Rulers: Botswana

Traditional polities


Note: This record refers to the "eight principal tribes"; all except the baMalete are ethnic baTswana, and their ruling lines are genealogically related. Other baTswana tribes and segments of tribes are recorded under South African traditional polities. Forms of names following = are "Europeanized" forms used in extra-tribal contexts.

baRlng

     c.1760                baRlng bTshidi segment separates from
                           other baRlng segments (for which
                           see South African traditional polities)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
     c.1760 -      c.1775  Tshidi a Tau                       (b. ... - d. c.1775)
     c.1775 -      c.1785  Thutlwa a Tshidi                   (b. ... - d. c.1785)
     c.1785 -      c.1790  Makgtla a Tau (acting)            (b. ... - d. c.1790)
     c.1790 -        1815  Lesomo a Tshidi (acting)           (b. 17... - d. 1818)
       1815 -        1848  Tawana a Tlhutlwa                  (b. c.1775 - d. 1849)
       1848 -        1849  Makgtla a Tshidi (acting)
       1849 - 19 Oct 1896  Montshiwa a Tau                    (b. c.1815 - d. 1896)
       1896 -        1903  Bsl I a Montshiwa = Wessels     (b. ... - d. 1903)
                           (acting)
       1903 -        1911  Badirile a Montshiwa (acting)      (b. ... - d. 1911)
       1911 -        1915  Lekk a Marumolwa (acting)
       1915 -        1917  Joshua a Molma (acting)
       1917 -        1919  Bakolopang a Montshiwa (acting)    (b. ... - d. 1919)
       1919 -        1954  Lotlamoreng I a Kebalepile
                           a Montshiwa
       1954 -        19..  Tigo Tawana a Selere (acting)
       19.. -        1970  Kebalepile a Lotlamoreng
                           = Kebalepile Montshiwa
       1970 -        1977  Bsl II a Kebalepile
                           = Besele Montshiwa (1st time)      (b. ... - d. 2001)
       1977 -        1982  R. Motlhatledi
                           ("Tribal Authority")
       1982 - 17 Jun 2001  Bsl II a Kebalepile
                           = Besele Montshiwa (2nd time)      (s.a.)
23 Feb 2002 -              Lotlamoreng II
                           = Lotlamoreng Montshiwa            (b. 1976?)

baKwna

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
     c.1770 -      c.1785  Motswasele I a Lekgwajane          (b. ... - d. c.1785)
     c.1785 -      c.1795  Seitlhamo a Motswasele             (b. ... - d. c.1795)
     c.1795 -      c.1803  Legwale a Seitlhamo                (b. ... - d. c.1803)
     c.1803 -        1805  Maleke a Seitlhamo (acting)
       1805 -        1807  Tshosa a Seitlhamo (acting)        (b. ... - d. c.1828?)
       1807 -        1822  Motswasele II a Legwale            (b. c.1785 - d. 1822)
       1822 -        1827  Morwakgomo a Tshosa                (b. ... - d. 1828)
Split into three segments (1827-53):
(1)
       1827 -        1834  Kgama a Legwale                    (b. ... - d. c.1834)

(2)
       1827 -        1845  Bobi a Tshosa                      (b. ... - d. 1845)
       1845 -        1853  Kgakge a Tshosa

(3)
       1827 -        1829  Segokotlo a Legwale (acting)       (b. ... - d. 1829)
       1829 -        1831  Moles a Legwale (acting)          (b. ... - d. 1831)
       1831 -        1853  Setshele I a Motswasele
                           "Rra Mokonopi"                     (b. c.1815 - d. 1892)

       1853 - 25 Sep 1892  Setshele I a Motswasele
                           "Rra Mokonopi"                     (s.a.)
       1892 - 23 Jan 1911  Sebele I a Setshele                (b. 1840/45 - d. 1911)
       1911 -        1918  Setshele II Kealeboga a Sebele     (b. 1875 - d. 1918)
       1918 -        1931  Sebele II Kelebantse a Setshele    (b. 1892 - d. 1939)
       1931 -        1962  Kgari a Setshele                   (b. 1904 - d. 1962)
                           (acting to 195...)
       1963 - 21 Sep 1970  Neale a Baruti = Neale Sechele     (b. 1916 - d. 1985)
   Oct 1970 -        1978  Bonewamang a Padi
                           = Bonewamang Padi Sechele          (b. 1926 - d. 1978)
       1979 -        19..  Setshele III = Mack Sechele
       19.. -    Mar 1996  Moithali a Setshele
                           = Mothali Sechele
       1996 -    Jan 2002  Kgosikwna a Sebele
                           = Kgosikwena Sechele (acting)
17 Aug 2002 -              Kgari II a Bonewamang
                           = Kgari Sechele                    (b. 1974?)

baNgwaketse

       1750                baKwna baNgwaketse established in their
                           permanent territory

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
       1750 -        1770  Mongala a Makaba                   (b. ... - d. 1770)
       1770 -        1790  Moleta a Mongala
       1790 -        1817  Makaba II a Moleta "Rramaomana"    (b. c.1760 - d. 1824)
Split into two segments (1817-57):
(1)
       1817 -        1824  Makaba II a Moleta "Rramaomana"    (s.a.)
       1824 -        1844  Sebg a Makaba (acting)           (b. c.1795 - d. 1844)
       1844 -        1857  Senthufe a Sebg                  (b. ... - d. 1885)

(2)
       1817 -        1823  Tshosaa Makaba                     (b. ... - d. 1823)
       1823 -        1845  Segotshane a Makaba (acting)       (b. ... - d. 1885)
       1845 -        1857  Gaseitsiwe a Tshosa                (b. 1810/20 - d. 1889)

       1857 -    Jul 1889  Gaseitsiwe a Tshosa                (s.a.)
       1889 -  1 Jul 1910  Bathoen I a Gaseitsiwe             (b. 1845 - d. 1910)
       1910 -        1916  Sepapits III a Bathoen           (b. 1884 - d. 1916)
       1916 -        1918  Kgosimotse a Gaseitsiwe (acting)   (b. ... - d. 1918)
       1918 -        1919  Malope I a Makaba (acting)         (b. ... - d. 1919)
       1919 -        1923  Tshosa Sebg a Keemanao (acting)
       1923 -        1924  Gagoangwe a Setshele (f) (acting)  (b. 1848 - d. 1924)
       1924 -        1928  Ntebogang a Bathoen (f) (acting)   (b. 1882 - d. 1979)
       1928 -  1 Jul 1969  Bathoen II a Sepapits
                           = Bathoen Seepapitso Gaseitsiwe    (b. 1908 - d. 1990)
16 Jan 1970 - 24 Mar 2010  Sepapits IV a Bathoen
                           = Seepapitso Bathoen Gaseitsiwe    (b. 1933 - d. 2010)
       1973 -        1974    Mokgami a Sepapits
                             = Mokgami Gaseitsiwe
                             (acting for suspended Sepapits)
       2000 - 22 Apr 2003    Seatla Gaseitsiwe (acting)       (b. ... - d. 2003)
   Sep 2003 -  1 Sep 2004    Kgabosetso II Mosielele (acting)
       2010 -              Malope II a Gaseitsiwe

baNgwato

       1780                baNgwato (bamaNgwato) established in their permanent territory

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
       1780 -        1795  Mathiba a Moleta                   (b. c.1755/60 - d. 1795)
       1795 -        1817  Kgama I a Mathiba                  (b. c.1775/80 - d. 1817)
       1817 -        1828  Kgari a Kgama "Pebane"             (b. c.1790 - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1833  Sedimo a Molosiwa (acting)         (b. ... - d. 1833)
       1833 -        1835  Khama II a Kgari                   (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 -        1857  Sekgoma I a Kgari "Mnaphiri"
                           (1st time)                         (b. c.1815 - d. 1883)
       1857 -        1859  Matsheng a Kgari (1st time)        (b. c.1830 - d. c.1873)
       1859 -        1866  Sekgoma I a Kgari "Mnaphiri"
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1866 -        1872  Matsheng a Kgari (2nd time)        (s.a.)
       1872 -        1873  Kgama III Boikanyo a Sekgoma
                           = Khama (1st time)                 (b. 1837 - d. 1923)
       1873 -        1875  Sekgoma I a Kgari "Mnaphiri"
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
       1875 - 21 Feb 1923  Kgama III Boikanyo a Sekgoma
                           = Khama (2nd time)                 (s.a.)
21 Feb 1923 - 17 Nov 1925  Sekgoma II a Kgama "Leraraetsa"    (b. 1869 - d. 1925)
17 Nov 1925 - 19 Jan 1926  Gorewang a Kgamane
                           (chairman Council of Regency)
19 Jan 1926 - 14 Sep 1933  Tshkdi a Kgama = Tshekedi Khama
                           (1st time) (regent)                (b. 1905 - d. 1959)
   Sep 1933 -  4 Oct 1933  Serogola a Gagoitsege
                           (acting regent)
 4 Oct 1933 - 23 Jun 1949  Tshkdi a Kgama = Tshekedi Khama
                           (2nd time) (regent)                (s.a.)
23 Jun 1949 -  8 Mar 1950  Srts a Sekgoma a Kgama
                           = Seretse Khama                    (b. 1921 - d. 1980)
                           (not recognized by protectorate authority;
                           renounces claim 26 Sep 1956)
13 Mar 1950 - 26 May 1952  Keabka Kgamane ("African Authority")
13 May 1953 -    May 1964  Rrasebolai a Gorewang "George"
                           = Rasebolai Kgamane                (b. 1907 - d. 1973)
                           ("African Authority")
   May 1964 -        1974  Leeapeetswe a Tshkdi
                           = Leeapeetswe Khama                (b. 1939 - d. 1987)
                           ("Tribal Authority" to 1969)
       1974 -        1979  Mokgatsha Mokgadi
                           ("Tribal Authority")
 5 May 1979 -              Ian a Srts = Ian Khama          (b. 1953)

baTawana (Ngamiland)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
       1795 -        1820  Tawana I a Mathiba "Mpuru"         (b. ... - d. c.1820)
       1820 -        1828  Mormi I a Tawana                  (b. ... - d. 1828)
       1828 -        1840  Sedumedi a Mormi (acting)
       1840 -        1847  Mogalakwe a Tawana (acting)
       1847 -        1874  Letsholathb I a Mormi           (b. c.1820 - d. 1874)
       1875 -        1876  Mn a Moremi (acting)
       1876                Dithap a Mn (1st time) (acting)
       1876 -  4 Nov 1890  Mormi II a Letsholathb          (b. 1852/55 - d. 1890)
       1890 -        1891  Dithap a Mn (2nd time) (acting)
       1891 -        1906  Sekgoma a Letsholathb            (b. c.1870 - d. 1914)
                           (acting; pretends to be kgsi)
       1906                Sekgathl a Letsholathb
                           (acting)
       1906 -        1932  Mathiba a Mormi                   (b. 1880 - d. 1933)
       1932 -        1934  Monaamaburu a Letsholathb
                           (acting)
       1934 -        1936  Dibolayang a Weetshoetsile
                           (acting)
       1936 -        1937  Gaetsalwe a Mormi (acting)
       1937 -        1946  Mormi III a Mathiba "Mawelawela"  (b. 1915 - d. 1946)
       1947 -        1958  Elizabeth Pulane Seeco (f)
                           = Pulane Moremi (acting)           (b. 1912 - d. 1981)
       1958 -        1981  Letsholathb II a Mormi          (b. 1940 - d. 1981)
       1981 -        1995  Mathiba a Mormi (acting)
       1995 -              Tawana II a Letsholathb          (b. 1970?)

baKgatla

       16..                baKgatla bagaKgafla segment separated from rest of tribe

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
     c.1770 -      c.1790  Molef a Kgwfane                  (b. ... - d. c.1790)
     c.1790 -      c.1795  Mmakgotso a Kgwfane (acting)
     c.1795 -      c.1810  Phet II Ramphojane a Molef       (b. ... - d. c.1810)
     c.1810 -      c.1815  Senwl a Molef (1st time)
                           (acting)
     c.1815 -      c.1820  Letsb a Phet                    (b. ... - d. c.1820)
     c.1820 -        1821  Senwl a Molef (2nd time)
                           (acting)
       1821 -        1824  Motlotle a Molef (acting)
       1824 -        1853  Pilane a Phet                     (b. c.1790 - d. 1853?)
       1833                  Kgotlamasw a Phet
                             (in rebellion)
       1853 -    May 1875  Kgamanyane a Pilane                (b. 1820/25 - d. 1875)
   May 1875 -        1876  Bogatsu a Pilane (acting)
       1876 - 25 Oct 1924  Lentswe I a Kgamanyane             (b. c.1857 - d. 1924)
       1924 -        1929  Isang a Lentswe = Isang Pilani
                           (acting)                           (b. c.1885 - d. 1941)
       1929 -        1936  Molefi a Kgafla = Molefi Pilane
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1909 - d. 1958)
       1936 -        1942  Mmusi a Kgafla = Mmusi Pilane
                           (1st time) (acting)                (b. 1915 - d. 2006)
       1942 -        1945  Council of Regency
                           - Bakgatla a Letswe
                           - Molefi a Segale
                           - Amos Kgamanyane a Mogale         (b. 1888 - d. 1984)
       1945 -        1958  Molefi a Kgafla = Molefi Pilane
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1958 -        1963  Mmusi a Kgafla = Mmusi Pilane
                           (2nd time) (acting)                (s.a.)
 6 Apr 1963 - 21 Aug 2007  Lentswe II a Molefi
                           = Linchwe Molefi Kgafela           (b. 1935 - d. 2007)
21 Aug 2007 - 20 Sep 2008  Mothibe Linchwe (acting)
20 Sep 2008 -              Kgafela II                         (b. 1971)

baLete

     c.1780                baLete (baMalete) established in their permanent territory

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
        ... -         ...  Pw I a Marumo
        ... -      c.1805  Mokgjwe a Pw (acting)
     c.1805 -      c.1830  Pw II a Mokgjwe                 (b. ... - d. c.1830)
     c.1830 -        1886  Mokgsi I a Pw                   (b. ... - d. 1886)
       1886 -        1896  Ikaneng a Mokgsi                  (b. ... - d. 1896)
       1896 -        1906  Mokgsi II a Ikaneng               (b. ... - d. 1906)
       1906 -        1917  Baitlotle a Ikaneng (acting)
       1917 -        1937  Seboko I a Mokgsi                 (b. ... - d. 1937)
       1937 -        1945  Ketswerebothata a Mokgsi (acting)
       1945 -        1966  Mokgsi III a Seboko               (b. 1920 - d. 1966)
       1966 -        1996  Kelemogile a Seboko
                           = Kelemogile Mokgosi (acting)
 1 Jun 1996 - 21 Jun 2001  Seboko II a Mokgsi                (b. 1959 - d. 2001)
21 Jun 2001 -  7 Jan 2002  Tumelo a Seboko (acting)
 7 Jan 2002 -              Mosadi a Mokgsi
                           = Mosadi Muriel Seboko (f)         (b. 1950)

baTlkwa

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
     c.1780 -      c.1815  Bogatsu a Makaba                   (b. ... - d. c.1815)
     c.1815 -        1823  Kgosi I a Bogatsu
       1823 -        1826  Lesag a Kgosi (acting)            (b. ... - d. c.1851)
       1826 -        1835  Bash a Kgosi (acting)             (b. ... - d. 1835)
       1835 -        1880  Matlapeng Ramoswana a Kgosi        (b. ... - d. 1880)
       1880 -        1931  Gaborone a Matlapeng               (b. c.1825 - d. 1931)
       1931 -        1948  Matlala a Molef a Gaborone        (b. ... - d. 1948)
       1948 -        1973  Kgosi II a Matlala
                           = Kgosi Matlala Gaborone           (b. 1905 - d. 1973)
       1973 -        1975  Kema = Kema Gaborone (acting)
       1975 -        1989  Monare Gaborone (acting)
       1989 - 31 Oct 2005  Moshibidu Gaborone                 (b. 1943 - d. 2005)
31 Oct 2005 - 30 May 2006  Michael Gaborone (acting)
30 May 2006 -              Puso Gaborone                      (b. 1974?)