Rulers: Benin

Traditional polities


Agwe

       1812                Ewe state of Agwe founded (partially in present Togo)
       1895                state annexed by France
       1901                state reconstituted under French/German colonial authority

Rulers
       1812 -        1821  Komlagan
       1821 -        1833  Katraya
       1833 -        1834  Agunu
       1834 -        1844  Toji
       1844 -        1846  Kponton I avumbe
       1846 -        1858  Hanto Tona
       1858 -        1873  Soji = Komin Agidi
       1873 -        1889  Atanle
       1889 -        1894  Ahrlonko Butiyi
       1894 -        1895  Kwasihela Diogo
       1901 -        1930  Abalo Bajavi
       1930 -        1935  Kofi Titriwe
       1937 -        1945  Augustino Olympio
       1946 -        1949  Kponton II

Ajache Ipo

       1688                Fon kingdom of Ajache Ipo founded, originating in split
                           in royal family of Alada; state known to Europeans as
                           Porto Novo
 7 Feb 1908                annexed by France; royalty continues to 1976

Kings (title Ahosu)
- Agasuvi dynasty (also styled Alada-tadonu or Hwegbonu) -
       1794 -        1807  Hufon                              (b. ... - d. 1807)
       1807 -        1816  Ajohan                             (b. ... - d. 1816)
       1816 -        1818  Tofa I                             (b. ... - d. 1818)
       1818 -        1828  Hweze                              (b. ... - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1836  Toyon                              (b. ... - d. 1836)
       1836 -  8 Sep 1848  Meyi                               (b. ... - d. 1848)
 8 Sep 1848 -  3 Feb 1864  Soji                               (b. ... - d. 1864)
11 Feb 1864 - 23 May 1872  Mikpon                             (b. ... - d. 1872)
 4 Jun 1872 - 26 Jun 1874  Mesi II                            (b. ... - d. 1874)
16 Sep 1874 -  7 Feb 1908  Tofa II                            (b. ... - d. 1908)
Chefs supérieurs
10 Feb 1908 - 22 Oct 1913  Gbedisin Tofa                      (b. ... - d. 1913)
       1913 -        1929  Huji                               (b. ... - d. 1929)
       1929 -        1930  Toli                               (b. ... - d. 1930)
       1930 -        1940  Gbehinto                           (b. ... - d. 1940)
       1941 -        194.  Gbeso Toyi
       194. - 16 Jul 1976  Alohinto Gbeffa                    (b. ... - d. 1976)

Alada

     c.1550                Fon kingdom of Alada founded by emigrants from Tado
                           (see Togolese traditional polities); known to French as
                           Allada or Ardres
   Mar 1724                conquered by Danhome
       1734                Danhome permits institution of subordinate royalty,
                           from 1780 belonging to original dynasty
       1894                France reestablishes kingdom
       1909                annexed by France; royalty continues as chef supérieur

Kings (title Ajahutonon or Alada hosu)
- Agasuvi dynasty (also styled Alada-tadonu) -
       1792 -        1842  Ganwa                              (b. ... - d. 1842)
       1842 -        1885  Ganji Sinje "Ajahutonon-Kpevi"     (b. ... - d. 1885)
       1885 -        1894  vacant
       1894 -        1909  Gi-gla I                           (b. ... - d. 1909)
Chefs supérieurs
       1909 - 15 Dec 1923  Jihento                            (b. ... - d. 1923)
       1923 -        1954  Kanfon                             (b. ... - d. 1954)
       1954 -        19..  Gi-gla II
King
 2 Dec 1992 -              Kpodégbé Djigla

Danhome

     c.1600                Fon kingdom of Agbome founded, originating in split
                           in royal family of Alada
     c.1700                after expansion, kingdom renamed Danhome (known to
                           Europeans as Dahomey)
15 Jan 1894                Danhome defeated by France, is split into successor kingdom
                           of Agbome (Abomey) and restored kingdom of Alada (Allada)
12 Feb 1900                Agbome (Abomey) annexed by France; royalty continues

Kings (title Ahosu)
- Agasuvi dynasty (also styled Alada-tadonu) -
       1685 -        1708  Akaba                              (b. 16... - d. 1708)
       1708 -        1727  Agadja Trudo                       (b. 1673? - d. 1727)
       1727 - 17 May 1774  Tegbessou                          (b. 1703? - d. 1774)
       1774 - 17 Apr 1789  Kpengla                            (b. ... - d. 1789)
       1789 -        1797  Agonglo                            (b. ... - d. 1797)
   Apr 1797 -        1818  Adandozan "Madogugu"
                           (possibly originally a regent)
       1818 -    Dec 1858  Gezo "Gbalangbe," "Zedoko"         (b. ... - d. 1858)
   Dec 1858 - 29 Dec 1889  Gelele "Kinikini," "Ahogla,"
                           "Togodo," "Basagla"                (b. ... - d. 1889)
30 Dec 1889 - 15 Jan 1894  Gbehanzin "Chadakogundo"           (b. 1844 - d. 1906)
15 Jan 1894 -        1940  Agoli Agbo I (1900-18 in exile)
       1940 -        1948  Aidododo
       1948 -        1983  Togni-Ahoussou
      *1986 -        1989  Joseph Langanfin?
30 Sep 1989 -              Agoli Agbo Dedjalagni              (b. 1935?)
22 Jan 2000 - 30 Dec 2012    Houédogni Béhanzin (rival king)  (b. 1943 - d. 2013)

Dassa

     c.1600                Yoruba kingdom of Dassa founded
     c.1800                conquered by Danhome
       1889                independent of Danhome, under French protectorate

Rulers (title Oba)
       1889 -         ...  Ajikin Zomaw
        ... -        1941  Abisi Oyo                          (b. ... - d. 1941)
13 Jun 1941 - 24 Jul 1942  Awo Alagi                          (b. ... - d. 1942)
       1942 -         ...  Bernardin Zomaw
      *2005 -              Egba Kotan II

Fitta

     c.1700                Mahi state of Fitta founded

Rulers
      *1800*               Ayaba Abaoke
       18.. -        18..  Ajiba Abaoke
       18.. -        18..  Zigbale
       18.. -        18..  Limu Madu Zohun "Adakpe"
       18.. -        18..  ...
      *1894*               Dikple

Gwande

        ...                Berba state of Gwande founded

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Kasa
        ... -         ...  Wimbo Kasa I
        ... -         ...  Kandikoni
        ... -         ...  Nyami I
        ... -         ...  Dari
        ... -         ...  Kunyati
        ... -         ...  Sakwa
        ... -         ...  Ikori
        ... -         ...  Wimbo Kasa II
        ... -         ...  Nambo
        ... -         ...  Nyami II
        ... -         ...  Yani

Icha

     c.1800                Yoruba state of Icha founded

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Baba Akete
        ... -         ...  Lauru
        ... -         ...  Obinti
        ... -         ...  Akan Aku
        ... -         ...  Kase Kpe
        ... -         ...  Lauru Tofa
        ... -         ...  Lauru Tonyon
        ... -         ...  Lauro Bezon
        ... -         ...  Lauru Asogba
      *1920*               Lauru

Jugu

     c.1700                Gurmanche state of Jugu or Sugu founded

Rulers
- Gurma dynasty -
       1800 -        1815  Bangba Nyora II                    (b. ... - d. 1815)
       1815 -        18..  Kpe Toni II
       18.. -        18..  Kurugu IV Atakora
       18.. -        1880  Nyora III                          (b. ... - d. 1880)
       1880 - 28 Jul 1899  Kpe Toni III                       (b. ... - d. 1899)
11 Aug 1899 -        1900  Baba Jimba
13 Feb 1900 -        19..  Atakora
       19.. -        19..  Kpe Toni IV
       19.. -        19..  Kpe Toni V
       19.. -        19..  Kpe Toni VI

Kandi

     c.1700                Bariba (Borgu) state of Kandi founded

Rulers (title Saka)
        ... -         ...  Bagu I
        ... -         ...  Bukunene
        ... -         ...  Barikali II
        ... -         ...  Minti II
        ... -         ...  Kina Dogo "Donsarukpunon"
        ... -         ...  Gezere II
        ... -        1911  Lafia II                           (b. ... - d. 1911)
       1911 -        1929  Zibiri II                          (b. ... - d. 1929)
       1929 -        19..  Bagu II
       19.. -         ...  Sabi Goro

Ketu

     c.1500                Yoruba state moved its capital to Ketu
       1886                conquered by Danhome
       1893                restored by France under protectorate
       1963                state extinguished

Rulers (title Oba, also styled Alaketu)
       1795 -        1816  Ajibolu                            (b. ... - d. 1816)
       1816 -        1853  Adebiya                            (b. ... - d. 1853)
       1853 -    Dec 1858  Adegbede                           (b. ... - d. 1858)
   Dec 1858 -        1867  Adiro
       1867 -        1883  Osun Ojeku                         (b. ... - d. 1883)
       1883 -        1886  Agidigbo Hungbo (regent)
       1893 -        1894  Ida (f) (regent)
13 Feb 1894 -        1918  Oyengen                            (b. ... - d. 1918)
       1918 -        1936  Ademufekun Dudu                    (b. ... - d. 1936)
       1937 -        1963  Alamu Adewori Adegibite

Kwande

       1790                Bariba (Borgu) state of Kwande founded

Rulers (title Bangana)
       1790 -        1804  Woru Wari I "Taburufa"             (b. ... - d. 1804)
       1804 -        1816  Woru Suru I "Baba Tantame"         (b. ... - d. 1816)
       1816 -        1833  Soru I                             (b. ... - d. 1833)
       1833                Bio Doko                           (b. ... - d. 1833)
       1833 -        1852  Buku Ya Dari "Ginimu Siku"         (b. ... - d. 1852)
       1852 -        1883  Wonkuru "Tabuko"                   (b. ... - d. 1883)
       1883 -        1897  Woru Wari II                       (b. ... - d. 1897)
 5 Mar 1898 -  2 May 1904  Suanru                             (b. ... - d. 1904)
   May 1904 -    Feb 1929  Gunu Deke                          (b. ... - d. 1929)
 9 Dec 1929 - 19 Jan 1943  Woru Suru II                       (b. ... - d. 1943)
 4 Sep 1943 -    Jul 1949  Soru II                            (b. ... - d. 1949)
 1 Jan 1950 - 11 Jul 1957  Woru Wari III "Tunku Cessi"        (b. ... - d. 1957)
20 Jan 1958 -        1961  Imoru Dogo                         (b. ... - d. 1961)
      *1996 -        2005  Oru Suru II                        (b. ... - d. 2005)
      *2005 -              Soru III

Nikki

        ...                Nikki, the second-ranking kingdom in Borgu, founded;
                           for the premier Borgu kingdom, Bussa, as well as Kaiama,
                           see Nigerian traditional polities

Rulers (title Sarkin Nikki)
        ... -         ...  Kpe Gunu "Giribussike"
        ... -         ...  Seru Kpera "Illorikpunon"
        ... -         ...  Sina Boagi "Ningurumekpunon"
        ... -         ...  Kpe Gunu "Yoromkire" Bio Bukari
        ... -        1837  Seru Kpera "Niamarekpunon"         (b. ... - d. 1837)
       1837 -        18..  Seru Kpe Lafia
       18.. -        18..  Seru Kora
       18.. -        18..  Kpe Sumera = Karakoari = Tokobu
       18.. -        18..  Seru Tasu
       18.. -    Dec 1897  Seru Toru "Munko" = Seru Turinka
                           = Sina Toru                        (b. ... - d. 1897)
       1898 -        1901  Kpe Sumera                         (b. ... - d. 1901)
       1901 -        1915  Sina Toru "Passo," "Suanru"        (b. ... - d. 1915)
       1915 -        1917  Kisra Pruka                        (b. ... - d. 1917)
       1917 -        1924  Seru Naina                         (b. ... - d. 1924)
       1924 -        1928  Kisra Yeruma = Seru Toru Tanku     (b. ... - d. 1928)
       1928 -        1932  Seru Kpera                         (b. ... - d. 1932)
       1932 -        1938  Kpe Gunu "Kora Gari"               (b. ... - d. 1938)
       1938 -        1952  Kpe Gunu "Shabi Yerima"            (b. ... - d. 1952)
       1952 -        1957  Kpe Lafia                          (b. ... - d. 1957)
       1957 -        19..  Seru Kpera "Saka Mivera"
       1992 -              Seru Kora

Paraku

     c.1700                Bariba (Borgu) state of Paraku founded

Rulers
        ... -         ...  Akpaki Duro Bekuru I
        ... -         ...  Akpaki Atagara
        ... -         ...  Akpaki Timkpopo
        ... -         ...  Akpaki Yereku
        ... -         ...  Akpaki Gobinyesse
        ... -         ...  Akpaki Tinra I
        ... -         ...  Akpaki Bukukinmin
        ... -         ...  Buru Borassi
      *1894*               Akpaki Lafia I
       189. -        1895  Buru "Gingirekpunon"               (b. ... - d. 1895)
       1895                Buru Donborigi                     (b. ... - d. 1895)
       1895 -        1927  Buru Gessere                       (b. ... - d. 1927)
       1927 -        1942  Akpaki Tinra II                    (b. ... - d. 1942)
       1942 -        1952  Buru Donkakuson II                 (b. ... - d. 1952)
       1952 -        1974  Akpaki Duro Bekuru II
       1974 -        1995  Akpaki Lafia II
28 Dec 1995 - 12 Oct 2004  Akpaki Dagbara II                  (b. ... - d. 2004)
20 Sep 2012 -              Akpaki Bu Ku Kènè

Sabe

Note: The available records for this Yoruba state are fragmentary and conflicting; there is a long line of rulers styled Ola, and the recent rulers are said by one source to alternate between descendants of either of two brothers.
Rulers (title Onisabe)
       1803 -        1818  Ola Obe "Yai," "Woru"              (b. ... - d. 1818)
       1818 -         ...  Ola Mone
        ... -         ...  Ola Akikenju
      *1902*               Momodu

Savalu

     c.1650                Mahi state of Savalu founded

Rulers
      *1795*               Gbagidi IV Jeizo Bonanaglo
        ... -        1821  Gbagidi V Bedebu                   (b. ... - d. 1821)
       1821 -        1863  Gbagidi VI Nyunyisso               (b. ... - d. 1863)
       1863 -        1885  Gbagidi VII Lintonon               (b. ... - d. 1885)
       1885 -        1902  Gbagidi VIII Zundegla
                           = Zundegla Nozin Wandodo           (b. ... - d. 1902)
14 Jul 1902 -  4 Feb 1928  Gbagidi IX Nyumoan                 (b. ... - d. 1928)
       1928 -        19..  Gbagidi X Bahinon
       19.. -         ...  Gbagidi XI Gandigbe

Savi Hweda

       1580                Fon state of Savi Hweda (in English, Whydah; in French,
                           Ouidah) founded
 9 Mar 1727                conquered by and incorporated into Danhome, royalty
                           continues

Rulers
       1671 -        1703  Ayohwan
       1704 -        1708  Aysan = Amah
       1708 -        1741  Hufon
       1753 -        1774  Sagbe
       1776 -        1802  Akanmou
       1804 -        1819  Dèkpon
       1820 -        1843  Dèdé
       1844 -        1857  Dèdji
      *2006 -              Mitodaho Kpassenhon