Rulers: Nigeria

Traditional polities


Note: This record is not complete, but contains the most important states. The phrase "Fulbe jihad" refers to the state-founding jihad led by `Usuman dan Fodio in the first decade of the 19th century.

Abeokuta

       1829                Abeokuta city-state founded
     c.1914                ruler declared paramount ruler of Egbaland

Chiefs
       1829 -        1845  Shodeke
       1845 -        1846  Shomoye (1st time) (regent)
       1846 -        1854  Sagbua Okukenun (regent)
Rulers (title Alake)
       1854 -        1862  Okukenun (= Sagbua Okukenun)
       1862 -        1868  Shomoye (2nd time) (regent)
28 Nov 1869 - 20 Dec 1877  Ademola I
       1879 -        1881  Oyekan                             (b. ... - d. 1881)
       1885 - 27 Jan 1889  Oluwajin
       1891 -        1898  Oshokalu
 8 Aug 1898 - 28 May 1920  Gbadebo I                          (b. 1854 - d. 1920)
27 Sep 1920 - 27 Dec 1962  Ladapo Samuel Ademola II           (b. 1872 - d. 1962)
29 Sep 1963 - 26 Oct 1971  Adesiinan Samuel Gbadebo II        (b. 1908 - d. 1971)
 5 Aug 1972 -  3 Feb 2005  Samuel Oyebade Mofolorunso Lipede  (b. 1915 - d. 2005)
24 Aug 2005 -              Adedotun Aremu Gbadebo III         (b. 1943)

Abuja

       1804                Zuba state, formally continuing the Hausa state of
                           Zazzau, destroyed by the Fulbe jihad (see Zaria)
       1828                state renamed Abuja in honour of ruler
       196.                state renamed Suleja

Rulers (title Sarkin Zazzau, from 1828 also emir)
       1804 -        1825  Muhammad Makau dan Ishaq Jatau     (b. ... - d. 1825)
       1825 -  2 Aug 1851  Jatau "Abu Ja" dan Ishaq Jatau     (b. ... - d. 1851)
 2 Aug 1851 - 29 Jul 1877  Abu Kwaka "Dogon Sarki" dan Ishaq
                           Jatau                              (b. ... - d. 1877)
29 Jul 1877 -    Aug 1902  Ibrahim "Iyalai" "Dodon Gwari" dan
                           Jatau                              (b. ... - d. 1902)
       1902 -        1917  Muhammad Gani dan Abu Kwaka
   May 1917 -  3 Mar 1944  Musa Angulu dan Ibrahim            (b. ... - d. 1944)
13 Mar 1944 -        1979  Sulayman Barau dan Muhammad Gani   (b. ... - d. 1979)
       1979 -        1993  Malam Ibrahim Dodo Musa            (b. ... - d. 1993)
       1993 - 10 May 1994  Malam Awwal Ibrahim (1st time)     (b. 1941)
10 May 1994 -    Jan 2000  Bashir Sulaiman Barau
   Jan 2000 -              Malam Awwal Ibrahim (2nd time)     (s.a.)

Adamawa

       1809                Adamawa, a Fulbe jihad state, founded
                           (now partially in Cameroon)

Rulers (title Baban-Lamido)
- Ba'en dynasty -
       1809 -        1847  Modibo Adama bi Ardo Hasana        (b. c.1771 - d. 1848)
       1847                Hamidu bi Adama (regent)           (b. ... - d. c.1872)
       1847 -        1872  Muhammadu Lawal bi Adama           (b. c.1797 - d. 1872)
       1872 -        1890  Umaru Sanda bi Adama               (b. ... - d. 1890)
       1890 -  8 Sep 1901  Zubayru bi Adama                   (b. 18... - d. 1903)
                           (continuing in rebellion to 25 Feb 1903)
 8 Sep 1901 -        1909  Baba Ahmadu bi Adama               (b. 18... - d. 1916)
       1909 -        1910  Muhammad Yarima Iya bi Sanda
       1910 - 23 Aug 1924  Muhammad Abba bi Baba Ahmadu       (b. ... - d. 1924)
       1924 -        1928  Muhammad Bello "Mai Gari"
                           bi Ahmadu "Boboa"                  (b. ... - d. 1928)
       1928 -        1946  Muhammad Mustafa bi Muhammad Abba  (b. 1900 - d. 1946)
       1946 -    Jun 1953  Yarima Ahmadu bi Muhammad Bello
26 Jul 1953 - 13 Mar 2010  Aliyu Mustafa bi Muhammad Mustafa  (b. 1922 - d. 2010)
18 Mar 2010 -              Muhammad Barkindo bi Aliyu Mustafa (b. 1944)

Agaie

       1822                Agaie, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs (from 1832 also titled Etsu)
       1822 -        1832  Malam Baba dan Attahiru            (b. ... - d. 1848)
                           (regent 1832-48)
       1832 -        1857  `Abd Allahi I dan Baba             (b. ... - d. 1857)
       1857 -        1877  Muhammadu Dikko dan `Abd Allahi    (b. ... - d. 1877)
       1877 -        1900  Nuhu dan Sulaymana                 (b. ... - d. 1900)
       1900 - 24 Jul 1919  Abu Bakar I dan `Abd Allahi        (b. ... - d. 1919)
19 Aug 1919 -        1926  Abu Bakar II dan Nuhu              (b. ... - d. 1926)
       1926 -    Apr 1935  `Abd Allahi II dan Buhari          (b. ... - d. 1935)
       1935 -        1953  `Aliyu dan Abi Bakar               (b. ... - d. 1953)
   Oct 1953 -        1989  Muhammadu Bello Ubandoma dan
                           Muhammadu                          (b. ... - d. 1989)
       1989 - 19 Oct 1994  Muhammadu Nkochi Attahiru
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1930 - d. 2004)
       1994 -        1996  vacant
       1996 -        1998  Abu Bakar III                      (b. ... - d. 1998)
       1998 - 13 Oct 2001  vacant
13 Oct 2001 - 24 Apr 2004  Muhammadu Nkochi Attahiru
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
                           (reinstated with retroactive effect to 6 Mar 2000)
30 Apr 2004 - 30 Mar 2014  Muhammadu Kudu Abubakar            (b. 1962 - d. 2014)

Akwa Akpa

        ...                Akwa Akpa founded; known to Europeans as Duke Town
       1786                independence
19 Nov 1896 - 31 Jan 1903  self-rule interrupted
       1902                renamed Old Calabar in protectorate terminology

Rulers (title Edidem)
       1786 -        1805  Ekpenyong Offiong Okoho
       1805 -        1814  Ekpenyong Effiom Okoho Eyamba III
       1814 -        1834  Effiom Edem Ekpo Effiom I Eyamba IV
       1834 -        1847  Edem Ekpenyong Offiong Okoho Eyamba V
   May 1849 -  4 Feb 1852  Effiom Okoho Asibong I Ekpo Minika
   Apr 1852 -    Aug 1858  Ededem Effiom II
   Mar 1859 - 26 Aug 1872  Eyo Asibong II
       1872 -  5 May 1879  Edem Asibong III Eyamba VIII
 7 Apr 1880 - 19 Nov 1896  Orok Edem Eyamba IX                (b. ... - d. 1896)
Rulers (title Obong)
31 Jan 1903 -        1906  Edem Effiom Edem
       1906 -        1908  Ekpo Eyo Asibong IV
       1908 -        1940  Edem Effiong
       1948 -  6 Jul 1961  Asibong V                          (b. ... - d. 1961)
       1962 - 16 Dec 1967  Adam Ephraim Adam II               (b. ... - d. 1967)
       1970 -        1973  Edidem David James Henshaw V
       1973 -        1980  Edidem Esien Ekpe Oku V
       1980 -        1987  Edidem Bassey Eyo Ephraim Adam III
       1987 -        1989  Edidem Otu Ekpenyong Effa IX
       1989 -        1999  Edidem Boco Ene Mkpang Cobham V
       2001 -        2004  Edidem Nta Elijah Henshaw VI       (b. 1928)
   Apr 2008 -              Ekpo Bassey II

Bassamb'iri: see under
Nembe.

Bauchi

       1805                Bauchi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Rulers (title Lamido)
       1805 -        1845  Ya`qubu dan Dadi                   (b. 1753 - d. 1845)
       1845 -        1877  Ibrahima dan Ya`qubu
       1877 -        1883  `Usman dan Ibrahima
       1883 -        1902  `Umaru dan Salamanu
       1902                Muhammadu dan Ibrahima             (b. ... - d. 1902)
       1903 -        1907  Hasan dan Mamudu                   (b. ... - d. 1907)
       1907 -        1941  Ya`qubu dan `Usman                 (b. ... - d. 1941)
       1941 - 28 Sep 1954  Ya`qubu dan `Umaru
   May 1955 -        19..  Adama Jumba dan Ya`qubu
       1982 - 24 Jul 2010  Suleiman Tiya Adamu Jumba          (b. 1932 - d. 2010)
   Jul 2010 -              Rilwanu Suleimanu Adamu            (b. 1970)

Bedde

     c.1759                Bedde (or Bade) state founded

Rulers (title Mai Bedde, or emir)
- Gidgid dynasty -
     c.1759 -      c.1779  Dugum Bugia
     c.1779 -      c.1804  Dugum Akuya dan Bugia
     c.1804 -        1842  Lawan Babuje dan Dugum Akuya       (b. ... - d. 1845)
       1842 -        1893  Aji dan Babuje                     (b. ... - d. 1893)
       1893 -        1897  Duna dan Aji
       1897 -    Apr 1919  Salih dan Aji                      (b. ... - d. 1919)
   Feb 1920 - 21 Nov 1941  Sulayman dan Salih                 (b. ... - d. 1955)
       1942 -        1945  Mai `Umara dan Aji                 (b. ... - d. 1945)
       1945 - 28 Apr 1981  Maina `Umar dan Sulayman           (b. 1919 - d. 1981)
       1981 -  5 Nov 2005  Saleh Suleiman                     (b. 1925 - d. 2005)
       2005 -              Abubakar Umar Suleiman             (b. 1962)

Biu

       1535                Biu or Viyu state founded

Rulers (title Mai Biu, also styled Kuthli)
        ... -         ...  Jakwa Birtilik
        ... -         ...  Tulama Bahara
        ... -         ...  Tayar Warinki
        ... -         ...  Dakwai
     c.1740                Mari Kopchi
     c.1750                Di Forma dan Mari Kopchi
     c.1760                Garga Moda dan Mari Kopchi
     c.1770                Dawi Moda = Di Moda dan Di Forma
     c.1780                Di Biya dan Di Moda
       17.. -        1783  Di Rawa dan Di Biya
       1783 -        1793  Garga Kopchi dan Di Biya           (b. ... - d. 1793)
       1793 -        1838  Mari Watirwa dan Di Rawa           (b. 17... - d. 1838)
       1838 -        1873  Ari Paskur dan Mari Watirwa        (b. ... - d. 1873)
       1873 -        1891  Mari Biya dan Ari Paskur           (b. 18... - d. 1891)
       1891 -        1908  Garga Kwomting dan Mari Biya       (b. 18... - d. 1908)
       1908 -        1920  Ari Dogo dan Garga Kwomting        (b. 1876 - d. 1935)
Emirs
       1920 -        1935  Ari Dogo dan Garga Kwomting        (s.a.)
       1935 -        1951  Ari Gurgur dan Garga Kwomting      (b. ... - d. 1951)
       1951 -        1959  Muhammad `Aliyu dan Ari Dogo       (b. 1907)
       1959 -              Maidalla Mustafa dan Muhammad
                           `Aliyu                             (b. 1915)

Bonny: see
Okolo-Ama.

Borgu

Note: The principal Borgu polities are: Bussa, the legendary original state, and still respected as the premier Borgu state; Kaiama, an offshoot of Bussa, merged with Bussa in 1954 into a state renamed Borgu; and Nikki, rival to Bussa in antiquity, and located in modern Benin (see under
Benin: Traditional polities).

Bussa

        ...                Bussa founded in legendary remote antiquity
   Apr 1915 - 19 Apr 1917  occupied by Yawuri
       1954                merged with Kaiama into Borgu

Ruler (title Kibe, also styled Sarkin Bussa)
        ... -        1730  Kiseru Brodi
       1730 -        1750  Yerima Bussa dan Kiseru Brodi
       1750 -        1766  Kigera I dan Kiseru Brodi
       1766 -        1791  Jibrim dan Yerima Bussa            (b. ... - d. 1791)
       1791 -        1792  Yerima Ibrahim dan Jibrim
       1793 -        180.  Kitoro Gani Zara dan Jibrim        (b. ... - d. 1835)
Emir (also styled Sarkin Bussa)
       180. -        1835  Kitoro Gani Zara dan Jibrim        (s.a.)
       1835 -        1843  Kisaru Kisan Dogo dan Jibrim
       1843 -        1844  Beraki dan Jibrim
       1844 -        1862  Waruko Gajere dan Maikuka          (b. ... - d. 1862)
       1862 -        1895  Kigera II Jibrim Dan Toro
                           dan Kitoro                         (b. ... - d. 1895)
       1895 -    Nov 1903  Wuru Yaro Kisaru Kisan Dogo
                           dan Kitoro                         (b. ... - d. 1903)
19 Dec 1903 -    Apr 1915  Kitoro Gani Kilisha Yerima
                           dan Dan Toro (1st time)
19 Apr 1917 -  Oc/No 1924  Jibrim dan Dan Toro
 6 Nov 1924 - 21 Aug 1935  Muhammadu Kitoro Gani Kilisha
                           Yerima dan Dan Toro (2nd time)
29 Aug 1935 -        1954  Wuru Babaki dan Dan Toro
                           (from 25 Jan 1937, Muhammadu Sani) (b. ... - d. 1968)
                           (regent to 17 Sep 1935)

Kaiama

        ...                Kaiama founded as offshoot of Bussa
       1954                merged with Bussa into Borgu

Ruler (title Sarkin Kaiama)
        ... -        1901  Mora Tsaude
Emirs
       1901 -  7 Oct 1912  Mora Tsaude
       1912 -    Apr 1915  Jimi
       1915 - 13 Feb 1917  Mashi
   Apr 1917 -        1921  Yerima Kura
       1921 -        1954  Khaliru Kiyaru

Borgu

       1954                Borgu formed by merger of Bussa and Kaiama

Emirs
       1954 -        1968  Muhammadu Sani dan Dan Toro        (s.a.)
       1968 -  3 Feb 2000  Musa Muhammadu Kigera III
                           dan Muhammadu Sani                 (b. ... - d. 2000)
12 Feb 2000 - 26 Feb 2002  Isiaku Musa Jikantoro
26 Feb 2002 -              Haliru Dantoro Kitoro III
                           dan Muhammadu Sani                 (b. 1938)

Borno

      c.700                Kanem state founded by Yemeni migrants,
                           according to chronicles
     c.1380                state gradually becomes known as Borno
       1901/02             two rival residences: Kukawa and Dikwa
       1922                Dikwa formally recognized as a distinct state
       1937                Kukawa and Dikwa reunited in a single Borno state

Rulers (title Mai, sometimes styled Sultan)
- Sefuwa dynasty -
       1694 -        1711  Idris IV ibn `Ali
       1711 -        1726  Dunama VI ibn `Ali
       1726 -        1738  Hamdun Dunamani
       1738 -        1751  Muhammad VII ibn Hamdun Erghamma
       1751 -        1753  Dunama VII ibn Muhammad "Gana"
       1753 -        1793  `Ali IV Dunamani `Umarni
       1793 -    Mar 1808  Ahmad `Alimi
   Mar 1808 -        1810  Dunama VIII ibn Ahmad Lefiami
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1820)
       1810 -        1813  Muhammad VIII Nghileruma
       1813 -        1820  Dunama VIII ibn Ahmad Lefiami
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1820 -        1846  Ibrahim V ibn Ahmad                (b. ... - d. 1846)
       1846                `Ali V ibn Ibrahim Dalatumi
                           "Minargoma"                        (b. ... - d. 1846)
Rulers (title Shehu)
- al-Kanemi dynasty -
       1846 -    Nov 1853  `Umar I ibn Muhammad al-Amin
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1881)
   Nov 1853 -    Sep 1854  `Abd ar-Rahman ibn Muhammad
                           al-Amin
   Sep 1854 -        1881  `Umar I ibn Muhammad al-Amin
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1881 -        1884  Abu Bakr ibn `Umar Kura            (b. ... - d. 1884)
       1884                Mustafa Kura ibn Muhammad al-Amin
       1884 -        1885  Ibrahim ibn `Umar                  (b. ... - d. 1885)
       1885 -        1893  Hashim ibn `Umar                   (b. ... - d. 1893)
       1893                Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr al-Amin
                           Kiyari                             (b. ... - d. 1893)
       1893                Sanda ibn Abi Bakr Limanambe
                           Wuduroma                           (b. ... - d. 1893)
- Rabih dynasty -
       1893 - 22 Apr 1900  Rabih Zubayr ibn Fadl Allah        (b. 184... - d. 1900)
22 Apr 1900 - 23 Aug 1901  Fadl Allah ibn Rabih               (b. 18... - d. 1901)
- al-Kanemi dynasty -
at Kukawa:
       1902 -    Feb 1922  `Ali ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi Jarbay    (b. ... - d. 1922)
       1922 -        1937  `Umar II ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi       (b. c.1842 - d. 1937)
at Dikwa:
       1901                `Umar ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi          (s.a.)
       1901 -        1902  `Ali ibn Ibrahim Bukarmi Jarbay    (s.a.)
       1902                Mustafa Gumsumi
       1902 -        1905  `Umar ibn Abi Bakr (1st time)      (b. ... - d. 1917)
       1904 -        1905    Aba Sanusi (in rebellion)
       1905 -        1906  Ibrahim ibn Abi Bakr
       1906 -        1917  `Umar ibn Abi Bakr (2nd time)      (s.a.)
       1917 -        1937  `Umar ibn Muhammad al-Amin Kiyari  (b. 1872 - d. 1968)
Borno reunited:
       1937 -    Jan 1968  `Umar III ibn Muhammad al-Amin
                           Kiyari                             (s.a.)
   Mar 1968 -    Sep 1974  `Umar IV ibn Abi Bakr Jarbay       (b. ... - d. 1974)
   Sep 1974 - 20 Feb 2009  Mustafa ibn `Umar Kiyari Amin      (b. 1924 - d. 2009)
 4 Mar 2009 -              Abba Kyari Umar Garbai             (b. 1957)

Daura

        ...                Daura founded in legendary remote antiquity
       1806                dynasty displaced at Daura city (a) and split into
                           three lineages (b) (c) (d) ruling at other locations
                           (indicated below)
       1906                state reunited

Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Hazo Allah Sarki
        ... -         ...  Dango
        ... -         ...  Bawan Allah
        ... -         ...  Khalifa
        ... -         ...  Tsoho dan Khalifa
        ... -        1798  Jirro dan Tsoho
       1798 -        1806  `Abdu dan Tsoho "Sarkin Gwari"     (b. ... - d. 1806)

(a) at Daura:
Rulers (title Amir Daura)
- Kuninkawa dynasty -
       1806 -        1830  Malam Ishaqu ibn Malam `Isa
       1830 -        1836  Yusufu ibn Malam `Isa
       1836 -        1837  Muhamman Sani ibn Malam `Isa
       1837                Zubayru ibn Malam Ishaqu
       1837 -        1868  Muhamman Bello ibn Malam Ishaqu
       1868 -        1876  Muhamman Altine ibn Muhamman Bello
       1876 -        1906  Muhamman Mai Gurdo ibn Muhamman Bello
       1906                Sogiji ibn Muhamman Mai Gurdo
       1906                Murnay ibn Muhamman Bello
       1906                Dan Kanyo (regent)
       1906                Malam Bawa + Na'inkali (regents)

(b) at various locations, from 1851 at Zango:
Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
       1809 -        1825  `Abdu dan Tsoho "Sarkin Gwari"
       1825 -        1855  Lukudi Sulaymanu dan Tsoho
       1846                  Muhamman Kyenkyere dan `Abdu
                             (in rebellion, at Kuyukuku)
       1855 -        1861  Nuhu dan Lukudi
       1861 -        1864  Muhamman Sha dan `Abdu
       1864 -        1871  Haruna dan Lukudi
       1871 -        1877  Dan Aro dan `Abdu
       1877 -        1884  Tafida dan Nuhu (1st time)         (b. ... - d. 1904)
       1884 -        1886  Sulaymanu dan Dan Aro
       1886 -        1891  Yusufu dan Lukudi
       1891 -        1904  Tafida dan Nuhu (2nd time)         (s.a.)
       1904 -        1906  Malam Musa dan Nuhu                (b. ... - d. 1911)

(c) at various locations, ultimately at Baure:
Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
      *1826*               Dan Shufini dan Khalifa
       18.. -        1847  Tsoho dan Dan Shufini
       1847 -        1850  Habu dan Tsoho (1st time)
       1850 -        1854  Jibo dan Tsoho (1st time)
       1854 -        1859  Habu dan Tsoho (2nd time)
       1859 -        1865  Jibo dan Tsoho (2nd time)
       1865 -        1874  `Ali dan Tsoho (1st time)
       1874 -        1887  Zakari dan Habu (1st time)
       1887 -        1888  Muhamman Kalgaba dan Tsoho
       1888 -        1890  `Ali dan Tsoho (2nd time)
       1890 -        1894  Zakari dan Habu (2nd time)
       1894 -        1903  `Abdu dan Habu
       1903 -        1906  Khaliru dan Tsoho

(d) at Magaria:
       183.                separated from (c)
       1850                reincorporated into (c)

Rulers (title Sarkin Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
        ... -        1840  Kitari dan Khalifa
       1840 -        1850  Masallaci dan Kitari

Daura reunited:
Rulers (title Sarkin Daura, also Amir Daura)
- Kado or Habe dynasty -
       1906 -        1911  Malam Musa dan Nuhu
       1911 -        1966  `Abd ar-Rahman dan Musa            (b. 1881 - d. 1966)
       1966 - 25 Feb 2007  Muhammadu Bashar dan `Umaru        (b. 1926 - d. 2007)
   Mar 2007 -              Umar Farouk Umar                   (b. 1931?)

Dikwa: see under
Borno.

Edo

        ...                Igodomigodo founded and ruled by rulers styled Ogiso
     c.1170                (traditional version): ruler of Oyo founds Ile Ibinu
                           (Benin City)
     c.1470                Edo becomes name of state
 9 Sep 1897                Benin City conquered by Britain and royalty suppressed
24 Jul 1914                royalty reinstated

Rulers (title Oba)
       1689 -        1700  Oreoghenen
       1700 -        1712  Ewuakpe
       1712 -        1713  Ozuere
       1713 -        1735  Akenzua I "Nisonorho"
       1735 -        1750  Eresonyen
       1750 -        1804  Akengbuda
       1804 -        1816  Obanosa
       1816                Ogbebo
       1816 -        1848  Osemwede
       1848 -        1888  Adolo                              (b. ... - d. 1888)
       1888 -  9 Sep 1897  Ovonrramwen Nogbaisi               (b. ... - d. 1914)
24 Jul 1914 -  2 Feb 1933  Eweka II
 5 Apr 1933 -  1 Dec 1978  Akenzua II                         (b. 1899 - d. 1978)
23 Mar 1979 -              Erediauwa                          (b. 1923)

Eko: see Lagos.

Fika

        ...                Daniski state founded in legendary antiquity
     c.1800                Daniski replaced by Fika (in the local Bole language: Pikka)

Rulers of Daniski
        ... -         ...  Aji Daka dan Mele Fusan
        ... -         ...  Langawa dan Bawa Kayi
        ... -         ...  `Usman Gana dan Mele Fusan
        ... -         ...  Mammadi Gizze dan Mama Kayi
        ... -         ...  Mele Filata dan Mama Gimsi
Rulers of Fika (title Moi Fika) (from 1924 resident at Potiskum)
     c.1806                Buraima
     c.1822                Adam
     c.1844                Disa Siri
     c.1844 -        1867  Mammadi Gaganga
       1867 -        1871  Isma`ila
       1871 -        1882  Mammadi Buye
       1882                Aji
       1882 -        1885  Mama = Muhammad
       1885 -        1902  Sule
       1902 -        1922  Disa = Idris                       (b. ... - d. 1922)
       1922 -        1976  Muhammadu Gana Ibn Idrissa         (b. c.1881 - d. 1976)
   Aug 1976 - 10 Mar 2009  Muhammadu Abali Ibn Idrissa        (b. 1932/37 - d. 2009)
16 Mar 2009 -              Muhammadu Abali Ibn Muhammadu
                           Idrissa                            (b. 1956)

Gobir

        ...                Gobir traced to legendary remote antiquity in Arabia
       1742                ruling at Alkalawa
       1810                ruling at Tshibiri (in modern Niger)
       1858 -        1905  split into lineage ruling at Tshibiri (in modern Niger)
                           and lineage ruling at Sabon Birni (in modern Nigeria)
     c.1910                state reunited, ruling at Tshibiri (in modern Niger)
       1975                ruling at Sabon Birni (in Nigeria)

Rulers (title Sarkin Gobir)
       1694 -        1720  Muhammadu III dan Ciroma
       1720 -        17..  Baciri VI
       17.. -        17..  Muhamman Mai Gici
       17.. -        17..  Akali
       17.. -        17..  Arkal III
       17.. -        17..  Muhammadu IV
       17.. -        17..  Soba dan Muhamman Mai Gici
       17.. -        1742  Uban Iche dan Muhamman Mai Gici
       1742 -        1770  Babari dan Uban Iche
       1770 -        1777  Dan Gudi dan Babari
       1777                Gambai
       1777 -        1795  Baba Jan Gwarzo dan Babari         (b. ... - d. 1795)
       1795 -        1801  Ya`quba dan Babari                 (b. ... - d. 1801)
       1801 -        1803  Muhamman Bunu Nafata dan Babari
       1803 -        1808  Yunfa dan Nafata                   (b. ... - d. 1808)
       1810 -        1814  Salihu dan Ya`quba
       1814 -        1816  Gwamki dan Kura Gado
       1816 -        1835  `Ali dan Ya`quba
       1835                Jibon Tauba dan Ya`quba
       1835 -        1836  Baciri VII dan Ya`quba
       1836 -        1858  Mayaki dan Ya`quba
at Tshibiri:
       1858 -        1883  Bawa dan Gwamki
       1883 -        1886  Ibrahimu dan `Ali (1st time)
                           (ruling at Sabon Birni under the name Kasso)
       1886 -        1889  Maynassara Maji dan `Ali (1st time)
       1889 -        1890  Almu dan Mayaki (1st time)
       1890                Ibrahimu dan `Ali (2nd time)
       1890 -        1894  Maynassara Maji dan `Ali (2nd time)
       1894 -        1897  Almu dan Mayaki (2nd time)
       1897 -    Apr 1898  Ibrahima Na Mai Fura dan Bawa
       1898 -    Jan 1899  Bakon Dare dan `Ali
       1899 -        1904  `Umaru Dacili dan Mayaki (1st time)
       1904                Almu dan Mayaki (3rd time)
       1904 -        1905  `Umaru Dacili dan Mayaki (2nd time)
       1905 -      c.1910  Almu dan Mayaki (4th time)
at Sabon Birni:
       1860 -        1889  Dan Halima
       1889                Ishaqa
       1889 -        1890  Gaude dan Baciri
       1890 -        1897  Kasso
                           (ruling at Tshibiri under the name Ibrahimu dan `Ali)
       1897 -        1899  Muhammadu Ishaqa dan `Ali
       1899                Muhamman Natawa
       1899 -        1903  Belarabe dan Ibrahimu
       1905 -        19..  `Umaru Jari
       19.. -        19..  Jadi
       19.. -      c.1910  `Umaru Shawe
Gobir reunited:
     c.1910 -  9 Sep 1911  Almu dan Mayaki
       1911 - 14 Nov 1912  Bature dan Ibrahimu
       1912 -        19..  Belarabe dan Ibrahimu
       19.. -        19..  Dan Bude
       19.. -        19..  Dan Magaji
       19.. -        19..  Tumbulki
       19.. -        19..  Mahaman dan Gulbi
       19.. -        19..  Salau
       19.. -        1939  Kunto
       1939 -        1963  Labo Salau
       1963 -        1975  Agada Nagogo
       1975 -              Muhammadu Bawa

Gombe

       1804                Gombe, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Rulers (title Modibo Gombe)
       1804 -        1841  Abu Bakar "Buba Yero" dan
                           `Usuman Subande                    (b. c.1762 - d. 1841)
Emirs
       1841 -        1844  Sulaymanu dan Abi Bakar            (b. ... - d. 1844)
       1844 -        1882  Muhammadu Kwairanga dan Abi Bakar  (b. ... - d. 1882)
       1882 -        1888  `Abd al-Qadiri Zaylani dan
                           Muhammadu                          (b. ... - d. 1888)
       1888 -        1895  Hasan dan Muhammadu                (b. ... - d. 1895)
       1895 -        1898  Tukur dan Muhammadu                (b. ... - d. 1898)
       1898                Jalo dan Muhammadu
       1898 -        1922  `Umaru dan Muhammadu               (b. 18... - d. 1922)
       1922 -        1935  Haruna dan `Umaru                  (b. ... - d. 1935)
   Jan 1936 -    Jan 1984  Abu Bakar dan `Umaru               (b. 1902 - d. 1984)
       1984 -              `Usuman Shehu dan Abu Bakar        (b. 1938)

Gumel

       1749                Gumel state founded

Emirs
       1749 -        1754  Dan Juma I dan Musa
       1754 -        1760  Adamu Karro dan Digadiga Karro     (b. ... - d. 1760)
       1760 -        1777  Dan Juma II dan Digadiga Karro
       1777 -        1804  Maikota dan Adam Karro             (b. ... - d. 1804)
       1804 -        1811  Kalgo dan Maikota                  (b. ... - d. 1811)
       1811 -        1828  Dan Auwa dan Maikota               (b. ... - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1851  Muhamman Dan Tanoma dan Maikota    (b. ... - d. 1851)
       1851 -        1853  Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma
                           (1st time)
       1853 -        1855  Muhamman Atu dan Dan Auwa
       1855 -        1861  Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma
                           (2nd time)
       1861 -        1872  `Abd Allahi dan Muhamman Dan
                           Tanoma                             (b. ... - d. 1872)
       1872 -        1896  Abu Bakar dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma  (b. ... - d. 1896)
       1896 -        1915  Ahmadu dan Abi Bakar
       1915 -        1944  Muhamman na Kota dan Ahmadu        (b. ... - d. 1944)
   May 1944 -        1981  Maina Muhamman dan Muhamman na
                           Kota                               (b. 1912)
       1981 -              Ahmad Muhammad Sani dan Maina
                           Muhamman

Gwandu

       1817                Gwandu, a major Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
       1817 -        1828  `Abd Allahi dan Muhammadu Fodio    (b. 1756 - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1833  Muhamman Wani dan `Abd Allahi      (b. ... - d. 1833)
       1833 -        1858  Khalilu dan `Abd Allahi            (b. ... - d. 1858)
       1858 -        1860  Khaliru I dan `Abd Allahi          (b. ... - d. 1860)
       1860 -        1864  `Aliyu dan `Abd Allahi             (b. ... - d. 1864)
       1864 -        1868  `Abd al-Qadiri dan `Abd Allahi     (b. ... - d. 1868)
       1868 -        1875  Mustafa dan Muhamman               (b. ... - d. 1875)
       1875 -        1876  Hanafi dan Khalilu                 (b. ... - d. 1876)
       1876 -        1888  Maliki dan Muhamman                (b. ... - d. 1888)
       1888 -        1897  `Umaru Bakatara dan Khalilu        (b. 18... - d. 1897)
       1897 -        1898  `Abd Allahi Bayaro dan Muhamman    (b. 18... - d. 1898)
       1898 -    May 1903  Bayaro `Aliyu dan `Aliyu           (b. 18... - d. 1903)
   May 1903 -    Mar 1906  Muhammadu dan `Aliyu
   Mar 1906 -    Mar 1915  Khaliru II dan `Abd al-Qadiri      (b. ... - d. 1915)
   Mar 1915 -    Jan 1918  Muhammadu Bashiru dan Khaliru      (b. ... - d. 1918)
   Jan 1918 -        1938  `Usman dan Khaliru                 (b. ... - d. 1938)
       1938 - 12 Jan 1954  Yahaya dan Khaliru                 (b. ... - d. 1954)
13 Jan 1954 -        1995  Muhammadu Haruna dan Muhammadu
                           Bashiru                            (b. 1913 - d. 1995)
   Jul 1995 -  3 Jun 2005  Mustafa Haruna Jokolo dan
                           Muhammadu Haruna
 5 Jun 2005 -              Muhammadu Jega

Hadejia

     c.1100                Biram state founded
       1805                Hadejia, a Fulbe jihad state, replaces Biram

Rulers (title Sarkin Biram)
     c.1700                Kankarau
        ... -         ...  Asawa
        ... -         ...  Muhamman Bako
        ... -         ...  Kawu
        ... -         ...  Barwa
        ... -        1805  Abu Bakar
       1805                Musa II
Rulers (title Sarkin Hadejia, from 1808 also styled emir)
       1805 -        1808  `Umaru I dan Ardo `Abdua
       1808                Muhamman Kankiya dan `Umaru        (b. ... - d. 1808)
       1808 -        1845  Sambo Digimsa dan Ardo `Abdua
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1848)
       1845 -        1847  Garko Gambo dan Sambo Digimsa      (b. ... - d. 1847)
       1847 -        1848  `Abd al-Qadiri I dan Sambo Digimsa (b. ... - d. 1848)
       1848                Sambo Digimsa dan Ardo `Abdua
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1848 -        1850  Buhari dan Sambo Digimsa
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1863)
       1850 -        1851  Ahmadu dan Sambo Digimsa           (b. ... - d. 1851)
       1851 -        1863  Buhari dan Sambo Digimsa
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1863 -        1865  `Umaru II dan Buhari
       1865 -        1885  Haruna I dan Sambo Digimsa         (b. ... - d. 1885)
       1885 -    Apr 1906  Muhammadu dan Haruna               (b. 18... - d. 1906)
       1906 -        1909  Haruna II dan Muhammadu            (b. 18... - d. 1909)
       1909 -        1925  `Abd al-Qadiri dan Haruna          (b. ... - d. 1925)
       1925 -        1950  `Usman dan Haruna                  (b. ... - d. 1950)
   Jun 1950 -        1985  Haruna III dan `Abd al-Qadiri      (b. ... - d. 1985)
       1985 - 11 Sep 2002  Abubakar Maje Haruna               (b. ... - d. 2002)
14 Sep 2002 -              Adamu Abubakar Maje

Ibadan

29 Oct 1936                Ibadan city-state independent from Oyo

Rulers (title Olubadan)
29 Oct 1936 -        1945  Okunola Abasi
       194. -    Feb 1955  Igbintade
   Feb 1955                Akinyo (illegally installed)
17 Feb 1955 -    May 1964  Isaac Babalola Akinyele
       1964 -        19..  Aminu
       19.. -    Jul 1977  Adebimipe
   Aug 1977 -        1981  Daniel Tayo Akinbiiyii
       1981 - 26 Dec 1993  Yesufu Oloyede Asanike II          (b. ... - d. 1993)
   Jan 1994 -        1996* Emmanuel A. Adeyemo
12 Apr 1999 -  6 Jul 2007  Yinusa Ogundipe Arapasowu I        (b. 1920 - d. 2007)
 7 Jul 2007 -              Samuel Odulana Odugade I           (b. 1914)

Idah: see Igala.

Idoani

        ...                Idoani state founded
       1899                annexed by the Niger Company, later incorporated into
                           Nigeria protectorate

Rulers (title Alani, also styled Oba)
        ... -         ...  Ani
        ... -         ...  Eware
        ... -         ...  Kosese
        ... -         ...  Kogbowo
        ... -         ...  Atariponasako
        ... -         ...  Mimi-Lanjobi
        ... -         ...  Ani-Onisu
        ... -         ...  Ajibuwa
        ... -         ...  Ajirotutu
        ... -         ...  Agunloko
        ... -         ...  Ajimokunola
        ... -         ...  Okinbaloye
        ... -         ...  Obasunloye
        ... -         ...  Akingbuda
        ... -         ...  Atorrungbuwa
      *1850 -        1899* Atumwase
        ... -        1921  Adesunloye Atewogboye              (b. ... - d. 1921)
       1921 -        1958  Falade I
       1958 -        1970* Akingboye Falade II
       199. -              Aderemi Atewogboye

Idoma

       1947                Idoma polity organized under an Och'Idoma

Rulers (title Och'Idoma)
       1947 -        1960  Ogiri Okoh                         (b. 1903 - d. 1960)
   Mar 1960 -        1995  Abraham Ajene Okpabi               (b. 1924 - d. 1995)
10 Jan 1996 -        1996  Edwin Ogebe Ogbu                   (b. 1926 - d. 1996)
       1996 -              Elias Ikoyi Obekpa

Igala

    bf.1700                Igala state founded (also known as Idah)

Rulers (title Ata)
        ... -         ...  Abutu Eje
        ... -         ...  Ebelejonu (f)
        ... -         ...  Agenapoje
        ... -         ...  Idoko
        ... -         ...  Ayagba om Idoko
        ... -         ...  Akumabi om Ayagba = Onu
        ... -         ...  Akogu om Ayagba
        ... -         ...  Ocoli om Ayagba = Ohiemi Obogo
        ... -         ...  Agada Elame om Ayagba
        ... -         ...  Amaco om Akumabi
        ... -         ...  Itodo Aduga om Akumabi
        ... -         ...  Ogala om Akogu
        ... -         ...  Idoko Adegbe om Ocoli
        ... -         ...  Onuce om Amaco
        ... -        1835  Ekalaga om Ogala
       1835 -        1856  Amoceje om Itodo
       1856 -        1870  Odiba om Idoko
       1870 -        1876  Okoliko om Onuce
       1876 -        1900  Amaga om Ekalaga
       1900 -        1903  Oceje Onokpa om Amoceje
       1905 -        1911  Ame Oboni om Odiba
       1911 -        1919  Oguce Akpa om Okoliko
       1919 -        1926  Atabo om Amaga
       1926 -        1945  Obaje om Oceje
       1945 - 23 Jun 1956  `Umaru Ame Akpoli om Oboni
20 Oct 1956 - 16 Jul 2012  Aliyu om Obaje                     (b. 1920? - d. 2012)
   Dec 2012 -              Idakwo Michael Ameh Oboni

Igbirra

        ...                Igbirra state founded

Ruler (title Ata)
15 Nov 1917 -  7 Jul 1954  Ibrahima
Ruler (title Ohinoyi)
       1954 -              Muhamman Sani Omolori

Ijaye

       1836                Ijaye separated from Oyo
       1861                Ijaye reincorporated into Oyo (in later
                           independent Ibadan)

Ruler (title Oba)
       1836 -        1861  Kurunmi

Ijebu

    bf.1400                Ijebu state founded

Rulers (title Awujale)
       1885 -        18..  Towasi
      *1896*               Ogbagba I
      *1926*               Falabade
        ... -        1933  Ali Ogunaike
   Sep 1933 -        1959  Daniel Adesanya Gbelegbuwa II
       1959 -              Sikiru Adetonwa Ogbagba II

Ijebu-Remo

       1937                this vassal of Ijebu is made a separate "native authority"

Rulers (title Akarigbo)
        ... -        1952  Erinwole I Awolesi
25 Apr 1952 -        1989  Erinwole II Moses Sowemimo Awolesi (b. ... - d. 1989)
14 Jul 1990 -              Michael Adeniyi Sonariwo
                           Erinjugbo II

Ijesa: see
Ilesa.

Ile Ife

    bf.1500                Ile Ife, the notional Yoruba "spiritual" centre, founded

Rulers (title Ooni Ife)
        ... -         ...  Odunle Akinmoyero
        ... -         ...  Gbanlare
        ... -         ...  Gbegbaje
        ... -         ...  Winmolaje
        ... -        1849  Adegunle Abeweela "gbegi-gbegi"
       1849 -        1878  Degbin Kumbusu
       1878 -        1881  Orayigba Ayikiti "Ojaja"
       1881 -        1894  Aderin Ologbenla (in exile)
       1894 -        1910  Adelekan Olubuse I
       1910 -        1930  Ademiluyi Ajagun
25 Sep 1930 -  7 Jul 1980  Titus Martins Adesoji Tadeniawo
                           Aderemi I                          (b. 1889 - d. 1980)
   Nov 1980 -              Okunade Adele Sijuwade Olubuse II  (b. 1930)

Ilesa

     c.1500                Ilesa state founded (also known as Ijesa)

Rulers (title Owa, in full Owa Obokan Adimula)
        ... -        17..  Bilagbayo
       17.. -         ...  Ori Abejoye
        ... -         ...  Bilajagodo "Arijelesin"
        ... -         ...  Bilatutu "Otutu bi Osin"
        ... -         ...  Bilasa "Asa abodofunfun"
     c.1800                Akesan
        ... -        1807  Bilajara
       1807 -        1813  Ogbagba
       1813 -        1828  Obara "Bilajila"
       1828 -        1833  Odundun
       1833 -        1839  Gbegbaaje
       1839                Ariyasunle (1st time) (regent)
       1839 -        1853  Ofokutu
       1853                Ariyasunle (2nd time) (regent)
       1853 -        1867  Ponlose
       1867 -        1869  Alobe
       1869 -  4 Jun 1870  Agunlejika I
 4 Jun 1870 -        1871  vacant
       1871 -        1873  Oweweniye (1st time)
       1873                vacant
       1873 -        1875  Oweweniye (2nd time)
       1875 -    Sep 1892  Adimula Agunloye-bi-Oyinbo "Bepolonun"
   Mar 1893 -    Nov 1894  Lowolodu
   Nov 1894 -    Apr 1896  vacant
   Apr 1896 -    Sep 1901  Ajimoko I
       1901 -        1920  Ataiyero
       1920 -        1942  Aromolaran I
       1942 - 10 Sep 1942  ... (regent)
10 Sep 1942 - 18 Oct 1956  Ajimoko II "Fidipote"
18 Oct 1956 -        1957  J.E. Awodiya (regent)
       1957 -    Jul 1963  Biladu III "Fiwajoye"
   Jul 1963 -        1966  ... (regent)
       1966 -        19..  Agunlejika II
      *1982 -              Oba Gabriel Adekunle Aromolaran II

Ilorin

       1817                Ilorin state separated from Oyo by rebellious commander

Ruler (title Oba)
       1817 -        1831  Afonja                             (b. ... - d. 1831)
Rulers (title Sarkin Ilorin, also styled emir)
       1831 -        1842  `Abdusalami dan Salih `Alimi       (b. ... - d. 1842)
       1842 -        1860  Shi'ta dan Salih `Alimi            (b. ... - d. 1860)
       1860 -        1868  Zubayro dan `Abdusalami            (b. ... - d. 1868)
       1868 -        1891  Shi'ta `Aliyu dan Shi'ta           (b. c.1845 - d. 1891)
       1891 -        1896  Moma dan Zubayru                   (b. ... - d. 1896)
       1896 - 14 Jan 1915  Sulaymanu dan `Aliyu               (b. 18... - d. 1915)
       1915 -    Nov 1919  Shu`aybu Bawa dan Zubayru          (b. 18... - d. 1919)
17 Feb 1920 -    Jun 1959  `Abd al-Qadiri dan Shu`aybu        (b. 1887 - d. 1959)
30 Jun 1959 -        1991  Zulkarnayni Gambari dan Muhammadu
                           Laofe "Aiyelabowo V"
       1992 -    Aug 1994  Malam dan `Abd al-Qadiri
       1995 -              Ibrahim Kolapo Gambari (later
                           Ibrahim Sulu Gambari)

Itsekiri: see
Warri.

Iwo

Rulers (title Oluwo)
       1673 -        1744  Alawusa
       1744 -        1816  Ogunmakinde Ande
       1816 -        1906  Mohammed Ainla Lamuye
       1906 -        1909  Sunmonu Oshunwo
       1909 -        1929  Sanni Alabi Abimbola Lamuye
       1929 -        1930  Seidu Adubiaran Lamuye
       1930 -        1939  Amida Abanikanda Ainde Lamuye
       1939 -        1952  Kosiro Ainde Lamuye
       1953 -        1957  Rufai Ajani Adegoroye
       1957 -        1982  Samuel Omotosho Abimbola II        (b. ... - d. 1982)
       1992 -              Ashiru Olatunbosun Tadese

Jama`are

       1811                Jama`are, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
       1811 -        1824  Muhammadu Wabi I dan Ardo Sale     (b. ... - d. 1824)
       1824 -        1854  Sambolei dan Ardo Sale             (b. ... - d. 1854)
       1854 -        1862  Muhammadu Maude dan Sambolei       (b. ... - d. 1862)
       1862 -        1886  Muhammadu Sambo dan Muhammadu Wabi (b. ... - d. 1886)
       1886 - 11 Jan 1918  Muhammadu Wabi II dan Muhammadu
                           Sambo                              (b. ... - d. 1918)
 4 Mar 1918 -        1928  Muhammadu Goje dan Muhammadu Wabi  (b. ... - d. 1928)
       1928 -        1975  Muhammadu Wabi III dan Muhammadu
                           Goje                               (b. 1900 - d. 1975)
       1975 -              Muhammadu Wabi IV dan Muhammadu
                           Wabi

Jema`a

       1810                Jema`an Darroro, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
       1810 -        1833  Malam `Usman                       (b. ... - d. 1833)
       1833 -        1837  `Abd Allahi dan `Usman             (b. ... - d. 1837)
       1837                `Abd ar-Rahman (1st time) (regent)
       1837 -        1846  Musa dan `Usman (1st time)
       1846 -        1849  `Abd ar-Rahman (2nd time) (regent)
       1849 -        1850  Musa dan `Usman (2nd time)
       1850 -        1869  Adamu dan `Usman (1st time)
       1869 -        1881  Muhammadu Adda dan `Usman
                           (1st time)
       1881 -        1885  Adamu dan `Usman (2nd time)
       1885 -        1888  Muhammadu Adda dan `Usman
                           (2nd time)
       1888 -        1911  `Abd Allahi dan `Abd ar-Rahman     (b. 18... - d. 1911)
       1911 -        1915  Muhammadu dan `Abd Allahi          (b. 18... - d. 1915)
       1915 -    Nov 1926  `Abd Allahi dan `Abd Allahi        (b. ... - d. 1926)
   Mar 1927 -        1960  Muhammadu dan Muhammadu            (b. 1872 - d. 1960)
       1960 -        1961  Twelve Elders (regents)
       1961 -    Nov 1998  Isa dan Muhammadu                  (b. ... - d. 1998)
   May 1999 -              Muhammadu dan Isa                  (b. 1970?)

Jos

       1935                Jos polity organized under a chief

Chiefs (title Gbong Gwom)
       1935 -        1941  Dachung Gyang                      (b. 1896? - d. 1957)
       1947 - 14 Jul 1969  Rwang Pam                          (b. ... - d. 1969)
       1970 -  1 Dec 2002  Fom Bot                            (b. 1935 - d. 2002)
17 Apr 2004 -  7 Mar 2009  Victor Dung Pam                    (b. 1936 - d. 2009)
 1 Apr 2009 -              Jacob Gyang Buba                   (b. 1961)

Jukun: see Wukari.
Kabi: see Kebbi.
Kaiama: see under Borgu.

Kalabari

     c.1600                Kalabari city-state founded
     c.1900                named New Calabar in protectorate terminology

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
      *1720*               Igonibo
       17.. -        17..  Ngbesa
       17.. -        17..  Omuye
       17.. -        17..  Bokoye
       17.. -        1750  Daba
       1750 -        1770  Kalagba
       1770 -        1790  Amakiri I
       1790 -         ...  Amakiri II
        ... -    Apr 1863  Amakiri III
   Apr 1863 -        1900  Amakiri IV = Abbe Princewill
       1900 -        1918  Amakiri V = Charlie Keini
       1919 -        1929  Amakiri VI = Willie Keini
       1932 -        1960  Amakiri VII = Obenibo J.T. Princewill
       1960 -        1972  Amakiri VIII = Frederick Princewill
       1972 -        1975  Amakiri IX = Cottone Keini
       1975 -  7 Jun 1998  Amakiri X = Abbiye Suku
 7 Jun 1998 -        2002  vacant
       2002 -              Amakiri XI = T.J.T. Princewill

Kano

        998                Kano state re-founded
   Mar 1807                Kano as a Fulbe jihad state replaces the old
                           (Hausa) Kano state

Rulers (title Sarkin Kano)
       1670 -    May 1702  Muhamman Dadi dan Bawa
   May 1702 -    Jul 1730  Muhamman Sharefa dan Muhamman Dadi
   Jul 1730 -    Feb 1743  Muhamman Kumbari dan Muhamman
                           Sharefa
   Feb 1743 -    May 1753  Kabe dan Muhamman Kumbari
   May 1753 -    May 1768  Muhamman Yaji II ibn Muhamman Dadi
   May 1768 -    Feb 1776  Babba Zaki dan Muhamman Yaji
   Feb 1776 -    Dec 1780  Da'uda Abasama II dan Muhamman
                           Yaji
   Dec 1781 -    Mar 1807  Muhamman Alwali dan Muhamman Yaji  (b. ... - d. 1807)
Rulers (title Sarkin Kano, also styled emir)
- Modibawa dynasty -
   Mar 1807 - 22 Aug 1819  Sulaymanu dan Abahama              (b. ... - d. 1819)
- Sulibawa dynasty -
21 Sep 1819 -  9 Feb 1846  Ibrahim Dabo dan Muhamman "Cigari" (b. ... - d. 1846)
   Mar 1846 - 26 Aug 1855  `Uthman I dan Ibrahim Dabo
                           "Ma-je-Ringim"                     (b. ... - d. 1855)
16 Sep 1855 -  8 Sep 1882  `Abd Allahi dan Ibrahim Dabo
                           "Sarkin Yanka"                     (b. ... - d. 1882)
   Sep 1882 - 25 Nov 1893  Muhamman Bello dan Ibrahim Dabo    (b. ... - d. 1893)
   Dec 1893 - 16 Mar 1895  Muhamman Tukur dan Muhamman Bello  (b. ... - d. 1895)
16 Mar 1895 -    Apr 1903  `Aliyu Baba dan `Abd Allahi        (b. 18... - d. 1926)
                           (in rebellion from 19 Aug 1894)
 3 Apr 1903 -  1 May 1919  Muhammadu `Abbas dan `Abd Allahi   (b. 18... - d. 1919)
       1919 -        1926  `Uthman II dan `Abd Allahi         (b. 18... - d. 1926)
       1926 - 25 Dec 1953  `Abd Allahi Bayaro dan Muhammadu
                           `Abbas                             (b. 1883 - d. 1953)
 1 Jan 1954 -        1963  Muhammadu Sanusi dan `Abd Allahi
                           Bayaro                             (b. 1905)
       1963 -  8 Oct 1963  Muhammadu Inuwa `Abbas dan
                           Muhammadu `Abbas                   (b. 1901 - d. 1963)
12 Oct 1963 -              Ado Bayaro dan `Abd Allahi Bayaro  (b. 1930)

Katagum

       1807                Katagum, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Rulers (title Sarkin Katagum, also styled emir)
       1807 -        1814  Malam Ibrahim Zakiyu al-Kalbi
                           dan Muhammadu Lawan                (b. ... - d. 1814)
       1814 -        1816  Sulaymanu dan Muhammadu Lawan
                           "Liman Adandaya"
       1816 -        1846  Muhammadu Dan Kauwa dan Muhammadu
                           Bunni                              (b. ... - d. 1846)
       1846 -        1851  `Abd ar-Rahman dan Ibrahim Zakiyu
                           al-Kalbi                           (b. ... - d. 1851)
       1851 -        1868  `Abd al-Qadiri I dan Muhammadu
                           Dan Kauwa                          (b. ... - d. 1868)
       1868 -        1896  Muhamman Hajji dan Muhammadu
                           Dan Kauwa                          (b. ... - d. 1896)
       1896 -    May 1905  `Abd al-Qadiri II dan Muhamman
                           Hajji                              (b. 18... - d. 1905)
       1905 -        1909  Muhammadu dan `Abd al-Qadiri       (b. ... - d. 1909)
       1909 -        1947  `Abd al-Qadiri III dan Muhammadu   (b. ... - d. 1947)
       1947 -         ...  `Umaru Faruqu dan `Abd al-Qadiri
      *2001 -              Muhammadu Kabir `Umar

Katsina

     c.1100                Katsina state founded
       1805                Katsina as a Fulbe jihad state replaces the old
                           (Hausa) Katsina state

Rulers (title Sarkin Katsina)
       1684 -        1701  Muhammad Toya Rero II
       1701 -        1704  Muhammad Wari II Yanka Dari
       1704 -        1706  Uban Yari Muhammad dan Wari
       1706 -        1715  Karya Giwa II
       1715 -        1728  Jan Hazo III Bakki dan Muhammad Wari
       1728 -        1740  Tsagarana Hasana dan Muhammad Toya Rero
       1740 -        1750  Muhammad Kabiya Wari Mai Kere dan `Uthman
       1750 -        1751  Tsagarana Yahaya
       1751 -        1758  Karya Giwa III Dubane dan Jan Hazo
       1758 -        1767  Muhammad Wari III
       1767 -        1784  Karya Giwa IV
       1784 -        1801  Gida Agwaragi Mai Kere dan Tsagarana
       1801                Gwozo dan Tsagarana
       1801 -        1804  Bawa dan Gima
       1804 -        1805  Mare Mawa Mahmud dan Tsagarana
       1805                Magajin Halidu                     (b. ... - d. 1807)
Rulers (title Sarkin Katsina, also styled emir)
- Dallazawa dynasty -
       1805 -        1835  Malam `Umaru Dallaji               (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 -        1844  Sidiqu dan `Umaru
       1844 -        1869  Muhamman Bello dan `Umaru          (b. ... - d. 1869)
       1869                Ahmadu Rafaye dan `Umaru           (b. ... - d. 1869)
       1869 -        1882  Ibrahim dan Muhamman Bello         (b. ... - d. 1882)
       1882 -        1887  Musa dan `Umaru                    (b. ... - d. 1887)
       1887 -        1905  Abu Bakr dan Ibrahim
 2 Jan 1905 -        1906  Yero dan Musa
- Sulibawa dynasty -
   Nov 1906 - 29 Jan 1944  Muhammad Dikko dan Gidado          (b. 1865 - d. 1944)
 8 Aug 1944 - 19 Mar 1981  `Uthman Nagogo dan Muhammad Dikko  (b. 1905 - d. 1981)
       1981 -  8 Mar 2008  Kabir dan `Uthman Nagogo           (b. 1928 - d. 2008)
13 Mar 2008 -              Alhaji Abdulmumini Kabir Usman     (b. 1951)

Kazaure

       1818                Kazaure, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Arewa)
       1818 -        1824  Ibrahim Dan Tunku                  (b. ... - d. 1824)
       1824 -        1857  Dambo dan Dan Tunku                (b. ... - d. 1857)
       1857 -        1886  Muhamman Zangi dan Dambo           (b. ... - d. 1886)
       1886 -        1914  Muhamman Mayaki dan Dambo          (b. 18... - d. 1914)
       1914 -        1922  Muhammadu Tura dan Muhamman Mayaki (b. ... - d. 1922)
       1922 -        1941  `Umaru Na'uka dan Muhammadu Tura   (b. ... - d. 1941)
       1941 -        1969  Adamu dan `Abd al-Mu'mini
19 Dec 1969 -        1974  Ibrahim dan Adamu
       1974 -        1994  Muhammadu dan Adamu
       1994 -  3 Oct 1998  Husaini Adamu                      (b. 1933 - d. 1998)
       1998 -              Najib Husaini Adamu                (b. 1956)

Kebbi

       1515                Kebbi, or Kabi, state founded
       1831                conquered by, and incorporated into, Gwandu
       1849                independence

Rulers (title Sarkin Kebbi, also styled Kanta)
- Lekawa dynasty -
       1696 -        1700  Tomo dan Muhammadu (or dan Ibrahim?)
       1700 -        1717  Muhammadu dan Giwa
       1717 -        1750  Muhammadu Isma`ila Ta-Gandu
                           dan Muhammadu Na Sifawa
       1750 -        1754  Muhammadu dan Ta-Gandu
       1754 -        1775  `Abd Allahi Toga dan Ta-Gandu
       1775 -        1803  Sulemana dan `Abd Allahi Toga
       1803                Abu Bakar Ukar dan Sulemana
       1803 -        1826  Muhammadu Hodi dan Sulemana        (b. ... - d. 1826)
       1826 -        1831  Karari Isma`ila dan Sulemana       (b. ... - d. 1831)
Rulers (title Amir Argungu, also styled Sarkin Kebbi or Kanta)
       1849 -        1854  Ya`qubu Nabame dan Isma`ila        (b. ... - d. 1854)
       1854 -        1859  Yusufu Maynassara dan Isma`ila     (b. ... - d. 1859)
       1859 -        1860  Muhammadu Ba'are dan Ya`qubu
                           Nabame                             (b. ... - d. 1860)
       1860 -        1883  `Abd Allahi Toga dan Isma`ila      (b. ... - d. 1883)
       1883 -    Sep 1915  Muhammadu Isma`ila dan Ya`qubu
                           Nabame                             (b. 1839 - d. 1915)
       1915 -        1920  Sulemana dan Ya`qubu Nabame        (b. 18... - d. 1920)
       1920 -        1934  Muhammadu Sama dan Isma`ila        (b. 18... - d. 1934)
       1934 -        1942  Muhammadu Sani Muza dan Muhammadu
                           Sama                               (b. ... - d. 1942)
       1942 -        1953  Muhammadu Isma`ila dan Mudi        (b. ... - d. 1953)
       1953 -    Oct 1959  Muhammadu Shefe dan Muhammadu Sama
   Jan 1960 -              Muhammadu Mera Muza dan Muhammadu
                           Sani                               (b. 1931)

Keffi

       1802                Keffi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
       1802 -        1820  `Abd Allahi `Abdu Zanga dan
                           Muhammadu Gani                     (b. ... - d. 1820)
       1820 -        1835  Maizabo dan Muhammadu Gani         (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 -        1859  Jibrilu dan `Abd Allahi            (b. ... - d. 1859)
       1859 -        1862  Muhamman dan `Abd Allahi
       1862 -        1877  Ahmadu dan `Abd Allahi             (b. ... - d. 1877)
       1877 -        1894  Sidi `Umaru dan `Abd Allahi
       1894 -        1902  Ibrahim dan `Abd Allahi
       1902 -        1921  `Abd Allahi dan Jibrilu            (b. ... - d. 1921)
       1921 -        1923  Abu Bakar dan Yamusa
       1923 -        1928  `Abd Allahi dan Ishaqu             (b. ... - d. 1929)
       1928 -        1933  Muhammadu Mayaki `Isa dan Ibrahim
       1933 -        1948  Abu Bakar dan Muhammadu            (b. ... - d. 1949)
 7 Mar 1948 -        19..  Ahmadu Maikwato dan `Abd Allahi
      *1980 -              Muhammadu Cindo Yamusa II

Kontagora

       1864                Kontagora, a new Fulbe state, founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Sudan)
- Toronkawa dynasty -
       1864 -        1876  `Umaru Nagwamatse dan Abi Bakar    (b. 1806 - d. 1876)
       1876 -        1880  Abu Bakar Modibo dan `Umaru        (b. 18... - d. 1880)
       1880 -        1901  Ibrahim Nagwamatse dan `Umaru
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1857 - d. 1929)
- Yawuri dynasty -
       1901                `Abd Allahi Abarshi dan `Ali
                           dan Yerima Jatau                   (b. ... - d. 1904)
       1901                Muhammadu Gani dan `Abd Allahi
                           Abarshi
       1901 -        1903  Mayaki Ibrahim (usurper)
- Toronkawa dynasty -
   Apr 1903 - 26 Oct 1929  Ibrahim Nagwamatse dan `Umaru
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1929 -  Ja/Fe 1961  `Umaru Maidubu dan Ibrahim         (b. ... - d. 1961)
   Feb 1961 -    Jan 1974  Mu'azu dan Ibrahim                 (b. 1900 - d. ...)
21 Jan 1974 -              Sa`idu Namaska dan Malam `Umaru
                           "Sarkin Kudu"

Koton Karifi

        ...                Bwaka state founded, later renamed Gerinya,
                           later renamed Koton Karifi

Rulers (title Ohimege)
        ... -         ...  Ohimi Ozage
        ... -         ...  Adarico
        ... -         ...  Hetenye
        ... -         ...  Ohutu
        ... -         ...  Gaku
        ... -         ...  `Usuman
        ... -         ...  Abutu
        ... -         ...  Agumaji
        ... -         ...  Ahimulu
        ... -         ...  Nyaku
        ... -         ...  Azotu
        ... -         ...  Odaho
        ... -         ...  Kushimshe
        ... -         ...  Akaza
        ... -         ...  Ankyaku
        ... -         ...  `Umaru
        ... -         ...  Gudaba
        ... -         ...  Usumangwe
        ... -         ...  Adegbe
        ... -         ...  Sumoji (1st time)
        ... -         ...  Anjiafu
        ... -         ...  Sumoji (2nd time)
        ... -         ...  `Ali
      *1920*               Moma Cekpa

Lafia

       1804                Lafia Beri-Beri state founded
       1903                state renamed Lafia

Rulers (title Sarkin Lafia)
       1804 -        1809  Dunama                             (b. 17... - d. 1809)
       1809 -        1814  Musa dan Jaji
       1814 -        1819  `Umar I
       1819 -        1844  Laminu
       1844 -        1849  Musa Gana
       1849 -        1866  `Abd Allahi Dalla dan Dunama       (b. ... - d. 1866)
       1866 -        1868  Ari dan Laminu
       1868 -        1873  `Umar II dan `Abd Allahi Dalla
       1873 -        1881  `Abd Allahi Dalla Bahagu dan Ari   (b. ... - d. 1881)
       1881 -        1903  Muhamman Agwe I dan Ari
Emirs
       1903 -    May 1918  Musa dan `Abd Allahi Dalla         (b. ... - d. 1918)
   Aug 1918 -        1926  `Abd Allahi dan Muhamman Agwe
       1926 -        1933  Muhammadu Angulu dan `Abd Allahi
                           Dalla                              (b. ... - d. 1933)
       1933 -        1949  Muhamman Agwe II dan `Abd Allahi
                           Dalla Bahagu                       (b. ... - d. 1949)
       1949 -    Dec 1952  Makwangiji Na'ali (regent)
   Dec 1952 -        1978  Yusufu dan Musa
       1978 -              `Isa Mustafa Agwa

Lafiagi

       1824                Lafiagi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
       1824 -        1833  Muhamman Zuma dan Ahmadu
       1833 -        1834  `Aliyu dan Maliki (1st time)
       1834 -        1845  `Abd al-Qadiri dan Muhamman Zuma
                           (1st time)
       1845 -        1853  `Aliyu dan Maliki (2nd time)
       1853 -        1868  `Abd al-Qadiri dan Muhamman Zuma
                           (2nd time)
       1868 -        1882  Ibrahim Khalilu dan Muhamman Zuma
       1882 -        1891  `Aliyu dan Muhamman Zuma
       1891 -        1892  `Abd ar-Rahim dan Muhamman Zuma
       1892 -  2 Mar 1915  Ahmadu dan `Abd al-Qadiri
   Apr 1915 -        1945  Muhamman Bello dan Ahmadu
       1945 -        1949  Abu Bakar Kawu dan Muhammadu Sha`ba
       1949 -        1951  Sha`ba Maliki dan `Aliyu (regent)
       1951 -        1961  Abu Bakar Ceceko dan Hasan (regent)
11 Oct 1961 -        19..  `Umaru Oke Ode dan Muhammadu Sha`ba
                           (regent)
       19.. -              Sa`du Kawu Khaliru

Lagos

    bf.1630                Eko state founded
 6 Aug 1861                becomes British colony as Lagos, but dynasty continues
 8 Dec 1920 -  9 Aug 1925  recognition withdrawn by colonial government

Rulers (title Oba, also styled Eleeko)
        ... -        1630  Ashipa = Eshikpa
       1630 -        1669  Ado = Edo
       1669 -        1704  Gabaro = Guobaro
       1704 -        1749  Akinsemoyin
       1749 -        1750  Eletu Kekere
       1750 -        1775  Ologun Kutere
       1775 -        1780  Adele I Ajosun (1st time)
       1780 -        1819  Osinlokun
       1819 -        1832  Idewu Ojulari
       1832 -        1834  Adele I Ajosun (2nd time)
       1834 -        1841  Oluwole                            (b. ... - d. 1841)
       1841 -    Jun 1845  Akintoye (1st time)
   Jun 1845 - 29 Dec 1851  Kosoko                             (b. ... - d. af.1863)
   Feb 1852 -2/3 Sep 1853  Akintoye (2nd time)
 4 Sep 1853 - 26 Feb 1885  Dosunmun                           (b. ... - d. 1885)
   Mar 1885 - 30 Sep 1900  Adeyinka Oyekan I                  (b. 18... - d. 1900)
       1900 -  8 Dec 1920  Esuugbayii Eleeko (1st time)       (b. ... - d. 1932)
                           (abdicated 6 Aug 1925)
 9 Aug 1925 -        1928  Ibikunle Akintoye
       1928 -  4 Jul 1931  Sanunsi Olusi
 4 Jul 1931 - 24 Oct 1932  Esuugbayii Eleeko (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 3 Nov 1932 -  2 Sep 1949  Falolu Dosunmun
 1 Oct 1949 - 12 Jul 1964  Musendiku Buraimoh Adeniji Adele
                           II                                 (b. 1893 - d. 1964)
12 Jul 1964 - 11 Mar 1965  S.A. Agoro (regent)
11 Mar 1965 -  7 Mar 2003  Adeyinka Akinola Oyekan II         (b. 1911 - d. 2003)
22 May 2003 -              Riliwan Babatunde Osuolale
                           Aremu Akiolu I                     (b. 1943)

Lapai

       1825                Lapai, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
       1825 -        1832  Da'udu Maza dan Jaura              (b. ... - d. 1832)
       1832 -        1835  Yamuza dan Jaura                   (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 -        1838  Baji dan Jaura                     (b. ... - d. 1839)
       1838 -        1874  Jantabu dan Jaura                  (b. ... - d. 1874)
       1874 -        1875  `Atiqu dan Jantabu                 (b. ... - d. 1875)
       1875 -        1893  Bawa dan Jantabu                   (b. ... - d. 1893)
       1893 -        1907  `Abd al-Qadiri dan Jantabu         (b. ... - d. 1910)
       1907 -        1923  Ibrahim dan Jantabu                (b. ... - d. 1923)
       1923 -    Apr 1937  `Aliyu Gana dan `Abd al-Qadiri     (b. ... - d. 1937)
       1937 -    Nov 1954  `Umaru dan Ibrahim                 (b. 1882 - d. 1954)
       1954 - 13 Jun 2002  Muhammadu Kobo dan `Aliyu Gana     (b. 1909? - d. 2002)
10 Aug 2002 -              `Umaru Bago

Misau

       1808                Misau state founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Bornu ta Gabas)
       1808 -        1833  Muhamman Manga dan Gwami Mukhtar   (b. ... - d. 1833)
       1833 -        1850  Ahmadu dan Gwami Mukhtar           (b. ... - d. 1850)
       1850 -        1861  `Usman dan Muhamman Manga
       1861 -        1886  Yarima Sale dan Muhamman Manga     (b. 1814 - d. 1886)
       1886 -        1900  Muhamman Manga dan Yarima Sale     (b. 18... - d. 1900)
       1900 -        1903  Ahmadu dan Yarima Sale
       1903 -        1926  Tafida dan Yarima Sale             (b. ... - d. 1926)
   Oct 1926 -        19..  Ahmadu dan Tafida                  (b. 1900 - d. ...)
        ... -              Muhammadu Manga III

Mubi

       18..                Mubi, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emir
      *1975*               Abu Bakar `Isa Ahmadu

Muri

       1817                Muri, a Fulbe jihad state, founded

Emirs
       1817 -        1833  Hamman Ruwa dan `Usman             (b. ... - d. 1833)
       1833 -        1836  Ibrahim dan Hamman Ruwa (1st time)
       1836                Hamman dan Hamman Ruwa (1st time)
       1836 -        1848  Ibrahim dan Hamman Ruwa (2nd time)
       1848 -        1861  Hamman dan Hamman Ruwa (2nd time)
       1861 -        1869  Hamadu dan Bose                    (b. ... - d. 1869)
       1869 -        1873  Burba dan Hamman                   (b. ... - d. 1892)
       1873 -        1874  Abu Bakar dan Hamman Ruwa          (b. ... - d. 1874)
       1874 -        1897  Muhammadu Nya dan Abi Bakar        (b. ... - d. 1897)
       1897 -        1903  Hasan dan Muhammadu Nya            (b. 18... - d. 1903)
       1903 -        1953  Muhammadu Mafindi dan Muhammadu
                           Nya                                (b. 1868 - d. 1953)
       1953 -        1966  Muhamman Tukur dan Muhammadu Nya   (b. 1883 - d. 19...)
       1966 - 12 Aug 1986  `Umaru Abba Tukur
       1986 -              Tafida

Nasarawa

       1838                Nasarawa state founded

Emirs (also styled Sarkin Kwotto)
       1838 -        1858  `Umaru Makama Dogo dan `Usman
                           Rababawa                           (b. ... - d. 1858)
       1858 -        1878  Ahmadu dan `Umaru                  (b. ... - d. 1878)
       1878                Muhamman Sani dan `Umaru           (b. ... - d. 1878)
       1878 -        1922  Muhammadu dan `Umaru               (b. ... - d. 1922)
       1922                Ahmadu dan Ahmadu
       1922 -        1926  Muhammadu dan Ahmadu
       1926 -        1941  `Usman dan Ahmadu
       1942 -        1960  `Umaru dan Muhammadu               (b. ... - d. 1960)
       1960 -        19..  Jibrin dan Muhammadu
28 Nov 1992 -              Ibrahim Ramalan Abubakar

Nembe

        ...                Nembe city-state founded, known as Brass in
                           protectorate terminology
    bf.1800                split into Ogbolomab'iri and Bassamb'iri

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
        ... -         ...  Ogbo
        ... -         ...  Kala Ekule
        ... -         ...  Nembe
        ... -         ...  Opu Igula
        ... -         ...  Amain
        ... -         ...  Owagi
        ... -         ...  Kala Igula
        ... -         ...  Ogbolo
        ... -         ...  Opu Basuo
        ... -         ...  Ogio
        ... -         ...  Peresuo
        ... -         ...  Obia + Ekutia (regents)
        ... -         ...  Kala Basuo
        ... -         ...  Ogbodo

Ogbolomab'iri

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
        ... -         ...  Mingi I
        ... -         ...  Ikata Mingi II
        ... -         ...  Gboro Mingi III
       1800 -        1832  Kulo Mingi IV "King Forday"
       1832 -        1846  Amain Mingi V "King Boy"
       1846                Kuki
       1846 -        1863  Kien Mingi VI
       1863 -        1879  Ockiya Mingi VII
       1879 -        1889  vacant
       1889 -        1896  Frederick William Koko Mingi VIII
       1896 -        1926  vacant
       1926 -        1936  Anthony O. Ockiya Mingi IX
       1936 -        1954  vacant
       1954 -        1967  Francis O. Joseph Alagoa Mingi X
       1967 -        1979  vacant
       1979 -        2003  Ambrose Ezeolisa Alagoa Mingi XI   (b. ... - d. 2003)
       2003 -        2008  vacant
23 Feb 2008 -              Edmund Maduabebe Daukoru Mingi XII (b. 1943)

Bassamb'iri

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
        ... -         ...  Ogbodo
        ... -         ...  Gbolowei
        ... -         ...  Okiriyai
        ... -         ...  Dede
        ... -         ...  Tamuno
        ... -         ...  Aladede
        ... -         ...  Mein "King Jacket"
        ... -         ...  Duguruyai
        ... -        1870  Arisimo "King Peter"
       1870 -        1894  Ebifa
       1894 -        1924  vacant
       1924 -        1927  Albert Oguara
       1928 -         ...  Ben I. Warri
      *2003 -              Ralph Iwowari Mein VII

New Calabar: see
Kalabari.

Ningi

       1838                Ningi state founded

Chiefs
       1838 -        18..  Hamza
       18.. -         ...  Dan Maji dan Hamza
        ... -         ...  Gasigi dan Hamza
        ... -        1902  Dan Yaya                           (b. 18... - d. 1902)
       1902 -        1905  Mamuda (1st time)
       1905 -        1908  vacant
       1908 -        1914  Mamuda (2nd time)
       1914 -        19..  Awudu
      *1995 -              Yunusa Muhammad Danyaya

Nupe

       1531                Nupe state re-founded by Edegi

Rulers (title Etsu Nupe)
- Edegi dynasty -
       1679 -        1700  Abdu Waliyi
       1700 -        1709  Alyu
       1710 -        1713  Ganamace = Saci
       1713 -        1717  Ibrahima
       1717 -        1721  Idirisu I = `Isa
       1721 -        1742  `Abd Allahi 'Tsado I = Audu
       1742 -        1746  Abu Bakr Kolo dan `Abd Allahi 'Tsado
       1746 -        1759  Jibirin dan Abu Bakr Kolo
       1759 -        1767  Ma'azu dan `Abd Allahi 'Tsado
                           (1st time)
       1767 -        1777  Majiya I = Zubayru dan Abu Bakr Kolo
       1777 -        1778  Ilyasu = Muhammad Lafia
       1778 -        1795  Ma'azu dan `Abd Allahi 'Tsado
                           (2nd time)
       1795                `Ali Kolo Tankari
       1795 -        1796  Mamma
       1796 -         ...  Jimada dan Ma'azu (1st time)       (b. ... - d. 1805)
        ... -         ...  Mamma (2nd time)
        ... -        1805  Jimada dan Ma'azu (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1805 -        18..  `Abdu Rahmanu
       18.. -        1810  Majiya II (1st time)               (b. ... - d. 1835)
                           (in rebellion from 1796)
       1810 -        1830  Idirisu II dan Jimada
                           (continues in rebellion to 1849)
       1830 -        1834  Majiya II (2nd time)               (s.a.)
       1834 -        1836  'Tsado II dan Majiya               (b. ... - d. 1836)
       1836 -        1846  Jia                                (b. ... - d. 1846)
       1836 -        1841    `Usuman Zaki dan Malam Dendo     (b. c.1790 - d. 1859)
                             (in rebellion)
       1841 -        1847    Masaba dan Malam Dendo (1st time)
                             (in rebellion)
       1846 -        1848  Maza
       1848 -        1856  `Umar Bahaushi (usurper)
       1849 -        1872    Ma'azu `Isa                      (b. ... - d. 1872)
                             (in rebellion, following Idirisu II)
Rulers (title Etsu Nupe, also styled Amirin Bida)
- Edegi dynasty -
       1856 -        1859  `Usuman Zaki dan Malam Dendo       (s.a.)
       1859 -        1873  Masaba dan Malam Dendo (2nd time)  (b. ... - d. 1873)
       1873 -        1884  `Umaru Majigi dan Muhamman Majigi  (b. ... - d. 1884)
       1884 -        1895  Maliki dan `Usuman Zaki            (b. ... - d. 1895)
       1895 -        1897  Abu Bakr dan Masaba (1st time)     (b. 18... - d. 1919)
       1897 -        1899  Muhammadu dan `Umaru Majigi
                           (1st time)                         (b. 18... - d. 1916)
       1899 - 17 Feb 1901  Abu Bakr dan Masaba (2nd time)     (s.a.)
   Feb 1901 - 26 Feb 1916  Muhammadu dan `Umaru Majigi
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 6 Mar 1916 -        1926  Bello dan Maliki                   (b. 18... - d. 1926)
       1926 -    Feb 1935  Malam Sa`idu dan Mamudu            (b. ... - d. 1935)
28 Feb 1935 - 29 Oct 1962  Malam Muhammadu Ndayako dan
                           Muhammadu                          (b. 1884 - d. 1962)
29 Oct 1962 -        1969  `Usman Sarki dan Malam Sa`idu
       1969 - 10 Jan 1975  Malam Musa Bello                   (b. 1919? - d. 1975)
   Jan 1975 -  1 Sep 2003  `Umaru Sanda Ndayako               (b. 1937 - d. 2003)
   Sep 2003 -              Yahaya Abubakar Kusodu             (b. 1952)

Obioko

        ...                Obioko, also called Ikotitungko, founded;
                           known to Europeans as Creek Town (in "Old Calabar")
       1790                independence

Rulers (title Edidem)
       1790 -        1820  Eyo Honesty I
       1820 -        1825  vacant
       1825 -        1858  Eyo Honesty II
       1858 -    May 1861  Eyo Honesty III
       1861 -        1865  Eyo Honesty IV
       1865 -        1867  Eyo Honesty V
       1867 -    Jun 1871  Eyo Honesty VI
       1871 -        1873  vacant
       1873 -        1891  Eyo Honesty VII
       1891 -        1902  Eyo Honesty VIII
Rulers (title Obong)
       1902 -        1903  Eyo Honesty VIII
       1903 -        19..  Eyo Honesty IX

Ogbolomab'iri: see under Nembe.

Oke-Ona

Chiefs (title Osile)
       1897 -        1899  Karunwi I                          (b. ... - d. 1899)
       1900 -        1902  Sanyaolu
       1904 -        19..  Sokunbi
        ... -        1951  Subero Olatunbosun Adelamola I
       1951 -        19..  Adeniran Adelamola II
       19.. -              Adedapo Adewale Tejuoso Karunwi III

Okolo-Ama

     c.1310                Okolo-Ama city-state founded; known to Europeans as Bonny
Note: The ruling class is organized into wari ("houses"). The name of the wari, where available, is given in [ ].
Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
- Pepple dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Asimini
        ... -         ...  Edimini
        ... -         ...  Kambasa (f)
        ... -         ...  Kamalu
        ... -         ...  Opu Dappa
        ... -         ...  Amakiri
        ... -         ...  Apia
        ... -         ...  Warri
       1759 -        1760  Awusa "King Halliday"
                           + Igbani
                           + Bupuor
                           + Ipuor
       1760 -        17..  Perekule I "Captain Pepple"
       17.. -        1792  Fubara I Agbaa Pepple
                           [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
       1792 -        1828  Opubo Fubara Pepple
                           [Opubo Anna Pepple]
       1828 -        1830  Bere-ibibo Pepple
       1830                Regency
                           - Ibaniburufigha
                             [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
                           - Maduka [Opubo Anna Pepple]
       1830 - 23 Jan 1854  Dappa Perekule (1st time)
       1830 -        1836    Alali [Opubo Anna Pepple]
                             (regent)
23 Jan 1854 - 13 Aug 1855  Dapu Fubara II Pepple "King Dappo" (b. ... - d. 1855)
11 Sep 1855 - 18 Aug 1861  Regency
                           - Iloli [Opubo Anna Pepple]        (b. ... - d. 1862)
                           - Dapu "Adda Allison"
                             [Adda Allison]
                           - Oju Adango Hart = Akunnayi
                             [Captain Hart] (to 18...)
                           - Wogu Dappa [King Dappo] (from 18...)
                           - Jack Gboboitemegha = Jack Ntsheke =
                             Erina Shabu [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
18 Aug 1861 - 30 Sep 1866  William Dappa Pepple I
                           (= Dappa Perekule) (2nd time)
30 Sep 1866 - 14 Dec 1883  George Oruigbiji Pepple I (1st time)
14 Dec 1883 - 22 Jan 1887  vacant?
22 Jan 1887 - 31 Oct 1888  George Oruigbiji Pepple I (2nd time)
31 Oct 1888 - 28 Feb 1892  Waribo [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
                           (regent)
       1892 -        1923  Ate [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
                           (regent)
       1932 - 14 Feb 1932  Claude Sodienye
                           [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
                           (1st time) (regent)                (b. ... - d. 1952)
14 Feb 1932 -        1937  Secondus George Pepple II          (b. ... - d. 1939)
       1937 -        1952  Claude Sodienye
                           [Fubara Manilla Pepple]
                           (2nd time) (regent)                (s.a.)
       1952 - 27 Dec 1957  Francis D. Banigo (regent)
27 Dec 1957 -        1970  Eugene William Dappa Pepple II
       1970 -        1978  Regency
                           - Abesa T. Allison                 (b. ... - d. 1978)
                           - Mathew Ate Pepple (to 1975)      (b. ... - d. 1975)
                           - Benonai Ezekiel Hart (to 1973)   (b. ... - d. 1973)
       1978 -        1993  Opuada Pepple
       1993 -        1996  Chiefs Council
       1996 -              Edward Asimini William Dappa
                           Pepple III = Perekule XI

Okpe

Chiefs (title Orodje)
       1770 -        1779  Esezi I                            (b. 1716 - d. 1779)
       1779 -    Jan 1945  vacant
   Jan 1945 -    Mar 1966  Esezi II                           (b. 1902 - d. 1966)
                           (recognized by British colonial authorities Jun 1948)
   Mar 1966 -    Dec 1972  vacant
   Dec 1972 -    Feb 2004  Orhoro I                           (b. 1921 - d. 2004)
   Feb 2004 -    Jul 2006  vacant
   Jul 2006 -              Orhue I                            (b. 1946)

Okrika

Chiefs (title Amanyanabo)
     c.1690 -      c.1750  Boka Ado III
     c.1760 -      c.1815  Nemiduko Ado IV
     c.1815 -      c.1830  Mianene (regent)
       1832 -        1874  Fibika Ado V
       1876 -        1896  Ibanichuka Ado VI
       1896 -        1928  Daniel Oju Kalio (regent)          (b. ... - d. 1928)
       1928 -        1958  Sampson Igobo Adoki (regent)
       1959                Zedekiah Fibika Ado VII
       1964 -        1997  S.P.U. Ogan Ado VIII               (b. ... - d. 1997)
17 May 2001 -              Charles Adokiye Dagogo Ibulubo
                           Ado IX
                           (chieftaincy disputed with following)
   Feb 2002 -              Alfred Semenitari Abam Ado IX

Old Calabar: see
Akwa Akpa.

Onitsha

     c.1550                Onitsha state founded

Rulers (title Obi)
     c.1700                Eze Aroli
        ... -         ...  Chimaedia
        ... -         ...  Omozele
        ... -         ...  Ezeolisa
     c.1800                Ijelekpe
     c.1820                Udogwu
       1840 -        1873  Akazue
       1873 -        1874  Diali
       1874 -        1899  Anazonwu
       1901 -        1931  Samuel Okolo Okosi I
       1935 -        1961  James Okosi II
       1962 -        1970  Joseph Okwudili Onyejekwe
       1970 - 17 Oct 2001  Ofala Akulalia Alphonsus Ogugua
                           Ofala Okechukwu Okagbue II         (b. ... - d. 2001)
 3 Jun 2002 -              Nnayelugo Alfred Nnaemeka Achebe

Opobo

       1869                Opobo state founded by members of the Opubo Anna Pepple
                           wari ("house") from Okolo-Ama

Rulers (title Amanyanabo)
- Jaja dynasty -
25 Dec 1870 -    Sep 1887  Jubo Jubogha "Jaja"                (b. 1821 - d. 1891)
   Sep 1887 -        1891  Perekule [Sam Anna Pepple house]
                           (chairman Council of Chiefs)
       1891 -        1893  "Cookey Gam" (political agent)
       1893 -        1915  Obiesigha Jaja = Frederick Sunday
                           (Amadabo [caretaker])
       1916 -        1936  Dipiri = Arthur Mac Pepple
       1936 -        1942  Sodienye Jaja = Douglas Mac Pepple
                           (1st time)                         (b. ... - d. 1980)
       1942 -        1946  Stephen Ubogu Jaja (acting)
       1952 - 31 Jul 1980  Sodienye Jaja = Douglas Mac Pepple
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1980 -        2003  vacant
       2003 -              Dandeson Jaja

Oshogbo

Ruler (title Ataoja)
        ... -         ...  Okuntofo
        ... -         ...  Lajomo
        ... -         ...  Lara
       1825 -        1832  Beijisku
       1832 -        1840  Modol
       1840 -        1854  Odedare Lanhamo
       1854 -        1864  Ojo Okeye
       1864 -        1870  Matanmi
       1870 -        1891  Faleode
       1891 -        1893  Bangbola
       1893 -        1903  Oyekona
       1903 -        1918  Gbeja
       1918 -        1920  Latona
       1920 -        1933  Lawole
       1933 -        1943  Oyedokun Latona II
       1944 - 23 Oct 1975  Samuel Adeleye Adisa Adenle I      (b. ... - d. 1975)
       1976 -  5 Aug 2010  Iyiola Oyewale Matanmi III         (b. 1935 - d. 2010)
   Sep 2010 -              Jimoh Oyetunji Olanipekun          (b. 1958)

Owo

       1019?               Owo, an important Yoruba state, founded

Rulers (title Oba, also styled Olowo)
       1719 -         ...  Ajagbusi Ekun
      *17..*               Elewuokun
        ... -        1941  Olagbegi I
   Mar 1941 - 15 Feb 1968  Olateru Olagbegi II (1st time)     (b. ... - d. 1998)
       1968 -        1993  Joseph Adekola Ogunoye II          (b. ... - d. 1993)
       1993 -        1998  Olateru Olagbegi II (2nd time)     (s.a.)
   Feb 1999 -              Folagbade Olateru Olagbegi III

Oyo

    bf.1300                Oyo, the premier Yoruba state, founded

Rulers (title Alaafin-onon-ola, also styled Onile)
      *1728*               Ojigi                              (b. ... - d. 1736)
       17.. -        17..  Yau Yamba (regent)
       17.. -        17..  Gberu
       17.. -        17..  Jambu (regent)
       17.. -        1746  Amunniwaye
       1746                Kokiki or Kogbon (regent)
                           [Kogbon succeeded Kokiki in 1746 as basorun, the officer
                           functioning as regent during a vacancy]
       1746 -        1754  Onisile
       1754                Soyiki = Esuuogbo (regent)
       1754                Gaha (1st time) (regent)           (b. ... - d. 1774)
       1754                Labisi
       1754                Gaha (2nd time) (regent)           (s.a.)
       1754                Awonbiioju
       1754                Gaha (3rd time) (regent)           (s.a.)
       1754 -        17..  Agboluaje
       17.. -        17..  Gaha (4th time) (regent)           (s.a.)
       17.. -        17..  Maajeogbe = Ojo Areserena
       17.. -        17..  Gaha (5th time) (regent)           (s.a.)
       17.. -        1789  Abiodun
       1789                Kangidi (regent)
       1789 -        1796  Awole Arogangan = Asamu            (b. ... - d. 1796)
       1796                Asamu Agba-olekan (regent)
       1796 -        1797  Adebo
       1797                Ojo Aburumaku (1st time) (regent)
       1797                Maaku                              (b. ... - d. 1797)
       1797 -        1802  Ojo Aburumaku (2nd time) (regent)
       1802 -        1830  Majotu
       1830                Akinoso (1st time) (regent)
       1830 -        1833  Amodo
       1833                Akinoso (2nd time) (regent)
       1833 -        1835  Oluewu                             (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 -        1837  vacant due to relocation
       1837 -    Mar 1859  Atiba Atobatele
   Mar 1859 -        1859  Gbenla (regent)
       1859 -        1875  Adelu "Agunloye bii Oyibo"
       1875 -        1876  Ogunsoro (regent)
       1876 -        1905  Adeyemi I Alowolodu
       1905                Layode (regent)
       1905 -        1911  Lawani Agogoja
       1911                Dairo (regent)
       1911 -    Dec 1944  Siyanbola Onikepe Oladigbolu I
   Dec 1944 -        1945  ... (regent)
       1945 -        1955  Adeyemi II Adeniran                (b. 1871 - d. 1955)
       1955 -        1956  ... (regent)
       1956 -        1970  Bello Gbadegesin Oladigbolu II
       1970 - 19 Nov 1970  ... (regent)
19 Nov 1970 -              Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III       (b. 1939)

Pategi

       1898                Pategi state, an offshoot of Nupe, founded

Rulers (title Etsu Pategi)
       1898 -        1900  Idirisu Gana dan Ma'azu `Isa       (b. ... - d. 1900)
   Nov 1900 -        1923  Ma'azu `Isa dan Idirisu Gana       (b. ... - d. 1923)
       1923 -    Jan 1931  `Usuman 'Tsado dan Ma'azu `Isa     (b. ... - d. 1931)
   Jan 1931 -         ...  `Umaru dan Ma'azu `Isa             (b. 1898 - d. ...)
        ... -              Haliru Ibrahim Chatta

Potiskum

       1809                Potiskum state founded

Rulers (title Moi)
       1809 -         ...  Bauya
        ... -         ...  Awani
        ... -         ...  Dungari
        ... -         ...  Dowi
        ... -        1836  Muzgai
       1836 -        1839  Jaji
       1839 -        1859  Nego
       1859 -        1886  Numainda
       1886 -        1895  Gubbo
       1895 -        1901  Bundi
       1901 -        1915  Agudum

Sokoto

21 Feb 1804                Sokoto, the centre of the Fulbe jihad, established
20 Apr 1817                Sokoto styled sultanate, the suzerain of all Fulbe
                           jihad states

Ruler (title Amir al-Mu“minin, also styled Lamido Julbe)
21 Feb 1804 - 20 Apr 1817  `Usuman dan Fodio                  (b. 1754 - d. 1817)
Sultans (also styled Amir al-Mu“minin and Sarkin Musulmi)
20 Apr 1817 - 26 Oct 1837  Muhammadu Bello dan `Usuman
                           "Mai Wurno"                        (b. 1781 - d. 1837)
26 Oct 1837 -    Nov 1842  Abu Bakar `Atiqu I dan `Usuman
                           "Mai Katuru"                       (b. 1782 - d. 1842)
   Nov 1842 - 21 Oct 1859  `Aliyu Baba dan Bello "Mai Cinaka" (b. c.1808 - d. 1859)
21 Oct 1859 -  2 Nov 1866  Ahmadu `Atiqu dan Abi Bakar
                           "Mai Cimola"                       (b. c.1807 - d. 1866)
 2 Nov 1866 - 20 Oct 1867  `Aliyu Karami dan Bello            (b. 1809 - d. 1867)
   Oct 1867 -    Mar 1873  Ahmadu Rafaye dan `Usuman          (b. c.1814 - d. 1873)
   Mar 1873 -    Mar 1877  Abu Bakar `Atiqu II dan Bello
                           "na Rabih"                         (b. c.1812 - d. 1877)
   Mar 1877 -    Sep 1881  Mu'azu Ahmadu dan Bello            (b. c.1816 - d. 1881)
   Sep 1881 - 25 Mar 1891  `Umaru dan `Aliyu Baba             (b. c.1824 - d. 1891)
25 Mar 1891 - 10 Oct 1902  `Abd ar-Rahman dan Abi Bakar
                           "Mai Kano," "Danyen Kasko"         (b. c.1829 - d. 1902)
13 Oct 1902 - 15 Mar 1903  Muhammadu Attahiru I dan Ahmadu    (b. 18... - d. 1903)
   Mar 1903 -    Jun 1915  Muhammadu Attahiru II dan `Aliyu
                           Baba                               (b. 18... - d. 1915)
       1915 -        1924  Muhammadu dan Ahmadu "Mai Turare"  (b. ... - d. 1924)
       1924 -    Jan 1931  Muhammadu dan Muhammadu "Tambari"  (b. ... - d. 1935)
       1931 -        1938  Hasan dan Mu'azu Ahmadu            (b. ... - d. 1938)
17 Jun 1938 -  1 Nov 1988  Abu Bakar dan `Usuman as-Siddiq    (b. 1903 - d. 1988)
 6 Nov 1988 - 20 Apr 1996  Ibrahim Dasuki dan Khaliru         (b. 1923)
21 Apr 1996 - 29 Oct 2006  Ibrahim Muhammadu Maccido dan
                           Abu Bakar                          (b. 1926 - d. 2006)
 2 Nov 2006 -              Muhammadu Sada dan Abu Bakar       (b. 1956)

Suleja: see Abuja.

Tiv

       1946                the protectorate regime creates the institution of the
                           Tor Tiv, the first incumbent being elected 1947

Rulers (title Tor Tiv)
       1947 - 11 Oct 1956  Makare Dzakpe
       1956 -        1978  Malam Gondo Aluor                  (b. 1906 - d. 1978)
       1979 - 16 Oct 1990  James Akperan Orshi                (b. 1925 - d. 1990)
       1991 -              Alfred Akawe Torkula               (b. 1944)

Viyu: see Biu.

Warri

    bf.1500                Itsekiri state founded
 4 Apr 1851 -        1894  a region is separated, ruled by a "Governor of the River"
   May 1952                Itsekiri state expanded and renamed Warri

Rulers (title Olu)
        ... -         ...  Abejioye
        ... -         ...  Akenjioye
        ... -      c.1710  Omagboye
     c.1710 -      c.1735  Akengboye
     c.1735 -         ...  Atogbuwa = Manuel Otobia
        ... -      c.1807  Erejuwa = Sebastićo Otobia
     c.1807 - 14 Jun 1848  Akengbuwa = Joćo                   (b. ... - d. 1848)
       1848                Ejo
       1848 -        1851  Iye Idolorusan (f) (regent)
       1851 -         ...  Eri (regent)
        ... -         ...  vacant
        ... -         ...  Atsego (regent)
        ... - 16 Jan 1921  Okorofianyegbe (regent)
13 Sep 1917 - 24 Sep 1932    Dogho Numa                       (b. 18... - d. 1932)
                             ("Recognized Paramount Chief of Warri")
16 Jan 1921 -        1929  vacant
       1929 -  7 Feb 1936  Olagbemi Ewolufu (regent)
 7 Feb 1936 -        19..  Ginuwa II
      *1987 -              Ogiame Atuwatse II

Governors of the River
 4 Apr 1851 -        1870  Idiare
       1870 -        1879  Tsanomi                            (b. ... - d. 1896)
       1879 -        1883  Olomu                              (b. c.1810 - d. 1883)
12 Jul 1884 -        1894  Nana Eriomala Olomu                (b. c.1852 - d. 1916)

Wase

       1820                Wase state founded

Ruler (title Madakin)
       1820 -        1828  Hasan dan Giwa                     (b. ... - d. 1828)
Rulers (title Sarkin Dutse)
       1828 -        1848  `Abd Allahi I dan Giwa             (b. ... - d. 1848)
       1848 -        1866  Hamman I dan `Abd Allahi
       1866 -        1869  Hamman II dan `Umaru
       1869 -        1874  Sulaymanu dan Hasan
       1874 -        1877  Muhammadu I dan `Abd Allahi
       1877 -        1878  Muhammadu II dan `Abd Allahi       (b. ... - d. 1878)
       1878 -        1902  Muhammadu III dan Musa
Emirs
       1902 -        1909  Muhammadu III dan Musa
       1909 -        1919  `Abd Allahi II dan Muhammadu       (b. ... - d. 1919)
       1919 -        1928  Muhammadu IV dan `Abd Allahi
       1929 -        1947  Abu Bakar dan Muhammadu
       1948 -  7 Oct 2001  `Abd Allahi III Mai Kano dan
                           `Abd Allahi
   Oct 2001 - 17 Sep 2010  Haruna dan `Abd Allahi             (b. 1946 - d. 2010)
28 Oct 2010 -              Muhammadu Sambo Haruna             (b. 1970)

Wukari

    bf.1600                Jukun state founded and centred at Kwararafa
       1855                centre moved to Wukari; state becomes known as Wukari

Rulers (title Aku Uka)
        ... -         ...  Agbu Kenjo
        ... -         ...  Katakpa
        ... -         ...  Agwabi
        ... -         ...  Dawi
        ... -         ...  Agyibi
        ... -         ...  Nani To
        ... -         ...  Daju
        ... -         ...  Zike
        ... -         ...  Kuvyon I
        ... -         ...  Adi Matswen
        ... -        1820  Ashu Manu I
       1820 -        1854  Angyu Zikenyu
       1854 -        1866  Agbu Manu I
       1866 -        1871  Ashu Manu II
       1871 -        1902  Agudu Manu
       1902 -        1915  Agbu Manu II
       1915 -        1927  Ashu Manu III
       1927 -        19..  Agbu Manu III
       19.. -        1945  Angyu Ashu Manu IV
       1946 -    May 1960  Atoshi Agbu Manu IV
   May 1960 -        19..  Adi Byewi
      *1980 -              Shekarau Angyu Masa Ibi Kuvyon II

Yawuri

    bf.1400                Yawuri state founded

Rulers (title Sarkin Yawuri)
        ... -         ...  Lafiya II
        ... -         ...  Yanazu
        ... -         ...  `Umaru Gamdi
        ... -         ...  Sulaymana Jerabana
        ... -         ...  `Aliyu Lafiya
        ... -         ...  Ahmadu Jerabana
        ... -         ...  Shu`aybu Madara
        ... -        1799  Mustafa Gazari
   Mar 1799 -    Nov 1829  Muhammadu Dan Ayi dan Ahmadu
                           Jerabana = Albishir
   Nov 1829 -    Jun 1835  Ibrahimu dan Muhammadu Dan Ayi
   Jun 1835 -    Mar 1844  Jibrilu Gajeren Sarki dan
                           Muhammadu Dan Ayi (1st time)       (b. ... - d. 1849)
   Mar 1844 -    Sep 1848  Abu Bakr Jatau dan Mustafa Gazari  (b. ... - d. 1848)
   Sep 1848 -        1849  Jibrilu Gajeren Sarki dan
                           Muhammadu Dan Ayi (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1849 -    Sep 1850  Ya`quba dan Jibrilu Gajeren Sarki
   Sep 1850 -    Jan 1871  Sulaymanu Dan Addo dan Ibrahimu    (b. ... - d. 1871)
   Jan 1871 -    Jan 1888  `Abd Allahi Gallo dan Muhammadu
                           Dan Ayi                            (b. 18... - d. 1888)
   Jan 1888 -    Feb 1904  `Abd Allahi Abarshi dan `Ali
                           dan Yerima                         (b. 18... - d. 1904)
   Feb 1904 -    Jun 1915  Jibrilu dan `Abd Allahi Abarshi
       1915 -    Mar 1923  `Aliyu dan `Abd Allahi
                           (regent to 1917)
       1923 -        1955  `Abd Allahi dan Jibrilu            (b. 1901 - d. 1955)
       1955 -        1981  Muhammad Tukur dan `Abd Allahi     (b. 1923)
       1982 -        1995* Shuaibu Yakubu Abarshi
      *2000 -              Muhammad Zayyanu

Zamfara

    bf.1200                Zamfara state founded
       1764 -        1804  state suppressed by Gobir

Rulers (title Sarkin Zamfara)
        ... -         ...  `Usuman dan Muhammadu na Makaka
      *1715*               Babba dan Muhammadu na Makaka
       17.. -        17..  Ya`qubu dan Babba
       17.. -        17..  Jirau dan Babba
       17.. -        1734  Faskare dan Ya`qubu
       1734                Babba dan Jirau
       1734 -        1739  Ya`qubu dan Faskare
       1739 -        1741  Gigama dan Ya`qubu
       1741 -        1748  Malo dan Ya`qubu
       1748 -        1754  Gado dan Gigama
       1754 -        1764  Maroki dan Malo
       1804 -        1805  Dan Bawa dan Gado
       1805 -        1815  Abarshi dan Maroki
       1815                Fari dan Maroki
       1815 -        1824  Dan Bako dan Abarshi
       1824                Dan Gado dan Abarshi
       1824 -        1825  `Abdu Tukudu dan Fari
       1825 -        1829  `Abdu Fari dan Abarshi
       1829 -        1853  Abu Bakar Bawan Adam dan Dan Bako
       1853 -        1877  Muhammadu Dan Gigala dan Dan Bako
       1877 -        1896  Hasan dan Muhammadu Dan Gigala
       1896 -        1899  Muhammadu Farin Gani dan Abi Bakar
                           Bawan Adam
       1899 -        1904  `Abd Allahi Gado dan Muhammadu
                           Dan Gigala
       1904 -        1916  `Abdu Caccabi dan Muhammadu
                           Dan Gigala
       1916 -        1928  Muhammadu Katar dan Hasan
       1928 -        1946  Muhammadu Fari dan Muhammadu
                           Farin Gani
16 Sep 1946 -        19..  Ahmadu Barmo dan Maynassara
- Zamfara Zurmi -
       1976 -        2002  Muhammadu Maynassara               (b. ... - d. 2002)
12 Mar 2002 -              Atiku Dangalatima
- Zamfara Anka -
       1993 -              Muhammad Attahiru Ahmad

Zaria

    bf.1200                Zazzau state founded
31 Dec 1808                Zazzau state superseded by Zaria, a Fulbe jihad state
Note: The rulers of Zaria belong to four lineages of the ruling dynasty: Bornawa, Katsinawa, Malawa, Sulibawa; the lineage is indicated by its initial in [ ].
Rulers (title Sarkin Zazzau)
       1696 -        1701  Bako III dan Musa
       1701 -        1703  Ishaq
       1703 -        1704  Burema II Ashakuka
       1704 -        1715  Bako IV dan Sunkuru
       1715 -        1726  Muhamman dan Gunguma
       1726 -        1733  Uban Bawa
       1733 -        1734  Muhamman Gani
       1734                Abu Muhammadu Gani
       1734 -        1737  Dan Ashakuka
       1737 -        1757  Muhamman Abu III
       1757 -        1759  Bawo
       1759 -        1764  Yunusa
       1764 -        1767  Ya`qub
       1767 -        1773  `Aliyu
       1773 -        1779  Cikkoku
       1779 -        1782  Muhamman Mai Gamo
       1782 -    Nov 1806  Ishaq Jatau
   Nov 1806 - 31 Dec 1808  Muhammad Makau dan Ishaq Jatau
Rulers (title Malam)
31 Dec 1808 - 17 May 1821  Malam Musa ibn Muhammad [M]
   Jun 1821 -  Se/Oc 1835  Yamusa ibn al-Hajji [B]
Emirs (also styled Sarkin Zaria and Sarkin Zazzau)
 Oc/No 1835 - 18 Dec 1846  `Abd al-Karim ibn `Abbas [K]
 6 Jan 1847 - 28 Feb 1847  Hammada ibn Yamusa [B]
15 Apr 1847 -    Apr 1854  Muhammad Sani ibn Yamusa [B]
   Apr 1854 -    Dec 1854  Sidi `Abd al-Qadir ibn Musa [M]
   Jan 1855 -  5 Aug 1856  `Abd as-Salam ibn Muhammad Ka'i [S]
21 Sep 1856 -  Oc/No 1870  `Abd Allah ibn Hammada [B]
                           (1st time)
22 Nov 1870 -  Jn/Jl 1873  Abu Bakr ibn Musa [M]              (b. ... - d. 1873)
 Au/Se 1873 -  No/De 1878  `Abd Allah ibn Hammada [B]
                           (2nd time)
26 Dec 1878 -    Jan 1888  Muhammad Sambo ibn `Abd al-Karim
                           [K]
   Jan 1888 - 13 Feb 1897  `Uthman Yero ibn `Abd Allah [B]    (b. ... - d. 1897)
17 Apr 1897 -    Mar 1903  Muhammad Lawal Kwassau ibn `Uthman
                           Yero [B]
   Mar 1903 -  8 Apr 1903  Sulayman
                           (regent; acting from 11 Sep 1902 for
                           suspended Muhammad Lawal Kwassau)
 8 Apr 1903 -  9 Nov 1920  `Ali ibn `Abd al-Qadir [M]         (b. ... - d. 1924)
       1920 -        1924  Dallatu ibn `Uthman Yero [B]
       1924 -        1936  Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Lawal Kwassau
                           [B]                                (b. ... - d. 1936)
       1937 -    Aug 1959  Malam Ja`far ibn Ishaq [B]         (b. 1891 - d. 1959)
   Sep 1959 -  4 Feb 1975  Muhammad al-Amin ibn `Uthman [K]   (b. ... - d. 1975)
11 Apr 1975 -              Shaykh Idris ibn `Uthman
                           = Shehu Idris [K]                  (b. 1936)

Zuba: see
Abuja.