Rulers: Niger

Traditional polities


Note: There is a huge number of insignificant such polities. This record deals with only a few important ones. The most significant omission consists of the major Tuareg (Twareg = Tawariq = Kel Tamazhek) confederations. This record is in four parts: (A) Doso; (B) major Hausa states: Maradi and Damagaram (note that other Hausa states are partly in present-day Niger and partly in present-day Nigeria, as, e.g., Gobir; these are listed under Nigerian traditional polities); (C) the remnants of the Songhay empire, together with some break-off states; (D) the Berber Sultanate of Ar.

Doso

Rulers (title Jermakoy)
       1856 -        1865  Kossom
       1865 -        1890  `Abdu
       1890 -        1897  Alfa Atta
       1897-         1902  Atiqu
       1902 -        1913  Awta
       1913 -        1924  Musa
       1924 -        1938  Sa`idu
       1938 -        19..  Mumuni
       19.. -        19..  Sa`idu Isufu Sa`idu

Hausa states

Maradi

       1807                Maradi state founded by the Hausa rulers evicted from the
                           Katsina state (see under Nigerian traditional polities)
                           by the Fulani jihad

Rulers (title Sarkin Katsina)
- Durbawa dynasty -
       1807 -        1830  Dan Kasawa da Agwaragi
       1830 -        1835  Rauda dan Magaji
       1835 -        1842  `Umaru Dan Mari dan Gwozo
       1842 -        1847  Binoni dan Agwaragi
       1847 -        1850  Dan Mahedi dan Agwaragi
       1850 -        1851  Dan Baura dan Agwaragi
       1851 -        1873  Dan Baskore dan Rauda "Labran"
       1873 -        1878  Barmu dan Dan Kasawa
       1878 -        1880  Mazawaje da Dan Kasawa
       1880 -        1882  Malam dan Dan Kasawa
       1882 -        1887  Salao Mazallaji dan Dan Mahedi
       1887 -        1890  Dan Kaka dan Dan Mari = Dan Gulbi
       1890                Dan Dadi dan Binoni
       1890 -        1892  Mijinyawa dan Barmu (1st time)
       1892 -        1894  Naybo dan Dan Baura
       1894 -        1897  Mijinyawa dan Barmu (2nd time)
       1897 -        1898  Daci dan Binoni (1st time)
       1898                Kure dan Malam (1st time)
       1898                Daci dan Binoni (2nd time)
       1898                Mijinyawa dan Barmu (3rd time)
       1898 -        1904  Kure dan Malam (2nd time)
       1904                Mahaman Burja dan Dan Mahedi
       1904 -        1920  Kure dan Malam (3rd time)
       1920 -        1922  `Ali Dan Kimalle dan Dan Mari
       1922 -        1944  Dan Kolodo dan Malam
       1944 -        1947  Mahaman Dan Baskore dan Kure
       1947 -         ...  Mahaman Sani Dan Zambadi Buzu dan Kure

Damagaram

       1731                Damagaram state (later capital Zinder) founded

Rulers (titles Sarkin Damagaram, Sultan)
       1731 -        1746  Malam Yunus dan Ibram              (b. c.1688 - d. 1746)
       1746 -        1757  Baba dan Malam
       1757 -        1775  Tanimun Babami
       1775 -        1782  Asafa dan Tanimun                  (b. ... - d. 1782)
       1782 -        1787  Abaza dan Tanimun
       1787 -        1790  Mahaman dan Tanimun "Babu Tsaba"
       1790 -        1799  Da'udu dan Tanimun
       1799 -        1812  Amadu dan Tanimun "na Cihanza"
       1812 -        1822  Saleman dan Tintuma                (b. ... - d. 1831)
       1822 -        1841  Ibram dan Saleman (1st time)       (b. ... - d. 1851)
       1841 -        1843  Tanimun dan Saleman "Baki Jataw,"
                           "Dari" (1st time)                  (b. c.1811 - d. 1885)
       1843 -        1851  Ibram dan Saleman (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1851                Mahaman Kace dan Ibram
       1851 -        1880  Tanimun dan Saleman "Baki Jataw,"
                           "Dari" (2nd time)                  (s.a.)
       1880                Kiyari dan Tanimun
       1880 -        1885  Tanimun dan Saleman "Baki Jataw,"
                           "Dari" (3rd time)                  (s.a.)
       1885 -        1893  Saleman "dan Aysa" dan Tanimun
                           "Karami"
       1893 - 30 Jul 1899  Amadu dan Tanimun "May Rumji,"
                           "Kuren Daga"                       (b. ... - d. 1899)
30 Jul 1899 -        1906  Amadu "dan Basa" dan Tanimun
       1906 -        1921  `Usman Bellama (regent)
       1921 - 27 Feb 1923  vacant
27 Feb 1923 -  3 Sep 1950  Barma Mustafa
       1950 -        1978  Sanda `Umaru dan Amadu             (b. ... - d. 1978)
       1978 -  9 Jul 2001  Abubakar `Umaru Sanda              (b. 1950?)
26 Jul 2001 -              Mamadu Mustafa                     (b. 1942?)

End of the Songhay Empire

The Songhay empire grew out of a polity that was formed in the Dendi region of present-day Niger. This polity flourished in present-day Mali and replaced the Mali empire as the major West Sudanese power; its capital was Gao. After being vanquished by incursions from Morocco, the Songhay state withdrew to its original location in the Dendi region, and is thenceforth often referred to as Dendi; but there is a continuity of rule, symbolized by continuing to use the Songhay name and the royal style askya. In addition to this remnant Songhay state, this record contains a small group of break-off polities.

Songhay

       1901                state extinguished by the French colonial power

Rulers (title Askya)
      *1700 -        1761  Hanga
       1761 -        1779  Samsu Beri
       1779 -        1793  Hargani
       1793                Fodi Mayrumfa (1st time)
       1793 -        1798  Samsu Keyna
       1798 -        1805  Fodi Mayrumfa (2nd time)
       1805 -        1823  Tomo
       1823 -        1842  Bassaru Missi Ize
       1842 -        1845  Bumi "Kodama Komi"
       1845 -        1864  Koyze Baba
       1864 -        1865  Koyze Baba Baki
       1865 -        1868  Wankoy
       1868 -        1882  Bigo Farma
       1882 -        1887  Dauda
       1887 -        1901  Malla

Tera

Rulers (title Askya)
        ... -         ...  Alazi
        ... -         ...  Abaza Alazi
        ... -         ...  Marunfa Alazi
        ... -         ...  Tafarma Alazi
        ... -         ...  Hamma Banakoy "Wabana"
        ... -         ...  Bukari Hamma
        ... -         ...  `Ali Hamma
      *1880 -        1885* Gabilinga Hamma
       18.. -        18..  Cinda Kolle
       18.. -        1897  Ntambara Kolle
       1897 -         ...  Ku
        ... -        1919  Amaru `Ali Hoyrey
       1919 -        1952  Hasan Dyallo "Pulo" (usurper)
       1952                al-Sa`id Amaru

Kokoro

Rulers (title Askya)
        ... -         ...  Balma Farimonzon
        ... -         ...  Wijindi Balma
        ... -         ...  Zarma Wijindi
        ... -         ...  `Ali Zarma
        ... -         ...  Gelo-Fodi (regent)
        ... -         ...  Binga `Ali
        ... -         ...  Yahimonzon `Ali
        ... -         ...  Gunguban Yahimonzon
        ... -         ...  Bimbelo Yahimonzon
        ... -         ...  Duassu Yahimonzon
        ... -         ...  Sorko Yahimonzon
        ... -         ...  Buna Yahimonzon
        ... -         ...  Sogha Yahimonzon
        ... -         ...  Adama Yahimonzon (f)
        ... -         ...  Kodyo Yahimonzon (f)
        ... -        1899  `Alikar Duassu
       1899 -         ...  Munkayla Buna
        ... -         ...  al-Husayni

Goruol

Rulers (title Askya)
        ... -         ...  Foni Keri
        ... -         ...  Alzuleyni
        ... -         ...  Man Alzuleyni
        ... -         ...  Arkussu Man
        ... -         ...  Foni-kori Arkussu
        ... -         ...  Alazi Foni (1st time)
        ... -         ...  Desseri Samsu (perhaps regent)
        ... -         ...  Alazi Foni (2nd time)
        ... -         ...  Musa Alazi
        ...    (3 days)    Mahamadu Surgho Alazi
        ... -         ...  Sambo Desseri
      *1910 -        1916  Jibrilla Desseri
       1916 -        19..  `Umaru Alazi
       19.. -         ...  Surghia `Umaru

Dargol

Rulers (title Askya)
        ... -         ...  Duassu
        ... -         ...  Binga
        ... -         ...  Wankoy
        ... -        1891  Duassu
       1891 -         ...  `Umaru Bani

The Berber Sultanate of Ar

Note: There are considerable discrepancies in the available chronologies, some of which differ widely from the one chosen here.
       1405                Ar state founded

Rulers (titles Amenokal, Sultan)
       1687 -        1721  Muhammad Agg-Abba ibn Muhammad
                           al-Mubarak
       1721                Muhammad al-Amin ibn Muhammad
                           al-Mubarak (1st time)
       1721                al-Wali ibn Muhammad al-Mubarak
       1721                Muhammad al-Amin ibn Muhammad
                           al-Mubarak (2nd time)
       1721                Muhammad al-Mumin
       1721 -        1722  `Uthman ibn Muhammad al-Mumin
       1722 -        1735  Muhammad Agg-`Aisha ibn Muhammad
                           Agg-Abba
       1735 -        1739  Muhammad Humad ibn Muhammad
                           al-Mubarak (1st time)
       1739 -        1744  Muhammad Guma ibn al-`Adil
       1744 -        1759  Muhammad Humad ibn Muhammad
                           al-Mubarak (2nd time)
       1759 -        1763  Muhammad Guma ibn `Uthman
       1763 -        1768  Muhammad Humad ibn Muhammad
                           al-Mubarak (3rd time)
       1768 -        1810  Muhammad al-`Adil ibn Muhammad Humad
       1810 -        1815  Muhammad ad-Dani
       1815 -        1816  Muhammad al-Baqiri
       1816 -        1821  Muhammad Guma "Tabdali" (1st time)
       1821 -        1828  Ibrahim Waffa
       1828 -        1835  Muhammad Guma "Tabdali" (2nd time)
       1835 -        1853  `Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad al-Baqiri
       1853 -         ...  Ahmad ar-Raffa` ibn Muhammad Guma
                           (1st time)
        ... -         ...  Muhammad al-Baqiri "Sufu" (1st time)
        ... -         ...  Ahmad ar-Raffa` ibn Muhammad Guma
                           (2nd time)
        ... -         ...  Muhammad al-Baqiri "Sufu" (2nd time)
        ... -         ...  Ibrahim ad-Dusuqi ibn Ahmad
                           ar-Raffa` (1st time)
        ... -        1903  Muhammad al-Baqiri "Sufu" (3rd time)
       1903 -        1907  `Uthman Mikitan ibn Abd al-Qadir
 1 Aug 1907 -        1908  Ibrahim ad-Dusuqi ibn Ahmad
                           ar-Raffa` (2nd time)
       1908 -        1917  `Abd ar-Rahman Taghama ibn
                           Muhammad al-Baqiri
       1917 -        1920  Ibrahim ad-Dusuqi ibn Ahmad
                           ar-Raffa` (3rd time)
13 May 1920 -        1960  `Umaru Agg-Ibrahim
       1960 - 21 Feb 2012  Ibrahim ibn `Umaru                 (b. ... - d. 2012)
       2012 -              `Umaru ibn Ibrahim