Rulers: Congo (Kinshasa)

Provinces


Note: At independence in 1960 there were 6 provinces. In connection with the internal troubles of the country the number had risen to 21 in 1963. On 1 Aug 1964 a new "federal" constitution confirmed this fragmentation. After the military coup of Mobutu (25 Nov 1965) the power of the central government was restored and the number of provinces decreased to 12 in Apr 1966 and 8 in Dec 1966 (plus the city of Kinshasa respectively). A presidential decree of 31 Oct 1966 put an end to the last remnants of provincial autonomy. The present number of provinces is 10 (plus Kinshasa). They are grouped below according to the territories of the 6 provinces existing in 1960.

Équateur

20 Aug 1917                Équateur/Evenaar province created in Belgian Congo
       1933                Coquilhatville/Coquilhatstad province created in
                           reorganization
       1947                renamed Équateur/Evenaar
30 Jun 1960                autonomous province of the Congo republic
14 Aug 1962                separation of the provinces of Cuvette Centrale and Ubangi;
                           the remaining part of the province comes under central
                           administration
 5 Feb 1963                remaining part is reorganized as province of Moyen-Congo
25 Apr 1966                Cuvette Centrale, Moyen-Congo, and Ubangi are reunited in
                           a new Équateur province

Deputy governors-general
       1917 -        1919  Georges Moulaert                   (b. 1875 - d. 1958)
       1919 - 25 Oct 1921  Alphonse Engels                    (b. 1880 - d. 1962)
                           (interim to 19...)
       1921 -  4 Oct 1924  Charles Duchesne                   (b. 1881 - d. 1945)
                           (interim to 1922)
   Jan 1922 -    Sep 1922    Georges Van der Kerken           (b. 1888 - d. 1953)
                             (acting for Duchesne)
 4 Oct 1924 -        1925  W.E. Parker (interim)
Governors and deputy governors-general
       1925 - 24 Mar 1933  Charles Duchesne                   (s.a.)
       1927 -        1928    J. Jorissen
                             (acting for Duchesne)
       1929 -        1930    J. Jorissen
                             (acting for Duchesne)
Commissioners
       1933 -        1934  J. Jorissen
11 Jul 1934 -        1935  E. Van de Cappelle                 (b. 1881 - d. 1937)
       1935 -        1941  Eugène Henry (interim to 193...)
Governors
       1941 -        1945  Eugène Henry
       1945 -        1947  Van Hoeck (interim)
       1947 -        1950  F. Wenner
       1950                L. Breuls de Tiecken (1st time)
       1950                A. Gille
       1950                L. Breuls de Tiecken (2nd time)
       1950 -        1951  Pierre Nauwelaert                  (b. 1903 - d. 1969)
       1951 -        1953  L. Breuls de Tiecken (3rd time)
       1953                Comout (commissioner)
       1953                Desmet (commissioner)
       1953                Nicolas Muller (1st time)          (b. 1903 - d. ...)
                           (commissioner)
       1953 -    Jul 1954  Maurice De Ryck                    (b. 1900 - d. 1964)
       1954 -        1955  Nicolas Muller (2nd time)          (s.a.)
                           (commissioner)
       1955 -        1956  Georges Schmit                     (b. 1908)
       1956                Nicolas Muller (3rd time)          (s.a.)
       1956 -        1958  Odon Spitaels                      (b. 1912)
       1957                  Alphonse De Valkeneer            (b. 1898 - d. 1973)
                             (acting for Spitaels)
       1958 - 30 Jun 1960  Alphonse De Valkeneer              (s.a.)
President
30 Jun 1960 - 14 Aug 1962  Laurent Eketebi                    (b. 1936)
Governors (1972-80, commissioners)
25 Apr 1966 -  3 Jan 1967  Léon Engulu
 3 Jan 1967 -  9 Aug 1968  Jonas Mukamba (1st time)           (b. 1931)
 9 Aug 1968 - 12 Mar 1969  Denis Paluku
12 Mar 1969 -  5 Aug 1969  Édouard Bulundwe                   (b. 1932)
 5 Aug 1969 - 23 Dec 1970  Henri-Désiré Takizala
23 Dec 1970 - 19 Mar 1974  Oscar Ngoma (from 1972, Ngoma
                           Ntoto Bwangi)
19 Mar 1974 - 23 Jun 1975  Mbala Mbabu
23 Jun 1975 - 21 Feb 1978  Loposo Nzela Balombe
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Namwisi Ma Nkoy
18 Jan 1980 - 27 Aug 1980  Mpambia Musanga Bekaja (1st time)  (b. 1935)
27 Aug 1980 - 19 Mar 1983  Mukamba Kadiata Nzemba
                           (= Jonas Mukamba) (2nd time)       (s.a.)
19 Mar 1983 - 21 Mar 1984  Kititwa Tumansi Benga Tundu        (b. 1929 - d. 2000)
21 Mar 1984 -  1 Jan 1985  Sabi Ngampoub Mubiem (interim)
 1 Jan 1985 - 26 Apr 1986  Mpambia Musanga Bekaja (2nd time)  (s.a.)
26 Apr 1986 - 20 Jul 1988  Mokolo Matamba Moful               (b. ... - d. 1989)
20 Jul 1988 - 11 Jan 1990  Kisanga Kabongelo
12 Jan 1990 -    Jun 1990  Fundu Kota                         (b. 1943)
       1990 -        199.  Lwabanji Ngabo Lwasi (interim)
       199. -        199.  Basembe Emina
       199. -        199.  Mpambia Musanga Bekaja (3rd time)  (s.a.)
       199. -        199.  Tshala Muana
       1992 -        1997  Njoku Ey'Obabe
   Mar 1997 - 12 May 1997  Mukobo Mundende Popol
   Apr 1997 -        1999  Gabriel Mola Motia                 (b. 1957)
       1999 -        200.  Christian Eleko Botuna             (b. 1950 - d. 2007)
   Jan 2002 - 26 May 2004  Jean-Bertrand Ewanga               (b. 1952)
26 May 2004 - 24 Feb 2007  Yves Mobando Yogo                  (b. 1955)
24 Feb 2007 -    Feb 2009  José Makila Sumanda                (b. 1959)
   Feb 2009 -    Apr 2013  Jean-Claude Baende                 (b. 1963)
                           (interim to Nov 2009)
   Apr 2013 - 22 Jul 2013  René Bofaya (interim)
22 Jul 2013 -              Louis Koyagialo                    (b. 1947)

Cuvette Centrale

14 Aug 1962                creation of the province of Cuvette Centrale
25 Apr 1966                part of restored Équateur province

President (from Oct 1965, governor)
   Sep 1962 - 25 Apr 1966  Léon Engulu

Moyen-Congo

 5 Feb 1963                creation of the province of Moyen-Congo
25 Apr 1966                part of restored Équateur province

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
 6 Apr 1963 -    Jun 1964  Laurent Eketebi                    (s.a.)
                           (de facto from 15 Sep 1962)
   Apr 1963 - 30 Jul 1963    Denis Akundji
                             (president of secessionist province of Bumba)
23 Jun 1964 - 10 Aug 1965  Augustin Engwanda
10 Aug 1965 - 25 Apr 1966  Denis Sakombi                      (b. 1929 - d. 1985)

Ubangi

14 Aug 1962                creation of the province of Ubangi
25 Apr 1966                part of restored Équateur province

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
   Sep 1962 - 20 Jul 1965  Alfred Nzondomyo
20 Jul 1965 - 25 Apr 1966  Michel Denge

Kasaï

       1918                Congo-Kasaï/Kongo-Kasaï province established in Belgian Congo
 1 Oct 1933                Lusambo province created in reorganization
       1947                renamed Kasaï
30 Jun 1960                autonomous province of the Congo republic
14 Aug 1962                division of Kasaï into five new provinces:
                           Lomami, Luluabourg, Sankuru, Sud-Kasaï, Unité Kasaïenne
25 Apr 1966                Lomami, Sankuru, and Sud-Kasaï are united in the new
                           province of Kasaï Oriental; Luluabourg and Unité Kasaïenne
                           unite to form Kasaï Occidental

Deputy governors-general
18 Oct 1918 -        1922  Léon Guilain Bureau                (b. 1869 - d. 1944)
       1922 -        1925  Alphonse Engels                    (b. 1880 - d. 1962)
Governors and deputy governors-general
       1925 - 19 Jun 1929  Alphonse Engels                    (s.a.)
19 Jun 1929 -  5 Jan 1932  Beernaert
17 Aug 1932 - 30 Sep 1933  Paul Ermens
Commissioners
 1 Oct 1933 - 17 Aug 1940  Constant Wauters
11 Sep 1940 -        1941  R. Wenner
Governors
       1941 -  9 Jun 1944  R. Wenner
 7 Feb 1945 - 21 Sep 1945  R.P. Preys
21 Sep 1945 - 19 Jul 1948  Léon A. Hofkens
19 Jul 1948 - 11 Apr 1952  Firmin Peigneux
11 Apr 1952 - 27 Mar 1955  Roger Le Bussy
20 Apr 1955 - 27 Sep 1955  Jean Paelinck                      (b. 1906)
 1 Oct 1955 - 22 Jun 1958  Antoine Lamborelle
 1 Jul 1958 -        1960  Louis De Jaegher                   (b. 1908 - d. 1973)
       1960 - 31 May 1960  Henrotaux (acting)
General Extraordinary Commissioner
31 May 1960 - 30 Jun 1960  Matterne
Presidents
30 Jun 1960 -    Dec 1961  Barthélemy Mukenge (1st time)
   Jan 1962 -    May 1962  André Lubaya                       (b. ... - d. 1968)
 9 Jun 1962 - 14 Aug 1962  Barthélemy Mukenge (2nd time)

Lomami

14 Aug 1962                province separated from Kasaï
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Kasaï Oriental

President (from 1965, governors)
15 Sep 1962 -    Apr 1966  Dominique Manono
18 Apr 1966 - 25 Apr 1966  Jean Marie Kikalanga

Luluabourg

14 Aug 1962                province separated from Kasaï
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Kasaï Occidental

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
   Sep 1962 -    Sep 1963  François Luakabwanga (1st time)
   Sep 1963 - 25 Sep 1964  André Lubaya                       (b. ... - d. 1968)
25 Sep 1964 -    Dec 1965  François Luakabwanga (2nd time)
   Jan 1966 - 18 Apr 1966  Constantin Tshilumba
18 Apr 1966 - 25 Apr 1966  François Luakabwanga (3rd time)

Sankuru

14 Aug 1962                province separated from Kasaï
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Kasaï Oriental

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
14 Sep 1962 -    Dec 1963  André Diumasumbu
   Jan 1963 -    Apr 1963    Athanase Ndjadi (in rebellion)
27 Dec 1963 -    Jun 1965  Paul Marcel Sumbu
   Jun 1965 - 27 Jan 1966  Benoît Wetshindjadi
18 Apr 1966 - 25 Apr 1966  Étienne Kihuyu

Sud-Kasaï

14 Jun 1960                the Luba-Kasaï declare their independence of the
                           province of Kasaï (not of Congo) and proclaim the
                           Federal State of Sud-Kasaï
 9 Aug 1960                proclamation of the autonomous État Minier du Sud-Kasaï
30 Dec 1961                reconquest of the region by the central government
14 Aug 1962                creation of the province of Sud-Kasaï
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Kasaï Oriental

President
 9 Aug 1960 - 12 Apr 1961  Albert Kalonji                     (b. 1929)
                           (in Katanga exile 25 Aug - 29 Aug/3 Sep 1960)
King¹
12 Apr 1961 - 14 Jul 1961² Albert I Kalonji                   (s.a.)
Special commissioner
   Aug 1962 -    Oct 1962  Sébastien Ikolo
Presidents (from 1965, governors)
12 Oct 1962 -    Jul 1965  Joseph Ngalula                     (b. 1928)
   Aug 1965 - 25 Apr 1966  Jonas Mukamba                      (b. 1931)

Prime minister 14 Jun 1960 - 12 Apr 1961 Joseph Ngalula (s.a.)
¹On 12 Apr 1961 Kalonji assembled notables and they proclaimed Kalonji's father, Edmond Mukanya Mulenda (d. 1969), as mulopwe, the traditional Luba royal style. The new mulopwe immediately abdicated in favour of Albert.
²Kalonji was arrested 30 Dec 1961 but escaped 7 Sep 1962 and set up a new government that was terminated 1 Oct 1962.
Mwene Ditu

       1962                territory of Mwene Ditu is intended to become part of the
                           new province of Sud-Kasaï, but as parts of its population
                           want to join other provinces, it is decided to hold a
                           plebiscite and until that time the territory is neutralized
                           and governed separately by special administrators
19 Apr 1965                plebiscite decides in favour of Lualaba province; this is
                           not recognized by Sud-Kasaï and unrest follows; as a
                           consequence a state of emergency is proclaimed and a
                           commissioner of the republic takes over
11 Feb 1966                an agreement is reached between the two provinces and
                           Lualaba gives up its claims
18 Feb 1966                territory formally annexed to Sud-Kasaï

Special administrators
18 Dec 1962 - 30 Apr 1965  Daniel Ilonga
   Apr 1965 -  7 May 1965  Antoine Panzout
 7 May 1965 - 15 Sep 1965  Louis Abdala
Commissioner of the republic
15 Sep 1965 - 18 Feb 1966  Michel Ndju

Unité Kasaïenne

14 Aug 1962                province separated from Kasaï
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Kasaï Occidental

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
   Sep 1962 -    Dec 1963  Grégoire Kamanga
   Jan 1964 -    Dec 1965  François Minga Mbengele
   Jan 1966 - 25 Apr 1966  Robert William Mbombo

Kasaï Occidental

Governors (1972-80, commissioners)
25 Apr 1966 -  3 Jan 1967  François Luakabwanga
 3 Jan 1967 -  9 Aug 1968  Paul Muhona
 9 Aug 1968 - 23 Dec 1970  André William Ntikala
23 Dec 1970 - 24 Feb 1972  Daniel Monguya Mbenge
24 Feb 1972 - 19 Mar 1974  Henri-Désiré Takizala
19 Mar 1974 - 10 Feb 1976  Ngoma Ntoto Bwangi
10 Feb 1976 - 20 Oct 1976  Ndebo-a-Kanda-di-Ne Kenza
 7 May 1977 - 21 Jan 1978  Mpika Masamba Ngolomiso
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Konde Vila Kikanda
18 Jan 1980 - 27 Aug 1980  Kamakanda N'koma
27 Aug 1980 - 19 Mar 1983  Kyembwa wa Lumona
19 Mar 1983 -  1 Jan 1985  Zamundu Agenong'Ka
 1 Jan 1985 -        1986* Bangala Basila                     (b. 1943)
20 Jul 1988 -        19..  Bomandeke Bonyeka                  (b. 1937)
       19.. -        19..  Mpambia Musanga Bekaja             (b. 1935)
       19.. -        19..  Janvier Tshibuabua Kapya           (b. c.1953)
  *Oct 1997 -        1999  Pascal Tshitoka Ngalamulume
       1999 -    Apr 2006  Claudel Lubaya
   Apr 2006 - 16 Oct 2006  Gilbert Tshiongo Tshibinkubula
                           wa Ntumba
16 Oct 2006 - 16 Mar 2007  Mutombo Bakafwa Nsenda
16 Mar 2007 -  2 Mar 2011  Trésor Kapuku Ngoy
   Jun 2007 -    Aug 2007    Hubert Mbingho (acting)
 2 Mar 2011 - 18 Apr 2011  Hubert Mbingho (acting)
18 Apr 2011 -  6 Jun 2012  Hubert Kabasubabo
 6 Jun 2012 -  9 Feb 2013  Jean Mwamba (acting)
 9 Feb 2013 -              Alex Kande Mupompa                 (b. 1950)

Kasaï Oriental

Governors (1972-80, commissioners)
25 Apr 1966 -  3 Jan 1967  Jonas Mukamba                      (s.a.)
 3 Jan 1967 -  9 Aug 1968  Henri-Désiré Takizala
 9 Aug 1968 - 23 Dec 1970  Bernard Ndebo
23 Dec 1970 -  9 Jul 1971  André William Ntikala
 9 Jul 1971 - 24 Feb 1972  Derikoye Tite Avungara
24 Feb 1972 - 15 Jul 1972  Boji Ntole
15 Jul 1972 - 19 Mar 1974  Mozagba Ngbuka
19 Mar 1974 - 10 Feb 1976  Matabisi Iyualeke Ilande
10 Feb 1976 - 21 Jan 1978  Kyalwe Mihambo
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Kamakanda N'koma
18 Jan 1980 - 10 Oct 1981  Efambe Ey'Olanga
10 Oct 1981 - 19 Mar 1983  Zamundu Agenong'Ka
19 Mar 1983 -  1 Jan 1985  Duga Kugbe Toro                    (b. 1935? - d. 2010)
 1 Jan 1985 - 10 Mar 1985  Konde Vila Kikanda
10 Mar 1985 - 26 Apr 1986  Mananga Dintoko Pholo
26 Apr 1986 -        1987  Mpambia Musanga Bekaja             (b. 1935)
       198. -        198.  Bangala Basila                     (b. 1943)
       198. -        198.  Bashala Kantu wa Milandu
       1989 -        1992  Kakule Mbahingana                  (b. 1947 - d. 2011)
       199. -        199.  Dikonda wa Lumanyisha
   Apr 1997 -    Nov 1997  Mbuyi Mulomba
27 Nov 1997 -    Jan 1999* Omer Kamba
        ... -         ...  Mbala Muana
15 Mar 1999 -        1999  Jean-Charles Okoto                 (b. 1955)
        ... -    Mar 2001  Paul Kabongo
   Mar 2001 - 26 Nov 2001  ...
26 Nov 2001 - 26 May 2004  Jean-Marie Mbala
26 May 2004 - 16 Mar 2007  Dominique Kanku                    (b. 1963)
16 Mar 2007 -              Alphonse Ngoy Kasanji

Katanga

15 Apr 1891                the administration of the Katangese areas conquered by
                           the Congo Free State is entrusted to the Compagnie du
                           Katanga; no effective administration is set up
19 Jun 1900                Katanga is entrusted to the Comité Spécial du Katanga,
                           an administration totally separated from that of the Congo
                           is set up
 1 Sep 1910                Katanga is integrated in the Belgian Congo but retains a
                           large measure of autonomy
 1 Oct 1933                autonomy abrogated; province of Elisabethville/Elisabethstad
       1947                renamed Katanga
30 Jun 1960                autonomous province of the Congo republic
11 Jul 1960                proclamation of the independent State of Katanga
   Nov 1961                conquest of northern Katanga by the central government;
                           organization of the province of Nord-Katanga
21 Jan 1963                conquest of the remaining parts of Katanga and division of
                           the territory into two provinces: Lualaba and Katanga Oriental
28 Dec 1966                reconstruction of the province of Katanga (1971-97: Shaba)

Administrator of the Compagnie du Katanga
   Apr 1891 - 19 Jun 1900  Albert Jean-Baptiste Thys          (b. 1849 - d. 1915)
Chairman of the Comité Spécial du Katanga
   Jun 1900 -        1929  Hubert Droogmans                   (b. 1858 - d. 1938)
Representatives of the CSK in Katanga (governors)
       1900 - 14 Jan 1903  Auguste Weyns                      (b. 1854 - d. 1944)
14 Jan 1903 -        1906  Léon Tonneau (1st time)            (b. 1863 - d. 1919)
26 Jul 1906 -        1908  Émile Wangermée (1st time)         (b. 1855 - d. 1924)
       1908 -    Sep 1909  Léon Tonneau (2nd time)            (s.a.)
       1909 -  1 Sep 1910  Émile Wangermée (2nd time)         (s.a.)
Governors and deputy governors-general
 1 Sep 1910 - 21 Mar 1917  Emile Wangermée                    (s.a.)
22 Mar 1917 -  2 Sep 1920  Charles Henry Marie Ernest,
                           baron Tombeur de Tabora            (b. 1867 - d. 1947)
   Sep 1920 -    Oct 1921  Léopold De Koninck (acting)
   Oct 1921 - 23 Dec 1923  Martin Rutten                      (b. 1876 - d. 1944)
   Dec 1923 - 21 Jan 1928  Léon Guilain Bureau                (b. 1869 - d. 1944)
 5 May 1928 -    Sep 1931  Gaston Heenen (1st time)           (b. 1880 - d. 1963)
   Sep 1931 -    Jan 1932  Louis Joseph Postiaux              (b. 1882 - d. 1948)
   Jan 1932 - 23 Sep 1933  Gaston Heenen (2nd time)           (s.a.)
Commissioner
       1933 -        1941  Amour Maron                        (b. 1891 - d. 1948)
Governors
       1941 -        1945  Amour Maron                        (s.a.)
       1945 -    Mar 1948  Léon Keyser
   Mar 1948 -    Apr 1951  Joseph Ziegler de Ziegleck auf
                           Rheingrub
   May 1951 -    Oct 1955  René Wauthion
   Jan 1956 -    Sep 1958  Jean Paelinck
   Sep 1958 - 30 Jun 1960  André Schöller                     (b. 1908 - d. 19...)
                           (also deputy governor-general)
President
16 Jun 1960 - 12 Jan 1963  Moise Tshombe                      (b. 1919 - d. 1969)
                           (president of the Provisional Government
                           11 Jul - 8 Aug 1960)
26 Apr 1961 - 22 Jun 1961    Godefroid Munongo                (b. 1925 - d. 1992)
                             + Jean-Baptiste Kibwe            (b. 1924 - d. 2008)
                             + Joseph Kiwele                  (b. ... - d. 1961)
                             (acting for imprisoned Tshombe)

Katanga Oriental

 8 Jul 1963                after the formation of the provinces of Nord-Katanga
                           and Lualaba the remaining part of Katanga is reorganized
                           as the new province of Katanga Oriental
24 Apr 1966                united with Lualaba to form Sud-Katanga

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
13 Aug 1963 - 20 Jul 1965  Édouard Bulundwe                   (b. 1932)
20 Jul 1965 - 24 Apr 1966  Godefroid Munongo                  (s.a.)

Lualaba

30 Jun 1963                province of Lualaba separated from Katanga
24 Apr 1966                united with Katanga Oriental to form Sud-Katanga

President (from 1965, governor)
23 Sep 1963 - 24 Apr 1966  Dominique Diur                     (b. 1929)

Nord-Katanga

20 Oct 1960                rebellion of the Luba-Katanga people against the state of
                           Katanga and proclamation of the province of Lualaba in
                           northern Katanga
31 Mar 1961                reconquest of northern Katanga by the State of Katanga
   Nov 1961                reconquest of northern Katanga by the central government
11 Jul 1962                proclamation of the province of Nord-Katanga
 5 Nov 1966                administration taken over by the central government
28 Dec 1966                part of restored province of Katanga

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
20 Oct 1960 -    Mar 1961  Prosper Mwamba-Ilunga (1st time)
11 Sep 1962 - 27 Sep 1963  Prosper Mwamba-Ilunga (2nd time)
27 Sep 1963 - 15 Mar 1964  Jason Sendwe (1st time)            (b. 1917 - d. 1964)
15 Mar 1964 - 21 Apr 1964  Fortunat Kabange Numbi             (b. 1934 - d. 1964)
21 Apr 1964 - 18 Jun 1964  Jason Sendwe (2nd time)            (s.a.)
22 Jun 1964 -    Jul 1964  Ildephonse Masengo                 (b. c.1935 - d. 1969)
                           (head of a provisional government for the whole Katanga
                           province, in fact the territories occupied by the forces
                           of the People's Republic)
22 Jul 1965 -  5 Nov 1966  Henri Ndala Kambola
                           (administrator since Aug 1964?)

Sud-Katanga

24 Apr 1966                Katanga Oriental and Lualaba united to form Sud-Katanga
 5 Nov 1966                administration by central government
28 Dec 1966                part of restored province of Katanga

Governor
24 Apr 1966 -  5 Nov 1966  Godefroid Munongo                  (s.a.)

Union Minière du Haut Katanga (de facto rulers)

28 Oct 1906                creation of the Union Minière du Haut Katanga, entrusted
                           by the Congo Free State with the exploitation of the mineral
                           resources of Katanga
31 Dec 1966                activities and belongings of the UMHK taken over by
                           Congolese government

Chairmen of the Union Minière du Haut Katanga (in Brussels)
       1906 -        1913  Ferdinand, baron Baeyens           (b. 1837 - d. 1914)
       1913 -        1932  Jean Jadot                         (b. 1862 - d. 1932)
       1932 -        1939  Félicien Cattier (1st time)        (b. 1869 - d. 1946)
       1939 -        1944  Alexandre Galopin                  (b. 1879 - d. 1944)
       1944                Félicien Cattier (2nd time)        (s.a.)
                           (acting)
       1944 -        1947  Firmin Van Bree                    (b. 1880 - d. 1960)
       1947 -        1955  Gaston Blaise
       1955 -        1963  Paul Gillet
       1963 -        1965  Edgar Van Der Straeten
       1966                Louis Wallef
Directors of the Union Minière du Haut Katanga (in Africa)
       1910 -        1912  Eugène Halewijck                   (b. 1866 - d. 1940)
       1913 -        1917  Preston H. Horner
       1918 -        1919  Edgar Sengier                      (b. 1879 - d. 1963)
       1920 -        1922  Jules Cousin                       (b. 1884 - d. 1965)
       1923 -        1927  Léon Rasson                        (b. 1875 - d. 1932)
       1927 -        1929  Joseph De Mulder
       1931                Henry Barzin                       (b. 1881 - d. 1971)
       1932                Gaston Deladrière
       1933 -        1936  Henri Heymans                      (b. 1883 - d. 1936)
       1936 -        1945  Aimé Marthoz                       (b. 1894 - d. 1962)
       1946 -        1950  Louis Wallef
       1951 -        1957  Maurice Van Weyenbergh             (b. 1900 - d. 1983)
       1958 -        1966  Gérard Assoignon

Katanga from 1967

Governors (1972-80, commissioners)
 3 Jan 1967 -    Aug 1967  Jean Foster Manzikala
       1967                Masiala Kinkela                    (b. ... - d. 1975)
       1967 -        1968  Denis Paluku
       1968 -        1970  Léon Engulu
       1970 -        1972  Henri-Désiré Takizala
       1972 -        1973  Daniel Monguya Mbenge
       1973 -        1975  Duga Kugbe Toro (1st time)         (b. 1935? - d. 2010)
       1975 -        1977  Assumani Busanya Lukili
       1977 -        1978  Efambe Ey'Olanga
       1978 -        1980  Alexandre Singa Boyenge Mosambayi
       1980 -    Jan 1985  Mandungu Bula Nyati                (b. 1934 - d. 2000)
   Jan 1985 -        1986  Duga Kugbe Toro (2nd time)         (s.a.)
       1986 -    May 1990  Koyagialo Ngbase te Gerengbo       (b. 1947)
   May 1990 -    Nov 1991  Bonaventure Konde Vila Kikanda
       1991 -    Apr 1995  Gabriel Kyungu wa Kumwanza
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1938)
       1995 -        1997  Benjamin Thadée Ngoie Mulume
   Mar 1997 -    Apr 1997  Gabriel Kyungu wa Kumwanza
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
   Apr 1997 -    Apr 1998  Gaetan Kakudji
   Apr 1998 -    Apr 2001  Augustin Katumba Mwanke            (b. 1963 - d. 2012)
   Apr 2001 -    Nov 2001  Jacques Muyumba (interim)
26 Nov 2001 -    May 2004  Aimé Ngoy Mukena Lusa
26 May 2004 - 24 Feb 2007  Urbain Kisula Ngoy                 (b. 1940)
24 Feb 2007 -              Moïse Katumbi Chapwe               (b. 1964)

Kinshasa

 1 Oct 1933                Léopoldville/Leopoldstad province created in Belgian Congo
30 Jun 1960                autonomous province of the Congo republic
14 Aug 1962                province divided into four new provinces:
                           Congo Central, Kwango, Kwilu, Mai-Ndombe
25 Apr 1966                Kwango, Kwilu, and Mai-Ndombe united in the new province
                           of Bandundu; Léopoldville city separated from Congo Central

Commissioner
       1933 -        1941  Albert Emile Beauffort
Governors
       1941 -        1943  Albert Emile Beauffort
       1943 -        1945  Marcel Maquet                      (b. 1891 - d. 1964)
       1946 -        1950  Léon Morel
       1950 -        1953  Lucien Lardinois                   (b. 1898 - d. 1956)
       1953 -        1955  Pierre Nauwelaert                  (b. 1903 - d. 1969)
       1955 -        1959  Julien Babilon                     (b. 1904 - d. 1959)
       1959 - 10 May 1960  Jean-Baptiste Bomans
10 May 1960 - 29 Jun 1960  Alain Stenmans                     (b. 1923)
Presidents
11 Jun 1960 - 29 Jun 1960    Gaston Diomi                     (b. 1922 - d. 19...)
                             (president of secessionist Congo province)
18 Jun 1960 - 12 Feb 1962  Cléophas Kamitatu                  (b. 1931 - d. 2008)
20 Jun 1960 -        1960    Gaston Midu
                             (president of secessionist Nord-Kwilu province)
12 Feb 1962 - 14 Aug 1962  Gaston Diomi                       (s.a.)

Bas-Congo

14 Aug 1962                Congo Central province created out of Léopoldville province
27 Oct 1971                renamed Bas-Zaïre
       1997                renamed Bas-Congo

President (from 1965, governors; 1972-80, commissioners)
 6 Sep 1962 -  3 Jan 1967  Vital Faustin Moanda               (b. 1923 - d. ...)
 3 Jan 1967 - 30 Aug 1967  Denis Paluku
30 Aug 1967 -  9 Aug 1968  François Luakabwanga
 9 Aug 1968 -  5 Aug 1969  Bruno Ndala
 5 Aug 1969 - 23 Dec 1970  Anaclet Kaniki
23 Dec 1970 - 24 Feb 1972  Dieudonné Boji
24 Feb 1972 - 17 Jul 1972  Marcel Derikoye Tita Ngindu
17 Jul 1972 - 21 May 1975  Catherine Nzuzi wa Mbombo (f)      (b. 1944)
       1975 -        1976  Loposo Nzela Balombe
 4 Feb 1976 - 11 Jul 1977  Efambe Ey'Olanga
11 Jul 1977 - 21 Jan 1978  Ilunga Mubabinge Mukala
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Tshiamala Tshingombe
18 Jan 1980 - 27 Aug 1980  Makolo Jibikilayi (1st time)
27 Aug 1980 - 10 Oct 1981  Zamundu Agenong'Ka
10 Oct 1981 - 18 Jan 1983  Malumba Mbangula
18 Jan 1983 -        1986  Makolo Jibikilayi (2nd time)
       1986 - 20 Jul 1988  Tshala Muana
20 Jul 1988 -        1989  Kakule Mbahingana                  (b. 1947 - d. 2011)
       1989 -        1990  Mpambia Musanga Bekaja             (b. 1935)
       1990 -        1991  Timothée Moleka Nzulama            (b. 1955?)
       1991 -        1997  Bieya Mbaki                        (b. ... - d. 1997)
       199. -        1997    Mvuma Ngeti (acting for Mbaki)
       1997                Mvuma Ngeti (interim)
       1997    (4 days)    Joseph Mbenza Thubi
       1997    (1 month)   Liwanga Mata Nyamunyobo
  *Oct 1997 -        1998  Léonard Fuka Unzola                (b. 1935)
       1999 -    Jun 2001* Séraphin Bavuidi Babingi           (b. 1946)
  *Oct 2001 - 16 Oct 2006  César Tsasa-di-Ntumba              (b. 1945? - d. 2008)
                           (interim for 4 months in 2001)
16 Oct 2006 - 24 Feb 2007  Jacques Mbadu (1st time)
24 Feb 2007 - 19 Mar 2012  Simon Mbatshi Batshia              (b. 1949)
19 Mar 2012 - 28 Jan 2013  Déo Nkusu (acting)
28 Jan 2013 -              Jacques Mbadu (2nd time)

Kwango

14 Aug 1962                Kwango province created out of Léopoldville province
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Bandundu

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
23 Sep 1962 - 11 Nov 1962  Albert Delvaux                     (b. 1918 - d. ...)
   Nov 1962                Emmanuel Mayamba
       1962 -    Apr 1963  Alphonse Pashi
   Aug 1963 -    Apr 1964  Pierre Masikita (1st time)
   Apr 1964 - 30 Sep 1964  Belunda Kavunzu
30 Sep 1964 - 24 Aug 1965  Joseph Kulumba
24 Aug 1965 - 25 Apr 1966  Pierre Masikita (2nd time)

Kwilu

14 Aug 1962                province of Kwilu created out of Léopoldville province
18 Jan 1964                administration taken over by central government due to
                           rebellion in southwestern Congo; rebel administration in
                           most of Kwilu province from Jan 1964; reconquest by the
                           legal government in Jun 1965
18 Jan 1966                provincial government restored
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Bandundu

President
 8 Sep 1962 - 18 Jan 1964  Norbert Leta
   Jan 1964 -    Nov 1964    Pierre Mulele                    (b. 1929 - d. 1968)
                             (commander-in-chief and Head of the General Direction)
Governor
18 Jan 1966 - 25 Apr 1966  Henri-Désiré Takizala

Mai-Ndombe

14 Aug 1962                Mai-Ndombe province created out of Léopoldville province
25 Apr 1966                part of new province of Bandundu

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
 8 Sep 1962 -    Dec 1963  Victor Kumoriko
23 Sep 1963 - 11 Oct 1963    V. Bola (in rebellion)
   Jan 1964 -    Dec 1964  Gabriël Zangabie
       1964 -        1965  ...
27 Jul 1965 - 25 Apr 1966  Daniël Mongiya

Bandundu

Governors (1972-80, commissioners)
25 Apr 1966 -  3 Jan 1967  Henri-Désiré Takizala
 3 Jan 1967 - 30 Aug 1967  François Luakabwanga
30 Aug 1967 -  9 Aug 1968  François Kupa
 9 Aug 1968 -  6 Mar 1969  Paul Muhona
12 Mar 1969 - 23 Dec 1970  Dieudonné Boji
23 Dec 1970 - 15 Jul 1972  Anaclet Kaniki
15 Jul 1972 - 10 Jan 1975  Mulenda Shamwange
10 Jan 1975 - 21 Jan 1978  Kabangu Lunyanya
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Makolo Jibikilayi
18 Jan 1980 - 27 Aug 1980  Alemo Logwala
27 Aug 1980 - 10 Oct 1981  Malumba Mbangula
10 Oct 1981 -  1 Jan 1985  Konde Vila Kikanda
 1 Jan 1985 -        1986  Sambia Gere Danu
       1986 -        198.  Mananga Dintoko Pholo
20 Jul 1988 -        1990  Guillaume Samba Kaputo             (b. 1946 - d. 2007)
      *1992 -        1994* Payanzo Ntsomo
       1997 - 26 Nov 2001  Marc Katshunga
26 Nov 2001 -        2003  Kidinda Shandungo
  *Oct 2003*               Oscar Bala
26 May 2004 - 10 Dec 2005  Sabin Sadiboko
10 Dec 2005 - 13 Jan 2006  Guy Kunza
13 Jan 2006 - 16 Oct 2006  Gérard Gifuza
16 Oct 2006 - 16 Mar 2007  Édouard Wenzi Wakoyula
16 Mar 2007 - 22 May 2012  Richard Ndambu Wolang              (b. 1952)
22 May 2012 -              Jean Kamisendu Kutuka              (b. 1955)

Kinshasa

 1 Jul 1966                Léopoldville renamed Kinshasa

Governors
27 Apr 1966 -  2 Jan 1969  Alphonse Bangala
 5 Feb 1969 - 15 Jan 1970  Paul Nauwelaerts
15 Jan 1970 - 27 May 1976  Eugène Ndjoku Eyobaba              (b. 1924? - d. 2007)
27 May 1976 - 21 Jan 1978  Sakombi Inongo                     (b. 1940 - d. 2010)
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Mandungu Bula Nyati                (b. 1934 - d. 2000)
18 Jan 1980 - 27 Aug 1980  Mabolia Inengo Tra Buato
27 Aug 1980 - 10 Oct 1981  Kisombe Kiaku Muisi
10 Oct 1981 - 19 Mar 1983  Sakombi Ekope                      (b. 1929 - d. 1985)
19 Mar 1983 - 27 Dec 1985  Kabaidi wa Kabaidi
27 Dec 1985 - 18 Apr 1986  Tshimbombo Mukuna
24 Apr 1986 - 10 Feb 1987  Catherine Nzuzi wa Mbombo (f)      (b. 1944)
10 Feb 1987 - 20 Jul 1988  Konde Vila Kikanda
20 Jul 1988 -        1990  Amela Lokima Bahati (1st time)
       1990                Timothée Moleka Nzulama            (b. 1955?)
       1990 -        1992  Fundu Kota                         (b. 1943)
       1992                Kibabu Madiata Nzau                (b. 1936)
       1992 -    Jan 1996  Bernardin Mungul Diaka             (b. 1933 - d. 1999)
   Jan 1996 -    Feb 1996  Mujinga Swana
   Feb 1996 -    Aug 1996  ...
   Aug 1996 -    Apr 1997  Bernadette Nkoy Mafuta (f)         (b. 1948)
   Apr 1997 - 17 May 1997  Amela Lokima Bahati (2nd time)
17 May 1997 -    Aug 1997  Gabriel Pandanzila Alompel (acting)
18 Aug 1997 - 19 Mar 2001  Théophile Mbemba Fundu
19 Mar 2001 - 26 Nov 2001  Christophe Muzungu (interim)
26 Nov 2001 -  5 Jun 2002  Loka ne Kongo
 5 Jun 2002 - 26 May 2004  David Nku Imbie                    (b. 1952)
26 May 2004 - 15 Nov 2005  Jean Kimbunda                      (b. 1961)
15 Nov 2005 - 16 Oct 2006  Kimbembe Mazunga
16 Oct 2006 - 16 Mar 2007  Liwanga Mata Nyamunyobo
16 Mar 2007 -              André Kimbuta Yango                (b. 1952)

Kivu

 1 Oct 1933                province of Costermansville/Costermansstad created in
                           Belgian Congo
       1947                renamed Kivu
30 Jun 1960                autonomous province of the Congo republic
10 May 1962                administration taken over by the central government and
                           creation of the separate provinces of Maniema and Nord-Kivu
28 Dec 1966                province reunited
20 Jul 1988                divided into Maniema, Nord-Kivu, and Sud-Kivu

Commissioners
       1933 -        1935  Georges Mortehan
       1935 -        1941  Joseph Noirot
Governors
       1941 -        1945  Joseph Noirot
 1 Jul 1946 -        1951  Antoine Liesnard                   (b. 1898 - d. 1957)
       1951 -        1956  René Brasseur
       1956                Robert Spitaels                    (b. 1910)
       1957 -        1959  Maurice Willaert                   (b. 1910 - d. 2003)
Presidents
11 Jun 1960 - 24 Dec 1960  Jean Miruho (1st time)
26 Jun 1960 -    Jul 1960    Clément Walubali
                             (president of the secessionist province of Maniema)
 2 Jan 1961 - 24 Feb 1961  Anicet Kashamura                   (b. 1928)
       1961 -         ...    Antoine Omari
                             (president of the secessionist State of Maniema,
                             sponsored by the State of Katanga)
24 Feb 1961 - 11 Aug 1961  Taris Adrien Omari                 (b. 1916)
18 Sep 1961 - 10 May 1962  Jean Miruho (2nd time)
Governors (1972-80, commissioners)
28 Dec 1966 -  3 Jan 1967  Denis Paluku
 3 Jan 1967 -  9 Aug 1968  Léon Engulu
 9 Aug 1968 -  5 Aug 1969  Henri-Désiré Takizala
 5 Aug 1969 - 15 Jan 1970  Barthélemy Mukenge
15 Jan 1970 - 24 Feb 1972  Paul Nauwelaerts
24 Feb 1972 - 10 Dec 1976  Ndebo-a-Kanda-di-Ne Kenza
10 Dec 1976 - 21 Jan 1978  Matabisi Iyualeke Ilande
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Mulenda Shamuange Muteba
18 Jan 1980 -        1986  Mwando Simba
       1986 -        1988  Kilolo Musamba

Maniema

14 Aug 1962                creation of the Maniema province
25 Apr 1966                united with Kivu Central to form Sud-Kivu
20 Jul 1988                Maniema province recreated

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
12 Sep 1962 -        1962  Ignace Kanga
 5 Nov 1962 - 19 Sep 1963  Hilaire Kisanga
       1963 -        1964  ...
22 Jun 1964 - 21 Jul 1964  Joseph Tshomba-Fariala (1st time)
24 Jul 1964 -  5 Oct 1964  Charles Malembe                    (b. 1933)
                           (governed the territories of the old Kivu province
                           occupied by the forces of the People's Republic)
       1964 -    Jan 1966  Joseph Tshomba-Fariala (2nd time)
24 Jan 1966 - 25 Apr 1966  Pascal Luanghy                     (b. 1917)
20 Jul 1988 -        19..  Tshala Muana
       19.. -        19..  Joseph Bendera
       19.. -        19..  Kyembwa wa Lumona
      *1996 -        1997  Omari Lea Sisi
   Mar 1997 -    Jul 1997  Lokombe Kitete
18 Jul 1997 -  3 Oct 1998  Ramazani Shadari (1st time)
   Dec 1998 - 12 Apr 2000  Nestor Kiyimbi (in rebellion)
12 Apr 2000 -        2003  Gertrude Kitembo (f)               (b. 1958)
                           (in rebellion)
  *May 2002*               Ramazani Shadari (2nd time)
       2003 - 26 May 2004  Falay Selenge
26 May 2004 - 16 Mar 2007  Koloso Sumaili
16 Mar 2007 -    Jun 2010  Didier Manara Linga                (b. 1964)
   Jun 2010 -              Pascal Tutu Salumu

Nord-Kivu

14 Aug 1962                creation of the province of Nord-Kivu
28 Dec 1966                part of restored Kivu province
20 Jul 1988                Nord-Kivu province recreated

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
11 Sep 1962 -  6 Jul 1965  Benezeth Moley                     (b. 1927)
 6 Jul 1965 - 28 Dec 1966  Denis Paluku
20 Jul 1988 -        1990  Konde Vila Kikanda
12 Jun 1990 - 17 Jun 1990  Koyagialo Ngbase te Gerengbo       (b. 1947)
       199. -        1991  Basembe Emina
       1991 -    Aug 1993  Kalumbo Mbogho
   Aug 1993 -    Nov 1996  Moto Mupenda (interim)
   Oct 1996 - 31 Jul 2000  Léonard Kanyamuhanga               (b. ... - d. 2000)
                           (in rebellion to 1997 and from Aug 1998)
23 Sep 1999 -         ...  Kaisazira Mbaki (in rebellion)
31 Jul 2000 - 24 Feb 2007  Eugène Serufuli Ngayabaseka        (b. 1962)
                           (in rebellion to 16 May 2004)
24 Feb 2007 -              Julien Paluku Kahongya             (b. 1968)

Kivu Central

18 May 1963                creation of the province of Kivu Central out of the
                           remaining parts of Kivu province
25 Apr 1966                united with Maniema to form Sud-Kivu

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
16 Jul 1963 -    Jul 1964  Simon Malago
   Aug 1964 - 25 Apr 1966  Dieudonné Boji

Sud-Kivu

25 Apr 1966                formed by the union of Kivu Central and Maniema
28 Dec 1966                part of restored Kivu province
20 Jul 1988                Sud-Kivu province recreated

Governors
25 Apr 1966 - 28 Dec 1966  Dieudonné Boji
20 Jul 1988 -        1990  Ndala Kasala
       1990 -    Nov 1991  Dilingi Liwoke La Milengo
   Dec 1991 -    Oct 1996  Kyembwa wa Lumona
   Oct 1996 -    Jun 1997  Anatole Bishikwabo Chubaka
   Jun 1997 -    Oct 1998  Jean-Charles Magabe                (b. ... - d. 1999)
   Oct 1998 - 10 Jun 2002  Norbert Basengezi Katintima
                           (in rebellion)
  *May 2002*               Musamba Mondero
10 Jun 2002 - 26 Jan 2003  Patient Mwendanga
                           (in rebellion)
26 Jan 2003 - 26 May 2004  Xavier Ciribanya Cirimwami
                           (suspended from 7 Feb 2004)
                           (in rebellion)
  *Oct 2003*               Fumi Tambwe
 7 Feb 2004 - 26 May 2004    Jean-Pierre Mazambi (interim)
26 May 2004 - 10 Nov 2005  Augustin Bulaimu
                           (suspended from 25 Apr 2005)
25 Apr 2005 - 10 Nov 2005    Alimasi Ndomba Pauni (interim)
10 Nov 2005 - 24 Feb 2007  Bu Amba Amba Déogracias
24 Feb 2007 - 21 Mar 2008  Célestin Cibalonza Byaterana       (b. 1964)
   Nov 2007 - 21 Mar 2008    Bernard Watunakanza (acting)
21 Mar 2008 - 19 Apr 2010  Louis Léonce Muderhwa              (b. 1963)
19 Apr 2010 - 12 Jul 2010  Jean-Claude Kibala (acting)        (b. 1965)
12 Jul 2010 -              Marcellin Cishambo                 (b. 1956)

Orientale

 3 Nov 1913                Orientale/Oost province created in Belgian Congo
       1933                Stanleyville/Stanleystad province created in reorganization
       1947                renamed Orientale/Oost
30 Jun 1960                autonomous province of the Congo republic
27 Jul 1962                administration taken over by the central government and
                           separation of the new provinces of Kibali-Ituri and Uele
27 Mar 1963                the remaining part of the Orientale province is reorganized
                           as the new province of Haut-Congo
       1964                Orientale province is reconstituted de jure by the
                           rebel government of the People's Republic of Congo
28 Dec 1966                reunification of Orientale province
27 Oct 1971                renamed Haut-Zaïre
       1997                renamed Haut-Congo
        ...                renamed Orientale

Deputy governors-general
       1913 -        1917  Justin Malfeyt                     (b. 1862 - d. 1924)
       1917 -        1925  Adolphe De Meulemeester            (b. 1870 - d. 1944)
Governors and deputy governors-general
       1925 -        1926  Adolphe De Meulemeester            (s.a.)
       1926 -        1933  Alfred Alphonse Moeller
Commissioners
       1933 -        1940  Rodolphe Dufour
       1940 -        1941  Marcel Maquet                      (b. 1891 - d. 1964)
Governors
       1941 -        1943  Marcel Maquet                      (s.a.)
       1943 -        1945  Alexis Bertrand
       19.. -        19..  Ernest Bock
      *1959*               Pierre Leroy
Presidents
11 Jun 1960 - 11 Oct 1960  Jean-Pierre Finant                 (b. ... - d. 1961)
       1960 -    Dec 1960  Charles Badjoko
   Dec 1960 - 25 Oct 1961  Jean Foster Manzikala
   Oct 1961 - 27 Jul 1962  Simon Losala
Head of the Revolutionary Government
   Aug 1964 - 23 Aug 1964  Alphonse Kinga
Head of the Executive Council
 1 Sep 1964 -    Nov 1964  François Sabiti
Governors (1972-80, commissioners)
28 Dec 1966 -  3 Jan 1967  Jean Foster Manzikala
 3 Jan 1967 - 17 Jul 1967  Vital Faustin Moanda               (b. 1923 - d. ...)
30 Aug 1967 -  9 Aug 1968  Michel Denge
 9 Aug 1968 - 19 Oct 1968  Jonas Mukamba                      (b. 1931)
19 Oct 1968 -  5 Aug 1969  Anaclet Kaniki
 5 Aug 1969 -  8 Dec 1970  Édouard Bulundwe                   (b. 1932)
23 Dec 1970 - 24 Feb 1972  Bernard Ndebo
24 Feb 1972 - 17 Sep 1972  Geyoro Te Kule
17 Sep 1972 - 10 Feb 1976  Assumani Busanya Lukili
10 Feb 1976 - 21 Jan 1978  Konde Vila Kikanda
21 Jan 1978 - 18 Jan 1980  Mabolia Inongo Tra Buato
18 Jan 1980 - 27 Aug 1980  Tshiala Mwana Tshingombe
27 Aug 1980 - 10 Oct 1981  Mbenza Tubi
10 Oct 1981 - 23 Jan 1982  Ntikala Ibole Moludiki
23 Jan 1982 -  1 Jan 1985  Sukadi Bulayi
 1 Jan 1985 - 20 Jul 1988  Salumu Amisi
20 Jul 1988 -        19..  Sampasa Kaweta Milombe             (b. 1944 - d. 2006)
       1990 -        1991  Guillaume Samba Kaputo             (b. 1946 - d. 2007)
       1991 -        1997  Lombeya Bosongo
       1997 - 23 Aug 1998  Jean Yagi Sitolo
   Dec 1998 -    Jul 2000  Théo Baruti (1st time)
                           (in rebellion)
   Jul 2000 -    Apr 2001* Justin Yogba (in rebellion)
  *May 2002*               Noël Obotela Rashidi
  *May 2002 -    Oct 2003* Jean-Pierre Bilusa
                           (in rebellion)
26 May 2004 - 15 Nov 2005  Théo Baruti (2nd time)
15 Nov 2005 - 24 Feb 2007  Jean-Pierre Lola Kisanga           (b. 1969)
24 Feb 2007 -    Mar 2012  Médard Autsai Asenga               (b. 1942)
   Mar 2012 -  5 Feb 2013  Ismaël Arama Ndiama (acting)
 5 Feb 2013 -              Jean Bamanisa                      (b. 1964)

Kibali-Ituri

14 Aug 1962                province of Kibali-Ituri separated from Orientale province
28 Dec 1966                part of restored Orientale province

President (from 1965, governor)
   Sep 1962 - 28 Dec 1966  Jean Foster Manzikala

Uele

14 Aug 1962                province of Uele separated from Orientale province
28 Dec 1966                part of restored Orientale province

Presidents (from 1965, governors)
11 Sep 1962 -    May 1965  Paul Mambaya
 6 Jul 1965 - 28 Dec 1966  François Kupa

Haut-Congo

27 Mar 1963                after the formation of the Kibali-Ituri and Uele provinces
                           the remaining part of Orientale province is reorganized as
                           the new Haut-Congo province
 5 Nov 1966                administration taken over by the central government
28 Dec 1966                part of restored Orientale province

Presidents (from 1965, governor)
   Jun 1963 - 26 Jun 1963  Georges Grenfell                   (b. 1908)
26 Jun 1963 -        1964  Paul Isombuma
       1964 -    Aug 1964  François Aradjabu
   Aug 1964 -  5 Nov 1966  Jean Marie Alamazani