Rulers: South Africa

Traditional polities


amaHlubi

11 Dec 1873                incorporated into Cape Colony

Chiefs/Kings (title Nkosi)
        ... -         ...  Bungane Hlubi
        ... -        1817  Mthimkulu
       1817 -        1825  Mpangazitha = Pakalita
      *1845 - 11 Dec 1873  Langalibalele a Mthimkulu
                           = Mthethwa                         (b. 1818 - d. 1889)

kwaNdebele

Chiefs/Kings
- amaNdzundza dynasty -
      *1826*               Mabhg a Magodongo Mahlangu
       1830 -        1860  Mkhepula Soqaleni Sonyengele
                           Cornelius a Mabhg Mahlangu
       1860 -        1863  Gabongo a Mabhg Mahlangu
                           (acting)
       1863 - 19 Dec 1902  Nyabla a Mabhg Mahlangu         (b. 1825/30 - d. 1902)
                           (acting)
       1904 -        1921  Fene a Mkhepula Mahlangu
       1921 -        1961  Mayitjha Cornelius II              (b. ... - d. 1961)
       1961 -  6 Jul 1992  David Mabusa Mabhg Mahlangu      (b. ... - d. 1992)
       1992 - 30 Jun 2005  Mayitjha Cornelius III             (b. 1947 - d. 2005)
       2005 -              Mabhg III
       2007 -                Sililo Mahlangu (regent)         (b. 1953)

baPedi

Chiefs/Kings
- Maroteng dynasty -
      *1790 -        1824  Thulare a Morwamothse = Madile
                           = Mampuru "Sepitle-sa-Mangana"
       1824 -        1825  Malekutu a Thulare
       1824 -        1825    Makgeru a Thulare (rival ruler)
       1825 -        1826  Phethedi a Thulare
       1825 -        1826    Mothodi a Morwamothse
                             (rival ruler)
       1827 - 20 Sep 1861  Sekwati a Thulare                  (b. ... - d. 1861)
       1861                Mampuru a Sekwati (1st time)
       1861 -  2 Dec 1879  Sekhukhune I a Sekwati (1st time)  (b. 1814 - d. 1882)
   Dec 1879 -        1881  Mampuru a Sekwati (2nd time)
                           + Ramoroka (acting)
       1881 - 13 Aug 1882  Sekhukhune I a Sekwati (2nd time)  (s.a.)
Split into two ruling lines:
(1)
       1882 -         ...  Kgolokwe a Sekwati (acting)
        ... -  1 Jun 1943  Sekhukhune II a Morwamothse
 1 Jun 1943 -        19..  Phatudi a Morwamothse (acting)
       19.. -         ...  Morwamothse a Sekhukhune

(2)
       1882 -         ...  Malekutu a Mampuru
      *1971*               Sekwati a Malekutu

baTswana

Note: This record contains baTswana groups other than those recorded under Botswanan traditional polities. The baTlhaping split before 1800 into baTlhaping bagaPhuduhudu and baTlhaping bagaPhuduhutswane.
(1) baTlhaping bagaPhuduhudu

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
        ...                Mabogole a Maditlhong
        ...                Motshabi a Mabogole
        ...                Mmolawa a Ditlhong a Motshabi
      *1885*               Mere a Mmolawa = Molehe a Mmolawa
       1895 -  9 Apr 1910  Gaseemelwe a Mere
       1910 -  1 Oct 1925  Mabogole a Mere (acting)
 1 Oct 1925 -  1 Apr 1933  Lerumo a Ditu a Gaseemelwe
 1 Sep 1933 -         ...  Oomang Gaseemelwe

(2) baTlhaping bagaPhuduhutswane

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
       1775 -    Mar 1812  Molehabangwe a Maswe
   Mar 1812 -        1839  Mothibi a Molehabangwe
Split into four ruling lines:
(2-1)
       1839 -         ...  Molale a Molehabangwe
        ... -         ...  Mahura a Molehabangwe (acting)
Split into two lines:
(2-1-1)
      *1850 -        1891  Mankurwane a Molale
       1891 -         ...  Nolale a Mankurwane
      *1950*               Kgosietsile a Molale

(2-1-2)
        ... -  7 Mar 1906  Mase a Mahura
 2 May 1906 - 12 Jun 1918  Tholotitane a Mase
13 Jul 1918 - 11 Jul 1933  Goabakwe Gert Bogosing a Mase
11 Jul 1933 -  1 Oct 1933  Kgosimodipa a Mahura (acting)
 1 Oct 1933 - 25 Jun 1958  Lekwe Mahura a Goabakwe
25 Jun 1958 -  5 Nov 1958  Rankalaka a Mahura (acting)
 5 Nov 1958 -         ...  Modisakgomo George Vantrude
                           Mahura a Goabakwe

(2-2)
       1839 -        1884  Saku a Molehabangwe
       1884 -    May 1906  Tlhaganyane a Saku
25 May 1906 -  1 Apr 1951  Pull Johnson a Tlhaganyane
 1 Apr 1951 -              Kain Alfred Tlhaganyane a Pull

(2-3)
       1839 - 13 Aug 1858  Gasebonwe a Mothibi
                           (probably acting for demented Phethuetsile a Mothibi)
       1858 -        1885* Botlhasitse a Gasebonwe
      *1895 -        1927  Galesiwe a Botlhasitse

(2-4)
       1839 -        1884  Yanke a Mothibi = Jantje
       1884 -         ...  Mpolokeng Luka a Yanke
        ... -         ...  Olebile De Voljk a Yanke

(3) baTlkwa

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
        ... -         ...  MmaMane (f) (acting)
        ... -        1817  Mokotjo
       1817 -        1824  Monyale a Mothaba (later called
                           MmaNtatise Sia Mosayane) (f)
                           (acting)
       1824 -    Jul 1856  Sekonyela a Mokotjo
   Jul 1856 -         ...  Leligoanna + Lehana

(4) baRlng baRratlou

       1885                incorporated into Cape Colony (Bechuanaland)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
        ... -         ...  Rratlou a Tau
Split into baRlng baRratlou booMariba and baRlng baRratlou booSeitshiro:
(4-1) baRlng baRratlou booMariba

        ... -         ...  Mariba a Rratlou
        ... -         ...  Mokalala a Rratlou (acting)
Split into two ruling lines:
(4-1-1)
        ... -         ...  Moamogw a Mariba
        ... -         ...  Molal a Moamogw (acting)
        ... -        1873  Maiketso a Moamogw (acting to ...)
       1873 -         ...  Bonokwane a Maiketso (acting)
        ... -        1925  Marumolwa a Mothibi
       1925 -        1938  Lekk a Marumolwa
       1938 -        1942  Sebalamonokwane a Lekk (acting)
       1942 -         ...  Dintsa a Marumolwa (acting)        (b. 1904)

(4-1-2)
        ... -      c.1833  Motshware a Mariba                 (b. ... - d. c.1833)
     c.1833 -      c.1883  Makgobi a Motshware                (b. ... - d. c.1883)
     c.1883 -        1909  Makgobi Motsewakhumo a Makgobi     (b. ... - d. 1909)
       1909 -    Jun 1915  Makgobi a Motsewakhumo             (b. 1864 - d. 1915)
30 Oct 1915 - 30 Jul 1933  Kgositau a Motsewakhumo            (b. ... - d. 1933)
                           (acting to 1923)
       1933 -        1955  Tshipitta a Kgositau              (b. 1895 - d. 1955)
       19.. -        19..  Selohile John Motsewakhumo
       19.. -        1997  Mmoledi (acting)
       1997 -              Sandyland Motsewakhumo

(4-2) baRlng baRratlou booSeitshiro

        ... -         ...  Seitshiro a Rratlou
        ... -         ...  Mosweu a Seitshiro
        ... -        1835  Tsia a Mosweu (acting)
       1835 -        1840  Matlhaku a Sekgw
       1840 -        1853  Gontse a Mokt (acting)
       1853 -        1870  Masisi a Matlhaku
       1870 -        1871  Mostlh a Sekgw (acting)
       1871 -        1904  Moswt a Sekgoro
       1904 -        1944  Kgosi Aaron a Moswt
       1944 -        1949  Oabile Benjamin Moswt a Kgosi
                           (acting)
       1949 -         ...  Kgosi Gilbert Aaron a Sekgoro Ruben

(5) baRlng baSeleka

   Jul 1884                incorporated into Orange Free State

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
       1777 -        1785  Seleka a Tau
       1785 -        1794  Mpolokang "Koikoi" a Seleka
       1795 -        1800  Morka a Mpolokang
       1800 -        1805  Mokgosi a Morka
       1805 -        1829  Sehunl a Morka (acting)
       1829 -        1830  Setile a Mokgosi
       1830 -  8 Apr 1880  Morka a Sehunl
 8 Apr 1880 - 10 Jul 1884  Samuel Tshipinare a Morka
10 Jul 1884 -        1912  Robert Tawana a Tshipinare
       1912 -         ...  Setlogl a Tawana

(6) baRlng baRrapulana

       1885                incorporated into Cape Colony (Bechuanaland)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
        ... -         ...  Rrapulana a Tau
        ... -         ...  Modise a Rrapulana (acting)
        ... -         ...  Molkane a Rrapulana
        ... -        1836  Makgwa a Molkane
       1836 -        1879  Matlaba a Makgwa
       1879 -        1887  Swedintle a Matlaba
       1887 -        1901  Mokgothu Andries a Matlaba
                           (acting)
       1901 -        1909  Montshusi a Matlaba (acting)       (b. ... - d. 1933)
       1909 - 26 May 1936  Israel Makgwa Ramolekane a
                           Swedintle                          (b. 1881 - d. 1936)
       1936 -        1948  Paul Matlaba Matlaba a Swedintle   (b. ... - d. 1948)
                           (acting)
       1948 -         ...  Solomon Gabriel Swedintle Matlaba
                           a Makgwa

(7) baHhurutshe (split before 1800 into two ruling lines)

       1885                incorporated into Cape Colony (Bechuanaland)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
(7-1)
        ... -         ...  Modisane a Phatshwane
        ... -        1827  Motshwiri a Modisane
       1827 -        1878  Mangope a Motshwiri
       1878 -        1893  Kontle a Mangope
       1893 -         ...  Mosielele a Kntle
        ... -         ...  Hermann Mangope a Mosielele
(7-2)
        ... -         ...  Moilwa a Tirw
        ... -         ...  Dibetswe a Moilwa
        ... -         ...  Sebogodi a Moilwa
        ... -         ...  Diutlwileng a Moilwa
        ... -         ...  Mokgatlha a Moilwa = Mosimanyane
                           a Moilwa
        ... -         ...  Moilwa a Sebogodi (acting)
Split into baHhurutshe ba booMokgatlha and baHhurutshe bagaMoilwa:
(7-2-1) baHhurutshe ba booMokgatlha

        ... -         ...  Mekgw a Mokgatlha
        ... -         ...  Senosi a Mekgw
      *1874*               Mooketsi a Senosi
       18.. -        1889  Mokgatlha a Mooketsi
       1889 -        1892  Lesom a Mokgatlha
       1892 - 24 Aug 1933  Thbyatlhaywa Mooketsi a Lesom
21 Dec 1933 -         ...  Ng Mooketsi a Thbyatlhaywa

(7-2-2) baHhurutshe bagaMoilwa

        ... -         ...  Moilwa a Sebogodi
        ... -    Mar 1880  Gpane a Menw
Split into two ruling lines:
(7-2-2-1)
   Mar 1880 - 24 Jun 1893  Moilwa Ikalafeng a Sebogodi
       1894 -        1906  Israel Keobusitse Moilwa a
                           Sebogodi (acting)
       1906 - 17 Oct 1918  Abraham Pogiso Moilwa a Ikalafeng
       1919 -        1932  Alfred Ramokhutshwane a Ikalafeng
                           (acting)
       1932 -         ...  Abraham Grant Ramotsere Pogiso
                           Moilwa                             (b. 1910)

(7-2-2-2)
   Mar 1880 - 26 Sep 1904  Gpane a Menw
       1904 -        1907  Tom Mokgatlha a Lentswe (acting)
       1907 -        1919  Samuel Rampeile a Lentswe
                           (1st time) (acting)
       1919 - 18 Sep 1919  Kgaje David Menw a Rrakgaje
                           (acting)
       1919 - 19 Oct 1920  Samuel Rampeile a Lentswe
                           (2nd time) (acting)
       1920 -        1921  Sulenyane (administrator)
Split into two ruling lines:
(7-2-2-2-1)
       1921 -  1 Jun 1934  Jairus Yanjo a Gpane
 2 Aug 1934 -        1938  Tom Gpane a Gpane (acting)
10 Nov 1938 -         ...  Alfred Ntlatsang Jairus Gpane
                           a Jairus                           (b. 1913)

(7-2-2-2-2) baHhurutshe bagaLentswe

       1921 -        1924  Kgaje David Menw a Rrakgaje
   Oct 1924 -        1939  Mpolokang Menw a Rrakgaje
       1939 -  3 Aug 1949  Henry Lentse a Mokgatlha (acting)
 3 Aug 1949 -         ...  Edward Keleramang Ramokopane
                           Lentswe a Kgaje

vhaVenda

Paramount chiefs (title Khosikhulu)
- maKhwinde dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Vele-Lambeho Dimbanyika
        ... -         ...  Phophi Thoho-ya-Ndou wa
                           Dimbanyika = Masindi
Split into three ruling lines:
(1)
        ... -         ...  Tshikalanga Rampofu wa
                           Thoho-ya-Ndou
        ... -         ...  Ramavhoya wa Rampofu
        ... -        1864  Tshigebeti Ramapulana wa Rampofu
                           = Ravhele
       1864                Davhana wa Ramapulana
       1864 -        1895  Makhado wa Ramavhoya               (b. ... - d. 1895)
       1895 -        1896  Maemu Malise wa Makhado
       1896 -        1898  Mphephu Ahlilali Tshilamulele
                           wa Makhado
       1898 -         ...  Senthumule wa Makhado
Split into three ruling lines:
(1-1)
        ... -        1924  Mphephu Ahlilali Tshilamulele
                           wa Makhado                         (b. ... - d. 1924)
       1924 -        1949  Mbulaheni wa Mphephu               (b. ... - d. 1949)
       1949 - 17 Apr 1988  Patrick Mphephu                    (b. 1926 - d. 1988)
       1988 - 25 Dec 1997  Tshimangadzo Mphephu               (b. 1967 - d. 1997)
       1998 -              Toni Mphephu Ramabulana

(1-2)
      *1931*               Senthumule wa Makhado

(1-3)
      *1931*               Khuthama wa Makhado

(2)
        ... -         ...  Thisevhe wa Dimbanyika
                           + Bele wa Dimbanyika
(3)
        ... -         ...  Raluswyelo Tshivhase wa Dimbanyika
Split into two ruling lines:
(3-1)
        ... -         ...  Mukesi wa Tshivhase
        ... -         ...  Legegisa Tshivhase wa Mukesi
      *1931*               Ramaremisa Tshivhase wa Legegisa
        ... -         ...  Ratshimpi Tshivhase wa Ramaremisa

(3-2)
        ... -         ...  Phophi Rambuda wa Tshivhase
        ... -         ...  Vele wa Rambuda
        ... -         ...  Tshikose Rambuda wa Vele
Split into two ruling lines:
(3-2-1)
        ... -        1924  Tshikose Rambuda wa Vele
       1924 -         ...  Ratsibvumo Rambuda wa Tshikose

(3-2-2)
        ... -        1923  Khaku Rambuda wa Vele
       1923 -         ...  Tshitongani Rambuda wa Khaku

haMphaphuli

Paramount chiefs (title Khosikhulu)
- haMphaphuli dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Shamboko Mphaphuli
        ... -         ...  Ratsibi Mphaphuli
        ... -         ...  Tshikalanga Mphaphuli wa Ratsibi
        ... -        1927  Makwarela Mphaphuli wa Tshikalanga
       1927 -         ...  Phaswane Mphaphuli wa Makwarela
18 Dec 2001 -              Thovhele Musiiwa Mphaphuli

Xhosa

Note: All the entities recorded here are, with the exception of the amaGqunukhwebe recorded at the end, genealogically descendants of Xhosa a Mnguni through his descendant Tshawe a Nkosiyamntu, after whom the dynasty is styled amaTshawe. The amaGcaleka are the senior line, and are to some extent deferred to by all the others.
       1885                incorporation into Cape Colony

(1) amaGcaleka
Note: Although the term amaGcaleka comes into use with Gcaleka a Phalo, the line from Ngconde a Togu is included to make sense of the genealogical connections.
Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
       1695 -         ...  Ngconde a Togu
        ... -        1702  Tshiwo a Ngconde
       1702 -        1736  Mdange a Ngconde (acting)
       1736 -        1775  Phalo a Tshiwo                     (b. ... - d. 1775)
       1775 -        1792  Gcaleka a Phalo                    (b. c.1730 - d. 1792)
       1792 -        1804  Khawuta a Gcaleka                  (b. c.1761 - d. 1804)
       1804 -        1820  Nqoko a Gcaleka (acting)
       1820 - 12 May 1835  Hintsa a Khawuta                   (b. 1789 - d. 1835)
19 May 1835 -    Feb 1893  Sarhili a Hintsa                   (b. c.1810 - d. 1893)
       1893 -        1902  Sigcawu a Sarhili                  (b. ... - d. 1902)
       1902 - 30 May 1921  Salukaphathwa Gwebinkumbi a
                           Sigcawu                            (b. ... - d. 1921)
 1 Aug 1921 - 31 Dec 1923  Daliza a Sigcawu (acting)
31 Dec 1923 -  2 Jun 1933  Mpisekhaya Ngangomhlaba Sigcawu
                           a Gwebinkumbi                      (b. ... - d. 1933)
 2 Jun 1933 -  9 Apr 1965  Bungeni Zwelidumile Sigcawu
                           a Gwebinkumbi                      (b. 1906 - d. 1965)
       1965 - 31 Dec 2005  Xolilizwe Sigcawu                  (b. 1926 - d. 2005)
27 Jan 2006 -              Zwelonke Sigcawu                   (b. 1969?)

(2) amaMbalu

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
       1740 -        1794  Ulanga a Phalo                     (b. c.1705 - d. 1794)
       1794 -  1 Apr 1846  Ngqeno a Ulanga                    (b. c.1759 - d. 1846)
       1846 -         ...  Stockwe a Ngqeno

(3) amaRharhabe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
       1773 -        1787  Rharhabe a Phalo                   (b. c.1722 - d. 1787)
       1787 -        1797  Ndlambe a Rharhabe (acting)        (b. c.1740 - d. 1828)
       1797 - 14 Nov 1829  Ngqika a Mlawu
       1829 -        1840  Maqoma Jongumsobomvu a Ngqika
                           (acting)
       1840 - 29 May 1878  Sandile a Ngqika                   (b. 1820 - d. 1878)
       1878 -         ...  Edmund Gonya a Sandile
      *1932*               Fhaku a Gonya
      *1945 -        1968  Archibald Velile a Fhaku
                           = Archibald Sandile                (b. ... - d. 1968)
       1968 -  5 Apr 1976  Mxolisi Sandile                    (b. ... - d. 1976)
       1976 -        1991  ...
       1991 - 11 Jul 2011  Maxhob'ayakhawuleza Sandile a
                           Mxolisi                            (b. 1956? - d. 2011)

(4) amaNdlambe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
       1797 - 10 Feb 1828  Ndlambe a Rharhabe                 (s.a.)
   Feb 1828 -        1858  Mhala a Ndlambe                    (b. 1800 - d. 1875)

(5) imiDushane kaNdlambe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
       1818 -        1829  Mdushane a Ndlambe
       1829 -        1834  Mqhayi a Ndlambe (acting)
       1834 -        18..  Siyolo (acting)
       18.. - 11 Dec 1879  Siwani a Mdushane
       1879 -        1900  Seyisi a Siwani (acting)
       1900 - 22 Dec 1919  Menziwa a Siwani
23 Dec 1919 - 10 Dec 1942  Gushiphela Siwani a Menziwa
 1 Feb 1943 - 30 Mar 1957  Nofikile a Ngongo (f) (acting)
30 Mar 1957 -    Apr 1994  Zimlindile Payment Muyaka
                           Siwani a Gushiphela                (b. ... - d. 1994)

(6) imiQhayi

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
   Feb 1828 -        1877  Mqhayi a Ndlambe
       1877 -        1908  Jali a Mqhayi
 1 Apr 1908 - 23 Feb 1941  Ramncwanaka a Jali
 1 Sep 1942 -  8 Aug 1943  Enoch a Ramncwanaka
14 Feb 1944 -  5 Nov 1952  Bofolo a Ntonisi a Dondashe
                           (acting)
20 Apr 1953 -        19..  Nonayithi Jali a Mthathi (f)
                           (acting)
       19.. -         ...  Mabundu Bangelizwe Jali a Enoch

(7) amaGasela

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
        ... -        1845  Gasela a Nukwa a Phalo
       1845 -         ...  Toyise a Gasela
        ... -        1908  Dom a Toyise
       1908 -  2 Apr 1923  Khadeni a Dom
 3 Apr 1923 - 22 Dec 1937  Nqabisile a Khadeni
14 Jan 1938 - 31 Mar 1945  Zwelinzima Gladstone Gwaxagwaxa
                           a Khadeni
31 Mar 1945 -  8 Oct 1946  Gugile Toyise a Dyantyi (acting)
14 Feb 1947 -         ...  Mabikhwe Zwelandile a Mzamo        (b. c.1922)

(8) amaGwali

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
       1702 -        1725  Gwali a Tshiwo
       1725 -        17..  Titi a Gwali
       17.. -         ...  Kobela a Titi
        ... -         ...  Mhade a Kobela
        ... -         ...  Zweni a Mhade

(9) imiNdange

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
       1720 -         ...  Mdange a Ngconde
        ... -         ...  Mahote a Mdange
        ... -         ...  Jalamba a Mahote (acting)
        ... -         ...  Dlodlu a Jalamba (acting)
        ... -         ...  Nginza a Mahote
        ... -        181.  Bangela a Nginza
       181. -        18..  Mantla a Mahote
       18.. -    Oct 1867  Botomani a Mantla
       1867 -         ...  Fandala a Botomani

(10) amaHleke

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
        ... -         ...  Hleke a Ngconde
        ... -         ...  Mtshiza a Hleke
        ... -         ...  Mangxa a Mtshiza
        ... -         ...  Xili a Mangxa
        ... -        1818  Bini a Xili
       1818 -        1825  Vasi a Mangxa (acting)
       1825 -        1899  Jwara a Bini

(11) amaNtinde

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
        ... -         ...  Ntinde a Togu
        ... -         ...  Ngethani a Ntinde
      *1779*               Bange a Ngethani
        ... -         ...  Cika a Bange
        ... -        1825  Tshatshu a Cika
       1825 - 28 Feb 1868  Dyani a Tshatshu
       1868 -        1885  Mthikrakra a Dyani
       1885 -         ...  Duku a Mthikrakra
        ... -        1906  Ziwengu a Duku
       1906 -        1915  rulership suspended
       1915 - 11 Jun 1941  Mgcawezulu a Nonqane
                           (acting to 1 Jul 1919)
       1941 - 16 Sep 1946  Elizabeth Tshatshu (f) (acting)
16 Sep 1946 -         ...  Zwelitsha a Mgcawezulu

(12) amaGqunukhwebe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- amaGqunukhwebe dynasty -
        ... -        1793  Tshaka a Tyakha
       1793 -3/7 Jan 1812  Cungwa a Tshaka
       1812 -  1 Oct 1869  Phatho a Cungwa (deported 1858)
 1 Oct 1869 - 14 Aug 1875  Kama a Cungwa
14 Aug 1875 -        1899  William Shaw a Kama

amaBhaca (until 1830 called abakwaZelemu)

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
        ... -         ...  Zulu
        ... -         ...  Didi a Zulu
        ... -         ...  Vebi a Didi
        ... -         ...  Wabana a Vebi
        ... -        1806  Kalimeshe a Wabana
       1806 -        1834  Madzikane a Kalimeshe
       1834 -    Jul 1845  Ncaphayi a Madzikane (acting)
Split into two ruling lines:
(1)
       1845 -        18..  Mdutyana a Sonyangwe
       18.. -        18..  Thiba a Sonyangwe (acting)
       18.. -        18..  Cijisiwe a Mdutyana
Split into two ruling lines:
(1-1)
       18.. -        1896  Nomtsheketshe a Mdutyana
       1896 -        1925  Rolobile a Nomtsheketshe
 1 Nov 1925 - 19 Jan 1945  Sikhanda Nomtsheketshe a Rolobile
       1945 -        19..  Khutshiwe a Rolobile (acting)
       19.. -        19..  Ngayibeki a Sikhanda
       19.. -         ...  Msingpjantsi

(1-2)
       18.. -         ...  Cijisiwe a Mdutyana
        ... -         ...  Bekukuphiwa a Cijisiwe
        ... -         ...  Nyongwana a Bekukuphiwa

(2)
       1845 -        18..  Diko a Ncaphayi (acting)
      *1872 -        1906  Makhaula a Ncaphayi
       1906 - 23 May 1936  Mngcisana a Makhaula
23 May 1936 - 13 Mar 1937  Mziwamandla a Mngcisana
13 Mar 1937 - 25 Nov 1941  Nkevulane a Makhaula (acting)
25 Nov 1941 -         ...  Strachan Wabana Makhaula
                           a Mngcisana

amaPondo

29 Oct 1867                divided into East amaPondo and West amaPondo
17 Mar 1894                incorporated into Cape Colony

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- abaNyawuza dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Thahli a Dayeni
        ... -         ...  Nyanza a Thahli
        ... -        1820  Ngqungqushe a Nyanza
       1820 - 29 Oct 1867  Fhaku a Ngqungqushe

(1) East amaPondo

29 Oct 1867 - 28 Oct 1887  Mqikela a Fhaku                    (b. 1831 - d. 1887)
15 Feb 1888 -  7 Aug 1905  Sigcau a Mqikela                   (b. 1858/60 - d. 1905)
   Feb 1910 -        19..  Marelane a Sigcau
       19.. -        1937  Mandlonke Sigcau a Marelane
       1937 -  1 Dec 1978  Botha Sigcau a Mandlonke           (b. 1913 - d. 1978)
 1 Dec 1978 - 25 Mar 2013  Mpondombini Sigcau a Manzolwandle  (b. 1941? - d. 2013)

(2) West amaPondo

       1867 - 29 Aug 1876  Ndamase a Fhaku                    (b. 1805 - d. 1876)
29 Aug 1876 -  7 Nov 1899  Nqwiliso a Ndamase                 (b. c.1835 - d. 1899)
       1899 -        1918  Dalindyebo
       1918 -        1974  Victor Poto Ndamase a Bokleni      (b. 1898 - d. 1974)
       1974 - 21 Feb 1997  Tutor Nyangelizwe Vulindlela
                           Ndamase a Bokleni                  (b. 1921 - d. 1997)
       1997 -        2001  Bhongolethu a Makhungu Dlamini
                           (f) (acting)
       2001 -              Ndamase Ndamase a Nyangelizwe      (b. 1983)

amaPondomise

22 Nov 1872                incorporated into Cape Colony

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- amaMajola dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Sabe a Majola
        ... -         ...  Mti a Sabe
        ... -         ...  Qengebe a Mti
        ... -         ...  Gcwanya a Qengebe
        ... -         ...  Phahlo a Gcwanya
        ... -         ...  Mghabisi a Phahlo
        ... -         ...  Mgcambi a Mghabisi
        ... -         ...  Myeki a Mgcambi
        ... -        1850  Matiwana a Myeki
       1850 -         ...  Mbhali a Myeki (acting)
        ... - 11 Dec 1912  Mhlontlo a Matiwana

abaThembu

       1875                incorporated into Cape Colony

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- amaHala dynasty -
        ... -         ...  Madiba a Hala
        ... -         ...  Thato a Madiba
        ... -        1756  Zondwa a Thato
                           (perhaps did not reign)
       1756 -        1800  Ndaba a Zondwa
       1800 - 10 Aug 1830  Vusani Ngubengcuka a Ndaba         (b. c.1790 - d. 1830)
       1830 -        1845  Fadana a Ndaba (acting)
       1845 -        1849  Mthikrakra a Ngubengcuka           (b. 1819 - d. 1849)
       1849 -        1863  Joyi a Ngubengcuka (acting)
       1863 - 31 Dec 1884  Qeya Ngangelizwe a Mthikrakra      (b. 1840 - d. 1884)
       1885 - 22 Apr 1920  Alava Dalindyebo a Ngangelizwe     (b. 1865 - d. 1920)
 1 Oct 1920 -  1 Oct 1924  Silimela a Ngangelizwe (acting)
 1 Oct 1924 -  6 Jul 1928  Sampu Jongilizwe a Dalindyebo      (b. 1902 - d. 1928)
 7 Jul 1928 - 19 Aug 1942  Jongintaba David a Dalindyebo      (b. ... - d. 1942)
                           (acting)
 8 Jan 1943 - 30 Jun 1954  Dabulamanzi a Dalindyebo (acting)
30 Jun 1954 -        1980  Jonguhlanga Sabata Dalindyebo
                           a Jongilizwe                       (b. ... - d. 1986)
       1980 -        1987  Albert Bambilanga Mtirara
                           Dalindyebo a Jongilizwe
   Jun 1988 -    May 1989  Zondwa Mtirara a Bambilanga
   May 1989 -              Bayelekhaya Zwelinbanzi Dalindyebo
                           a Sabata                           (b. 1964)
       2000 -                Noluntu (f)
                             (acting for Bayelekhaya)

amaZizi

Note: The most senior chiefdom of the amaZizi of Lunika is that in Mbholompo, followed by Ngqutura and Mbhashe.
Chiefs (title Inkosi)
- at oThukela -
        ... -         ...  Nkosi Ngxibinoboya                 (b. c.1616 - d. ...)
        ... -         ...  Nkosi Mtatela                      (b. c.1638 - d. ...)
        ... -         ...  Nkosi Ntondwa                      (b. c.1660 - d. ...)
        ... -         ...  Nkosi Ndunakazi                    (b. c.1685 - d. ...)
        ... -         ...  Nkosi Ndosi                        (b. c.1710 - d. ...)
        ... -        1798  Nkosi Lunika                       (b. c.1735 - d. ...)
- during departure (1819) -
       1798 -        1822  Thukela Nkosi Mkhuli               (b. c.1757 - d. ...)
- en route and at Mbhashe -
       1822 -        1870  Nkosi Menziwa Ah Mnyamezeli        (b. c.1785 - d. 1888)
- at Ngqutura kwaZangashe -
       1870 -        1889  Nkosi Pokwana Ah Mlindazwe         (b. c.1820 - d. 1889)
                           (until 1875 at Mbhashe)
       1889 -        1891  Nkosi Qayiso Ah Holomisa           (b. 1864 - d. 1932)
       1889 -        1891    Nkosi Qikani (acting)            (b. c.1851 - d. 1927)
       1891 -        1915  Nkosi Maseti Ah Mphankomo          (b. 1850 - d. 1915)
       1915 -        1945  Nkosi Mdumiso Ah Hlathikhulu       (b. 1882 - d. 1947)
       1945 -        1979  Nkosi Moriati Ah Jongulwandle      (b. 1915 - d. 1979)
       1979 - 14 Apr 2012  Nkosi Sabelo Ah Zwelixolile        (b. 1949 - d. 2012)
       1987 -        1989    Nkosi Jongizibuko (acting)       (b. 1926 - d. 1991)
       1989 -        2002    Nkosi Zwelithambile (acting)     (b. 1939)
       2012 -              Nkosi Jongisilo Zuko Pokwana ka
                           Menziwa                            (b. 1978)
                           + Inkosana Zwelihlangene Pokwana   (b. 1986)

kwaZulu

Note: Under this heading there are two precursor powers, Mthethwa and Ndwandwe; kwaZulu proper; and two Zulu-related entities, Qwabe and amaNgwane.
(1) Mthethwa

       1824                incorporated into kwaZulu

Kings/Chiefs (title Nkosi)
        ... -        1753  Xaba
       1753 -        1771  Madago ka Xaba
       1771 -        1789  Khali ka Madago
       1789 -        1807  Jobe ka Khali
       1807                Mawewe ka Jobe
       1807 -        1818  Nggodongwana Dingiswayo ka Jobe
       1818 -        1824  Somveli ka Dingiswayo

(2) Ndwandwe

       1826                incorporated into kwaZulu

Kings/Chiefs (title Nkosi)
        ... -        1805  Langa ka Xaba
       1805 -        1824  Zwide ka Langa
       1824 -  Jn/Jl 1826  Sikhunyane ka Langa

(3) kwaZulu

Kings (title Inggonyama)
        ... -         ...  Malandela ka Luzumana
        ... -         ...  Ntombhela ka Malandela
       1709 -        17..  Zulu ka Ntombhela
       17.. -        17..  Ghumede ka Zulu
       17.. -        1727  Phunga ka Zulu
       1727 -        1745  Magheba ka Zulu
       1745 -        1763  Ndaba ka Magheba
       1763 -        1781  Jama ka Ndaba
       1781 -        1816  Senzangakhona ka Jama              (b. 1762 - d. 1816)
       1816                Sighujana ka Senzangakhona         (b. ... - d. 1816)
       1816 - 23 Sep 1828  Shaka ka Senzangakhona             (b. 1787 - d. 1828)
   Nov 1828 - 29 Jan 1840  Dingane ka Senzangakhona           (b. 1795 - d. 1840)
10 Feb 1840 - 18 Oct 1872  Mpande ka Senzangakhona            (b. 1798 - d. 1872)
18 Oct 1872 - 28 Aug 1879  Cetshwayo ka Mpande (1st time)     (b. 1832 - d. 1884)
28 Aug 1879 - 29 Jan 1883  Thirteen chiefs
                           - John Robert Dunn                 (b. 1833 - d. 1895)
                           - Hlubi                            (b. c.1835 - d. 1902)
                           - Faku
                           - Gawozi
                           - Mfanawendlela
                           - Mgitshwa
                           - Mlandela
                             (briefly driven out in 1882-83 by Usitimela)
                           - Mqonjama
                           - Ntshingiswao                     (b. ... - d. 1883)
                           - Sekethwayo                       (b. ... - d. 1883)
                           - Somkhele
                           - Uhamu ka Mpande
                           - Zibhebhu ka Maphitha             (b. c.1841 - d. 1904)
29 Jan 1883 -  8 Feb 1884  Cetshwayo ka Mpande (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                           (one part of the country under Zibhebhu ka Maphitho, s.a.)
21 May 1884 - 18 Oct 1913  Dinuzulu ka Cetshwayo              (b. 1868 - d. 1913)
                           (not recognized by Cape Colony and South Africa as
                           Paramount Chief)
 1 Nov 1913 -  4 Mar 1933  Salamoni Nkashiyana Maphumuzana
                           ka Dinuzulu                        (b. 1891 - d. 1933)
                           (recognized as Paramount Chief 1919)
 2 Apr 1933 - 27 Aug 1948  Arthur Edward Mshiyeni Zulu ka
                           Dinuzulu (acting)                  (b. ... - d. 1953)
27 Aug 1948 - 17 Sep 1968  Cyprian Bhekuzulu Nyangayezizwe
                           ka Nkashiyana                      (b. 1925 - d. 1968)
                           (recognized as Paramount Chief 1951)
   Nov 1968 -  3 Dec 1971  Israel Mcwayizeni Zulu
                           ka Nkashiyana (acting)             (b. 1931 - d. 1999)
 3 Dec 1971 -              Goodwill Zwelithini ka Bhekuzulu   (b. 1948)

Premier chiefs [with Shaka] Ngomane Mthethwa [with Dingane] Ndlela ka Sompisi Ntuli [with Mpande] Masiphula ka Mamba Ntshangase [with Cetshwayo] Mnyamana Buthelezi [with Dinuzulu] Mankulumana ka Somaphunga Nxumalo (4) Qwabe 1818 - 1829 annexed by kwaZulu Dec 1829 incorporated into kwaZulu Chiefs (title Nkosi) ... - ... Khondlo ka Mncinci *1807 - 1818 Phakathwayo ka Khondlo 1829 - Dec 1829 Nqethoka ka Khondlo (5) amaNgwane Chiefs (title Nkosi) ... - ... Masumpa *1807 - 1829 Matiwane ka Masumpa 1829 - 18.. Masheba *1849* Phuthini