Rulers: Malaysia

States


Johor

10 Aug 1511                Melaka annexed by Portugal; last sultan moves to Kampar
       1528/64             successor establishes Sultanate of Johor-Riau
 6 Feb 1819                Johor and Riau separate; Negeri Johor Darul Takzim established

Sultans
 3 Sep 1699 -        1721  Abdul Jalil Riayat Shah            (b. 16... - d. 1721)
       1721 - 20 Aug 1760  Sulaiman Badr ul-Alam Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Jalil
                           Riayat Shah                        (b. 1699 - d. 1760)
20 Aug 1760 - 29 Jan 1761  Abdul Jalil Muadzam Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Sulaiman Shah     (b. 1738 - d. 1761)
29 Jan 1761 -        1761  Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdul
                           Jalil                              (b. 1752 - d. 1770)
       1761 - 12 Jan 1811  Mahmud Shah Alam ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah            (b. 1755 - d. 1811)
       1811 -  6 Feb 1819  Abdul Rahman Muadzam Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Shah
 6 Feb 1819 -  5 Sep 1835  Husain Muadzam Shah ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Mahmud Shah                 (b. 1776 - d. 1835)
 5 Sep 1835 - 10 Mar 1855    Ali Iskandar Shah ibni al-Marhum
                             Sultan Husain Muadzam Shah       (b. 1820 - d. 1877)
                             (not recognized; rules at Muar to 20 Jun 1877)
Rulers, with the title Datuk Temeggong Seri Maharaja
 5 Sep 1835 - 31 Jan 1862  Tun Daeng Ibrahim bin Tun Abdul
                           Rahman                             (b. 1811 - d. 1862)
 1 Feb 1862 -        1868  Tun Abubakar Seri Maharaja bin Tun
                           Ibrahim                            (b. 1833 - d. 1895)
Maharaja
       1868 - 13 Feb 1886  Abubakar bin Tun Ibrahim           (s.a.)
Sultans
13 Feb 1886 -  4 Jun 1895  Tuanku Abubakar bin Tun Ibrahim    (s.a.)
 4 Jun 1895 -  8 May 1959  Tuanku Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Abubakar                    (b. 1873 - d. 1959)
 8 May 1959 - 10 May 1981  Tuanku Ismail ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Ibrahim                     (b. 1894 - d. 1981)
11 May 1981 - 22 Jan 2010  Tuanku Mahmud Iskandar ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Ismail            (b. 1932 - d. 2010)
26 Apr 1984 - 25 Apr 1989    Tunku Ibrahim Ismail (regent)    (b. 1958)
22 Jan 2010 -              Tuanku Ibrahim Ismail ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar          (s.a.)
                           (regent to 23 Jan 2010)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 1886 - Jul 1890 Datuk Jaafar Mohamed (b. 1838 - d. 1919) Jul 1920 - 1922 Datuk Mohamed Mahbob (b. 1852 - d. 1926) Sep 1923 - 1928 Abdullah Jaafar (b. 1875 - d. 1934) 16 Sep 1928 - 23 Nov 1931 Mustapha Jaafar 23 Nov 1931 - 28 Dec 1934 Datuk Abdul Hamid Yusof (b. 1876 - d. 1934) Apr 1935 - 1 Jun 1947 Ungku Abdul Aziz Abdul Majid (b. 1887 - d. 1951) 1 Jun 1947 - 18 May 1950 Onn Jaafar (b. 1895 - d. 1962) 20 Feb 1952 - 5 Jun 1955 Datuk Syed Abdul Kadir bin Mohamed (b. 1900 - d. ...) 1 Oct 1955 - 16 Jun 1959 Datuk Wan Idris bin Ibrahim (b. 1888 - d. 1973) 27 Jun 1959 - 31 Jan 1967 Tan Sri Hassan Yunos (b. 1907 - d. 1968) Feb 1967 - Apr 1982 Dato' (from 4 Jun 1975, Tan Sri) Othman Saat (b. 1927 - d. 2007) 29 Apr 1982 - 12 Aug 1986 Datuk Abdul Ajib bin Ahmad (b. 1947 - d. 2011) 12 Aug 1986 - 3 May 1995 Muhyiddin Yassin (from 1988, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin) (b. 1947) 3 May 1995 - 14 May 2013 Abdul Ghani Othman (from 13 Apr 1996, Dato' Abdul Ghani Othman) (b. 1946) 14 May 2013 - Datuk Seri Mohamed Khaled Nordin (b. 1958) British general advisers 1911 - 1916 Douglas Graham Campbell (1st time) (b. 1867 - d. 1918) 1916 - 1917 F.G. Weld (acting) 1917 - 1918 Douglas Graham Campbell (2nd time) (s.a.) 1918 - 1919 F.J. Hallifax (acting) 1919 - 1921 J.F. Owen (acting) 1921 - 1925 Hayes Marriott (b. 1873 - d. 1929) 1925 - 1928 Charles Walter Hamilton Cochrane (b. 1876 - d. 1932) 1928 - 1931 George Ernest Shaw (b. 1877 - d. 1958) 1931 - 1935 Richard Winstedt (b. 1878 - d. 1966) 1935 - 1940 Walter Evelyn Pepys (b. 1885 - d. 1966) 1940 - 1941 W.D. Barron Japanese governors 1943 - 1945 Kenji Dohihara (b. 1883 - d. 1948) 1945 - 12 Sep 1945 Seishiro Itagaki (b. 1885 - d. 1948)

Kedah

       1136                Negeri Kedah Darul Aman established
12 Sep 1821 -        1843  annexed by Thailand (division into three polities
                           under Thai sovereignty from 1839)
20 Aug 1943 -  8 Sep 1945  annexed by Thailand

Sultans
       1698 - 22 Sep 1706  Abdullah al-Muadzam Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Ata Allah
                           Muhammad Shah                      (b. 16... - d. 1706)
       1706 -        1710  Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah I
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah
                           al-Muadzam Shah                    (b. ... - d. 1710)
       1710 - 23 Sep 1778  Muhammad Jiwa Zainal Azilin
                           Muadzam Shah ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Abdullah al-Muadzam Shah    (b. ... - d. 1778)
       1778 -  1 Sep 1797  Abdullah Mukarram Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Jiwa
                           Zainal Azilin Muadzam Shah         (b. c.1750 - d. 1797)
 1 Sep 1797 -    Sep 1803  Ziyauddin Mukarram Shah II ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Jiwa
                           Zainal Azilin Muadzam Shah         (b. 1754 - d. 1803)
   Sep 1803 - 12 Nov 1821  Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah II
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ziyauddin
                           Mukarram Shah (1st time)           (b. ... - d. 1843)
        ... -        1839    Tunku Anum
                             (in rebellion against Thailand)
       1839 -        1841  Tunku Asan (in Kabangpasu)
       1841 -        1843  Tunku Anum (in Kabangpasu)
       1839 -        1843  Tunku Setusen (in Polit)
       1839 -        1843  Muhammad Akip (in Satun)
       1843 -  6 Apr 1843  Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah II
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ziyauddin
                           Mukarram Shah (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 6 Apr 1843 - 13 Mar 1854  Tuanku Zainal Rashid Muadzam
                           Shah I ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Ahmad Tajuddin Halim Shah          (b. 1803 - d. 1854)
13 Mar 1854 - 22 Jun 1879  Tuanku Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram
                           Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Zainal Rashid Muadzam Shah         (b. 1835 - d. 1879)
22 Jun 1879 - 22 Sep 1881  Tuanku Zainal Rashid Muadzam
                           Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah       (b. 1857 - d. 1881)
22 Sep 1881 - 13 May 1943  Tuanku Seri Abdul Hamid Halim Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad
                           Tajuddin Mukarram Shah             (b. 1864 - d. 1943)
                             Regents for incapacitated Abdul Hamid:
       1915 - 30 Apr 1934    Tunku Ibrahim                    (b. 1885 - d. 1934)
       1934 -  7 Mar 1935    Tunku Muhammad                   (b. 1890 - d. 1935)
       1935 -  5 Nov 1937    Tunku Mahmud                     (b. 1876 - d. 1937)
 5 Dec 1937 - 13 May 1943    Tunku Badli Shah                 (b. 1894 - d. 1958)
13 May 1943 - 20 Aug 1943  Sultan Tengku Badli Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Hamid
                           Halim Shah (1st time)              (s.a.)
 8 Sep 1945 - 13 Jul 1958  Sultan Tengku Badli Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Hamid
                           Halim Shah (2nd time)              (s.a.)
14 Jul 1958 -              Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Badlishah    (b. 1927)
21 Sep 1970 - 20 Sep 1975    Tunku Abdul Malik (1st time)     (b. 1929)
                             (regent)
13 Dec 2011 -                Tunku Abdul Malik (2nd time)     (s.a.)
                             (regent)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 1 Feb 1948 - 1954 Mohamad Sheriff bin Osman (b. 1890 - d. 1962) 1949 - 1951 Tunku Ismail bin Tunku Yahya (b. 1907 - d. 19...) (acting for Sheriff) 1954 - 24 May 1959 Tunku Ismail bin Tunku Yahya (s.a.) 24 May 1959 - 7 Dec 1967 Datuk Syed Omar Shahabuddin (b. 1902 - d. 1967) 14 Dec 1967 - 13 Jul 1978 Syed Ahmad Shahabuddin (from 1975, Datuk Syed Ahmad Shahabuddin) (b. 1925 - d. 2008) 13 Jul 1978 - 28 Jan 1985 Syed Nahar Shahabuddin (from 1979, Dato' Seri Syed Nahar Shahabuddin) (b. 1934 - d. 1998) 28 Jan 1985 - 16 Jun 1996 Dato' Paduka (from 25 Jan 1987, Dato' Seri; from 5 Jun 1991, Tan Sri) Osman Aroff (b. 1940) 16 Jun 1996 - 11 Dec 1999 Datuk Seri (from 7 Jun 1997, Tan Sri) Sanusi Junid (b. 1943) 11 Dec 1999 - 22 Dec 2005 Syed Razak Syed Zain (from 4 Jan 2000, Dato' Seri Syed Razak Syed Zain; from 9 Oct 2004, Datuk Seri Syed Razak Syed Zain) (b. 1944) 17 Jul 2005 - 9 Mar 2008 Datuk (from 22 Jan 2006, Datuk Seri) Mahdzir Khalid (b. 1960) (acting [for Syed Razak to 22 Dec 2005] to 28 Dec 2005) 9 Mar 2008 - 6 May 2013 Azizan Abdul Razak (from 16 Jul 2008, Datuk Seri Azizan Abdul Razak) (b. 1944 - d. 2013) 6 May 2013 - Datuk Mukhriz Tun Mahathir (b. 1964) British advisers 1909 - 1915 George Maxwell (1st time) (b. 1871 - d. 1959) 1915 - 1916 Littleton Edward Pipe-Wolferstan (b. 1866 - d. 1957) (acting) 1916 - 1918 G.A. Hall (acting) 1918 - 1919 George Maxwell (2nd time) (s.a.) 1919 - 1923 Malcolm Stewart Hannibal McArthur (b. 1872 - d. 1934) 1923 - 1925 William Peel (b. 1875 - d. 1945) 1925 - 1926 John Lisseter Humphreys (b. 1881 - d. 1929) 1926 - 1931 Thomas Watts Clayton (b. 1877 - d. 19...) 1931 - 1941 Julian Dudley Hall (b. 1887 - d. 1961) Japanese governor Mar 1942 - 1943 Sukegawa Seiji

Kelantan

    bf.1465                Kelantan established
       1911                Negeri Kelantan Darul Naim established
20 Aug 1943 -  8 Sep 1945  annexed by Thailand

Rajas
       1794 -        1800  Tengku Muhammad Terengganu
                           Sa-bagai Penangku bin Mansur
       1800 -        1835  Sultan Muhammad I ibni al-Marhum
                           Long Yunus                         (b. 1741 - d. 1837)
       1835 -        1837  Long Jinal (regent)
       1837 -        1886  Sultan Muhammad II ibni al-Marhum
                           Temenggong Tengku Long Lan         (b. c.1794 - d. 1886)
       1886 - 27 Feb 1890  Sultan Ahmad ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Muhammad                    (b. ... - d. 1890)
27 Feb 1890 -    May 1891  Sultan Muhammad III ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Ahmad                       (b. 1845 - d. 1891)
   May 1891 -        1891  Long Mansur ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Ahmad (regent)              (b. 1870 - d. 1900)
       1891 - 26 Jul 1898  Sultan Mansur ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Ahmad                       (s.a.)
Sultan
26 Jul 1898 - 10 Mar 1900  Mansur ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad (s.a.)
Raja
10 Mar 1900 - 22 Jun 1911  Sultan Muhammad IV ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Muhammad                    (b. 1870 - d. 1920)
Sultans
22 Jun 1911 - 20 Dec 1920  Muhammad IV ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Muhammad                    (s.a.)
20 Dec 1920 - 20 Aug 1943  Ismail ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Muhammad                    (b. 1880 - d. 1944)
 8 Sep 1945 -  9 Jul 1960  Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Muhammad                    (b. 1897 - d. 1960)
 9 Jul 1960 - 29 Mar 1979  Yahya Petra ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Ibrahim                     (b. 1917 - d. 1979)
21 Sep 1975 - 29 Mar 1979    Tengku Ismail Petra (regent)     (b. 1949)
29 Mar 1979 - 13 Sep 2010  Ismail Petra ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Yahya Petra                 (s.a.)
24 May 2009 - 13 Sep 2010    Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra      (b. 1969)
                             (regent)
13 Sep 2010 -              Muhammad V ibni Sultan Ismail
                           Petra                              (s.a.)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 1959 - 1964 Datuk Ishak Lotfi 1964 - 1972 Datuk Mohd Asri Muda (b. 1923 - d. 1992) 1972 - 1978 Datuk Mohamad Nasir (b. 1916 - d. 1997) 1978 - 22 Oct 1990 Datuk (from 1982, Datuk Amar; from 1988, Tan Sri) Mohamed Yaacob (b. 1926) 22 Oct 1990 - 6 May 2013 Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat (from 28 Mar 1995, Dato' Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat) (b. 1931) 6 May 2013 - Datuk Ahmad Yakob (b. 1950) British advisers 1903 - 1910 Walter Armstrong Graham (b. 1868 - d. 1949) 1910 - 1913 J.S. Mason 1913 - 1917 William Langham-Carter (b. 1869 - d. 1940) 1917 - 1919 Roland John Farrer (acting) (b. 1873 - d. 1956) 1919 - 1922 Henry Wagstaffe Thomson (b. 1874 - d. 1941) 1922 - 1926 Arthur Furley Worthington (b. 1874 - d. 1964) 1926 - 1928 George Ernest Shaw (b. 1877 - d. 1958) 1928 - 1930 Reginald John Byard Clayton (b. 1875 - d. 1962) 1930 - 1933 Alwyn Sidney Haynes (b. 1878 - d. 1963) 1933 - 1940 Alan Custance Baker (b. 1885? - d. 1969) 1940 - 1941 E.T. Williams Japanese governors 1941 - 1943 Yasushi Sunakawan 1943 Kikura Fujisawa Thai officers 1943 - 1944 Charu Chaichan 1944 - 1945 Tharin Rawang Phu

Kuala Lumpur

 1 Feb 1974                federal territory (formerly part of Selangor)

Lord mayors (title Datuk Bandar)
 1 Feb 1972 - 15 May 1972  Datuk Lokman bin Yusof             (b. 1910 - d. 1972)
   Jul 1972 -  1 Feb 1983  Tan Sri Yaacob bin Abdul Latiff    (b. 1918)
 1 Feb 1983 - 17 Nov 1992  Tan Sri Datuk Elyas bin Omar       (b. 1936)
17 Nov 1992 - 14 Dec 1995  Datuk Mazlan bin Ahmad             (b. 1943)
14 Dec 1995 - 14 Dec 2001  Tan Sri Datuk Kamaruzzaman Shariff (b. 1941)
14 Dec 2001 - 14 Dec 2004  Datuk Mohmad Shaid Mohd Taufek     (b. 1947)
14 Dec 2004 - 14 Dec 2006  Datuk Ruslin Hasan                 (b. 1950)
14 Dec 2006 - 14 Dec 2008  Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan           (b. 1951)
14 Dec 2008 - 18 Jul 2012  Datuk (from 1 Feb 2010, Datuk
                           Seri; from 4 Jun 2011, Tan Sri)
                           Ahmad Fuad Ismail                  (b. 1953)
18 Jul 2012 -              Datuk (from 1 Feb 2013, Datuk
                           Seri) Ahmad Phesal Talib           (b. 1954)

Labuan

       1846                Labuan ceded to U.K. by sultan of Brunei
       1848                crown colony
 1 Jan 1890                administered by Britsh North Borneo (see Sabah)
       1907                annexed to Straits Settlements (see Singapore)
 3 Jan 1942 - 10 Jun 1945  occupied by Japan (renamed Pulau Maida)
10 Jul 1946                part of British North Borneo/Sabah
16 Apr 1984                federal territory

Governor
27 Nov 1847 -    Nov 1852  James Brooke (from 27 Apr 1848,
                           Sir James Brooke)                  (b. 1803 - d. 1868)
Lieutenant governors
       1848 -        1850  William Napier
       1850 -        1856  John Scott                         (b. 1814 - d. 1898)
Governors
       1856 -        1861  George Warren Edwards
       1861 -        1866  Jeremiah Thomas Fitzgerald
                           Callaghan                          (b. c.1830 - d. 1881)
       1866 -        1867  Hugh Low                           (b. 1824 - d. 1905)
       1867 -        1871  John Pope Hennessy                 (b. 1834 - d. 1891)
       1871 -        1875  Henry Ernest Gascoyne Bulwer       (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
       1875 -        1879  Herbert Taylor Ussher              (b. 1836 - d. 1880)
       1879 -        1881  Charles Cameron Lees               (b. 1837 - d. 1898)
       1881 -        1888  Peter Leys
       1888 -        1890  Arthur Shirley Hamilton
Chairmen of the Labuan Development Authority
 1 Aug 1992 - 30 Jun 2000  Tun Daim Zainuddin                 (b. 1938)
 1 Jul 2000 -        2001  Datuk Mustapa Mohamed              (b. 1950)
Chief administrators
       1994?-    Feb 1997  Datuk Nawawi Kamaruddin            (b. 1943?)
   Feb 1997 -    Feb 1999  Dato' Baseri Lamsah                (b. 1948)
   Feb 1999 -    Feb 2000  Datuk Muhammad Mohd Noor
   Apr 2000 - 30 Jun 2001  Datuk Mohd Noor Moktar             (b. 1948?)
Chairmen of Labuan Corporation
 1 Jul 2001 -        2003  Dato' Othman Mohd Rijal            (b. 1945)
   Apr 2003 - 31 May 2009  Dato' Suhaili Abdul Rahman         (b. 1961)
 1 Jun 2009 - 30 Jun 2009  Datuk Yusof Mahal (1st time)       (b. 1957)
                           (acting)
 1 Jul 2009 - 31 May 2011  Datuk Ahmad Phesal Talib           (b. 1954)
 1 Jun 2011 - 30 Jun 2013  Datuk Yusof Mahal (2nd time)       (s.a.)
 1 Jul 2013 -              Rozman Datuk Isli

Malacca

   Jan 1641                Dutch rule
 1 Dec 1795 -        1818  British rule
       1826                part of Straits Settlements (see under Singapore)
       1946                part of Malaya/Malaysia

Governors
 1 Jan 1697 - 24 Nov 1700  Goevert van Hoorn
24 Nov 1700 - 18 Jan 1704  Bernhard Phoonsen
18 Jan 1704 - 22 May 1704  Johan Grotenhuys (acting)
22 May 1704 -  7 Mar 1707  Karel Bolner
 7 Mar 1707 - 26 Dec 1709  Pieter Rooselaar
26 Dec 1709 - 21 May 1711  Willem Six
21 May 1711 - 11 May 1717  Willem Moerman                     (b. 16... - d. 1717)
       1717 -        1725  Herman van Suchtelen
       1726 -        1730  Johan Frederik Gobius
       1730 -        1735  Pieter Rochus Pasques de Chavonnes
       1735 -        1741  Roger de Lavez
       1741 -        1748  Willem Bernard Albinus
       1748 -        1753  Pieter van Heemskerk
       1753 -        1758  Willem Dekker
       1758 -        1764  David Boelen
       1764 -        1771  Thomas Schippers
       1771 -        1775  Jan Crans
       1775 -        1788  Pieter Gerardus de Bruijn
       1788 -  1 Dec 1795  Abraham Couperus
Residents
       1795                Archibald Brown                    (b. 17... - d. 1825)
       1795 -        1796  Thomas Parr                        (b. 17... - d. 1807)
       1796 -        1797  Richard Tolson
       1797 -        1798  David Campbell                     (b. 1747 - d. 1828)
       1798 -        1803  Aldwell Taylor
       1803 -        1818  William Farquhar                   (b. 1770 - d. 1839)
Governors
21 Sep 1818 - 16 Dec 1822  Jan Samuel Timmermann Thijssen
16 Dec 1822 - 17 Mar 1824  A. Keok (acting)
17 Mar 1824 -  9 Apr 1825  Hendrik Stephanus van Son
Resident councillors
       1825                Walter Sewell Cracroft             (b. ... - d. 1864)
       1825 -        1826  Thomas Dolman Lloyd-Davies         (b. 1790 - d. 1828)
       1826                Edward Presgrave                   (b. c.1795 - d. 1830)
       1826                William Gordon Mackenzie           (b. 1785 - d. 1842)
       1826 -        1835  Samuel Garling                     (b. ... - d. 1857)
       1847 -        1849  Edmund Augustus Blundell           (b. 1804? - d. 1868)
       18.. -        1855  William Thomas Lewis               (b. 1791 - d. 1875)
       1855 -        1857  Henry Man                          (b. 1815 - d. 1898)
       1857 -        1860  Ronald MacPherson                  (b. 1817 - d. 1869)
       1860 -        1867  ...
       1867 -        1869  William Wellington Cairns          (b. 1828 - d. 1888)
       1869 -        1879  Edward Wingfield Shaw              (b. 1827 - d. 1879)
       1879 -        1883  Charles John Irving                (b. 1831 - d. 1917)
       1883 -        1895  Dudley Francis Amelius Hervey      (b. 1849 - d. 1911)
       1895 -        1897  Charles Walter Sneyd-Kynnersley    (b. 1849 - d. 1904)
       1897 -        1898  Adelbert P. Talbot                 (b. 1845 - d. 1920)
       1898 -        1904  James Kortright Birch              (b. 1850 - d. 19...)
       1904 -        1905  Frederick Gordon Penney            (b. 1856? - d. 1928)
       1905 -        1907  Robert Norman Bland                (b. 1859 - d. 1948)
       1907 -        1910  William Evans                      (b. 1860 - d. 1936)
Residents
       1910 -        1920  ...
Resident councillors
       1921 -        1922  Littleton Edward Pipe-Wolferstan   (b. 1866 - d. 1957)
       1922 -        1925  William Langham-Carter             (b. 1869 - d. 1940)
       1925 -        1926  Ralph Scott                        (b. 1874 - d. 19...)
       1926 -        1928  Meadows Frost                      (b. 1875 - d. 1954)
       1928 -        1930  Bertram Walter Elles               (b. 1877 - d. 1963)
       1930                C.F.J. Green
       1930 -        1932  William Miles Millington           (b. 1883 - d. 19...)
       1932 -        1933  C.H.G. Clarke
       1934 -        1936  George William Bryant
       1936 -        1941  James Startin Wills Arthur         (b. 1881 - d. 19...)
Japanese governors
       1942 -        1944  Ken Tsurumi
       1944 -        1945  Takeo Kinukawa
Resident commissioners
       1946 -        1947  Edward Victor Grace Day            (b. 1896 - d. 1968)
       1947 -        1951  John Falconer                      (b. 1898 - d. ...)
       1951 -        1954  George Evan Cameron Wisdom         (b. 1899 - d. 1958)
       1954 -        1957  Harold George Hammett              (b. 1906 - d. 1999)
Governors
31 Aug 1957 - 31 Aug 1959  Tun Leong Yew Koh                  (b. 1888 - d. 1963)
31 Aug 1959 - 31 Aug 1971  Tun Abdul Malik bin Yusuf          (b. 1899 - d. ...)
31 Aug 1971 - 23 May 1975  Tun Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Majid     (b. 1908)
23 May 1975 -  4 Dec 1984  Tun Syed Zahiruddin bin Syed
                           Hassan                             (b. 1918 - d. 2013)
 4 Dec 1984 -  4 Jun 2004  Tan Sri (from 1987, Tun) Syed
                           Ahmad Shahabuddin                  (b. 1925 - d. 2008)
 4 Jun 2004 -              Tan Sri (from 28 Jul 2004, Tun)
                           Khalil Yaakob                      (b. 1937)

Chief ministers (title Ketua Menteri) 31 Aug 1957 - 1 Jun 1959 Datuk Kurnia Jasa Othman bin Talib 1 Jun 1959 - 6 Oct 1967 Abdul Ghafar Baba (b. 1925 - d. 2006) 6 Oct 1967 - 1 Aug 1972 Datuk Talib bin Karim 1 Aug 1972 - 11 Jul 1978 Datuk Setia Abdul Ghani Ali (b. 1923? - d. 2004) 11 Jul 1978 - 26 Apr 1982 Mohd Adib Adam (b. 1941) 26 Apr 1982 - 14 Oct 1994 Rahim Thamby Chik (from 1983, Dato' Rahim Thamby Chik; from 1984, Datuk Seri Rahim Thamby Chik; from 1990, Tan Sri Rahim Thamby Chik) (b. 1950) 14 Oct 1994 - 14 May 1997 Datuk (from 14 Oct 1995, Datuk Seri) Mohd Zin Abdul Ghani (b. 1941 - d. 1997) (acting to 2 Dec 1994) 23 May 1997 - 2 Dec 1999 Datuk (from 11 Oct 1997, Datuk Seri) Abu Zahar Isnin (b. 1939 - d. 2013) 2 Dec 1999 - 7 May 2013 Datuk Wira (from 13 Oct 2001, Datuk Seri) Mohd Ali Rustam (b. 1949) 7 May 2013 - Datuk (from 11 Oct 2013, Datuk Seri) Idris Haron (b. 1966)

Naning

       1641                state of Naning founded
       1832                annexed by U.K. to Malacca

Rulers (title Maharaja Lela)
        ... -        1801  Datuk Anjak
       1801 -        1832  Datuk Abdul Saiyid

Negeri Sembilan

       1773                Negeri Sembilan (a confederation of nine states)
                           established
       1876                state reduced and renamed Sri Menanti
       1897                Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus reestablished

Rulers, with the title Yang di-Pertuan Besar
       1773 -        1795  Sultan Mahmud ibni Sultan Abdul
                           Jalil                              (b. ... - d. 1795)
       1795 -        1808  Raja Hitam                         (b. 17... - d. 1808)
       1808 -        1824  Raja Lenggang Laut                 (b. ... - d. 1824)
       1824                Raja Radin ibni Raja Lenggang Laut
                           (1st time)                         (b. c.1823 - d. 1861)
       1824 -        1826  Raja Kerjan (regent)               (b. ... - d. 1844)
       1826 - 30 Nov 1831  Yamtuan Sati
30 Nov 1831 -        1833  Raja Radin ibni Raja Lenggang Laut
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
       1833 -        1836  Raja Ali bin Daeng Alampaki        (b. ... - d. 1850)
       1836 -        1861  Raja Radin ibni Raja Lenggang Laut
                           (3rd time)                         (s.a.)
       1861 -        1869  Yamtuan Ulin                       (b. ... - d. 1869)
       1869 - 22 Oct 1888  Tengku Antah ibni Yamtuan Radin    (b. ... - d. 1888)
       1869 -        1872    Tuanku Ampuan Intan (f) (regent)
22 Oct 1888 -  1 Aug 1933  Tuanku Muhammad ibni al-Marhum
                           Yamtuan Antah                      (b. 1865 - d. 1933)
 3 Aug 1933 -  1 Apr 1960  Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni
                           al-Marhum Yamtuan Muhammad         (b. 1895 - d. 1960)
31 Aug 1957 -  1 Apr 1960    Tunku Munawir (regent)           (b. 1922 - d. 1967)
 5 Apr 1960 - 14 Apr 1967  Tuanku Laksman Munawir ibni
                           al-Marhum Yamtuan Abdul Rahman     (s.a.)
19 Apr 1967 - 27 Dec 2008  Tuanku Jaafar ibni al-Marhum
                           Yamtuan Abdul Rahman               (b. 1922 - d. 2008)
26 Apr 1994 - 25 Apr 1999    Tunku Naquiyuddin (regent)       (b. 1947)
29 Dec 2008 -              Tuanku Mukhriz ibni al-Marhum
                           Tuanku Munawir                     (b. 1948)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 1 Feb 1948 - 11 Aug 1950 Abdul Malek bin Yusuf (1st time) 11 Aug 1950 - 1 Jan 1951 Mohamad Salleh bin Sulaiman 1 Jan 1951 - 15 Apr 1952 Abdul Malek bin Yusuf (2nd time) 15 Apr 1952 - 1 Oct 1952 Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Majid 1 Oct 1952 - 1 Oct 1953 Abdul Malek bin Yusuf (3rd time) 1 Oct 1953 - 31 Jan 1959 Shamsuddin bin Nain 1 Apr 1959 - 23 Jun 1959 Mohamad Shariff bin Abdul Samad 23 Jun 1959 - 10 May 1969 Mohamad Said bin Mohamad 10 May 1969 - 12 Jul 1978 Mansor Othman (b. 1923? - d. 1999) 12 Jul 1978 - 29 Apr 1982 Dato' Rais Yatim (b. 1942) 29 Apr 1982 - 25 Mar 2004 Mohamed Isa Abdul Samad (from 14 Jun 1982, Dato' Mohamed Isa Abdul Samad; from 5 Jun 1991, Tan Sri Mohamed Isa Abdul Samad) (b. 1949) 25 Mar 2004 - Datuk Mohamad Hasan (from 19 Jul 2004, Datuk Seri Mohamad Hasan) (b. 1956) British residents 1888 - 1891 Martin Lister (1st time) (b. 1857 - d. 1897) 1891 - 1894 W.F.B. Paul 1894 - 1895 Robert Norman Bland (b. 1859 - d. 1948) 1895 - 1897 Martin Lister (2nd time) (s.a.) 1898 - 1901 Ernest Woodford Birch (b. 1857 - d. 1929) 1901 - 1902 Henry Conway Belfield (b. 1855 - d. 1923) 1902 - 1903 Walter Egerton (b. 1858 - d. 1947) 1904 - 1910 Douglas Graham Campbell (b. 1867 - d. 1918) 1910 - 1911 Richard James Wilkinson (b. 1867 - d. 1941) 1912 - 1919 Arthur Henry Lemon (b. 1864 - d. 1933) 1919 - 1921 John Richard Oliver Aldworth (b. 1866 - d. 19...) (acting) 1921 - 1925 Edward Shaw Hose (b. 1871 - d. 1946) 1925 - 1928 Ernest Charteris Holford Wolff (b. 1875 - d. 1946) 1928 - 1932 James William Simmons (b. 1877 - d. 19...) 1932 - 1937 John Whitehouse Ward Hughes (b. 1882 - d. 19...) 1937 - 1939 Gordon Lupton Ham (b. 1885 - d. 1965) 1939 - 1941 John Vincent Cowgill (b. 1888 - d. 1959)
As noted, Negeri Sembilan ("Nine States") is nominally a confederation of several (originally nine) states. The six surviving states, with an occasional subsidiary state, are recorded below. The premier state (whose ruler substitutes during vacancies in the office of Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan) is Sungai Ujong.

Inas

     c.1750                Luak Inas (also called Jelai) founded

Rulers (title Undang Luak Inas)
        ... -         ...  Embun Serin (f)
        ... -         ...  Bayan
        ... -        1810  Datuk Rambutan Jantan
       1810 -         ...  Datuk Nuri
        ... -         ...  Mantik
        ... -         ...  Cenderong
        ... -         ...  Sohat
        ... -         ...  Biong
        ... -         ...  Omar
        ... -        1915  Sulung
       1915 -        1930* Ujang bin Cepus
       19.. -        19..  Abdul Ghani bin Layar
       19.. -        19..  Bacik bin Abdul Rahman
       1957 -        1966* Rentah bin Takin

Jelebu

       1757                ruler of Luak Jelebu adopts style of sultan
       1820 -        1886  parallel government headed by a Yang di-Pertuan Muda Jelebu

Sultans and rulers (title Undang Luak Jelebu)
       1757 -         ...  Datuk Moyang Saleh
        ... -         ...  Datuk Bukor
        ... -         ...  Datuk Bakul
        ... -         ...  Datuk Yunus
        ... -         ...  Datuk Lob
        ... -         ...  Datuk Duraman
      *1820*               Datuk Penghulu Rangga Ali Tua Tuk
                           Gila "Durongga"
       18.. -        18..  Datuk Pandak
       18.. -        18..  Datuk Mahmud = Kulup Tunggal
       18.. -        18..  Datuk Ibrahim
      *1883 -        1902  Datuk Saiyid Ali
       1902 -        1945  Datuk Abdullah ibni Panglima Muda
       1945 -        1962  Datuk Shamaruddin ibni Abdul
                           Rahman
       1962 -        1966  Datuk Othman ibni Baginda (acting) (b. 1911)
       1966 - 20 Nov 1979  Datuk Abu Bakar                    (b. ... - d. 1979)
 4 Feb 1980 -              Datuk Musa bin Wahab               (b. 1937)

Rulers (title Yang di-Pertuan Muda Jelebu)
       1820 -        18..  Tengku Ahmad Shah bin Singkul
       18.. -      c.1872  Tengku Jaya bin Sabun              (b. ... - d. c.1872)
     c.1872 -        1875  Tengku Etet bin Jaya               (b. ... - d. 1875)
       1875 - 13 Dec 1884  Tengku Abdullah bin Radin          (b. ... - d. 1884)
   Dec 1884 -    Mar 1886  Tengku Nambul bin Abdullah

Jempol

     c.1750                Luak Jempol founded, under suzerainty of Jelebu

Rulers (title Datuk Penghulu)
        ... -         ...  Daim
        ... -         ...  Cap
        ... -         ...  Rial
        ... -         ...  Matik
      *1839*               Hasan
        ... -         ...  Johan
        ... -        1916  Shukul
       1916 -        19..  Abdul Wahab
      *1966*               Sulaiman bin Abdullah

Johol

       1723                State of Pasir Besar renamed Luak Johol

Rulers (title Undang Luak Johol)
       1723 -        1747  Datuk Putri Setiawan I (f)
       1747 -      c.1760  Datuk Rambut Panjang (f)           (b. ... - d. c.1760)
     c.1760 -      c.1790  Datuk Putri Setiawan II (f)        (b. ... - d. c.1790)
     c.1790 -      c.1810  Datuk Rambutan Jantan
     c.1810 -      c.1820  Datuk Nuri
     c.1820 -      c.1840  Datuk Abubakar Buncit = Gubah
     c.1840 -        1900  Datuk Saeto                        (b. 1810? - d. 1900)
       1901 -    Feb 1918  Datuk Wan Omar bin Wan Hasan       (b. ... - d. 1918)
   Mar 1918 - 14 Aug 1947  Datuk Kamat bin Sulaiman           (b. 1880 - d. 1947)
   Oct 1947 - 10 Oct 1973  Datuk Abdul Manap bin Tolok        (b. 1907 - d. 1973)
10 Oct 1973 -  4 Apr 1985  Datuk Abdul Majid bin Abdul Wahid  (b. 1902 - d. 1985)
 4 Apr 1985 - 29 Sep 1988  Datuk Abdul Rahman bin Mat Som     (b. 1909 - d. 1988)
29 Sep 1988 - 13 Mar 2007  Datuk Abdul bin Ali                (b. 1923 - d. 2007)
13 Mar 2007 -              Datuk Mohd Jan bin Abdul Ghani     (b. 1940)

Ulu Muar

     c.1750                Luak Ulu Muar founded, under suzerainty of Johol

Rulers (title Datuk Penghulu Luak Ulu Muar)
        ... -        177.  Datuk Naam bin Khatib Akhir
       177. -         ...  Datuk Mindek
        ... -         ...  Datuk Mopeng
        ... -         ...  Datuk Ajong
        ... -         ...  Datuk Jaalam
        ... -         ...  Datuk Talun
      *1824 -        1839* Datuk Bongkok Abdul Malik
        ... -         ...  Datuk Sidin
       1910 -        19..  Datuk Hashim
      *1966*               Datuk Jailani

Rembau

       1540                Luak Rembau founded
       1798 -        1836  parallel government headed by a Yang di-Pertuan Muda Rembau

Rulers (title Undang Luak Rembau)
     c.1690 -      c.1725  Datuk Sedia Raja Kurup
     c.1725 -      c.1750  Datuk Sedia Raja Sabat
     c.1750 -      c.1790  Datuk Lela Maharaja Lulinsoh
     c.1790 -      c.1795  Datuk Sedia Raja Pekak
     c.1795 -        1812  Datuk Lela Maharaja Kusil bin Uban
       1812 -        1819  Datuk Sedia Raja Bogok             (b. ... - d. 1819)
       1819 -        1843  Datuk Lela Maharaja Nganit
       1843 -        1872  Datuk Sedia Raja Akhir
       1872 -        1883  Datuk Lela Maharaja Sahil
       1883 -        1905  Datuk Sedia Raja Serun bin Saidin  (b. ... - d. 1905)
       1905 -        1922  Datuk Lela Maharaja Sulung bin
                           Miah                               (b. ... - d. 1922)
       1922 -        1938  Datuk Sedia Raja Abdullah bin
                           Dahan                              (b. ... - d. 1938)
       1938 -    Dec 1962  Datuk Lela Maharaja Ipap bin
                           Abdullah                           (b. ... - d. 1962)
19 Jan 1963 -        1998  Datuk Sedia Raja Adnan bin Maah    (b. 1931 - d. 1998)
21 Nov 1998 -              Datuk Lela Maharaja Muhammad bin
                           Sharif Othman                      (b. 1941)

Rulers (title Yang di-Pertuan Muda Rembau)
       1798 -        1813  Raja Asil                          (b. ... - d. bf.1824)
                           (later named Sultan Muhammad Shah)
       1813 - 13 Sep 1832  Raja Ali bin Daeng Alampaki        (b. ... - d. 1850)
13 Sep 1832 -        1836  Saiyid Shaaban ibn Saiyid Ibrahim
                           al-Qadri                           (b. ... - d. 1872)

Gunung Pasir

     c.1750                Luak Gunung Pasir founded, under suzerainty of Rembau

Rulers (title Penghulu Luak Gunung Pasir)
        ... -         ...  Meshit
        ... -         ...  Tuakal
        ... -         ...  Mantik
        ... -         ...  Budin
        ... -         ...  Malik
        ... -         ...  Uteh
        ... -         ...  Alam
        ... -         ...  Kandak
        ... -         ...  Pacoh = Mentadoh
        ... -         ...  Lahu
        ... -         ...  Muhammad Amin
      *1920*               Basir
      *1966*               Shamsuddin bin Bahali

Sungai Ujong

    bf.1700                Luak Sungai Ujong founded

Rulers (title Penghulu Mentri)
        ... -         ...  Datuk Penghulu Kadim
        ... -         ...  Datuk Penghulu Pandak
        ... -      c.1760  Datuk Penghulu Chantak
                           = Rumah Gadong
Rulers (title Undang Luak Sungai Ujong)
     c.1760 -      c.1780  Datuk Bador
     c.1780 -      c.1800  Datuk Leha
     c.1800 -      c.1824  Datuk Bahi
     c.1824 -      c.1850  Datuk Kawal                        (b. ... - d. c.1850)
     c.1850 -        1873  Datuk Sendeng                      (b. ... - d. 1873)
       1873 -        1881  Datuk Saiyid Abdul Rahman bin
                           Ahmad al-Qadri                     (b. ... - d. 1881)
       1881 -        1889  Datuk Lela Setia Muhammad Yusof
                           bin Hashim
       1891 - 15 Dec 1945  Datuk Maamor bin Kasim             (b. 1880 - d. 1945)
26 Mar 1946 - 23 Oct 1983  Datuk Muhammad Kasim ibni Datuk
                           Andika Abdul Rahim                 (b. 1904 - d. 1983)
29 Dec 1993 -              Datuk Mubarak bin Thahak           (b. 1961)

Teraci

     c.1750                Luak Teraci founded, under suzerainty of Sungai Ujong

Rulers (title Penghulu Luak Teraci)
        ... -         ...  Ahmad bin Mantris Maharaja
        ... -         ...  Tengkis
        ... -         ...  Tuk "Pecat"
        ... -         ...  Dato
        ... -         ...  Linsoh
      *1839*               Sulung
        ... -         ...  Said
        ... -         ...  Adil
        ... -        1919  Jaal
       1919 -        19..  Sohor
       19.. -        19..  Arifin
       19.. -        19..  Ujang bin Yahya
      *1966*               Lebai Hussin

Tampin

       1832                Luak Tampin founded

Rulers (title from 1883 Tunku Besar Tampin)
13 Sep 1832 -        1850  Raja Ali bin Daeng Alampaki        (b. c.1780 - d. 1850)
       1850 -        1872  Saiyid Shaaban ibni Saiyid Ibrahim
                           al-Qadri                           (b. ... - d. 1872)
       1872 -        1894  Saiyid Abdul Hamid ibni Saiyid
                           Shaaban al-Qadri                   (b. ... - d. 1894)
       1894 -         ...  Saiyid Dewa ibni Saiyid Abdul
                           Hamid al-Qadri
        ... -         ...  Saiyid Akil ibni Saiyid Dewa
                           al-Qadri
        ... -    May 1929  Saiyid Muhammad ibni Saiyid Dewa
                           al-Qadri                           (b. ... - d. 1929)
   May 1929 - 26 Dec 2005  Saiyid Idris ibni Saiyid Muhammad
                           al-Qadri                           (b. 1927 - d. 2005)
       1929 - 21 Dec 1945    Sharifah Leng bint Saiyid Abdul
                             Hamid (f) (regent)
26 Dec 2005 -              Saiyid Razman ibni Saiyid Idris
                           al-Qadri                           (b. 1962)

Pahang

       1460                Negeri Pahang Darul Makmur established
       1770 -        1882  nominally under suzerainty of Johor

Rulers, with the title Bendahara Seri Maharaja
       1770 -        1802  Tun Abdul Majid bin Tun Hasan      (b. 1718 - d. 1802)
       1802 -        1803  Tun Muhammad bin Tun Abdul Majid   (b. 17... - d. 1803)
       1803 -        1806  Tun Koris bin Tun Abdul Majid      (b. 17... - d. 1806)
       1806 -        1857  Tun Ali bin Tun Koris              (b. 1782 - d. 1857)
       1857 - 30 May 1863  Tun Muhammad Tahir bin Tun Ali     (b. 1813 - d. 1863)
30 May 1863 -  3 Jun 1863  Muda Koris bin Tun Muhammad Tahir  (b. 18... - d. 1863)
10 Jun 1863 -  6 Aug 1882  Tun Ahmad bin Tun Ali              (b. 1836 - d. 1914)
Sultans
 6 Aug 1882 -  3 Apr 1909  Tuanku Ahmad al-Muadzam Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Tun Ali                  (s.a.)
 3 Apr 1909 - 19 Jun 1917  Tuanku Mahmud Shah ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Ahmad al-Muadzam Shah       (b. 1868 - d. 1917)
19 Jun 1917 - 23 Jun 1932  Tuanku Abdullah al-Mutasim Billah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad
                           al-Muadzam Shah                    (b. 1874 - d. 1932)
23 Jun 1932 -  7 May 1974  Tuanku Abu Bakar Riayatuddin
                           al-Muadzam Shah ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Abdullah                    (b. 1904 - d. 1974)
 7 May 1974 -              Tuanku Ahmad Shah al-Mustain
                           Billah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Abu
                           Bakar Riayatuddin al-Muadzam Shah  (b. 1930)
29 Mar 1979 - 25 Apr 1984    Tengku Abdullah (regent)         (b. 1959)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 1 Feb 1948 - 1 Feb 1951 Dato' Setia Wangsa Sir Mahmud bin Mat 1 Feb 1951 - 1 Feb 1955 Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku Mohamad ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad (1st time) 1 Feb 1955 - 15 Jun 1955 Orang Kaya Indera Shahbandar Abdul Razak bin Hussein (b. 1922 - d. 1976) 15 Jun 1955 - 8 Jan 1957 Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku Muhamad ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad (2nd time) 9 Jan 1957 - 18 Jul 1959 Datuk Kurnia Paduka Raja Abdullah bin Tok Muda Ibrahim 18 Jul 1959 - 5 May 1964 Orang Kaya Indera Pahlawan Wan Abdul Aziz bin Ungku Abdullah 5 May 1964 - 1 Sep 1972 Dato' Pentara Raja Tan Sri Yahaya bin Mohd Seh 1 Sep 1972 - 18 Jul 1978 Datuk Seri Mohamad bin Jusoh 19 Jul 1978 - 7 Nov 1981 Datuk Abdul Rahim bin Bakar 11 Nov 1981 - 4 May 1982 Datuk Abdul Rashid bin Abdul Rahman 4 May 1982 - 14 Aug 1986 Dato' (from 24 Oct 1985, Dato' Seri) Najib Tun Razak (b. 1953) 14 Aug 1986 - 20 May 1999 Dato' (from 24 Oct 1987, Dato' Seri; from 24 Apr 1989, Tan Sri) Khalil Yaakob (b. 1937) 20 May 1999 - Dato' (from 24 Oct 1999, Dato' Seri; from 9 Oct 2004, Datuk Seri) Adnan Yaakob (b. 1950) British residents 1888 - 1896 John Pickersgill Rodger (b. 1851 - d. 1910) 1896 - 1900 Hugh Clifford (1st time) (b. 1866 - d. 1941) 1900 - 1901 Arthur Butler (b. 18... - d. 1901) 1901 D.H. Wise (acting) 1901 - 1903 Hugh Clifford (2nd time) (s.a.) 1905 - 1908 Cecil Wray 1908 - 1909 Harvey Chevallier (acting) 1909 - 1910 Edward Lewis Brockman (b. 1865 - d. 1943) 1910 - 1911 Warren Delabere Barnes (b. 1865 - d. 19...) 1911 - 1917 Edward John Brewster (b. 1861 - d. 1931) 1917 - 1921 Cecil William Chase Parr (b. 1871 - d. 1943) 1921 - 1922 F.A.S. McClelland (acting) (b. 1873 - d. 1947) 1922 - 1926 Henry Wagstaffe Thomson (b. 1874 - d. 1941) 1926 - 1929 Arthur Furley Worthington (b. 1874 - d. 1964) 1929 - 1930 C.F.J. Green 1931 - 1935 Hugh Goodwin Russell Leonard (b. 1880 - d. 19...) 1935 - 1941 C.C. Brown

Penang

11 Aug 1786                British colony (Prince of Wales Island)
       1826                part of Straits Settlements (see under Singapore)
       1946                part of Malaya/Malaysia

Superintendents (of the British East India Company)
11 Aug 1786 - 21 Oct 1794  Francis Light                      (b. 1740 - d. 1794)
       1794 -        1795  Philip Mannington
       1795 -        1799  Forbes Ross MacDonald              (b. ... - d. 1799)
Lieutenant governors
       1799 -        1804  Sir George Leith                   (b. 1766 - d. 1842)
       1804 -        1805  Robert Townsend Farquhar           (b. 1776 - d. 1830)
Governors
       1805 -        1807  Philip Dundas                      (b. 17... - d. 1807)
       1807 -        1810  Norman Macalister
       1810                Charles Andrew Bruce               (b. 1768 - d. 1810)
       1810 -        1812  William Edward Phillips (1st time) (b. 1769 - d. 18...)
       1812 -        1816  William Petrie                     (b. 17... - d. 1816)
       1816 -        1817  William Edward Phillips (2nd time) (s.a.)
       1817 -  8 Aug 1819  John Alexander Bannerman           (b. 1758 - d. 1819)
       1819 -        1824  William Edward Phillips (3rd time) (s.a.)
20 Aug 1824 -        1826  Robert Fullerton                   (b. 1773 - d. 1831)
Resident councillors
       1849 -        1855  Edmund Augustus Blundell           (b. 1804? - d. 1868)
       1855 -        1860  William Thomas Lewis               (b. 1791 - d. 1875)
       1860 -        1867  Henry Man                          (b. 1815 - d. 1898)
       1867 -        1883  Archibald Edward Harbord Anson     (b. 1826 - d. 1925)
       1883 -        1887  Charles John Irving                (b. 1831 - d. 1917)
       1887 -        1897  Allan Maclean Skinner              (b. 1846 - d. 1901)
       1894 -        1895    Francis James Anderson (acting)  (b. 18... - d. 1920)
       1897 - 11 Jul 1904  Charles Walter Sneyd-Kynnersley    (b. 1849 - d. 1904)
       1904 -        1907  James Kortright Birch              (b. 1850 - d. 19...)
       1907 -        1910  Robert Norman Bland                (b. 1859 - d. 1948)
       1910 -        1914  William Evans                      (b. 1860 - d. 1936)
       1914 -        1917  Alfred T. Bryant
       1917 -        1919  Walter Cecil Michell               (b. 1864 - d. 1939)
       1919 -        1922  Gilbert A. Hall
       1922 -        1925  Arthur Blennerhassett Voules       (b. 1870 - d. 1954)
       1925 -        1926  William Peel                       (b. 1875 - d. 1945)
       1926 -        1928  Ralph Scott                        (b. 1874 - d. 19...)
       1928 -        1930  Meadows Frost                      (b. 1875 - d. 1954)
       1930 -        1931  Edward Wilmot Francis Gilman       (b. 1876 - d. 1955)
   May 1931 -        1933  Percy Tothill Allen                (b. 1878 - d. 19...)
                           (acting to Aug 1931)
       1933 -        1941  Arthur Mitchell Goodman            (b. 1886 - d. 1961)
Japanese governors
   Dec 1941 -        1942  Shotaro Katayama
       1942 -        1944  Masakichi Itami
       1944                S. Ikagawa
       1944 -        1945  Seiichiro Shinohara
British military governors
       1945                Peter Dicken Cracroft              (b. 1907 - d. 2003)
       1945 -        1946  Thomas John Norman Hilken          (b. 1901 - d. 1969)
Resident commissioners
       1946                Norman Grice                       (b. 1893 - d. ...)
   May 1946 -        1948  Sydney Noel King                   (b. 1897 - d. ...)
       1948                George Evan Cameron Wisdom         (b. 1899 - d. 1958)
                           (acting)
       1948 -        1951  Arthur Vincent Aston               (b. 1896 - d. 1981)
       1951 -        1957  Robert Porter Bingham              (b. 1903 - d. 1982)
Heads of State (title Yang di-Pertua Negeri)
31 Aug 1957 - 30 Aug 1967  Raja Sir Tun Uda Al-Haj bin Raja
                           Muhammad                           (b. 1894 - d. 1976)
31 Aug 1967 - 31 Jan 1969  Tun Syed Sheh bin Syed Abdullah
                           Shahabuddin                        (b. 1910 - d. 1969)
 5 Feb 1969 -  5 Feb 1975  Tun Syed Sheh bin Syed Hassan
                           Barakbah                           (b. 1906 - d. 1975)
 5 Feb 1975 -  1 May 1981  Tan Sri (from Jun 1976, Tun)
                           Sardon Jubir                       (b. 1917 - d. 1985)
 1 May 1981 -  1 May 1989  Tun Awang Hassan                   (b. 1910 - d. 1998)
 1 May 1989 -  1 May 2001  Tan Sri (from 7 Jun 1989, Tun)
                           Hamdan Sheikh Tahir                (b. 1921 - d. 2005)
 1 May 2001 -              Dato' Seri (from 9 Jul 2001, Tun)
                           Abdul Rahman Abbas                 (b. 1938)

Chief ministers (title Ketua Menteri) 12 Jun 1959 - 12 May 1969 Wong Pow Nee (b. 1911 - d. 2002) 12 May 1969 - 25 Oct 1990 Lim Chong Eu (b. 1919 - d. 2010) 25 Oct 1990 - 11 Mar 2008 Koh Tsu Koon (from 3 Jun 1995, Tan Sri Koh Tsu Koon) (b. 1949) 11 Mar 2008 - Lim Guan Eng (b. 1960)

Perak

       1528                Negeri Perak Darur Ridzwan established

Sultans
   Sep 1792 -        1806  Ahmadin Shah ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Muhammad Shah               (b. ... - d. 1806)
       1806 -        1818  Abdul Malik Mansur Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Ahmadin Shah      (b. ... - d. 1825)
       1818 -        1825  Raja Tajuddin ibni Sultan Abdul
                           Malik Mansur Shah (regent)
       1825 - 20 Dec 1830  Abdullah Muadzam Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Malik
                           Mansur Shah                        (b. ... - d. 1830)
20 Dec 1830 -        1851  Shahabuddin Riayat Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Raja Inu                 (b. ... - d. 1851)
       1851 -        1857  Abdullah Muhammad Shah I
                           ibni al-Marhum Raja Inu            (b. ... - d. 1857)
       1857 - 20 Mar 1865  Jaafar Safiuddin Muadzam Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Raja Ahmad          (b. ... - d. 1865)
20 Mar 1865-25/26May 1871  Ali al-Mukammal Inayat Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Shahabuddin
                           Riayat Shah                        (b. ... - d. 1871)
26 May 1871 - 20 Jan 1874  Ismail Muabidin Riayat Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Syed Shaikh al-Khairat   (b. ... - d. 1889)
20 Jan 1874 - 30 Mar 1877  Abdullah Muhammad Shah II
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Jaafar
                           Safiuddin Muadzam Shah             (b. ... - d. 1922)
30 Mar 1877 - 26 Jul 1887  Tuanku Yusuf Sharifuddin Muzaffar
                           Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Abdullah Muhammad Shah             (b. ... - d. 1887)
                           (regent to 11 May 1887)
26 Jul 1887 - 14 Jan 1916  Tuanku Idris Murshidul Aadzam Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara
                           Alang Iskandar                     (b. 1849 - d. 1916)
14 Jan 1916 - 26 Oct 1918  Tuanku Abdul Jalil Nasruddin
                           Muhtaram Shah ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Idris Murshidul Aadzam Shah (b. 18... - d. 1918)
26 Oct 1918 - 14 Oct 1938  Tuanku Iskandar Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Idris Murshidul
                           Aadzam Shah                        (b. 1881 - d. 1938)
14 Oct 1938 - 29 Mar 1948  Tuanku Abdul Aziz al-Mutasim
                           Billah Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja
                           Muda Musa                          (b. 1887 - d. 1948)
31 Mar 1948 -  4 Jan 1963  Tuanku Yusuf Izzuddin Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Jalil
                           Nasruddin Muhtaram Shah            (b. 1890 - d. 1963)
 4 Jan 1963 - 31 Jan 1984  Tuanku Idris al-Mutawakkil Alallah
                           Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Iskandar Shah Kadasaullah          (b. 1924 - d. 1984)
 3 Feb 1984 - 28 May 2014  Tuanku Azlan Muhibuddin Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin
                           Shah Ghafarullahu-Lah              (b. 1928 - d. 2014)
26 Apr 1989 - 25 Apr 1994    Raja Nazrin (1st time) (regent)  (b. 1956)
28 Jan 2008 - 29 May 2014    Raja Nazrin (2nd time) (regent)  (s.a.)
29 May 2014 -              Tuanku Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin
                           Shah                               (s.a.)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 1 Feb 1948 - 1 Aug 1957 Abdul Wahab bin Toh Muda Abdul Aziz (b. 1905 - d. 1959) 1 Aug 1957 - 16 Apr 1960 Mohamed Ghazali bin Jawi (1st time) (b. 1924) 16 Apr 1960 - 7 May 1964 Shaari bin Shafie (b. 1912) 7 May 1964 - 18 Mar 1970 Ahmad bin Said (b. 1919) 18 Mar 1970 - 4 Sep 1974 Kamaruddin bin Mohd Isa (b. 1930) 4 Sep 1974 - 1 Oct 1977 Mohamed Ghazali bin Jawi (2nd time) (s.a.) 1 Oct 1977 - 1 Mar 1983 Wan Mohamed bin Wan Teh (b. 1929) 1 Mar 1983 - 3 Dec 1999 Ramli Ngah Talib (from May 1984, Dato' Seri Ramli Ngah Talib; from 7 Jun 1989, Tan Sri Ramli Ngah Talib) (b. 1941) 3 Dec 1999 - 17 Mar 2008 Dato' Seri (from 11 Oct 2003, Datuk Seri) Mohd Tajol Rosli Ghazali (b. 1944) 17 Mar 2008 - 6 Feb 2009 Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin (from 19 Apr 2008, Datuk Seri Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin) (1st time) (b. 1957) 6 Feb 2009 - 11 May 2009 Datuk (from 19 Apr 2009, Datuk Seri) Zambry Abdul Kadir (1st time) (b. 1962) 11 May 2009 - 12 May 2009 Datuk Seri Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin (2nd time) (s.a.) 12 May 2009 - Datuk Seri Zambry Abdul Kadir (2nd time) (s.a.) British residents 4 Nov 1874 - 2 Nov 1875 James Wheeler Woodford Birch (b. 1826 - d. 1875) Mar 1876 - Feb 1877 James Guthrie Davidson 1877 - 1889 Hugh Low (from 1883, Sir Hugh Low) (b. 1824 - d. 1905) 1889 - 1896 Frank Athelstane Swettenham (b. 1850 - d. 1946) 1896 - 1902 William Hood Treacher (b. 1849 - d. 1919) 1902 - 1903 John Pickersgill Rodger (b. 1851 - d. 1910) 1905 - 1910 Ernest Woodford Birch (b. 1857 - d. 1929) 1910 - 1912 Henry Conway Belfield (b. 1855 - d. 1923) 1912 - 1913 William James Parke Hume (1st time) (acting) (b. 1866 - d. 1952) 1913 - 1919 Reginald George Watson (b. 1862 - d. 1926) 1919 - 1920 George Maxwell (b. 1871 - d. 1959) 1920 - 1921 William James Parke Hume (2nd time) (s.a.) 1921 - 1926 Cecil William Chase Parr (b. 1871 - d. 1943) 1926 - 1927 Oswald Francis Gerard Stonor (b. 1872 - d. 1940) 1927 - 1929 Henry Wagstaffe Thomson (b. 1874 - d. 1941) 1929 - 1930 Charles Walter Hamilton Cochrane (b. 1876 - d. 1932) 1931 - 1932 Bertram Walter Elles (b. 1877 - d. 1963) 1932 - 1939 Geoffrey Edmund Cator (b. 1884 - d. 1973) 1939 - 1941 Marcus Rex (b. 1886 - d. 1971)

Perlis

       1759                Negeri Perlis Indera Kayangan established
20 Aug 1943 -  8 Sep 1945  annexed by Thailand

Rajas
20 May 1834 - 21 Nov 1873  Syed Husain ibni al-Marhum Syed
                           Harun Jamalullail                  (b. 1805 - d. 1873)
21 Nov 1873 - 17 Feb 1897  Syed Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Syed
                           Husain Jamalullail                 (b. 1825 - d. 1897)
17 Feb 1897 - 30 Dec 1904  Syed Safi ibni al-Marhum Syed
                           Alawi Jamalullail                  (b. 1862 - d. 1904)
30 Dec 1904 -  1 Feb 1943  Syed Alawi ibni al-Marhum Syed
                           Safi Jamalullail                   (b. 1881 - d. 1943)
 2 Feb 1943 - 20 Aug 1943  Syed Hamzah ibni al-Marhum
                           Syed Safi Jamalullail (1st time)   (b. 1895 - d. 1958)
 8 Sep 1945 - 17 Sep 1945  Syed Hamzah ibni al-Marhum
                           Syed Safi Jamalullail (2nd time)   (s.a.)
17 Sep 1945 - 16 Apr 2000  Syed Harun Putra ibni al-Marhum
                           Syed Hasan Jamalullail             (b. 1920 - d. 2000)
 1 Sep 1960 - 20 Aug 1965    Tengku Sulaiman (regent)         (b. 1932)
17 Apr 2000 -              Syed Sirajuddin ibni al-Marhum
                           Syed Putra Jamalullail             (b. 1943)
13 Dec 2001 - 12 Dec 2006    Syed Faizuddin Putra (regent)    (b. 1967)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 1950 - 1957 Raja Ahmad bin Raja Endut (b. 1892 - d. ...) 1957 - 1959 Mohd Razali bin Ali Wasi 1959 - 31 Dec 1971 Tan Sri Sheikh Ahmad bin Mohamed Hashim Jan 1972 - 22 Oct 1981 Datuk Jaafar bin Hassan 1 Nov 1981 - Aug 1986 Datuk Ali bin Ahmad 13 Aug 1986 - 6 May 1995 Tan Sri Abdul Hamid Pawanteh 6 May 1995 - 17 Mar 2008 Shahidan Kassim (from 4 Dec 1995, Dato' Seri Shahidan Kassim; from 25 Oct 2002, Datuk Seri Shahidan Kassim) (b. 1951) 17 Mar 2008 - 7 May 2013 Datuk (from 17 May 2008, Datuk Seri) Mohamad Isa Sabu (b. 1947) 7 May 2013 - Azlan Man (b. 1958) British advisers 1909 - 1910 Meadows Frost (1st time) (b. 1875 - d. 1954) 1910 Alexander Cavendish (acting) (b. 1878 - d. 1960) 1910 - 1911 Meadows Frost (2nd time) (s.a.) 1911 J.G. Richey 1911 - 1913 H.C. Eckhardt (1st time) 1913 C.M. Laidlaw (acting) 1913 - 1920 H.C. Eckhardt (2nd time) 1920 - 1923 E.W.N. Wyatt 1923 Thomas Watts Clayton (b. 1877 - d. 19...) 1923 - 1925 John Whitehouse Ward Hughes (b. 1882 - d. 19...) 1925 - 1928 P.S. Williams 1928 - 1930 L.A. Allen 1930 - 1932 M.C. Hay 1932 - 1935 Oswald Eric Venables (b. 1891 - d. 1960) 1935 - 1938 Charles Roberts Howitt (b. 1894 - d. 1969) 1938 - 1939 Christopher William Dawson (b. 1896 - d. 1983) 1939 - 1941 Edward Victor Grace Day (1st time) (b. 1896 - d. 1968) Japanese governors 1941 - 1942 Ohyama Kikancho 1942 - 1943 Osagawa Thai officer 1943 - 1945 Charn Na Song Khram British advisers 1945 - 1946 D. Burr 1946 - 1947 Edward Victor Grace Day (2nd time) (s.a.)

Putrajaya

 1 Feb 2001                federal territory created from part of Selangor

Presidents of Putrajaya Corporation
 1 Feb 2001 - 14 Jul 2004  Tan Sri Azizan Zainul Abidin       (b. 1935 - d. 2004)
 8 Aug 2004 - 31 Jul 2012  Tan Sri Samsudin Osman             (b. 1947)
 1 Aug 2012 -              Tan Sri Aseh Che Mat               (b. 1951)

Sabah

       1881                British protectorate (State of North Borneo)
   Jan 1942 -    Aug 1945    Japanese occupation
15 Jul 1946                British crown colony (British North Borneo)
16 Sep 1963                part of Malaysia

Chairmen of the British North Borneo Chartered Company
 Ap/My 1882 -        1893  Sir Rutherford Alcock              (b. 1809 - d. 1897)
       1893 -        1903  Richard Biddulph Martin            (b. 1838 - d. 1916)
       1903 -        1909  Sir Charles James Jessel           (b. 1860 - d. 1928)
       1909 - 14 Sep 1910  William Clark Cowie                (b. 1849? - d. 1910)
Presidents of the British North Borneo Chartered Company
       1910 -        1926  Sir Joseph West Ridgeway           (b. 1844 - d. 1930)
 3 Feb 1926 - 15 Jul 1946  Sir Neill Malcolm                  (b. 1869 - d. 1953)

Governors 1881 - 1887 William Hood Treacher (b. 1849 - d. 1919) 1887 - 1888 William Maunder Crocker (b. 18... - d. 1896) 1888 - 1895 Charles Vandelleur Creagh (b. 1842 - d. 1917) 1895 - 1900 Leicester Paul Beaufort (b. 1853 - d. 1926) 1900 - 1901 Hugh Clifford (b. 1866 - d. 1941) 1901 - 1903 Ernest Woodford Birch (b. 1857 - d. 1929) 1904 - 1911 Edward Peregrine Gueritz (b. 1855 - d. 1938) 1911 - 1912 Francis Robert Ellis (b. 1849 - d. 1915) 1912 James Scott Mason (b. 1853 - d. 1912) 1913 - 1915 Cecil William Chase Parr (b. 1871 - d. 1943) 1915 - 1922 Aylmer Cavendish Pearson (1st time) (b. 1876 - d. 1926) 1922 - 1925 Sir William Henry Rycroft (b. 1861 - d. 1925) 1925 - 1926 Aylmer Cavendish Pearson (2nd time) (s.a.) Oct 1926 - 16 Dec 1929 John Lisseter Humphreys (b. 1881 - d. 1929) 1930 - 1933 Arthur Frederick Richards (b. 1885 - d. 1978) 1934 - 1937 Douglas James Jardine (b. 1888 - d. 1946) 1937 - 1946 Charles Robert Smith (b. 1887 - d. 1959) (Japanese prisoner Jan 1942 - Aug 1945) Nov 1946 - 1949 Edward Francis Twining (b. 1899 - d. 1967) 1950 - 1954 Sir Herbert Ralph Hone (b. 1896 - d. 1992) 4 Mar 1954 - 1959 Sir Roland Evelyn Turnbull (b. 1905 - d. 1960) 1959 - 1963 Sir William Goode (b. 1907 - d. 1986) Heads of State (title Yang di-Pertuan Negara; from 1976, Yang di-Pertua Negeri) 16 Sep 1963 - 16 Sep 1965 Tun Mustapha Harun (b. 1918 - d. 1995) 16 Sep 1965 - 16 Sep 1973 Datuk Pangeran Ahmad Rafai (b. 1907) 16 Sep 1973 - 28 Jul 1975 Tun Mohd Fuad Stephens (b. 1920 - d. 1976) 28 Jul 1975 - 12 Oct 1977 Datuk Mohamad Indan Kari (from 197..., Tun Mohd Hamdan) (b. 1921) 12 Oct 1977 - 25 Jun 1978 Tun Ahmad Koroh (b. 1925 - d. 1978) 27 Jun 1978 - 31 Dec 1986 Tun Datuk Mohamad Adnan Robert (b. 1917 - d. 2003) 1 Jan 1987 - 31 Dec 1994 Tun Mohamad Said Keruak (b. 1926 - d. 1995) 1 Jan 1995 - 31 Dec 2002 Tun Sakaran Dandai (b. 1930) 1 Jan 2003 - 31 Dec 2010 Datuk (from Mar 2003, Tun) Ahmadshah Abdullah (b. 1946) 1 Jan 2011 - Datuk Seri (from 19 Apr 2011, Tun) Juhar Mahiruddin (b. 1953)
Chief ministers (title Ketua Menteri) 16 Sep 1963 - 31 Dec 1964 Donald Stephens (1st time) (s.a.) 1 Jan 1965 - 12 May 1967 Peter Lo Su Yin (b. 1923) 12 May 1967 - 1 Nov 1975 Tun Mustapha Harun (1st time) (s.a.) 1 Nov 1975 - 18 Apr 1976 Tun Mohamad Said Keruak (s.a.) 18 Apr 1976 - 6 Jun 1976 Tun Mohd Fuad Stephens (2nd time) (s.a.) 6 Jun 1976 - 22 Apr 1985 Datuk Harris Salleh (b. 1933) 22 Apr 1985 (hours) Tun Mustapha Harun (2nd time) (s.a.) 22 Apr 1985 - 17 Mar 1994 Datuk (from 1986, Datuk Seri Panglima) Joseph Pairin Kitingan (b. 1940) 17 Mar 1994 - 27 Dec 1994 Tun Sakaran Dandai (s.a.) 27 Dec 1994 - 28 May 1996 Datuk (from 21 Mar 1996, Datuk Seri) Salleh Said Keruak (b. 1957) 28 May 1996 - 28 May 1998 Datuk Yong Teck Lee (b. 1958) 28 May 1998 - 14 Mar 1999 Tan Sri Bernard Dompok (b. 1949) 14 Mar 1999 - 27 Mar 2001 Datuk Seri Osu Sukam (b. 1949) 27 Mar 2001 - 27 Mar 2003 Datuk Chong Kah Kiat (b. 1948) 7 Mar 2003 - Datuk (from 11 Oct 2003, Datuk Seri) Musa Aman (b. 1951) (acting for Chong to 27 Mar 2003)
Gustav Freiherr von Overbeck was appointed Maharajah of Sabah and Rajah of Gaya and Sandakan by the sultan of Brunei 29 Dec 1877 and Datu Bendahara and Rajah of Sandakan by the sultan of Sulu 22 Jan 1878. In early 1881 Overbeck, Alfred Dent, Richard Charles Mayne, and William Henry McLeod Read established the British North Borneo Provisional Association, Ltd. The British North Borneo Chartered Company (charter dated 1 Nov 1881) became the entity which, under U.K. protection and formal suzerainty of the sultan of Sulu, constituted the State of North Borneo. The governors were appointed (with U.K. authorization) by the Chartered Company.

Sarawak

       1855                independence from Brunei
14 Jun 1888                British protectorate
25 Dec 1941 - 11 Sep 1945  Japanese occupation
 1 Jul 1946                British crown colony
16 Sep 1963                part of Malaysia

Rajahs
24 Sep 1841 - 11 Jun 1868  James Brooke (from 27 Apr 1848,
                           Sir James Brooke)                  (b. 1803 - d. 1868)
                           (governor to 18 Aug 1842)
11 Jun 1868 - 17 May 1917  Charles Johnson Brooke (from 2 Jun
                           1888, Sir Charles Johnson Brooke)  (b. 1829 - d. 1917)
17 May 1917 -  1 Jul 1946  Charles Vyner Brooke (from 3 Jun
                           1927, Sir Charles Vyner Brooke)    (b. 1874 - d. 1963)
                           (in exile [Australia and U.K.] 25 Dec 1941 - 14 Apr 1946)
Governors
29 Oct 1946 -        1949  Sir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke     (b. 1898 - d. 1962)
14 Nov 1949 - 10 Dec 1949  Duncan George Stewart              (b. 1904 - d. 1949)
10 Dec 1949 -        1950  Christopher William Dawson         (b. 1896 - d. 1983)
                           (acting)
 4 Apr 1950 -        1959  Anthony Foster Abell (from 1952,
                           Sir Anthony Foster Abell)          (b. 1906 - d. 1994)
23 Feb 1960 -        1963  Sir Alexander Waddell              (b. 1913 - d. 1999)
Heads of State (title Yang di-Pertua Negeri)
16 Sep 1963 - 28 Mar 1969  Tun Datuk Abang Openg bin Abang
                           Sapie                              (b. 1905 - d. 1969)
 2 Apr 1969 -  2 Apr 1977  Tun Bujang bin Tunku Othman        (b. 1898 - d. 1986)
 2 Apr 1977 -  2 Apr 1981  Datuk Patinggi (from 7 Jun 1978,
                           Tun Datuk Patinggi) Abang Muhammad
                           Salahuddin (1st time)              (b. 1921)
 2 Apr 1981 -  2 Apr 1985  Datuk Seri Panglima (from 1982,
                           Tun) Abdul Rahman Yakub            (b. 1928)
 2 Apr 1985 -  4 Dec 2000  Tun Datuk Patinggi Ahmad Zaidi
                           Adruce bin Mohamad Noor            (b. 1924 - d. 2000)
 4 Dec 2000 - 28 Feb 2014  Tun Datuk Patinggi Abang Muhammad
                           Salahuddin (2nd time)              (s.a.)
                           (acting to 22 Feb 2001)
 1 Mar 2014 -              Pehin Sri Abdul Taib Mahmud        (b. 1936)

Chief ministers (title Ketua Menteri) 22 Jul 1963 - 16 Jun 1966 Stephen Kalong Ningkan (from 1964, Datuk Stephen Kalong Ningkan) (1st time) (b. 1920 - d. 1997) Jun 1966 - 7 Sep 1966 Datuk Penghulu Tawi Sli (1st time) (b. 1912 - d. 1987) 7 Sep 1966 - 23 Sep 1966 Datuk Stephen Kalong Ningkan (2nd time) (s.a.) 23 Sep 1966 - 7 Jul 1970 Datuk Penghulu Tawi Sli (2nd time) (s.a.) 7 Jul 1970 - 26 Mar 1981 Datuk Seri Panglima Abdul Rahman Yakub (s.a.) 26 Mar 1981 - 28 Feb 2014 Datuk Patinggi (from 1988, Datuk Seri; from 1989, Tan Sri; from 2003, Pehin Sri) Abdul Taib Mahmud (s.a.) 28 Feb 2014 - Tan Sri Adenan Satem (b. 1944)

Selangor

    bf.1745                Negeri Selangor Darul Ehsan established

Rajas
        ... -        1745  Daing Celak
       1745 -        1766  Raja Lumu bin Daing Celak          (b. ... - d. 1778)
Sultans
       1766 -        1778  Tuanku Salahuddin Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Yamtuan Muda
                           Daing Celak (= Raja Lumu)          (s.a.)
       1778 - 27 Oct 1826  Tuanku Ibrahim Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Salahuddin Shah   (b. 17... - d. 1826)
27 Oct 1826 -  6 Jan 1857  Tuanku Muhammad Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim Shah      (b. ... - d. 1857)
 6 Jan 1857 -        1859  Raja Mahmud ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Muhammad Shah (regent)      (b. 1849 - d. 1919)
       1859 -  6 Feb 1898  Tuanku Abdus Samad ibni al-Marhum
                           Raja Abdullah                      (b. 1804 - d. 1898)
 6 Feb 1898 - 31 Mar 1938  Tuanku Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa           (b. 1863 - d. 1938)
 4 Apr 1938 - 15 Feb 1942  Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Alaeddin
                           Sulaiman Shah (1st time)           (b. 1898 - d. 1960)
15 Feb 1942 - 14 Sep 1945  Tuanku Musa Ghiathuddin Riayat
                           Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah             (b. 1893 - d. 1955)
14 Sep 1945 -  1 Sep 1960  Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Alaeddin
                           Sulaiman Shah (2nd time)           (s.a.)
 1 Apr 1960 -  1 Sep 1960    Tengku Salahuddin Shah (regent)  (b. 1926 - d. 2001)
 1 Sep 1960 - 21 Nov 2001  Tuanku Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Hisamuddin
                           Alam Shah                          (s.a.)
26 Apr 1999 - 21 Nov 2001    Tengku Idris Shah (regent)       (b. 1945)
22 Nov 2001 -              Sharafuddin Idris Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul
                           Aziz Shah                          (s.a.)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) Jun 1947 - Jun 1949 Datuk Hamzah bin Abdullah Jul 1949 - 1953 Raja Tun Uda Al-Haj bin Raja Muhammad (1st time) (b. 1894 - d. 1976) 1953 - Sep 1954 Datuk Othman Mohamed Sep 1954 - Aug 1955 Raja Sir Tun Uda Al-Haj bin Raja Muhammad (2nd time) (s.a.) Aug 1955 - Jul 1957 Tan Sri Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Majid Jul 1957 - May 1959 Tan Sri Abdul Jamil bin Abdul Rais (b. 1912 - d. ...) 30 May 1959 - 19 Mar 1964 Datuk Abu Bakar Baginda 19 Mar 1964 - 15 Apr 1976 Dato' Harun Idris (b. 1925 - d. 2003) 15 Apr 1976 - 3 May 1982 Datuk Hormat Rafei (b. 1923 - d. 2001) 3 May 1982 - 14 Aug 1986 Dato' Ahmad Razali Mohd Ali (b. 1928 - d. 2001) 14 Aug 1986 - 14 Apr 1997 Muhammad Muhammad Taib (from 8 Mar 1987, Datuk Muhammad Muhammad Taib; from 7 Jun 1989, Tan Sri Muhammad Muhammad Taib) (b. 1945) 2 May 1997 - 18 Aug 2000 Datuk Seri Abu Hassan Omar (b. 1940) 18 Aug 2000 - 13 Mar 2008 Mohamad Khir Toyo (from 14 Sep 2000, Datuk Mohamad Khir Toyo; from 10 Mar 2001, Datuk Seri Mohamad Khir Toyo) (b. 1965) 13 Mar 2008 - 23 Sep 2014 Tan Sri Khalid Ibrahim (b. 1946) 23 Sep 2014 - Azmin Ali (b. 1964) British residents 1875 - 1876 James Guthrie Davidson 1876 - 1882 Bloomfield Douglas (b. 1822 - d. 1906) 1882 - 1884 Frank Athelstane Swettenham (b. 1850 - d. 1946) 1884 - 1888 John Pickersgill Rodger (1st time) (b. 1851 - d. 1910) (acting) 1889 - 1892 William Edward Maxwell (b. 1846 - d. 1897) 1892 - 1896 William Hood Treacher (b. 1849 - d. 1919) 1896 - 1902 John Pickersgill Rodger (2nd time) (s.a.) 1902 - 1910 Henry Conway Belfield (b. 1855 - d. 1923) 1910 - 1913 Reginald George Watson (b. 1862 - d. 1926) 1913 - 1919 Edward George Broadrick (b. 1864 - d. 1929) 1919 - 1921 Arthur Henry Lemon (b. 1864 - d. 1933) 1921 - 1926 Oswald Francis Gerard Stonor (b. 1872 - d. 1940) 1926 - 1927 Henry Wagstaffe Thomson (b. 1874 - d. 1941) 1927 - 1931 James Lornie (b. 1876 - d. 1959) 1932 - 1933 Geoffrey Edmund Cator (b. 1884 - d. 1973) 1933 - 1935 George Ernest London (b. 1889 - d. 1957) Dec 1935 - Dec 1936 Theodore Samuel Adams (b. 1885 - d. 1961) Jan 1937 - Jun 1940 Stanley Wilson Jones (b. 1888 - d. 1962) Jun 1940 - Aug 1941 George Montgomery Kidd (b. 1889 - d. 1942) Aug 1941 - Dec 1941 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (acting) (b. 1889 - d. 1982)

Terengganu

       1725                Negeri Terengganu Darul Iman established
20 Aug 1943 -  8 Sep 1945  annexed by Thailand

Sultans
       1725 -  7 Mar 1733  Tuanku Zainal Abidin I ibni
                           al-Marhum Bendahara Seri
                           Maharaja Tun Habib Abdul Majid     (b. 1677 - d. 1733)
 7 Mar 1733 - 26 Jan 1793  Tuanku Mansur Shah I ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin     (b. 1715 - d. 1793)
26 Jan 1793 -        1808  Tuanku Zainal Abidin II ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah       (b. 1743 - d. 1808)
       1808 -  4 Jul 1830  Tuanku Ahmad Shah I ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin     (b. ... - d. 1830)
 5 Jul 1830 - 31 Dec 1830  Tuanku Abdul Rahman ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin     (b. ... - d. 1830)
31 Dec 1830 - 31 Jan 1831  Tuanku Daud ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Abdul Rahman                (b. ... - d. 1831)
31 Jan 1831 -  9 Mar 1837  Tuanku Mansur Shah II ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin     (b. ... - d. 1837)
 9 Mar 1837 -  4 Nov 1839  Tuanku Muhammad Shah I ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah       (b. 1821 - d. ...)
 4 Nov 1839 -        1862  Tuanku Umar ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Abdul Rahman (1st time)     (b. 1806 - d. 1876)
       1862                Tuanku Mahmud Mudzafar Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Shah
       1862 - 11 Apr 1876  Tuanku Umar ibni al-Marhum
                           Sultan Abdul Rahman (2nd time)     (s.a.)
       1876                Tuanku Mahmud Shah ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Rahman
       1876 - 18 Dec 1881  Tuanku Ahmad Muadzam Shah II ibni
                           al-Marhum Yang Dipertuan Muda
                           Mahmud                             (b. 1839 - d. 1881)
18 Dec 1881 - 26 Nov 1918  Tuanku Zainal Abidin III Muadzam
                           Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Ahmad Muadzam Shah                 (b. 1866 - d. 1918)
26 Nov 1918 - 26 May 1920  Tuanku Muhammad Shah II ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin
                           Muadzam Shah                       (b. 1888 - d. 1956)
26 May 1920 - 25 Sep 1942  Tuanku Sulaiman Badarul Alam Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Zainal
                           Abidin Muadzam Shah (1st time)     (b. 1895 - d. 1945)
26 Sep 1942 - 20 Aug 1943  Tuanku Ali ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Sulaiman Badarul Alam Shah
                           (1st time)                         (b. 1914 - d. 1996)
 8 Sep 1945 -  5 Nov 1945  Tuanku Ali ibni al-Marhum Sultan
                           Sulaiman Badarul Alam Shah
                           (2nd time)                         (s.a.)
 5 Nov 1945 - 16 Dec 1945  Tuanku Sulaiman Badarul Alam Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Zainal
                           Abidin Muadzam Shah (2nd time)     (s.a.)
16 Dec 1945 - 20 Sep 1979  Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
                           ibni al-Marhum Sultan Zainal
                           Abidin Muadzam Shah                (b. 1907 - d. 1979)
21 Aug 1965 - 20 Sep 1970    Tengku Mahmud (regent)           (b. 1930 - d. 1998)
20 Sep 1979 - 14 May 1998  Tuanku Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah
                           Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ismail
                           Nasiruddin Shah                    (s.a.)
15 May 1998 -              Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin ibni
                           al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud            (b. 1962)
13 Dec 2006 - 12 Dec 2011    Tengku Muhammad Ismail (regent)  (b. 1998)

Chief ministers (title Menteri Besar) 21 Apr 1925 - 28 Jun 1940 Dato' Seri Amar Diraja Ngah Muhamad bin Yusof 15 Jul 1940 - 6 May 1942 Tengku Seri Setia Raja Tengku Omar bin Othman 17 May 1942 - 16 Dec 1945 Dato' Jaya Perkasa Da Omar bin Mahmud 17 Dec 1945 - 26 Dec 1949 Tengku Panglima Perang Tengku Muhamad bin al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad 27 Dec 1949 - Jun 1959 Dato' Perdana Menteri Di Raja Dato' Seri Setia Raja Kamaruddin bin Idris Jun 1959 - 8 Nov 1961 Mohd Daud bin Abdul Samad 9 Nov 1961 - 3 Sep 1970 Tan Sri Ibrahim Fikri bin Mohammad 1 Oct 1970 - 4 Sep 1971 Dato' Mahmood bin Sulaiman 5 Sep 1971 - 3 Aug 1974 Dato' Nik Hassan bin Wan Abdul Rahman 1 Sep 1974 - 2 Dec 1999 Wan Mokhtar Ahmad (from 7 Jul 1982, Datuk Amar Wan Mokhtar Ahmad; from 8 Apr 1983, Datuk Wan Mokhtar Ahmad; from 26 Nov 1988, Tan Sri Wan Mokhtar Ahmad) (b. 1932) 2 Dec 1999 - 25 Mar 2004 Abdul Hadi Awang (from 19 Jul 2001, Dato' Seri Abdul Hadi Awang) (b. 1947) 25 Mar 2004 - 25 Mar 2008 Datuk (from 20 Jul 2004, Dato' Seri) Idris Jusoh (b. 1955) 25 Mar 2008 - 12 May 2014 Datuk (from 5 Aug 2010, Datuk Seri) Ahmad Said (b. 1957) 12 May 2014 - Datuk Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman (b. 1965) British agents (from 1919, advisers) 1909 - 1913 William Lance Conlay (b. 1869 - d. 1927) 1913 - 1915 W.D. Scott 1915 - 1916 C.N. Maxwell 1916 - 1925 John Lisseter Humphreys (b. 1881 - d. 1929) 1925 - 1926 James William Simmons (b. 1877 - d. 19...) 1926 - 1928 William Miles Millington (b. 1883 - d. 19...) 1928 - 1930 Alfred John Sturrock (b. 1879 - d. 1946) 1930 - 1932 Gordon Lupton Ham (b. 1885 - d. 1965) 1932 - 1933 C.C. Brown 1933 - 1934 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (1st time) (acting) (b. 1889 - d. 1982) 1935 - 1936 John Erskine Kempe (b. 1888 - d. 19...) 1936 - 1937 Norman Rowlstone Jarrett (2nd time) (s.a.) 1937 Patrick Alexander Bruce McKerron (b. 1896 - d. 1964) (acting) 1937 - 1940 Arthur Egerton Coope (b. 1888 - d. 19...) 1940 - 1941 George Alexander de Chazal de Moubray (b. 1888 - d. 1977)