confidence vote (325-248).
Kenya: Labour Minister Ukur Yattani is appointed acting treasury minister following the July 22 arrest of Treasury Minister Henry Rotich.
Puerto Rico: Governor Ricardo Rosselló says he will resign on August 2.
United Kingdom: Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond resigns. Prime Minister Theresa May tenders her resignation to the queen, and Boris Johnson is appointed prime minister. Johnson names Dominic Raab as foreign secretary, Ben Wallace as defence secretary, Priti Patel as home secretary, and Sajid Javid as chancellor of the exchequer; they take office July 25.
Tunisia: President Béji Caïd Essebsi (also foreign minister 1981-86 and prime minister 2011) dies. The speaker of parliament, Mohamed Ennaceur, is sworn in as interim president.
Spain: Fernando López Miras is reelected president of Murcia (26-18).
India: Former chief minister of Meghalaya (2008-09) Donkupar Roy dies.
Paraguay: Foreign Minister Luis Castiglioni resigns. On July 30 Antonio Rivas Palacios is named as foreign minister (sworn in July 31).
Cayman Islands: Former administrator (1968-71) and governor (1971) Athelstan Long dies.
Spain: Javier Lambán is reelected president of the Diputación General of Aragón (36-31).
United States: The Senate confirms Kelly Craft as UN ambassador (56-34).