Rulers

Countries YZ

Contents of this page:
Yemen - Zambia - Zimbabwe

Yemen

Yemen (Aden)

16 Jan 1839                British occupation of Aden
   Sep 1839                subordinated to Bombay (see provinces of British India)
       1873                Aden protectorates acquired
       1932                Aden a separate province of British India
 1 Apr 1937                British colony and protectorates
11 Feb 1959                Federation of Arab Emirates of the South
                           - Lahj (from 5 Oct 1959)
                           - `Aqrabi (from Feb 1960)
                           - `Awdhali
                           - Lower `Awlaqi (from Feb 1960)
                           - Upper `Awlaqi Sheikhdom
                           - Bayhan
                           - Dali`
                           - Fadli
                           - Lower Yafa`
                           - Wahidi (from 1 Apr 1962)
 4 Apr 1962                Federation of South Arabia
                           - Aden (from 18 Jan 1963)
                           - Lahj
                           - `Alawi (from 1965)
                           - `Aqrabi
                           - `Awdhali
                           - Lower `Awlaqi
                           - Upper `Awlaqi Sultanate (from Jun 1964)
                           - Upper `Awlaqi Sheikhdom
                           - Bayhan
                           - Dali`
                           - Fadli
                           - Hawshabi (from 30 Mar 1963)
                           - Sha`ib (from 30 Mar 1963)
                           - Lower Yafa`
                           - Maflahi (from 1965)
                           - Wahidi
30 Nov 1967                independence (People's Republic of South Yemen)
30 Nov 1970                People's Democratic Republic of Yemen

Agents
   Sep 1839 -    Jun 1854  Stafford Bettesworth Haines        (b. 1802 - d. 1860)
   Jun 1854 -    Sep 1854  James Outram                       (b. 1803 - d. 1863)
   Sep 1854 -        1859  William Marcus Coghlan
Residents
       1859 -        1863  William Marcus Coghlan
       1863 -        1867  William Lockyer Merewether         (b. 1825 - d. 1880)
       1867 -        1870  Edward Lechmere Russell            (b. 1818 - d. 1904)
       1870 -        1872  Charles William Tremenheere
       1872 -        1877  John William Schneider             (b. 1824 - d. ...)
       1878 -        1882  Francis Adam Ellis Loch            (b. 1827 - d. ...)
       1882 -        1885  James Blair
       1885                Frederick Mercer Hunter (acting)   (b. 1844 - d. 1898)
       1885 -        1890  Adam George Forbes Hogg            (b. 1836 - d. 1908)
       1890 -        1895  John Jopp                          (b. 1840 - d. 1923)
       1895 -        1898  Charles Alexander Cunningham       (b. 1842 - d. 1925)
       1898 -        1900  Garratt O'Moore Creagh (1st time)  (b. 1848 - d. 1923)
       1900 -        1901  Herbert Edward Penton
       1901 -        1902  Garratt O'Moore Creagh (2nd time)  (s.a.)
       1902 -        1904  Pelham James Maitland              (b. 1847 - d. 1935)
       1904 -        1906  Harry Macan Mason                  (b. 1850 - d. 1929)
       1906 -        1910  Ernest de Brath                    (b. 1858 - d. 1933)
       1910 -    Apr 1919  James Alexander Bell               (b. 1856 - d. 1926)
       1919 -        1921  James Marshall Stewart             (b. 1861 - d. 1943)
       1921 -        1925  Thomas Edwin Scott                 (b. 1867 - d. 1937)
       1925 - 22 Apr 1928  John Henry Keith Stewart           (b. 1872 - d. 1955)
22 Apr 1928 -  7 Mar 1931  George Stewart Symes               (b. 1882 - d. 1962)
 7 Mar 1931 -        1932  Bernard Rawdon Reilly              (b. 1882 - d. 1966)
Chief commissioner
       1932 -  1 Apr 1937  Bernard Rawdon Reilly              (s.a.)
Governors
 1 Apr 1937 - 24 Oct 1940  Sir Bernard Rawdon Reilly          (s.a.)
24 Oct 1940 -  1 Jan 1945  John Hathorn Hall (from
                           1941, Sir John Hathorn Hall)       (b. 1894 - d. 1979)
 1 Jan 1945 -        1950  Reginald Stuart Champion
                           (from 1946, Sir Reginald
                           Stuart Champion)                   (b. 1895 - d. 1982)
       1950 -    Apr 1951  William Goode (acting)             (b. 1907 - d. 1986)
   Apr 1951 - 13 Jul 1956  Sir Tom Hickinbotham               (b. 1903 - d. 1983)
13 Jul 1956 - 23 Oct 1960  Sir William Luce                   (b. 1907 - d. 1977)
23 Oct 1960 - 18 Jan 1963  Sir Charles Hepburn Johnston       (b. 1912 - d. 1986)
High commissioners
18 Jan 1963 - 17 Jul 1963  Sir Charles Hepburn Johnston       (s.a.)
17 Jul 1963 - 21 Dec 1964  Sir Gerald Kennedy Nicholas
                           Trevaskis                          (b. 1915 - d. 1990)
21 Dec 1964 - 22 May 1967  Sir Richard Gordon Turnbull        (b. 1909 - d. 1998)
22 May 1967 - 30 Nov 1967  Sir Humphrey Trevelyan             (b. 1905 - d. 1985)
President
30 Nov 1967 - 22 Jun 1969  Qahtan Muhammad al-Shaabi          (b. 1920 - d. 1981)
22 Jun 1969 - 23 Jun 1969  Presidential Council
                           - Muhammad Ali Haitham             (b. 1940 - d. 1993)
                           - Muhammad Saleh al-Awlaqi         (b. 1941 - d. 1973)
                           - Abdul Fattah Ismail              (b. 1939 - d. 1986)
                           - Salem Rubayyi Ali                (b. 1935 - d. 1978)
                           - Ali Ahmad Nasir Antar            (b. c.1935 - d. 1986)
Chairmen of the Presidential Council
23 Jun 1969 - 26 Jun 1978  Salem Rubayyi Ali                  (s.a.)
26 Jun 1978 - 27 Dec 1978  Ali Nasir Muhammad                 (b. 1939)
                           (acting to 1 Jul 1978)
Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Council
27 Dec 1978 - 21 Apr 1980  Abdul Fattah Ismail                (s.a.)
21 Apr 1980 - 24 Jan 1986  Ali Nasir Muhammad                 (s.a.)
24 Jan 1986 - 22 May 1990  Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas           (b. 1939)
                           (interim to 6 Nov 1986)

Chief ministers 17 Jan 1963 - 24 Jun 1963 Hassan Ali Bayumi (b. 1915? - d. 1963) 9 Jul 1963 - 7 Mar 1965 Zayn Abdu Baharun 7 Mar 1965 - 25 Sep 1965 Abdul-Qawi Makkawi (b. 1918 - d. 1998) Prime ministers 6 Apr 1969 - 22 Jun 1969 Faysal al-Shaabi (b. 1935? - d. 1970) 23 Jun 1969 - 2 Aug 1971 Muhammad Ali Haitham (s.a.) 2 Aug 1971 - 14 Feb 1985 Ali Nasir Muhammad (s.a.) 14 Feb 1985 - 8 Feb 1986 Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas (s.a.) 8 Feb 1986 - 22 May 1990 Yasin Said Numan (b. 1948)

Yemen (Sana)

   Sep 1597                Qasimi State, called Yemen from c.1905
       1872                Ottoman occupation
       1876 -        1905  Ottoman annexation
30 Oct 1918                independence
 2 Sep 1926                Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen internationally recognized
27 Sep 1962                Yemen Arab Republic

Imams and (from 2 Sep 1926) kings
- BanuŽl Qasim dynasty -
       1686 -        1716  Muhammad Nasir ibn Ahmad           (b. ... - d. 1716)
       1718 -        1723  Qasim ibn Hussein (1st time)       (b. ... - d. 1727)
       1723                Nasir Muhammad ibn Ishaq
       1723 -        1727  Qasim ibn Hussein (2nd time)       (s.a.)
       1727 -        1728  Muhammad al-Hadi al-Majid ibn Ali
       1728 -  6 Mar 1748  Mansur ibn Qasim                   (b. ... - d. 1748)
       1748 -  4 Sep 1775  Abbas ibn Mansur                   (b. 1719 - d. 1775)
15 Sep 1775 - 24 Oct 1809  Ali ibn al-Abbas                   (b. 1738 - d. 1809)
24 Oct 1809 - 10 Sep 1816  Ahmad ibn Ali                      (b. 17... - d. 1816)
10 Sep 1816 - 27 Nov 1835  Abdullah ibn Ahmad                 (b. 1793 - d. 1835)
27 Nov 1835 -        1836  Ali ibn Abdullah (1st time)
       1836 -    Feb 1840  Abdullah ibn al-Hassan             (b. ... - d. 1840)
   Feb 1840 -  8 Jan 1844  Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hadi         (b. ... - d. 1844)
       1841 -        1844    al-Qasim ibn Ahmad
                             (in rebellion)
 8 Jan 1844 -    Dec 1845  Ali ibn Abdullah (2nd time)
   Dec 1845 -        1848  Muzaffar ad-Din Muhammad ibn Yahya
       1848 -        1849  Ahmad ibn Hashim
       1849 -        1850  Ali ibn Abdullah (3rd time)
       1850                al-`Abbas ibn `Abd ar-Rahman
       1850 -        1852  Ghalib ibn Muhammad (1st time)
       1852 -        1857  Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Haymi
                           (governor of Sana)
       1857 -        1858  Sheikh Abdullah ibn Yusuf
                           (governor of Sana)
       1858 -        1872  Ghalib ibn Muhammad (2nd time)
       1859 -        1863    al-Husayn ibn Muhammad
                             (in rebellion)
       1872 -        1876  Muhsin ibn Ahmad
                           (in rebellion from 1871)
   Oct 1878 -        1890  Sharaf ad-Din Muhammad (at Sa`da)  (b. ... - d. 1890)
       1882 -        1901    Muhammad al-Huthi al-Mahdi
                             (in rebellion)
   May 1891 -  4 Jun 1904  Muhammad ibn Yahya Hamid ad-Din    (b. 1839 - d. 1904)
 4 Jun 1904 - 17 Feb 1948  Yahya ibn Muhammad                 (b. 1867 - d. 1948)
18 Feb 1948 - 14 Mar 1948  Abdullah ibn Ahmad al-Wazir        (b. 1888 - d. 1948)
15 Mar 1948 - 31 Mar 1955  Ahmad ash-Shams (1st time)         (b. 1891 - d. 1962)
31 Mar 1955 -  5 Apr 1955  Abdullah ibn Yahya                 (b. 1912 - d. 1955)
 5 Apr 1955 - 18 Sep 1962  Ahmad ash-Shams (2nd time)         (s.a.)
19 Sep 1962 - 27 Sep 1962  Muhammad al-Badr                   (b. 1929 - d. 1996)
                           (continuing in rebellion to 1970
                           [from 1967 in at-TaŽif, Saudi Arabia])
Presidents
27 Sep 1962 -  5 Nov 1967  Abdullah al-Sallal                 (b. 1917 - d. 1994)
                           (chairman Revolutionary Command Council to 3 Oct 1962)
 5 Nov 1967 - 13 Jun 1974  Abdul Rahman al-Iryani             (b. 1908? - d. 1998)
                           (chairman Republican Council)
13 Jun 1974 - 11 Oct 1977  Ibrahim Muhammad al-Hamadi         (b. 1943 - d. 1977)
                           (chairman Command Council to 13 Jun 1975)
11 Oct 1977 - 24 Jun 1978  Ahmad al-Ghashmi                   (b. 1938 - d. 1978)
                           (chairman Presidential Council to 22 Apr 1978)
24 Jun 1978 - 18 Jul 1978  Abdul Karim Abdullah al-Arashi     (b. 1934 - d. 2006)
                           (chairman Presidential Council)
18 Jul 1978 - 22 May 1990  Ali Abdullah Saleh                 (b. 1942)

Prime ministers 1948 Ali ibn Abdullah al-Wazir 1948 - 18 Jun 1955 Hassan ibn Yahya (b. 1908 - d. 2003) 28 Sep 1962 - 26 Apr 1963 Abdullah al-Sallal (1st time) (s.a.) 5 Oct 1962 - Oct 1962 Ahmad al-Sayari (royalist government) Oct 1962 - 1968 Hassan ibn Yahya (s.a.) (royalist government) 26 Apr 1963 - 5 Oct 1963 Abdul Latif Dayfallah (1st time) (b. c.1930) 5 Oct 1963 - 10 Feb 1964 Abdul Rahman al-Iryani (s.a.) 10 Feb 1964 - 29 Apr 1964 Hassan al-Amri (1st time) (b. 1916 - d. 1989) 29 Apr 1964 - 6 Jan 1965 Hamoud al-Jaifi (b. 1918) 6 Jan 1965 - 20 Apr 1965 Hassan al-Amri (2nd time) (s.a.) 20 Apr 1965 - 6 Jul 1965 Ahmad Muhammad Numan (1st time) (b. 1909 - d. 1996) 6 Jul 1965 - 20 Jul 1965 Abdullah al-Sallal (2nd time) (s.a.) 20 Jul 1965 - 18 Sep 1966 Hassan al-Amri (3rd time) (s.a.) 18 Sep 1966 - 5 Nov 1967 Abdullah al-Sallal (3rd time) (s.a.) 5 Nov 1967 - 21 Dec 1967 Mohsin al-Aini (1st time) (b. 1932) 21 Dec 1967 - 9 Jul 1969 Hassan al-Amri (4th time) (s.a.) 9 Jul 1969 - 2 Sep 1969 Abdul Salam Sabrah (1st time) (b. 1912 - d. 2012) (acting) 2 Sep 1969 - 5 Feb 1970 Abdullah Kurshumi (b. 1932 - d. 2007) 5 Feb 1970 - 26 Feb 1971 Mohsin al-Aini (2nd time) (s.a.) 26 Feb 1971 - 3 May 1971 Abdul Salam Sabrah (2nd time) (s.a.) (acting) 3 May 1971 - 24 Aug 1971 Ahmad Muhammad Numan (2nd time) (s.a.) 24 Aug 1971 - 5 Sep 1971 Hassan al-Amri (5th time) (s.a.) 5 Sep 1971 - 18 Sep 1971 Abdul Salam Sabrah (3rd time) (s.a.) (acting) 18 Sep 1971 - 30 Dec 1972 Mohsin al-Aini (3rd time) (s.a.) 30 Dec 1972 - 10 Feb 1974 Qadi Abdullah al-Hajri (b. 1911/12 - d. 1977) 10 Feb 1974 - 22 Jun 1974 Hassan Muhammad Makki (b. 1933) (acting to 3 Mar 1974) 22 Jun 1974 - 16 Jan 1975 Mohsin al-Aini (4th time) (s.a.) 16 Jan 1975 - 25 Jan 1975 Abdul Latif Dayfallah (2nd time) (s.a.) (acting) 25 Jan 1975 - 15 Oct 1980 Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani (1st time) (b. 1939 - d. 2011) 15 Oct 1980 - 13 Nov 1983 Abdul Karim al-Iryani (b. 1934) 13 Nov 1983 - 22 May 1990 Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani (2nd time) (s.a.)

Yemen

22 May 1990                unification as Republic of Yemen

Presidents
22 May 1990 - 25 Feb 2012  Ali Abdullah Saleh                 (s.a.)
                           (chairman Presidential Council to 1 Oct 1994)
 4 Jun 2011 - 23 Sep 2011    Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi           (b. 1945)
                             (acting for Saleh)
25 Feb 2012 -              Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi             (s.a.)

Prime ministers 22 May 1990 - 9 May 1994 Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas (s.a.) 9 May 1994 - 6 Oct 1994 Muhammad Said al-Attar (acting) (b. 1927) 6 Oct 1994 - 14 May 1997 Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani (s.a.) 14 May 1997 - 29 Apr 1998 Faraj Said Bin Ghanem (b. 1937 - d. 2007) 29 Apr 1998 - 7 Apr 2001 Abdul Karim al-Iryani (s.a.) (acting to 14 May 1998) 7 Apr 2001 - 7 Apr 2007 Abdul Qader Bajamal (b. 1946) 7 Apr 2007 - 10 Dec 2011 Ali Muhammad Mujawar (b. 1953) 10 Dec 2011 - Muhammad Salim Basindwah (b. 1935)

Democratic Republic of Yemen

21 May 1994 -  7 Jul 1994  former Yemen (Aden) in secession as Democratic Republic of
                           Yemen

President
21 May 1994 -  7 Jul 1994  Ali Salim al-Baidh                 (b. 1939/42)

Prime minister 21 May 1994 - 7 Jul 1994 Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas (s.a.)

Yugoslavia: see under Serbia.
Zaire: see Congo (Kinshasa).

Zambia

       1911                North-Eastern and North-Western Rhodesia, administered by
                           the British South Africa Company, united as Northern Rhodesia
 1 Apr 1924                British protectorate
 1 Aug 1953 - 31 Dec 1963  part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
                           (see under Zimbabwe)
24 Oct 1964                independence (Republic of Zambia)

Administrators of North-Eastern Rhodesia
 1 Jul 1895 -        1897  Patrick William Forbes             (b. 1861 - d. 1923)
   Jun 1897 -        1898  Henry Lawrence Daly
11 Jul 1898 -        1907  Robert Edward Codrington
24 Apr 1907 -    Jan 1909  Lawrence Aubrey Wallace
   Jan 1909 - 16 May 1911  Leicester Paul Beaufort (acting)
Administrators of North-Western Rhodesia
18 Sep 1900 -        1907  Robert Thorne Coryndon             (b. 1870 - d. 1925)
 8 Apr 1907 - 16 Dec 1908  Robert Edward Codrington
   Jan 1909 - 16 Aug 1911  Lawrence Aubrey Wallace (acting)
Administrators
 9 May 1911 - 17 Aug 1911  Hugh Charlie Marshall (acting)
17 Aug 1911 -        1921  Lawrence Aubrey Wallace
17 Mar 1921 -        1923  Sir Francis Drummond Percy Chaplin (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
20 Sep 1923 -  1 Apr 1924  Richard Allmond Jeffrey Goode      (b. 1873 - d. 1953)
                           (acting)
Governors
 1 Apr 1924 - 25 Jul 1927  Herbert James Stanley (from Jun
                           1924, Sir Herbert James Stanley)   (b. 1872 - d. 1955)
25 Jul 1927 - 31 Aug 1927  Richard Allmond Jeffrey Goode      (s.a.)
                           (acting)
31 Aug 1927 -  1 Dec 1932  Sir James Crawford Maxwell         (b. 1869 - d. 1932)
 1 Dec 1932 -  7 Jan 1935  Sir Ronald Storrs                  (b. 1881 - d. 1955)
 7 Jan 1935 -    Jul 1938  Sir Hubert Winthrop Young          (b. 1885 - d. 1950)
 1 Sep 1938 -  9 Apr 1941  John Alexander Maybin (from
                           1939, Sir John Alexander Maybin)   (b. 1889 - d. 1941)
 9 Apr 1941 - 16 Oct 1941  William Marston Logan (acting)     (b. 1889 - d. 1968)
16 Oct 1941 - 16 Oct 1947  Sir Eubule John Waddington         (b. 1890 - d. 1957)
16 Oct 1947 - 19 Feb 1948  Robert Christopher Stafford
                           Stanley (acting)                   (b. 1899 - d. 1981)
19 Feb 1948 -  8 Mar 1954  Sir Gilbert McCall Rennie          (b. 1895 - d. 1981)
 8 Mar 1954 - 25 May 1954  Alexander Thomas Williams (acting) (b. 1903 - d. 1984)
25 May 1954 - 22 Apr 1959  Sir Arthur Edward Trevor Benson    (b. 1907 - d. 1987)
22 Apr 1959 - 24 Oct 1964  Sir Evelyn Dennison Hone           (b. 1911 - d. 1979)
Presidents
24 Oct 1964 -  2 Nov 1991  Kenneth Kaunda                     (b. 1924)
 2 Nov 1991 -  2 Jan 2002  Frederick Chiluba                  (b. 1943 - d. 2011)
 2 Jan 2002 - 19 Aug 2008  Levy Mwanawasa                     (b. 1948 - d. 2008)
29 Jun 2008 - 23 Sep 2011  Rupiah Banda                       (b. 1937)
                           (acting [for Mwanawasa to 19 Aug 2008] to 2 Nov 2008)
23 Sep 2011 -              Michael Sata                       (b. 1937)

Prime ministers 22 Jan 1964 - 24 Oct 1964 Kenneth Kaunda (s.a.) 28 Aug 1973 - 27 May 1975 Mainza Chona (1st time) (b. 1930 - d. 2001) 27 May 1975 - 20 Jul 1977 Elijah Mudenda (b. 1927 - d. 2008) 20 Jul 1977 - 15 Jun 1978 Mainza Chona (2nd time) (s.a.) 15 Jun 1978 - 18 Feb 1981 Daniel Lisulo (b. 1930 - d. 2000) 18 Feb 1981 - 24 Apr 1985 Nalumino Mundia (b. 1927 - d. 1988) 24 Apr 1985 - 15 Mar 1989 Kebby Musokotwane (b. 1946 - d. 1996) 15 Mar 1989 - 31 Aug 1991 Malimba Masheke (b. 1941)

Zanzibar: see under Tanzania.

Zimbabwe

       1901                Mashonaland and Matabeleland, administered by the British
                           South Africa Company, united as Southern Rhodesia
 1 Oct 1923                British colony
 1 Aug 1953 - 31 Dec 1963  part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
24 Oct 1964                renamed Rhodesia
11 Nov 1965                unilateral declaration of independence
 2 Mar 1970                republic
 1 Jun 1979                Zimbabwe Rhodesia
12 Dec 1979                return to colonial status
18 Apr 1980                independence as Zimbabwe
17 Apr 1991                Republic of Zimbabwe

Mashonaland

Administrators
29 Jun 1890 - 18 Sep 1891  Archibald Ross Colquhoun           (b. 1848 - d. 1914)
18 Sep 1891 -  2 May 1896  Leander Starr Jameson              (b. 1853 - d. 1917)
 2 May 1896 - 24 Jul 1897  Albert Henry George Grey,
                           Earl Grey                          (b. 1851 - d. 1917)
24 Jul 1897 - 24 Jan 1901  Sir William Henry Milton           (b. 1854 - d. 1930)
                           (acting to 5 Dec 1898)

Matabeleland

Administrator
   Nov 1896 -    Mar 1901  Arthur Lawley                      (b. 1860 - d. 1932)

Southern Rhodesia, Rhodesia, and Zimbabwe Rhodesia

Administrators
24 Jan 1901 -  2 Nov 1914  Sir William Henry Milton           (s.a.)
 2 Nov 1914 - 24 Dec 1914  Francis James Newton (acting)      (b. 1857 - d. 1948)
24 Dec 1914 - 21 Sep 1923  Sir Francis Drummond Percy Chaplin (b. 1866 - d. 1933)
21 Sep 1923 - 23 Sep 1923  Percy Donald Leslie Fynn (acting)  (b. 1872 - d. 1940)
Governors
 1 Oct 1923 - 15 Jun 1928  Sir John Robert Chancellor         (b. 1870 - d. 1952)
15 Jun 1928 - 24 Nov 1928  Murray Bisset (acting)             (b. 1876 - d. 1931)
24 Nov 1928 -  1 May 1934  Sir Cecil Hunter-Rodwell           (b. 1874 - d. 1953)
 1 May 1934 -  8 Jan 1935  Sir Alexander Fraser Russell
                           (1st time) (acting)                (b. 1876 - d. 1952)
 8 Jan 1935 -  8 Jan 1942  Sir Herbert James Stanley          (b. 1872 - d. 1955)
 8 Jan 1942 - 10 Dec 1942  Sir Alexander Fraser Russell
                           (2nd time) (acting)                (s.a.)
10 Dec 1942 - 26 Oct 1944  Sir Evelyn Baring                  (b. 1903 - d. 1973)
26 Oct 1944 - 20 Feb 1945  Sir Robert James Hudson (1st time) (b. 1885 - d. 1963)
                           (acting)
20 Feb 1945 -  2 Feb 1946  Sir William Eric Campbell Tait     (b. 1886 - d. 1946)
 2 Feb 1946 - 19 Jul 1946  Sir Alexander Fraser Russell
                           (3rd time) (acting)                (s.a.)
19 Jul 1946 - 14 Jan 1947  Sir Robert James Hudson (2nd time) (s.a.)
                           (acting)
14 Jan 1947 - 21 Nov 1953  Sir John Noble Kennedy             (b. 1893 - d. 1970)
21 Nov 1953 - 26 Nov 1954  Sir Robert Clarkson Tredgold       (b. 1899 - d. 1977)
                           (acting)
26 Nov 1954 - 28 Dec 1959  Sir Peveril Barton Reiby Wallop
                           William-Powlett                    (b. 1898 - d. 1985)
28 Dec 1959 - 17 Nov 1965  Humphrey Vicary Gibbs (from 1 Jan
                           1960, Sir Humphrey Vicary Gibbs)   (b. 1902 - d. 1990)
                           (continues to 24 Jun 1969, unrecognized by Smith regime)
Officer Administering the Government
17 Nov 1965 -  2 Mar 1970  Clifford Dupont                    (b. 1905 - d. 1978)
                           (acting to 20 Dec 1965)
Presidents
 2 Mar 1970 - 31 Dec 1975  Clifford Dupont                    (s.a.)
                           (acting to 16 Apr 1970)
 1 Jan 1976 - 14 Jan 1976  Henry Everard (1st time) (acting)  (b. 1897 - d. 1980)
14 Jan 1976 - 31 Aug 1978  John Wrathall                      (b. 1913 - d. 1978)
31 Aug 1978 -  1 Nov 1978  Henry Everard (2nd time) (acting)  (s.a.)
 1 Nov 1978 -  5 Mar 1979  Jack William Pithey (acting)       (b. 1903 - d. ...)
 5 Mar 1979 -  1 Jun 1979  Henry Everard (3rd time) (acting)  (s.a.)
 1 Jun 1979 - 12 Dec 1979  Josiah Zion Gumede                 (b. 1919 - d. 1989)
Governor
12 Dec 1979 - 17 Apr 1980  Christopher Soames, Baron Soames   (b. 1920 - d. 1987)

Premiers (from Apr 1933, prime ministers) 1 Oct 1923 - 28 Aug 1927 Sir Charles Coghlan (b. 1863 - d. 1927) 2 Sep 1927 - 5 Jul 1933 Howard Unwin Moffat (b. 1869 - d. 1951) 5 Jul 1933 - 12 Sep 1933 George Mitchell (b. 1867 - d. 1937) 12 Sep 1933 - 7 Sep 1953 Godfrey Martin Huggins (from 1941, Sir Godfrey Martin Huggins) (b. 1883 - d. 1971) 7 Sep 1953 - 17 Feb 1958 Garfield Todd (b. 1908 - d. 2002) 17 Feb 1958 - 17 Dec 1962 Sir Edgar Whitehead (b. 1905 - d. 1971) 17 Dec 1962 - 13 Apr 1964 Sir Winston Joseph Field (b. 1904 - d. 1969) 13 Apr 1964 - 1 Jun 1979 Ian D. Smith (b. 1919 - d. 2007) 1 Jun 1979 - 11 Dec 1979 Abel T. Muzorewa (b. 1925 - d. 2010)

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

Governors-general
 4 Sep 1953 - 24 Jan 1957  John Jestyn Llewellin, Baron
                           Llewellin                          (b. 1893 - d. 1957)
24 Jan 1957 -    Feb 1957  Sir Robert Clarkson Tredgold       (s.a.)
                           (acting)
   Feb 1957 -  8 Oct 1957  Sir William Lindsay Murphy         (b. 1887 - d. 1965)
                           (acting)
 8 Oct 1957 -    May 1963  Simon Ramsay, Earl of Dalhousie    (b. 1914 - d. 1999)
   May 1963 - 31 Dec 1963  Sir Humphrey Vicary Gibbs          (s.a.)

Prime ministers 7 Sep 1953 - 2 Nov 1956 Sir Godfrey Martin Huggins (from 17 Feb 1955, Godfrey Martin Huggins, Viscount Malvern) (s.a.) 2 Nov 1956 - 31 Dec 1963 Sir Roy Welensky (b. 1907 - d. 1991)

Zimbabwe

Presidents
18 Apr 1980 - 31 Dec 1987  Canaan Banana                      (b. 1936 - d. 2003)
31 Dec 1987 -              Robert Mugabe                      (b. 1924)

Prime ministers 18 Apr 1980 - 31 Dec 1987 Robert Mugabe (s.a.) 11 Feb 2009 - 11 Sep 2013 Morgan Tsvangirai (b. 1952)